Evolution Questions

We provide evolution practice exercises, instructions, and a learning material that allows learners to study outside of the classroom. We focus on evolution skills mastery so, below you will get all questions that are also asking in the competition exam beside that classroom.

Evolution Questions

List of evolution Questions

Question NoQuestionsClass
1Short / Long answer type questions. Why annual rings are comparatively well marked in plants growing in hilly areas than those in coastal areas?12
2Observe the following figure and answer the questions:
(a) How did the human brain go on changing?
(b) Give examples of human progress?
12
3Which of the following fossil men was expert in making tools, weapons and paintings?
A. Java ape man
B. Peking man
c. Neanderthal man
D. Cro-Magnon man
12
4In case of a man,
when the entire sole rests on the ground during walking, it is known as
A. Plantigrade
B. Digitigrade
c. Perikaryon
D. Hallux
12
5The correct sequence of human
evolution is
A. Australopithecus ( rightarrow ) Homo-Habilis ( rightarrow ) Homoerectus ( rightarrow ) Homo-Neanderthalensis ( rightarrow ) Cro-magnon
B. Australopithecus ( rightarrow ) Homo-Habilis ( rightarrow ) HomoNeanderthalensis ( rightarrow ) Homoerectus ( rightarrow ) Cro-magnin ( rightarrow ) Homosapiens
C. Australopithecus ( rightarrow ) Homo-Neander thalensis ( rightarrow ) Homo-Habilis ( rightarrow ) Homoerectus ( rightarrow ) Cro-magnon ( rightarrow ) Homosapiens
D. Homo-Habilis ( rightarrow ) Homo-Neanderthalensis ( rightarrow ) Australopithecus ( rightarrow ) Homoerectus ( rightarrow ) Cro-magnon ( rightarrow ) Homosapiens
12
6The cranial capacity was largest among
the
A. Peking man
B. African man
c. Java ape man
D. Neanderthal man
12
7Fossil of Cro-Magnon Man was found in
A. Shivalik-Hille – – India
B. Neander-Valley – Germany
c. Africa
D. France
12
8The earliest man-like primate was
A. Ramapithecus
B. Australopithecus
c. Homo habitue
D. Homo erectus
12
9The term, reducing atmosphere for the
early earth means that the atmosphere
A. Was much thinner around the surface of the earth
than now
B. Contained only two or three kinds of gases
C. Contained little or no free oxygen
D. Contained little or no free nitrogen
12
10Select the correct pair
A. Adaptive radiation – Darwin’s Finches
B. Connecting Link – Sewall Wright effect
C . Genetic. Drift – Peppered Moth
D. Industrial melanism – Archaeopteryx
12
11If the Neanderthals are not the direct
ancestors of humans, is it still possible for humans and Neanderthals to be
related?
A. Yes, because we share a common ancestor
B. Yes, but only if humans and Neanderthals could have interbred
c. No, because the human evolutionary tree is strictly linear and without branches
D. No, because this means that Neanderthals evolved from an entirely different branch of organisms than humans did
12
12Man (Homo) originated in
A. Palaeocene
B. Miocene
c. oligocene
D. Pleistocene
12
13Neanderthal man was followed by
A. Cro-Magnon man
B. Homo sapiens
c. Homo erectus
D. Homo neanderthal
12
14First life consisted of
A. Protovirus
B. Provirus
C. Bacteria
D. Virus
12
15Choose the correct answers from the
alternatives given Which of the following live in habitats much like those of the early Earth?
A. Protozoans
B. Eubacteria
c. Archaebacteria
D. cyanobacteria
12
16Assertion: We have lost all the direct evid
ences of origin of life.

Reason : The person responsible to protec
t the evidences were not skilled.
( A . ) If both the assertion and the reason are true and the reason is a correct explanation of the assertion
B. If both the assertion and reason are true but the reason is not a correct explanation of the assertion
C. If the assertion is true but the reason is false
D. If both the assertion and reason are false
E. If the assertion is false but reason is true

12
17The epoch of human civilization is
A. Pliocene
B. Holocene
c. Pleistocene
D. Palaeocene
12
18Which is the most primitive ancestor of
man?
A. Ramapithecus
B. Australopithecus
c. Homo habilis
D. Homo neanderthalensis
12
19Read the following four (A-D) statements:
(a) The cranial capacity of Homo habilis was ( 650-800 ) c.c
(b) The cranial capacity of Homo erectus was about ( 900 mathrm{c.c} )
(c) Around two mya Australopithecus probably lived in east african grasslands.
(d) During the ice age, Homo sapiens
arose.
