Life Processes Questions

We provide life processes practice exercises, instructions, and a learning material that allows learners to study outside of the classroom. We focus on life processes skills mastery so, below you will get all questions that are also asking in the competition exam beside that classroom.

List of life processes Questions

Question No Questions Class
1 Identify the type of nutrition in Amoeba.
A. Saprotrophic
B. Parasitic
C. Holozoic
D. Holophytic
10
2 Digestion in amoeba mainly takes place in
A. Food vacuole
B. Cytoplasm
c. water vacuole
D. None of the above
10
3 The floating roots in water absorbs the
air from
A. Dissolved oxygen in water
B. Dissolved oxygen in soil
c. Stomata
D. None of the above
10
4 What is digestion? Why do only animals require a digestive system? 10
5 What are the necessary conditions for
autotrophic nutrition and what are its
by-products?
10
6 The muscular contraction in the
alimentary canal is known as
A. systole
B. Diastole
c. Peristalsis
D. Metachronal
10
7 Describe the process of nutrition in
amoeba.Draw labelled diagram to show
that various steps of nutritions in
amoeba.
10
8 How does gaseous exchange occur in plants across
(a) Leaves
(b) Roots?
10
9 The internal cellular energy reserve in autotrophs is
A . Glycogen
B. Protein
c. starch
D. Fatty acid
10
10 ( C_{40} H_{56} O_{2} ) is the chemical formula of a
A. xanthophyll
B. Carotene
c. Anthocyanin
D. chlorophylı.
10
11 Sunken stomata occur in
A. Mango
B. Guava
c. Hydrilla
D. Nerium
10
12 All of these secretes digestive enzyme,
except
A. Salivary glands.
B. Liver
c. Pancreas.
D. Small intestine
E. Stomach.
10
13 In photosynthesis solar energy is captured by the pigment called 10
14 A root parasite is
A. Loranthus
B. Rafflesia
c. viscum
D. cuscuta
10
15 Which of the following statement is not
true for stomatal apparatus?
A. Guard cells are always surrounded by subsidiary cells
B. Stomata are involved in gaseous exchange
C. Inner walls of guard cells are thick
D. Guard cells invariably possess chloroplasts and mitochondria
10
16 In Amoeba which of the following helps in digestion?
A. Pseudopodia
B. Cytoplasm
c. Nucleus
D. vacuole
10
17 Draw a labelled diagram of human digestive system and explain it. 10
18 A mutually beneficial relationship between two different organisms for nutrition is called as
A. Symbiotic Nutrition
B. Parasitic Nutrition
c. Saprobiotic Nutriton
D. Detritivores
10
19 Aerobic respiration occurs in
A. Thylakoid.
B. Golgi body.
c. Grana
D. Mitochondria.
10
20 Write two differences between
autotrophic and heterotrophic nutrition.
10
21 The instrument by which B.P. of man is determined is
A. Sphygmomanometer
B. Cardiograph
c. Ultrasound
D. stethoscope
10
22 Out of photosynthesis and respiration
in plants, which process occurs all the time?
10
23 Match the scientist and their
discoveries given in Column I and I
correctly and choose the correct
combination from the following.
( mathbf{A} )
( A-p, B-q, C-r, D-t )
B. ( A-q, B-p, C-s, D-t )
C. ( A-q B-p, C-r, D-t )
D. ( A-q, B-p, C-t )
( D )
10
24 Name the most acceptable theory of origin of life. Who gave this theory? 10
25 Digestion of food in human starts from
A. Duodenum
B. Small intestine
c. Mouth
D. Large intestine.
10
26 During respiration in plants, the glucose is broken down into
A. Carbon dioxide
B. water
c. Energy
D. All of the above
10
27 Explain the process of nutrition in
human?
10
28 Which of the following organ system
takes in food, breaks it down into
smaller chemical units, and absorbs
the nutrient molecules?
A. Digestive system
c. circulatory system
D. Endocrine system
E. Nervous system
10
29 Match the items in Column I with as
many items as possible in Column ( begin{array}{llll} & text { Column I } & & text { Column II } \ text { (a) } & text { Deer } & text { (i) } & text { Autotroph } \ text { (b) } & text { Parrot } & text { (ii) } & text { Ecosystem } \ text { (c) } & text { Cobra } & text { (iii) } & text { Pond } \ text { (d) } & text { Pine tree } & text { (iv) } & begin{array}{l}text { Deciduous } \ text { forests }end{array} \ text { (e) } & text { Grasshopper } & text { (v) } & text { Parasite } \ & text { (vi) } & text { Carnivore } \ & text { (vii) } & text { Producer }end{array} )
10
30 The diagram gives information about
blood pressures in various parts of the circulatory system during the cardiac cycle. At which point ( a, b, c ) or ( d, ) does
the semi-lunar valve of the aorta close?
