Biodiversity And Conservation Questions

We provide biodiversity and conservation practice exercises, instructions, and a learning material that allows learners to study outside of the classroom. We focus on biodiversity and conservation skills mastery so, below you will get all questions that are also asking in the competition exam beside that classroom.

Biodiversity And Conservation Questions

List of biodiversity and conservation Questions

Question NoQuestionsClass
1How are moist deciduous forests
different from dry deciduous forests?
12
2Describe the uses of biodiversity.12
3Explain with examples, why we find animals of certain kind living in particular climatic conditions.12
4Write two slogans to spread awareness
about biodiversity
12
5World biodiversity day is
A ( cdot 22^{n d} ) April
B. ( 16^{text {th }} ) September
c. ( 5^{t h} ) June
D. ( 22^{2 d} ) may
12
6Who among the following gave an incorrect statement?

Rohan : There are more than 1000
varieties of mangoes in India. Priti : Every year, the International Mango Festival is held in Nagpur. Raj : Mango fruit is an excellent source of vitamin ( A, B, C, E ) and
flavonoids.
Simaran : Best 50 varieties of mangoes
are only exhibited in international
Mango Festival
A. Priti and Raj
B. Rohan and Simran
c. Priti and Simran
D. Rohan and Raj

12
7Assertion
Zoological parks are the places where wild animals are kept in protected environments under human care and
which enable use to learn about their
food habits and behaviour.
Reason
Adequate arrangements for the treatment, medication, regular check up and pathological investigations are absolutely necessary to be made for the health, care and upkeep of the animals.
A. Both Assertion and Reason are correct and Reason is the correct explanation for Assertion
B. Both Assertion and Reason are correct but Reason is not the correct explanation for Assertion
c. Assertion is correct but Reason is incorrect
D. Both Assertion and Reason are incorrect
12
8Write the medicianl properties of the following plants.
Sarpagandha
Kachnar
Jamun
Arjun
Babool
Neem
12
9One of the twelve-mega biodiversity countries of the world is
A. India
B. The USA.
c. The United Kingdom.
D. Africa
12
1047. Which of the following is an en-
dangered species?
(1) Black buck (2) Blue sheep
(3) Gangetic dolphin
(4) Mithun
12
11Not all snakes kill be poisoning their victim through venom. Some kill by suffocating their prey by constriction. Which of the following is a constrictor?
A. Rat snake
B. King cobra
c. Rock python
D. Russell’s viper
12
12Which of the following represents an incorrect match?
A. Marsupials-Kangaroos, opossums, Koalas
B. Ungulates – Pigs, Giraffes, Camels
c. Rodentia – Hamster, Beaver, Rat
D. None of these
12
13Which one of the following expanded forms of the following acronyms is
correct?
A. IUCN – International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources
B. IPCC – International Panel for Climate Change
c. UNEP – United Nations Environment Policy
D. EPA – Environmental Pollution Agency
12
14How do elephants living in the tropical rainforests adapt themselves?12
1538. What is Biodiversity’?
(1) Many types of flora & fauna
in one forest
(2) Many types of flora and fau-
na in many forests
(3) Many population of one spe-
cies in one forest
(4) All the above are true.
12
16Which one of the following pairs of geographical areas show maximum biodiversity in our country?
A. Sunderbans and Rann of Kutch
B. Eastern Ghats and west Bengal
c. Eastern Himalaya and Western Ghats
D. Kerala and Punjab
12
17This desert plant found in Southwestern
United States can survive in the harsh
desert climate by staying dormant. When it rains, it grows new leaves and flowers. On seed maturity, it sheds its leaves and becomes dormant again. Identify the plant.
A. Elephant foot tree
B. Joshua tree
c. ocotillo
D. Saguaro
12
18Phyllotaxy is the arrangement of leaves on the stem. Identify the three types of phyllotaxy shown in the given figures, ( x ) Y and Z.
When
A. X-Alternate, Y-Opposite, Z-Whorled
B. X-opposite, Y-Whorled, Z-Alternate
c. x-whorled, Y-Alternate, Z-Opposite
D. x-opposite, Y-Alternate, Z-Whorled
12
1929. Pachmarhi biosphere reserve
is in
(1) Andhra Pradesh
(2) Arunachal Pradesh
(3) Himachal Pradesh
(4) Madhya Pradesh
12
20Why according to you flora and fauna should be conserved?12
21It was the largest known carnivorous marsupial of modern times. It was native to Tasmania and believed to have
become extinct in ( 20^{t h} ) century. Which
animal are we talking about?