How many of the above statements are
not incorrect:
A. Four
B. Three
( c . ) Two
D. one
12
20The theory of evolution indicates that
A. Man evolved from monkeys
B. Monkeys evolved.from man
C. Man evolved from Dinosaurs
D. Man and apes had a common ancestor
12
2150. Hugo Marie de Vries proposed
(1) Theory of Speciation
(2) Theory of Crossing over
(3) Theory of Natural Selection
(4) Theory of Mutation
12
22The most nearest prehistoric ancestor
of present man may be
A. Java ape man
B. Cro-Magnon man
c. Neanderthal man
D. Peking man
12
2350. Exobiology is a science that deals
with
(1) extinct forms
(2) life in other planets
(3) life in the outer space
(4) life in marine habitat
12
24The modern man evolved
( A cdot 10,000 ) years ago
B. 25,000 years ago
c. 2,50,000 years ago
D. 5,00,000 years ago
12
25Which one of the following ancestors of man first time showed bipedal
movement?
A. Australopithecus
B. Cro-Magnon
c. Java ape man
D. Peking man
12
26A well preserved and most complete homonid fossil named Lucy belongs to
genus
A. Dryopithecus
B. Oreopithecus
c. Pithecanthropus
D. Australopithecus
12
27The concept of stabilizing selection is described by
0
A. Graph I only
B. Graph II only
c. Both Graph I and Graph II
D. Graph III only
E. Both Graph II and Graph III
12
28Which primitive man used stones to pro
duce fire?
A. Java man
B. Neanderthal man
c. Cro-Magnon man
D. All of the above
12
29Ancestor of man, who first time showed
bipedal movement is
A. Cro-Magnon
B. Australopithecus
c. Java ape man
D. Peking man
12
30Which is correct order in evolutionary
history of man
A. Peking Man Habilus Man ( rightarrow )
Neanderthal Man ( rightarrow )
Cro-Magnon Man
B. Peking Man ( rightarrow )
Heidelberg Man ( rightarrow )
Neanderthal Man ( rightarrow )
Cro-Magnon Man
c. Peking Man ( rightarrow )
Neanderthal Man ( rightarrow )
Homo sapiens ( rightarrow )
Heidelberg Man
D. Poking. Man ( rightarrow )
Homo sapiens ( rightarrow )
Neanderthal Man ( rightarrow )
Cro-Magnon Man
12
31What is correct ‘sequence of Man, taxonomically starting from super family to subfamily
A. Hominoidea, hominidae, homininae
B. Homininae, Hominoidea, hominidae
c. Hominidae, homoninae, Hominoidea
D. Hominoidea, homininae, hominidae
12
32Which of the following is correct order of the evolutionary history of man?
A. Peking man, Homo sapiens, Neanderthal man, CroMagnon man
B. Peking man, Neanderthal man, Heidelberg man, CroMagnon man
c. Peking man, Heidelberg man, Neanderthal man
Cro-Magnon man
D. Peking man, Neanderthal man, Homo sapiens, Heidelberg -man
12
33Based on physical similarity, which
skulls appear to be most closely related?
A. 1 and 2
B. 1 and 3
( c cdot 2 ) and 3
D. 2 and 4
E. 1 and 4
12
34A novel species with double stranded genetic material consists of 5 bases
namely P.Q. R. S. T. with percentages
given below.
Percentage 22
( 28 quad 22 )
Based on the above information, which
ONE of the following infrences is NOT supported by the observation?
A. S- base pairs with T, and Q base pairs with R
B. S base pairs with ( Q ),and T base pairs with ( Q )
C. P base pairs with ( R ), and ( S ) base pairs with ( Q )
D. P base pairs with ( mathrm{R} ), and T base pairs with ( mathrm{Q} )
12
35The prehistoric man who lived on earth, during late pleistocene period is
A. Neanderthal man
B. Australopithecus
c. Java man
D. Cromagnon man
12
36Who among the following are cannibal?
A. Peking man
B. Java ape man
c. Homo habilis
D. Both A and B
12
37The closest relative of modern man is co
nsidered to be
A. Chimpanzee
B. Orangutan
c. Apes
D. Gibbon
12
38Which primitive man lived on earth at t he end of pleistocene era?
A. Australopithecus
B. Zinzanthropus
c. Neanderthal man
D. Atlantic man
12
39The first eukaryotic cells emerged during the
A. Palaeozoic
B. Cenozoic
c. Mesozoic
D. Proterozoic
12
40Java Man is
A. Pithecanthropus erectus
B. Pithecanthropus pekinensis
C. Komo rhodesiensis
D. Homo heidelbergensis
12
4138. Wings of birds and insects are
(1) Xenologous
(2) Homologous
(3) Paralogous
(4) Analogous
12
42What is Primordial Soup?12
43Darwins finches are an excellent
example of
A. Adaptive radiation
B. Seasonal migration
c. Brood parasitism
D. connecting links
12
44Common ancestor of apes and man is
A. Porapithecus
B. Cro-Magnon
C. Dryopithecous
D. Australopithecus
12
45The correct sequence of stages in the
evolution of the modern man (Homo
sapiens) is
A. Neanderthal man, Australopithecus, Cro-magnon man, Homoerectus, Modern man
B. Australopithecus, Homo sapiens, Neanderthal man, Cro-magnon man, Modern man
C. Homo erectus, Australopithecus, Neanderthal man, Cro-magnon man, Modern man
D. Australopithecus, Homo erectus, Neanderthal man, Cro-magnon man, Modern man
12
46Assertion
Homo habilis was the first tool maker.