( A )
B.
( c cdot d )
( D )
10
31 The rate of is more than the
rate of ( _{–}-_{–} ) in the daytime in the
case of green plants.
10
32 Which of the following part is excluded from the study of T.S. of gut.
A. Pharynx
B. Esophagus
c. colon
D. Rectum
10
33 Milk caesin- – – -Y- – -> Paracaesin- – – -M- – ->
Calcium paracaesinate (curding of milk). In the above equation ‘Y’ and ‘M’ indicates
A. Rennin and ( C a^{++} ) respectively
B. ( C a^{++} ) and Renin respectively
C. Renin and HCl, ( C a^{++} ) respectively
D. Renin and ( C a^{++} ) respectively
10
34 begin{tabular}{l}
5 \
hline
end{tabular}
10
35 The hormone ANP is produced by the
A. Adrenal glands
B. Capillary walls
c. Kidneys
D. Atria
10
36 The urinary opening is known as
A. Urinary bladder
B. Ureter
C. Urethera
D. None of the above
10
37 Amoeba sticks to substratum by means
of
A. Rough surface
B. Plasmalemma
c. Protein
D. None of the above
10
38 Which plants has a trap, which looks and shows like a flower to insects?
A. Drosera
B. Balsam
c. Lotus
D. Venus Fly trap
10
39 Which of the following term can be related to the opening of guard cell?
A. Turgidity
B. Flaccidity
c. Transpiration
D. None of the above
10
40 An example for saprophytic angiosperm
is
A. Drosera
B. Vanda
C. Monotropa
D. cuscuta
10
41 An insectivorous// carnivorous plant is
A. Viscum
B. Parkinsonia
c. santalum
D. Utricularia
10
42 In the cardiac cycle, diastole is
A. The number of heart beats per minute.
B. The relaxation period after contraction of the heart.
C. The forceful pumping action of the heart
D. The contraction period after relaxation of the heart.
10
43 Which of the following statement proves that guard cell is a living cell?
A. It has a nucleus
B. It has chloroplast.
c. It is a bean shaped cell.
D. Both A and B
10
44 Photosynthesis is mainly responsible for the existence of
A. Plants on this earth
B. Animals on this earth
c. Both plants and animals
D. None of these
10
45 The ( ldots ldots . . . ) capture the energy present in sunlight and convert it into chemical
energy.
10
46 Consider the following statements:
(a) High blood pressure is an infectious disease.
(b) Penicillin is effective against
bacteria because it inhibits their wall
formation.
(c) AlDS spreads, through sex, blood to blood contact and from mother to child.
Which of the above statements are
correct?
( A cdot(a) ) and ( (b) )
B. (b) and (c)
( c cdot(a),(b) ) and ( (c) )
D. None of the above
10
47 How is chemosynthesis and
photosynthesis similar?
A. Both are found in hydrophytes
B. Both are associated with heterotrophy
C. Both are dependent on solar energy
D. Both are autotrophic mode of nutrition
10
48 Oxygen we breathe is obtained from
A. Respiration
B. Guttation
c. Photosynthesis
D. All of the above
10
49 Given is the diagram of agarose gel
kept under UV light. Mention the positive and negative
terminals.
10
50 When a person suffers from a marked
fall in blood pressure, it is helpful to administer the hormone:
A. thyroxine
B. adrenaline
c. insulin
D. parathormone
10
51 The growth of which group of bacteria will be slow in comparison to the others?
A. Obligate aerobes
B. obligate anaerobes
c. Facultative aerobes
D. Facultative anaerobes
10
52 Choose incorrect statement about
photosynthesis.
A. It is a physico- chemical process
B. Oxygen is evolved as a by product in all photosynthetic organisms
C. Occurs in unicellular and multicellular
photoautotrophs
D. Anabolic and reductive process
10
53 Write any two events occurring the
process of photosynthesis.