A. Thylacine
B. Macropod
c. Dasyurid
D. wombat
12
2233. Species which has restricted dis-
tribution is called
(1) Eco species
(2) Endemic
(3) Sympatric (4) Allopatric
12
23Which of the following statements are
correct?
(i) Hydra has a number of cilia around its mouth.
(ii) Frog uses its long, sticky tongue to catch insects
(iii) Mosquito sucks up the blood of animals with its tentacle.
A. (i) and (iii) only
B. (i) only
c. (ii) only
D. (ii) and (iii) only
12
24Beta diversity is diversity
A . In a community
B. Between communities
c. In a mountain gradient
D. on a plain
12
2544. Species is a group of individuals
which can :
(1) not inter-breed
(2) successfully live together in
a niche
(3) survive even under odd con-
ditions
(4) remain reproductively viable
12
26Answer the following questions in about 30 words.
What is biodiversity? Why is biodiversity important for human lives?
12
27With reference to the Aichi Biodiversity Targets, consider the following statements.
1. It aims to bring pollution, including from excess nutrients to levels that are
not detrimental to ecosystem function and biodiversity.
2. It aims to control or eradicate
invasive alien species on priority basis. Which of the statement(s) given is/are
correct?
A. 1 only
B. 2 only
c. Both 1 and 2
D. Neither 1 nor 2
12
28Match List-I with List-II and select the
correct answer using the code given
below the Lists:
List-II İ List-I
(Region) (Characteristic vegetation)
A. Selvas Tropophytes
B.
2. Mosses and lichens :
Savanna
C. Tundra 3. Epiphytes ( pi_{n} n_{r_{a}} ) 3.
( D )
Monsoon
land Grasses and trees
A. A-3, B-2, C-4, D-1
B. A-1, B-4, C-2, D-3
C. A-1, B-2, C-4, D-3
D. ( A-3, B-4, C-2, D-1 )
12
29This flower produces enormous trumpet shaped flowers, which smell of rotting meat. Each flower lasts for two days. On
the first day, it is in the female phase, attracting flies by its foul smell. On the next day, the flower changes to male phase and pollen is deposited on the pollinators. Which flower is this?
A. Dead horse arum lily
B. Flypaper flower
c. waterwheel flower
D. Pelican flower
12
30Taxonomical aids are helping hands of taxonomy, and two of them functions for ex-situ conservation strategy, these
are?
A. Botanical garden and herbarium
B. Zoological parks and museums
c. zoological parks and botanical gardens
D. Museums and botanical gardens
12
31Tahina spectabilis is a gigantic palm found only in remote parts of north-west Madagascar. It lives for about 50 years, then flower only once, and dies soon after. What is the common name of this
flower?
A. suicide palm
B. Queen palm
c. Raffia palm
D. Areca palm
12
32Refer to the given figure showing a typical plant with its parts labelled as U, ( V, W ) and ( X ) and read the following paragraph. P is a plant where part U is edible, plant ( Q ) has edible part ( W ), plant R has edible part ( X ) whereas plant ( S ) has
edible part ( V )
Select the option that correctly identifies these plants.
A. P-Clove, Q-Mustard, R-Cumin, S-Ginger
c. P-Pomegranate, Q-Spinach, R-Clove, S-Radish
D. P-cumin, Q-Rose, R-spinach, S-Potato
12
33(a) ( A ) tiger from wildlife sanctuary was shifted in a Zoological garden. Where do you think the tiger will be happier
(b) What is the difference between a
Zoological garden and a wildlife
sanctuary
12
34Which of the following is not a cause for loss of biodiversity?
A. Destruction of habitat
B. Invasion by alien species
c. Keeping animals in zoological parks
D. Over-exploitation of natural resources
12
35Some dog breeds have more potential to cause injuries than other breeds and thus, they are said to be dangerous. Which among the following is the most dangerous breed of dogs?
A. Siberian Husky
B. German Shepherd
c. Pit bull
D. Rottweiler
12
36This smallest fox lives in the deserts of
North Africa. It has large ears that radiate body heat and help keep the fox
cool. Name this animal.
A. Fennec fox
B. Red fox
c. Grey fox
D. Kit fox
12
3738. What is Biodiversity’?
(1) Many types of flora & fauna
in one forest
(2) Many types of flora and fau-
na in many forests
(3) Many population of one spe-
cies in one forest
(4) All the above are true.
12
38Answer in 3 to 5 sentences:
Define biodiversity. Write any two types of biodiversity.
12
39Vulture, hyena and eagle are examples
of
A. Producers
B. Herbivores
c. Decomposers
D. Scavengers
12
40The tropical rainforests has a large population of animals. Explain why it is
so.
12
41Write short notes.
Biodiversity
12

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