Reason : He was cave-dweller.
A. If both the assertion and the reason are true and the
reason is a correct explanation of the assertion
B. If both the assertion and reason are true but the reason is not a correct explanation of the assertion
C. If the assertion is true but the reason is false
D. If both the assertion and reason are false
E. If the assertion is false but reason is true
12
47Members of hominidae are
A. Man, Lemur, Ape
B. Man, Chimpanzee, Gorilla
C. Monkey, Ape, Lemur
D. Chimpanzee, Lemur, Ape
12
48Evolution of different species in a given
area starting from a point and spreading to other geographical area is
known as
A. Adaptive radiation
B. Natural selection
c. Migration
D. Divergent evolution
12
49The early stage human embryo distinctly possesses
A. Gills
B. Gill slits
c. External ear (pinna)
D. Eye brows
12
50Most recent man found as fossil was
A. Java mann
B. Peking man
c. Cro-magnon man
D. Heidelberg man
12
51First cell produced on earth is
A. Protobiont
B. Protozoa
c. Metazoa
D. None of the above
12
52Nutritionally, Australopithecus was
A. Omnivorous
B. Carnivorous
c. Herbivorous
D. Frugivorous
12
53Ausralopithecus and Homo erectus both had erect posture. But why Homo erectus is considered more advanced? Give
atleast three such differentiating points to illustrate your answer.
12
54Who was the first civilized man?
A. Cromagnon man
B. Neanderthal man
c. Heidelberg man
D. Ternifier man
12
55Example of adaptive radiation is
A. Darwin’s finches
B. Human evolution
c. Black winged moth
D. (1) & (2) both
12
56The most accepted line of descent in
human evolution is
A. Australopithecus( rightarrow ) Ramapithecus( rightarrow )
Homo sapiens ( rightarrow ) Homo habilis
B. Homo erectus ( rightarrow ) Homo habilis ( rightarrow ) Homo sapiens
C . Ramapithecus ( rightarrow ) Homo habilis ( rightarrow ) Homo erectus ( rightarrow )
Homo sapiens
D. ( $ $ ) Australopithecus lrightarrow Ramapithecus |rightarrow Homol erectus Irightarrow Homol habilis Irightarrow Homo sapiens
12
57Who was the first direct ancestor of
modern humans?
12
58The closest relative of modern day man
is considered to be
A. Chimpanzee
B. Orangutan
c. Apes
D. Gibbon
12
59Neanderthal man lived in
A. Desert
B. Deep forest
c. Mountains
D. caves
12
60The highest evolutionary fitness is shown by
A. A Cheetah that catches the most prey
B. A Fox that successfully avoids predators
c. A Tortoise that has lived for over 100 years
D. A Wolf that recovers quickly from a wound
E. A Gorilla that reproduces several times
12
61In Homo habilis, ‘habilis’ refers to
A. Wandering species
B. Ancient man
c. Modern man
D. Tool maker
12
62Genus Homo was identified during epoch.
A. Eocene
B. Palaeocene
c. oligocene
D. Pleistocene
12
63The diversification of an ancestral
group of organisms into a variety of related forms specialized to fit different environments is known as
A. Convergent evolution
B. Divergent evolution
c. Adaptive radiation
D. Gradualism
E. Directional selection
12
64toppr
Q Type your question
This chart shows the relative
abundance of different groups of
echinoderms throughout geologic time.
The width of the band indicates the
number of species for each group.
Identify the time periods showed a
boom in all echinoderm groups?
A. Ordovician
B. Silurian
C. Mississippian
D. Permian
E . Jurassic
12
65(a) Explain adaptive radiation with the help of suitable example.
(b) Cite an example where more than one adaptive radiations have occurred in an isolated geographical area. Name the type of evolution your example depicts and state why it is so named.
12
66Common origin of man and chimpanzee is best shown by
A. Dental formula
B. Cranial capacity
c. Binocular vision
D. chromosome number
12
67How does the creation of variations in
the species promote survival?
12
68Galapagos finches are associated with
A. Linnaeus
B. Darwin
c. Hugo de Vries
D. Muller
12
69Choose the correct answers from the
alternatives given.
For an adaptive radiation to be
Successful
A. Transitional form must be provided physical access to the new environment
B. Transitional form must face high levels of competition in order to refine the adaptations that allowed it to enter the new environment
C. Invader organisms must have a design appropriate for the new environment
D. Both
(b) and (c)
12
70Which one of the following statement is
correct.
A. There is no evidence of the existence of gills during embryogenesis of mammals
B. All plants and animals cells are totipotent
C. Ontogeny repeats phylogeny
D. Stem cells are specialize cells
12
71Assertion
Natural selection is the outcome of
difference in survival and reproduction among individuals that show variation
in one or more traits.