10
54 Very short answer type.
Name two organs of the digestive system that secrete the most fluid
10
55 The value of diastolic blood pressure is
A. ( 120 mathrm{mm} ) Hg
B. 80 mm Hg
c. ( 120 / 80 mathrm{mm} ) нg
D. 40 ( mathrm{mm} ) Hg
10
56 Why is it usually difficult to demonstrate respiration in green plants? 10
57 Organisms that can prepare their own food.
A. Autotrophs
B. Heterotrophs
c. Phototrophs
D. None of the above
10
58 When only light of wavelength beyond ( 680 mathrm{nm} ) are available then which of the
following is not occur:-
A. Absorption of light
B. Formation of ATP
c. Release of ( C O_{2} )
D. Excitetion of electron
10
59 An example of chemosynthetic bacteria
is
A. E. coli
B. Sulphur bacteria
c. Nitrobacter
D. Both B and C
10
60 a. By which process do green plants synthesize their food?
b. Name the factors which take part in
this process.
c. Write the chemical equation of the above process.
10
61 If the systolic pressure is ( 120 mathrm{mm} mathrm{Hg} ) and diastolic pressure is ( 80 mathrm{mm} ) Hg, the pulse pressure is
B. ( 120+80=200 mathrm{mm} mathrm{Hg} )
c. ( 120-80=40 mathrm{mm} ) Hg
( mathbf{D} cdot frac{120}{80}=1.5 mathrm{mm} mathrm{Hg} )
10
62 Assertion
Stomata are “turgor operated valves”
Reason
Stomata show reversible turgor
changes
A. Both Assertion and Reason are correct and Reason is
the correct explanation for Assertion
B. Both Assertion and Reason are correct but Reason is
not the correct explanation for Assertion
C. Assertion is correct but Reason is incorrect
D. Both Assertion and Reason are incorrect
10
63 What is stomatal apparatus? Explain
the structure of stomata with a labelled
diagram.
10
64 Which one is not correctly matched?
A. Mucor- Autotroph
B. Orobanche-Root parasite
c. cuscuta- stem parasite
D. Drosera- Insectivore
10
65 Heterotrophs may be
A. Holozoic.
B. Saprophytic.
c. Parasitic
D. All of the above.
10
66 Excess of Natt ions in human system
causes
A. Diabetes
B. Anemia
c. Low blood pressure
D. High blood pressure
10
67 The major parts of the digestive system of grass hopper are
A. Gizzard, crop and hepatic caecae
B. Foregut, midgut and hind gut
c. Gizzard, ileum and midgut
D. Pharynx, oesophagus and stomach
10
68 Match the following components of
Column ‘A’ with the components of
Column’B’.
Column Column ‘B’ ‘A’
(1)
(A) A trap which looks and smells like Venus fly ( quad ) a flower to catch the insects trap
(2)
(B) Flower opens in the morning Balsam
(3)
(C) Fruit bursts open to Drosera
(4)
(D) Tentacles on leaves which can trap Lotus ( quad ) insects
( A cdot(1)-(A),(2)-(C),(3)-(D),(4)-(B) )
B. ( (1)-(A),(2)-(C),(3)-(B),(4)-(D) )
C ( cdot(1)-(D),(2)-(C),(3)-(A),(4)-(B) )
D. ( (1)-(D),(2)-(B),(3)-(A),(4)-(C) )
10
69 The irregular shape of amoeba is attributed by the presence of
A. Food vacuole
B. Slimy cell membrane
c. Pseudopodia
D. contractile vacuole
10
70 For the process of photosynthesis, all except one of the following items are essential. Point out the exceptions.
A. Water and mineralss
B. Light and chlorophyıl
c. ( mathrm{co}_{2} ) and optimum temperature
D. Oxygen and sucrose
10
71 In which of the following properties does an animal and a plant differ?
A. Presence of organs
B. Growth
c. Reproduction
D. synthesis of food
10
72 Which processes would you consider essential for maintaining life? 10
73 The plants excrete ( C O_{2} ) produced as a waste during process in night
time.
A. Photosynthesis
B. Translocation
c. Respiration
D. Transpiration
10
74 The marine plants living at different depths of ocean are adapted to survive
A. In UV component of solar radiation
B. Without any component of solar spectrumm
C. In only some components of solar radiation
D. By using chemical source of energy for photosynthesis
10
75 Write the procedure involved in the acid and leaf experiment to understand the concept “how the stomach gets
protected from its own acid secretions” Compare the observations with the
changes that takes place in human digestive system.
10
76 Lack of oxygen in body fluids is known
as
A. Hyperpnoea.
B. Anoxemia.
c. Anoxia.