Reason
Adaptive forms of a given trait tend to become more common, less adaptive
ones become less common or
disappear.
A. Both Assertion and Reason are correct and Reason is the correct explanation for Assertion
B. Both Assertion and Reason are correct but Reason is not the correct explanation for Assertion.
C. Assertion is correct but Reason is incorrect.
D. Assertion is incorrect but Reason is correct
12
72Write an essay on different events that
occur during development of human
12
73The first probable fossil of man was
A. Australopithecus
B. Zinjanthropus
c. Pithecanthropus
D. Plesianthropus
12
74According to Darwin, diversity as found in Australian marsupials is due to :
A. Convergent evolution
B. Adaptive radiation
c. Parallel radiation
D. Parallel evolution
12
75Explain with suitable examples importance of anatomical evolution12
76An abundance of ………was conspicuously absent from the Earth’s atmosphere 4 billion years ago.
A. Hydrogen
B. Carbon monoxide
c. Nitrogen
D. oxygen
12
77Smallest man like ape is
A. Chimpanzee
B. Orangutan
c. sloth
D. Gibbon
12
78The recent ancestors of modern man
were
A. Java ape man and Peking man
B. Poking man and Rhodesian man
C. Rhodesian man and Cro-Magnon man
D. Cro-Magnon and Neanderthal man
12
79Fire was first used for protection and cooking by
A. Java man
B. Neanderthal man
c. Peking man
D. Cro-magnon man
12
80The Java man is considered to have
existed in
A. Java only
B. China only
c. Africa
D. Java and China
12
81Which is of the following is the correct
order in evolutionary history of man?
A. Peking man ( rightarrow ) Habilus man ( rightarrow ) Neanderthal man ( rightarrow ) Cro-Magnon man
B. Peking man ( rightarrow ) Heidelberg man ( rightarrow ) Neanderthal man ( rightarrow ) Cro-Magnon man
C. Peking man ( rightarrow ) Neanderthal ( operatorname{man} rightarrow ) Homo sapiens ( rightarrow ) Heidelberg man
D. Peking man ( rightarrow ) Homo sapeins ( rightarrow ) Neanderthal ( operatorname{man} rightarrow ) Cro-Magnon mann
12
82Dryopithecus occurred about
( A cdot 2.5 times 10^{6} ) years back
B. ( 25 times 10^{6} ) years back
( mathbf{C} cdot 50 times 10^{6} ) years back
D. ( 75 times 10^{6} ) years back
12
83In primordial atmosphere when the living organism evolved the respiration
process was
A. Anaerobic as it released more energy
B. Aerobic as it was more complex.
c. Aerobic as it released more energy
D. Anaerobic because early atmosphere contained litttle or no oxygen.
12
84Which of the following was the transitio
nal stage (connective link) between apes and hu mans?
A. Homo habiliss
B. Homo erectus
c. Australopithecus ramidus
D. Australopithecus africanus
12
85The fossils of Cro-Magnon were found in
A. Algeria – In ternifine deposits
B. Germany – In ravines
C. France – Rock shelters
D. Africa – Olduvi
12
86Which of the following is the correct ord
er of evolutionary history of man?
A. Peking man, Heidelberg man, Neanderthal, CroMagnon
B. Peking man, Homo sapiens, Cro-Magnon, Neanderthal
C. Peking man, Neanderthal, Homo sapiens, Heidelberg
D. Peking man, Cro-Magnon, Homo sapiens, Neanderthal
12
87Assertion
The first molecules formed for
replicating cells were most probably
RNA.
Reason
This was proved by origin of ribozyme in
1987 by T. Cech in Tetrahymena.
A. Both Assertion and Reason are correct and Reason is the correct explanation for Assertion
B. Both Assertion and Reason are correct but Reason is not the correct explanation for Assertion
c. Assertion is correct but Reason is incorrect
D. Both Assertion and Reason are incorrect
12
88Darwin’s finches are the good example
of
A. Convergent evolution
B. Industrial melanism
c. connecting link
D. Adaptive radiation
12
89On which continent Homo sapiens arose?12
90Radiations with successful adaptations in case of insects is a result of
A. Genetic divergence
B. Micro-evolution
c. Macro-evolution
D. Mega-evolution
12
91The first human fossil probably belonged to
A. Zinjanthropus
B. Australopithecus
c. Pleisanthropus
D. Pithecanthropus
12
92Match the hominids with their correct
brain size:
(a) Homo habilis
(i) 900 cc
(b) Homo neanderthalensis
(ii) 1350 сс
(c) Homo erectus
(iii) ( 650-800 ) сс
(d) Homo sapiens
(iv) ( 1400 mathrm{cc} )
Select the correct option.
( A cdot(a)-(i i i),(b)-(i),(c)-(i v),(d)-(i i) )
B. (a)-(iii), (b)-(ii), (c)-(i), (d)-(iv)
c. (a)-(iii), (b)-(iv), (c)-(i), (d)-(ii)
D. (a)-(iv), (b)-(iii), (c)-(i), (d)-(ii)
12
93There are two opposing views about the origin of modern man. According to one view, Homo erectus in Asia was the
ancestor of modem man. A study of variations of DNA, however, suggested African origin of modern man. What
kind of observation on DNA variations
could suggest this
A. Greater variation in Asia than in Africa
B. Greater variation in Africa than in Asia
c. similar variation in Africa and Asia
D. Variation only in Asia and no variation in Africa
12
94Biologists believe that the current DNA
( rightarrow mathrm{RNA} rightarrow ) Protein system is the result of a long period of evolution because
A. The transcription of DNA to mRNA and translation of mRNA into proteins consists of many steps.
B. DNA replication is complicated but relatively error-free and the current system is very complex and precise
c. Evidence indicates that RNA preceded DNA as the genetic material
D. All of the above
12
95The recent ancestors of modern man we
re
A. Java ape man and Peking man
B. Peking man and Rhodesian Man
C. Rhodesian man and Cro-Magnon man
D. Cro-Magnon man and Neanderthal man
12
96The fossils of Homo habilis was
discovered by Leaky et al. (1964) in
A. Germany
B. Europe
c. Australia
D. Africa
12
97Java man was discovered by
A . Leakey
B. Levis
c. Dubois
D. Oparine
12
98What is the contribution of W.C. pei?
A. He discovered Cro-Magnon man
B. He discovered Peking man.
c. He discovered Java man
D. None of the above.
12
99Which one of the following is the direct ancestor of modern man?
A. Australopithecus
B. Ramapithecus
c. Homo erectus
D. Homo habilis
12
100Hominids evolved during
A. Oligocene
B. Pliocene
c. Pleistocene
D. Miocene
12
101On which of the following continent, maximum fossils of prehistoric man have been found?
A . Africa
B. Europe
c. Asia
D. America
12
102Taung baby is
A. Dryopithecus
B. Australopithecus
C . Peking Man
D. Piltdown Man
12
103Which of the following gases probably least abundant in the early atmosphere?
A ( . H_{2} )
в. ( 0_{2} )
c. ( N H_{3} )
D. co
12
104The drama of human evolution was
dramatised in
A. Asia and Java
B. China and Asia
C. Africa and Java
D. Asia and Africa
12
105An evolutionary pattern characterised by increase in number and kind of closely related species is :
A. Convergent evolution
B. Parallel evolution
c. Adaptive radiation
D. Divergent evolution
12
106Java Ape Man was discovered by
A. Dubois
B. Leakey
c. cuter
D. Black
12
107Which of the following is first example of class Homo sapiens?
A. Neanderthal
B. Dryopithecus
c. cro Magnon
D. Ramapithecus
12
108Who is considered as ancestor of
modern apes?
A. Dryopithecus
B. Ramapithecus
c. oreopithecus
D. None of the above
12
109Assertion
Human ancestors never used their tails
and so the tail expressing gene has disappeared in them.
Reason
Lamarck’s theory of evolution is popularly called theory of continuity of germplasm.
A. Both Assertion and Reason are correct and Reason is the correct explanation for Assertion
B. Both Assertion and Reason are correct but Reason is not the correct explanation for Assertion
c. Assertion is correct but Reason is incorrect
D. Both Assertion and Reason are incorrect
12
110The epoch of beginning of human life is
A. Palaeocene
B. Pleistocene
C. Pliocene
D. Holocene
12
111Which of the following is correct regarding evolution of mankind?
A. Homo erectus was preceded by Homo habitue
B. Australopithecus lived in Australia.
c. Neanderthal Man and Cro-Magnon man lived together
D. None of the above
12
112Cradle of human evolution is
A. Grassland of South Africa
B. Savannah of Central Africa
C. Subarctic Europe
D. Arabia
12
113In a given area, insects live by making burrows in the bark of a tree. These
insects are fed upon by a population of birds in the same area. The most correct
explanation for the increase in the beak size of the bird population is
A. Increased fitness of the birds, leading to speciation
B. Decreased fitness of the insects, allowing the birds to catch them more easily
c. Increased fitness of large-beaked birds, leading to evolution
D. Decreased fitness of small-beaked birds, leading to speciation
E. Random mutation and genetic recombination
12
114The finches that populate the
Galapagos islands are genetically much more closely related to a species of ground finch found on the mainland in
South America than they are to a species of finch found on the mainland
in North America. This observation
suggests that
A. The finches on the Galapagos islands have descended directly from the finches in South America.
B. The climatic environment on the Galapagos islands is more similar to the climatic environment in South America than North America
C. The Galapagos islands were once physically connected to the continent of South America
D. The finches on the Galapagos islands and the finches on the mainland of South America are experiencing convergent evolution
12
115Which of the following fossil man was expert in making tools and weapons?