D. Hypoxia.
10
77 Which one of the following is not a photosynthetic diazotroph.
A. Nostoc
B. Frankie
c. Anabaena
D. Rhodospirillum
10
78 Intercrescence of endothelium and
endodermis occurs in
A. sinuses
B. Rete mirabile
c. Great blood vessels
D. Corpus luteum
10
79 Oxygen in atmosphere has been formed
by
A. Evaporation of water
B. Photosynthesis of blue green algae
c. Metabolism of microorganisms
D. Decaying organisms
10
80 35. The green pigment found in
plants that perform photosynthe-
sis is
(1) Chlorophyll not
(2) Chloroplast
(3) Chloroform
(4) None of these
10
81 How does respiration occur in the stem of the plant? 10
82 Which of the following systems is responsible for producing enzymes that aid in breaking down of complex substances to be absorbed for the
body’s growth and repair?
A. Respiratory system
B. Digestive system
D. Nervous system
10
83 State whether the following statements
are true or false.

Photosynthesis is the most abundant form of anabolic metabolism in life.
A. True
B. False

10
84 Mark the incorrect reason why plants
need water and minerals
A. Transportation
B. cooling
c. Bleeding
D. All
10
85 Choose the correct answer from the
alternatives given Drowsiness, felt after a heavy lunch, is
due to:
A. increased blood pressure
B. decreased blood pressure
c. decreased pulse rate
D. increased pulse rate
10
86 Which of the following statements is a
correct distinction between autotrophs
and heterotrophs?
A. Only heterotrophs need to acquire chemical compounds from the environment
B. Cellular respiration is unique to heterotrophs
C. Only heterotrophs have mitochondria
D. Autotrophs, but not heterotrophs, can nourish themselves beginning with nutrients that are entirely inorganic
10
87 ( ln mathrm{BP} 120 / 80, ) the numerator 120
indicates
10
88 With the help of labelled diagrams describe the structure of an artery, a
vein and a capillary. State how each of these are adapted for its functions.
10
89 Photosynthesis occurs in the
A . Root
B. Stem
c. Leaf.
D. Fruit
10
90 Photosynthetic synthesis of
carbohydrates uses ( C O_{2} ) and
A. Water in the presence of sunlight with the help of chlorophyll
B. Water in the presence of energy
c. Water with the help of chlorophyll
D. Presence of sunlight
10
91 Which of these groups of words means
the same thing?
A. Autotrophs and consumers
B. Autotrophs and producers
c. Heterotrophs and producers
D. Autotrophs and carnivore
10
92 Why is it proper to say that almost all
living things are dependent on solar
energy?
10
93 A leaf has labeled as ( A ) has 20 stomata.
A leaf labeled as B has 10 stomata.
Which of the following statement defines the percentage of water vapour released by both the leaves?
A. Leaf A releases more water vapour than leaf ( B )
B. Leaf A releases less water vapour than leaf B.
c. Leaf A equals leaf
D. None of the above
10
94 Assertion: Dark periods play a more important part in flowering than light
period.

Reason: Flowering occurs in short-day plant if the dark period is interrupted by light break.
A. If both the assertion and reason are true and the reason is a correct explanation of the assertion
B. If both the assertion and reason are true but the reason is not a correct explanation of the assertion
c. If the assertion is true but the reaon is false
D. If both the assertion and reason are false
E. If the assertion is false but reason is true

10
95 Systole brings about the
A. Entry of blood into lungs
B. Entry of blood into heart
C. Exit of blood from lungs
D. Exit of blood from ventricles
10
96 Write the answer in one sentence each:
Where did the grinding of food in Grasshopper?
10
97 The number of stomatal pores per ( c m^{2} ) of leaf surface are in the range of
A ( .1000-60,000 )
B. 10 – 1000
c. ( 50,000-100,000 )
D. 50-100
10
98 Carnivorous animals use these teeth to
tear flesh.
A. Incisors
B. Canines
c. Premolars
D. Molars
10
99 Which one is an epiphyte?
A. Cuscuta
B. Orchid
c. Drosera
D. corypha
10
100 At least a half of the total ( C O_{2} ) fixation
on- Earth is carried out through photosynthesis by
A. angiosperms
B. gymnosperms
c. algae
D. bryophytes
10
101 Green plants are known as 10
102 Organisms are able to capture free energy from small inorganic molecules through a process called
chemosynthesis. These inorganic elements may include
A. water
B. Sulfur
c. Carbon dioxide
D. Hydrogen.
10
103 The major excretory product in humans
is
A. Urea
B. Ammonia
c. Uric acid
D. All of the above
10
104 Transpiration is best defined as
A. loss of water from the plant
B. loss of water as vapour from the plant
C . evaporation of water from the surface of leaves
D. None of the above
10
105 Microscopic pores in plants through which they expire air are called
A. stigma
B. Thalamus
c. Gills
D. Stomata
10
106 Example of life processes is
A. Excretion
B. Respiration
c. Photosynthesis
D. All of the above
10
107 Humans and animals are dependent on
plants.