A. Java ape-man
B. Peking man
c. African man
D. Cro-Magnon man
12
116Human ancestors, who left cave
paintings were
A. Neanderthal man
B. Cro-magnon mann
c. Java ape man
D. Peking man
12
117The brain capacity of Homo erectus was
about
( mathbf{A} cdot 650 c . c )
B . 900 c.c.
c. 1500 c.c.
D. 1400 c.c.
12
118Centre of human evolution was
A. Ethiopian realm
B. Oriental realm
c. Palaeoarctic realm
D. Neotropical realm
12
119Pithecanthropus was discovered in
A. China
B. Germany
c. Java
D. Africa
12
12048. Wings of birds and insects are
(1) Xenologous
(2) Homologous
(3) Paralogous
(4) Analogous
12
121Fossils of CroMagnon Man were discovered in
A . 1924
B. 1891
( c cdot 1868 )
D. 1856
12
122The main explanation for the lack of a continuing abiotic origin of life on the Earth today is that
A. There is not sufficient lightning to provide an energy source
B. Our oxidising atmosphere is not conducive to the spontaneous formation of complex molecules
c. There is much less visible light reaching Earth to serve as an energy source
D. There are no molten surfaces on which weak solutions of organic molecules would polymerise
12
123There is no life on moon because there
is no
A. carbon
B. Nitrogen
c. water
D. silicates
12
12449. In soil, nitrites are converted into
nitrates by :
(1) Nitrobacter
(2) Azotobacter
(3) Nitrosomonas
(4) Pseudomonas
12
125Arrange the following stages of the human evolution in the order of their
increasing cranial capacity?
a) Neanderthal man
b) Cro-magnon
man
c) Homo erectus
d) Homo habilis
12
126Homo erectus is the zoological name of
A. Java ape man
B. Peking man
C. Neanderthal man
D. Both A and B
12
127Dryopithecus is more similar to-
A . Ape
B. Gorilla
c. Chimpanzee
D. Man
12
128Explain the saying “ontogeny repeats phylogeny”12
129Identify the correct order of appearance of the following organisms on the
surface of earth.
I. Eukaryotes
II. Heterotrophic organisms
III. Metazoa
IV. Photosynthetic organisms
( mathbf{A} cdot|, 1,1 V,| 1 )
В. ॥, ।, ॥I, IV
c. ॥, IV, ।, ॥ा
D. IV, I, II, III
E . ( mathrm{IV}, ) ।।, ।, ॥ा
12
130since the origin of life on earth, there
are five episodes of mass extinction of species. Who is mainly responsible for the sixth extinction?
12
131Scientific name of human is
A. Homo naled
B. Homo habilis
c. Homo erectus
D. Homo sapiens
12
132Evolution of man was possible because our ape-like ancestors
A. Showed bipedal movement on open land
B. Used fire
c. Had difficulty in gaining nutrition
D. Developed community hunting
12
133When environmental change occurs, multiple new niches become available Organisms in this changing environment will undergo rapid change to fill these new niches.
This process is known as
A. Diversifying selection
B. Allopatric speciation
c. Adaptive radiation
D. Directional selection
E. Convergent evolution
12
134Pithecanthropus erectus fossil was found
( mathbf{n} )
A. China
B. Japan
c. Java
D. Texas
12
135Dryopithecus is considered to be
A. Ancestral form of ape
B. Ancestral form of monkeys
C. Connecting links between ape and man
D. Common ancestor of ape and man
12
136Correct sequence of stages in evolution
of Modern Man/Homo sapiens sapiens is
A. Australopithecus, Neanderthal Man, Cro-Magnon Man, Homo erectus, Modern Man
B. Australopithecus, Homo erectus, Neanderthal Man, Cro-Magnon Man, Modern Man
C. Neanderthal Man, Australopithecus, Cro-Magnon Man, Homo erectus, Modern Man
D. Homo erectus, Australopithecus, Neanderthal Man, Cro-Magnon Man, Modern Man
12
137Homo erectus’ is the zoological name of
A. Cro-Magnon man
B. Pecking man
C. Nut-cracker man
D. Neanderthal man
12
138During origin of life, nucleoprotein gave most probably the first sign of
A . Life
B. Amino Acids
c. Soil
D. Sugar
12
139Major radiation of mammals, birds and pollinating insects took place in which epoch?
A. Oligocene
B. Eocene
c. Pliocene
D. Palaeocene
12
140Which of these are examples of evolution by anthropogenic action?
(i) Adaptive radiation of marsupials of
Australia.
(ii) Appearance of antibiotic resistant
microbes.
(iii) Evolution of finches in Galapagos islands.
(iv) Appearance of dark winged moth in England during post industrialisation period.
(v) Convergent evolution of placental mammals in Australia.
A. (i) and (ii)
B. (v) only
c. (ii) only
D. (ii) and (iv) only
E. (iii) and (v) only
12
141Write your observations on the
variations seen in Darwin’s finches
shown.
12
142The proper burial of dead for the first time started with which of the
following prehistoric man?
A. Peking man
B. Neanderthal man
c. Java man
D. Cro-Magnon man
12
143Early true man was
A. Peking Man
B. Java Man
C. Neanderthal Man
D. Homo habitue
12
144Early African
man was discovered in 1948 by Leakey.
t was
A. Homo habilis
B. Gigantopithecus
c. Proconsul
D. Homo erectus
12
145. Ill.12
146Solo man belongs to
A. Java only
B. Africa
c. china
D. China and Africa
12
147Evolution of man took place in
A. Central Africa
B. Central Asia
c. Australia
D. America
12
148Which one of the following statements is/are correct?
A. Homo erectus is the ancestor of Homo Sapiens.
B. Fossils of Cro-Magnon has been found in Ethopia
c. Australopithecus is the real ancestor of modern man
D. Neanderthal man is the direct ancestor of Homo sapiens
12
149Mention any three characteristics of
Neanderthal man that lived in Near East
and Central Asia.
12
150Common origin of man and chimpanzee is best shown by
A. Dental formula
B. Cranial capacity
c. Binocular vision
D. chromosome number
12
151Divergent evolution of a single group of organism in a new environment is called
A. Adaptive radiation
B. Catastrophism
c. convergent evolution
D. None of the above
12
152The probable first prehistoric man was
A. Ramapithecus
B. Homo habilis
c. Australopithecus
D. zinjanthropus
12
153Primitive Man who built up dwelling huts and buried its dead was
A. Java Ape Man
B. Cro-Magnon Man
c. Peking Man
D. Neanderthal Man
12
154The correct sequence in the evolution of
modern man is
A. Dryopithecus ( rightarrow ) Australopithecus ( rightarrow ) Homo habilis ( rightarrow ) Homo erectus ( rightarrow ) Homo sapiens
B. Australopithecus ( rightarrow ) Dryopithecus ( rightarrow ) Homo habilis ( rightarrow ) Homo erectus ( rightarrow ) Homo sapiens
C. Homo habilis ( rightarrow ) Dryopithecus ( rightarrow ) Australopithecus ( rightarrow ) Homo erectus ( rightarrow ) Homo sapiens
D. Austratopithecus ( rightarrow ) Homoerectus ( rightarrow ) Neanderthal man ( rightarrow ) cro-magnon man ( rightarrow ) modern man
12
155Proconsul is the other name of
A. Dryopithecus
B. Parapithecus
C. Aegyptopithecua
D. Ramapithecus
12
156Which is the correct sequence of cranial
capacities according to increasing
manner?
A. Australopithecus – Homo erectus – Cro magnon man Neanderthal man
B. Homo erectus Ramapithecus Homo habilis Neanderthal man
C. Australopithecus – Homo habilis – Homo erectus Neanderthal man
D. Cro-Magnon man- Dryopithecus – Heidelberg man Neanderthal man
12
157Remains of Neanderthal man were
found in Neander Valley of
A. Germany
B. France
c. England
D. Egypt
12
158Assertion
Darwin’s finches show a variety of beaks suited for eating large seeds, flying insects and cactus seeds.
Reason
Ancestral seed-eating stock of Darwin’s finches radiated out from South
American mainland to different
geographical areas of the Galapagos Islands, where they found competitor for new habitats.
A. Both Assertion and Reason are correct and Reason is the correct explanation for Assertion.
B. Both Assertion and Reason are correct but Reason is not the correct explanation for Assertion
C. Assertion is correct but Reason is incorrect
D. Both Assertion and Reason are incorrect
12
159Apes share ( ldots ldots . . . . . . . . ) blood groups with
man.
( A cdot A, B, A B )
B. A, B, O
c. ( A B, O )
D. A and B
12
160The brain capacity of Homo erectus was
A. 800 to 1300 cc
B. 1650 cc
( c .650 mathrm{cc} )
D. 1400 cc
12
161Rise of first primates was in which epoch?12
162Homo sapiens have evolved in :
A. Pliocene
B. Pleistocene
c. oligocene
D. Miocene
12
163Study of history of life forms on earth is known as
A. Evolutionary biology
B. Morphology
c. Physiology
D. Biogenesis
12
164Natural history of man is
A. Anthropology
B. Anthology
c. Euthenics
D. Eugenics
12
165Neanderthal man was replaced by which of the following man in Europe?
A. Cro-Magnon man
B. Homo sapiens
c. Rhesus monkey
D. New world monkey
12
166Evolution of heart from one to two, three
and four chambered proves:
A. Biogenic law of Haeckel.
B. Neo darwinism.
c. Lamarkism
D. hardy weinberg’s law.
12
167During which of the following intervals did life originate on the Earth?
A. Mesozoic era
B. Proterozoic eon
c. cambrian period
D. Archean eon
12
168In which of the following era man was originated?