A. Directly
B. Indirectly
c. Both A and B
D. None of the above
10
108 Give a brief account on absorption of
food in small intestine.
10
109 The site of initial digestion of
carbohydrates is
( A cdot A )
3. ( c )
( c cdot D )
( D cdot F )
E . H.
10
110 The form of energy used in the process of respiration is
A. Chemical energy
B. Electrical energy
c. Mechanical energy
D. Radiant energy
10
111 A carnivore eats
A. Sprouted seeds
B. Milk
c. Green leaves
D. Flesh of other animals
10
112 Fill in the-blanks with suitable terms
given below:
(Fast, Leaves, Stomata, Closed,
Transpiration, Humid) The leaves have more ( ldots ). on their lower
surface.
10
113 Differentiate between aerobic and
anaerobic respiration.
10
114 Which of the following groups includes
organs of the same organ system?
A. Trachea, Oesophagus, stomach
B. Pancreas, Lungs, Stomach
c. oesophagus, Rectum, stomach
D. Stomach, Pancreas, Heart
10
115 Substances necessary for autotrophic nutrition are
( A cdot C O_{2} ) and ( H_{2} O )
B. Chlorophyll
c. sun light
D. All of the above
10
116 In the demonstration of stomata on a
leaf peel. The peel should be taken from
A. Freshly-plucked leaf
B. Dry plucked lead
c. Freshly or dry plucked leaf
D. None of the above
10
117 Short / Long answer type questions. Explain why there, is greater emphasis on a molecular approach to understand life today than before 10
118 The science that deals with the study of
life processes is known as
A. Psychology
B. Physiology
c. Biochemistry
D. Morphology
10
119 What are the steps in photosynthesis? 10
120 In Utricularia, the leaves are modified to
form
A. Bladders
B. Tendrilss
c. Hooks
D. Pitchers
10
121 Systolic pressure is higher than
diastolic pressure due to
A. Volume of blood in the heart is greater during systole
B. Arteries contract during systole
C. Blood vessels offer resistance to flowing blood during systole
D. Blood is forced into arteries during systole
10
122 Atrial natriuretic factor-
A. increases blood pressure
B. decreases blood pressure
C. increases absorption of ( N a^{+} )
D. is a vasconstrictor
10
123 In Nepenthes, the pitcher is modified
A. Whole leaf
B. Leaf apex
c. Lamina
D. Petiole
E. Leaf base
10
124 Photosynthesis is held in the leaf of a plant. In which synthesis organic material called ……………. This food
materials are transported by ……….. tissue to all parts of the plant.
10
125 Which one of the following conditions need not be present for photosynthesis to proceed?
A. water
B. Oxygen
c. Light
D. chlorophyll
10
126 Autumnal leaf colour is due to
A. chlorophyll a
B. Carotenoids
c. Anthocyanins
D. Betacyanin
10
127 Which of the following is the constituent of guard cell?
A. Nucleus
B. Vacuole
c. chloroplast
D. All of the above
10
128 Write one structural difference between
the composition of artery and veins.
10
129 37. Hydrochloric acid is secreted by
the cells lining the
(1) Oral cavity
(2) Stomach
(3) Ileum
(4) Colon
10
130 Which of the following process defines the amount of turgidity of the guard
cell?
A. Photosynthesis
B. Excretion
c. secretion
D. Absorption
10
131 Which of the following is not a waste product produced by plants?
A. Water vapour
B. Oxygen
c. Gum Arabic
D. carbon dioxide
10
132 2
( y )
10
133 In respiration, the energy not captured
by ATP is
A. Transferred to organic compounds
B. Converted into heat
C . Liberated along with ( C O_{2} )
D. Transferred to water
10
134 Select an incorrect option regarding the
given figure.
A. ( P ) is a compound gland with exocrine and endocrine
B. ( R ) is formed from duct of gall bladder along with the hepatic duct.
C. ( R ) is guarded by a sphincter of Oddi
D. Q stores bile which is actually produced in liver
10
135 When yeast and sugar solution are left to stand without oxygen for some time they develop a characteristic smell due to the production of new compound, which is
A. Ethanol
B. Ammonia
c. Carbondioxide
D. Sodium carbonate
10
136 Match the columns.
Column 1 1 Columr
A. Waste product of respiration
1. Resin
B. Waste product of ( quad ) 2. ( mathrm{CO}_{2} ) photosynthesis
3. Essential
( mathrm{C} )
Leaves of ( 1 € ) flemon I
o oil
D. Stem of conifers 4. ( O_{2} )
( A cdot A-2, B-4, C-1, D-3 )
B. ( A-2, B-4, C-3, D-1 )
C. ( A-4, B-2, C-3, D-1 )
D. ( A-2, B-3, C-4, D-1 )
10
137 Respiratory rate in new born baby is
A. Equal to an adult
B. Less than an adult
c. More than an adult
D. None of the above
10
138 What are saprophytes? Give two examples 10
139 Lenticels are found in
A. The stem in which secondary growth has taken place
B. The root where secondary growth has occurred
C. The roots as well as the stem where secondary growth has occurred
D. None of these
10
140 In plants, food is transported through
the
A. Companion cell
B. Sieve tubes
c. Tracheids
D. vessels
10
141 Contractile vacuole of Amoeba placed in
salt water will
A. Burst
B. Disappear
c. Enlarge
D. Multiply
10
142 Differentiate between veins and
arteries?
10
143 The amino acid ( _{-1-}- ) is obtained by
microbial process by lactobacillus delbrueckii
A. itaconic acid
B. lactic acid
c. gluconic acid
D. citric acid
10
144 Blood vessels do not pierce
A. Dermis
B. Endodermis
c. Epidermis
D. None of the above
10
145 All the organism uses oxygen to
produce energy except
A. Humans
B. Mango tree
c. clostridium
D. Pseudomonas
10
146 Explain the different types of adaptations in plants with suitable examples. 10
147 Name the pores in a leaf through which respiratory exchange of gases takes place. 10
148 How do plants get rid of their excretory products?
A. Shedding leaves
B. Shedding bark
c. Both A and B
D. Shading fruits
10
149 The chief advantage of encystment to an Amoeba is
A. The chance to get rid of accumulated waste products
B. The ability to survive during adverse physical conditions
c. The ability to live for some time without ingesting food
D. Protection from parasites and predators
10
150 is taken in through the tiny pores present on the surface of the leaves
A. Carbon dioxide
B. Nitrogen
c. oxygen
D. None of these
10
151 The engulfment of food in amoeba is
known as
A. Excretion
B. Phagocytosis
c. Respiration
D. All of the above
10
152 What is the systematic position of funaria? 10
153 What is Glycolysis? Write main steps of ¡t. 10
154 Which of the following statement is/are
correct?
(A) All green plants can prepare their own food.
(B) Most animals are autotrophs.
(C) ( C O_{2} ) is not required for
photosynthesis.
(D) Oxygen is liberated during photosynthesis.
Choose the correct answer from the
options given below.
( A cdot(A) ) and ( (D) )
B. (B) only
c. (B) and (C)
D. (A) and (B)
10
155 Difference between diastole and systole
pressure is
A . 40
B. 60
c. 80
D. 120
10
156 Observe the pictures given below and tell the life process shown in each of these
( (a) )
( (b) )
( (c) )
10
157 Why do we see dew drops on leaves in
the early morning?
10
158 Assertion
Stomata are generally open in light and
close in dark
Reason
Transpiration is enhanced by heating
effect of light
A. Both Assertion and Reason are correct and Reason is the correct explanation for Assertion
B. Both Assertion and Reason are correct but Reason is not the correct explanation for Assertion
C. Assertion is correct but Reason is incorrect
D. Both Assertion and Reason are incorrect
10
159 Autotrophs and heterotrophs differ in
A. How they obtain their carbon.
B. Whether they are prokaryotic or eukaryotic.
C . How they reproduce, sexually or asexually.
D. Whether they use chemicals or light as a source of energy.
10
160 Breakdown of proton gradient leads to release of 10
161 Few organisms can breathe without air Justify 10
162 Insectivorous plants grow in areas deficient in
A. Phosphorus
B. Nitrogen
c. sulphur
D. Iron
10
163 Which of the following organisms show
mixotrophic nutrition?
( A )
B.