A. Paleocene
B. Pliocene
c. Miocene
D. Devonian
12
169Self-ordered proto-protein contacted with water and by self-assembly gave rise to
A. Protocell
B. Protobiont
c. Eobiont
D. All of the above
12
170Assertion
The first living organisms were heterotrophs.
Reason
They were surrounded by performed organic molecules which they used as
food.
A. Both Assertion and Reason are correct and Reason is
the correct explanation for Assertion
B. Both Assertion and Reason are correct but Reason is not the correct explanation for Assertion
C. Assertion is correct but Reason is incorrect
D. Both Assertion and Reason are incorrect
12
171The correct statement about
Neanderthal man is:
This question has multiple correct options
A. The first human like hominid
B. Started agriculture
c. Ate meat and walked erectly
D. Buried the deadd
12
172toppr
Q Type your question
finches with large, thick beaks survived
the drought as they subsisted on cactus, which are drought tolerant
plants.

In the early 1980 ‘s, the Galapagos
Islands underwent an El Nino event that
led to higher annual levels of
precipitation than normal. This climate
event occurred just a few years after the
drought. The increase in rainfall led to a
dramatic increase in growth of seed-
producing plants, which led to an abundance of foods for seed-eating
finches, which have small, short beaks.
The increase in rainfall also decreased
the availability of cactuses on the islands. Which of the following would
you predict occurred in the finch population as a result of the second
change in climate?
A. The variety present in the finch population did not change due to changes in climate
B. The population of short-beaked finches increased while the population of large beaked birds decreased.
C. The large-beaked finches increased in number while the short-beaked finches decreased in number
D. The number of finches of each type both decreased due to the change in climate
E. The large-beaked finches hybridized with the shortbeaked finches.

12
173Fossil man expert in making cave paintings and tools was
A. Cro-Magnon Man
B. Peking Man
c. Java Man
D. Neanderthal Man
12
174The chronological order of human
evolution from early to the recent is
A. Ramapithecus ( rightarrow ) Homo habilis ( rightarrow ) Australopithceus ( rightarrow ) Homo erectus
B. Australopithecus ( rightarrow ) Homo habilis ( rightarrow ) Ramapithecus ( rightarrow ) Homo erectus
C. Australopithecus ( rightarrow ) Ramapithecus ( rightarrow ) Homo habilis ( rightarrow ) Homo erectus
D. Ramapithecus ( rightarrow ) Australopithceus ( rightarrow ) Homo habilis ( rightarrow ) Homo erectus
12
175The earliest human has been named as
A. Australopithecus
B. Homo erectus
c. Homo habilis
D. Homo sapiens
12
176Who discovered Java ape man?
A . Leakey
B. Mayr
C. Davidson Black
D. Dubois
12
177Which of the following animals show adaptive radiation based on locomotion?
A. Scorpion, elephant, human
B. Cheetah, kangaroo, mole
c. Praying mantis, seal, python
D. cockroach, squirrel, toadd
12
178The Scientist related with the theory of biogenesis and who has done experiment with the swan-necked flask is
A. Haeckel
B. Louis Pasteur
c. van Helmont
D. Milter
12
179The theory states that living organisms originate from pre-existing organisms
A. Theory of Catastrophism
B. Theory of Panspermia
c. Biogenesis theory
D. Theory of Spontaneous generation
12
180Short/Long answer type questions What are the chromosomal similarities
found in apes and man? What do such similarities indicate?
12
181The last common ancestor between the
African apes and hominids lived during epoch.
A. Oligocene
B. Pliocene
c. Miocene
D. Pleistocene
12
182There are two opposing views about origin of modern man. According to one view, Homo erectus in Asia was ancestor
of modern man. A study of variations of DNA, however suggested African origin of modern man.
What kind of observation of DNA
variations could suggest this?
A. Greater variation in Asia than in Africa
B. Greater variation in Africa than in Asia
c. similar variation in Africa and Aisa
D. Variation only in Asia and no variation in Africa
12
183Which one is closest to modern man?
A. Cro-Magnon Man
B. Neanderthal Man
c. Homo erectus
D. Homo habilis
12
184The probable direct ancestor of modern
man is
A. Java man
B. Peking mann
c. Cromangnon man
D. Neanderthal man
12
185First man to stand erect was
A. Cro-Magnon man
B. Java man
C. Neanderthal man
D. Peking man
12
186Living organisms on the Earth have evolved gradually from one form to another over the million years. This
statement was given by
A. Darwin
B. Robert Hook
c. Linneaus
D. None of the above
12
187The first genes may have developed
when
A. Protobionts grew and divided
B. Short RNA strands self-replicated
c. DNA molecules produced RNA molecules
D. Polypeptides became catalyticc
12
188Human ancestors first to build hunts
and wear animal hides were
A. Peking Man
B. Java Man
c. cro-Magnon Man
D. Neanderthal Man
12
189Fossil of Neanderthal Man was first
discovered in
A . 1856
в. 1868
( c cdot 1924 )
D. 1994
12

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