( c )
D. Both B and C
10
164 Essential nutrients are
A. Made by the body
B. Supplied by food
C. Enzymes
D. Alcohol
10
165 Pick the odd one out.
The parts of the alimentary canal are (Pharynx. Mouth, Buccal Cavity, Pancreas)
10
166 You remove four fresh tobacco leaves of
similar size and age. Leave “leaf ( 1 ” ) as it is, smear “leaf ( 2^{prime prime} ) with vaseline on the
upper surface, “leaf ( 3^{prime prime} ) on the lower
surface and “leaf ( 4 ” ) on both the
surfaces. Hang the leaves for a few hours and you observe that leaf 1 wilts
the most, leaf 2 has wilted, leaf 3 wilted
less than leaf 2 and leaf 4 remains
fresh. Which of the following conclusion is most logical?
A. Tobacco leaf has more stomata on the upper surface
B. Tobacco leaf has more stomata on the lower surface
c. Stomata are equally distributed in upper and lower surfaces
D. No conclusion on stomatal distribution can be drawn from this experiment
10
167 What is the source of oxygen for
respiration in plants during daytime?
10
168 The term photosynthesis was coined by
A. Fiescher
B. Priestley.
c. Blackman
D. Barnes
10
169 Which of the following is associated with the closure of stomata?
A. Turgidity
B. Flaccidity
c. stoma
D. Transpiration
10
170 A heterotroph obtains its carbon supply
from
A. organic chemicals
в. ( C O_{2} )
c. Methane
D. Cyanide.
10
171 Match the two lists. Choose the choice
which gives the correct combination of
the alphabets of the two columns.
List II
(Secretions) List I (Type of
cells) Lysozyme ( A ) begin{tabular}{c|c}
( ^{A} ) & ( B ) eta cells \
hline( B ) & ( M ) astcells \
hline C & Paneth cells \
hline Acinarcells \
hline
end{tabular} Mucus
( r ) Histamine s ( quad ) Insulin ( t quad ) Pancreatic
enzymes
A. ( A-q, B-r, C-p, D-t )
B. A-s, B-r, C- p, D-t
C. ( A-t, B-q, C-r, D-s )
D. ( A-s, B-q, C-p, D-t )
10
172 What are heterotrophs? 10
173 What is the mean blood pressure in the
aorta?
10
174 What are respiratory substrates? 10
175 Which of the following processes is not a step involved in the water-cycle operating in nature?
A. Evaporation
B. Transpiration
c. Precipitation
D. Photosynthesis
10
176 Which of the following statements
about the autotrophs is incorrect?
A. They synthesise carbohydrates from carbon dioxide and water in the presence of sunlight and chlorophyll.
B. They store carbohydrates in the form of starch.
C. They convert carbon dioxide and water into carbohydrates in the absence of sunlight.
D. They constitute the first trophic level in food chains.
10
177 Choose the correct answer from the
alternatives given
Plants are green because they
A. absorb only green wavelengths of light
B. absorb only yellow and blue wavelengths of light
c. reflect green wavelengths of light
D. reflect yellow and blue wavelengths of light
10
178 Mitochondria are store houses of
A. Glycogen
B. Glucose
c. АтР
D. Fats
10
179 What moves the food in the digestive
organs?
10
180 Most of the vertebrates have jaws with teeth. The mode of arrangement of teeth
on the jaws is called dentition.
The various types of teeth seen in mammals are incisors (I) canines (C)
premolars (P) and molars(M). They are used for biting, tearing, chewing and grinding respectively. Canines, the tearing teeth are welldeveloped in carnivores and illdeveloped or absent in herbivores.
Now answer the following:
(i) In frogs, all the teeth in the upper jaw look alike, whereas in human beings
they are different. The type of dentition in man can be called
(a) Homodont
(b) Isodont ( (c) )
Heterodont
(d) Acrodont
(ii) The dental formula of a mammal is
written as ICPM=2023/1023. The teeth
missing in it are
(a) incisors
(b) canines
(c) premolars
(d) molars
10
181 Autotrophic organism include
A. Green plants and sulphur bacteria
B. Green plants and all the bacteria
C. Bacteria and virus
D. Bacteria and fungi
10
182 Give reason
It is different to demonstrate
respiration in plants.
10
183 These organisms are fungus like in one
phase of their life cycle and Amoeba like in another phase of their life cycle
A. Diatoms
B. Slime molds
c. Dinoflagellates
D. water molds
10
184 The process which helps in perpetuation of race
is
A. Nutrition
B. Photosynthesis
c. Excretion
D. Reproduction
10
185 The cells surrounding the stomata are known as
A . Guard cells
B. Subsidiary cell
c. stoma
D. None of the above
10
186 Assertion
Photosynthesis takes place in all green
plants.
Reason
Chlorophyll is essential for
photosynthesis.
A. Both A and R are true but R is the correct explanation of
B. Both A and R are true but R is not a correct explanation of
c. ( A ) is true but ( R ) is false
D. A is false but R is true
10
187 Living organisms have ( ldots ). essential
processes.
A. 5
B. 6
( c cdot 7 )
( D )
10
188 Waste products are stored as resins and gums in the
A. old xylem
B. Young xylem
c. old phloem
D. Young phloem
10
189 Arteries are best defined as the vessels
which
A. Supply oxygenated blood to the different organs
B. Carry blood away from the heart to different organs
c. Break up into capillaries which reunite to form a vein
D. Carry blood from one visceral organ to another visceral organ
10
190 Choose the correct answers from the
alternatives given Pseudopodia in Amoeba are important
for:
A. locomotion only
B. feeding only
c. both locomotion and feeding
D. none of these
10
191 A true species consists of a population which is?
A. Sharing the same niche
B. Interbreeding
c. Feeding over the same food
D. Geographically isolated
10
192 The digestion of food in amoeba is
A. Intracellular
B. Intercellular
c. Intravenous
D. None of the above
10
193 Blood pressure of a person is measured by 10
194 The conduction of urine from kidney to the urinary bladder takes place by
A. Ureter
B. Urethra
c. Ovary
D. None of the above
10
195 A plant that prepares its own food is
A. Autotroph
B. Parasite
c. Epiphyte
D. Saprophyte
10
196 In the diagrams we conventionally show veins in blue.What is the actual colour
of the blood following through the following?
(i) In arteries
(ii) In veins (iii) In
capillaries
10
197 Plants, but not animals, can convert fatty acids to sugars by a series of reactions called
A. photosynthesis
B. Krebs cycle
c. glycolysis
D. glyoxylate cycle
10
198 State differences between the blood
vessels-artery, vein and capillary
10
199 Which of the following are excretory products in animals?
A. Urea
B. Uric acid
c. Ammonia
D. All of the above
10
200 Which of the following process helps in the absorption of nutrients in amoeba?
A. Assimilation
B. Engulfment
c. Digestion
D. Excretion
10
201 Toadstools cannot manufacture their
food because they
A. Possess haustoria
B. Lack chlorophyll
c. Live in dark places
D. Do not have leaves
10
202 What criteria do we use to decide
whether something is alive?
10
203 If Amoeba is kept in distilled water, its contractile vacuole
A. Works slowly
B. Works faster
c. Remains unaffected
D. Disappears
10
204 Mucus is secreted by the
A. Stomach
B. Duodenum
c. Large intestine
D. All of the above
10
205 In which of the following animal dimorphic nucleus is found
A. Amoeba proteus
B. Plasmodium vivax
c. Paramecium coudatum
D. Trypanosoma gambiense
10
206 A plant that has both autotrophic and heterotrophic mode of nutrition. 10
207 An adaption for better gaseous exchange in plant leaves is
A. Hair on lower surface
B. Multiple epidermis
c. waxy cuticle
D. Stomata on lower surface away from direct sun rays
10
208 Select the correct statement.
A. Heterotrophs do not synthesize their own food.
B. Heterotrophs utilize solar energy for photosynthesis.
C. Heterotrophs synthesize their own food.
D. Heterotrophs are capable of converting carbon dioxide and water into carbohydrates.
10
209 The blood pressure is high in
A. Arteries
B. Vein
c. capillaries
D. Veins portal system
10
210 Which statement is correct for blood
pressure
A. The instrument by which we can measure B.P. is called stethoscope
B. Normal B.P. of the healthy person is ( 140 / 80 mathrm{mm} ) Hg.
C. Diastolic pressure that shows the state of heart relaxation.
D. Systolic pressure limit is 140 ( mathrm{mm} mathrm{Hg} )
10
211 List 1
A) Autotrophic nutrition
1) Leech
B) Heterotrophic nutrition
2) Paramaecium
C) Parasitic nutrition
3) Deer
D) Digestion in food vaculoes
4) Green plant
Correct match of ( A, B, C ) and ( D ) is
( A cdot A-4, B-3, C-2, D-1 )
B. A- 4, B- 3, C-1, D-2
C. ( A-3, B-4, C-1, D-2 )
D. ( A-1, B-4, C-3, D-2 )
10
212 ‘Vasa-vasorum’ refers to
A. Jugular anastomosis
B. A network of blood vessels in an organ
C. Vessels of vessels
D. Carotid labyrinth regulating pressure of blood vessels
10
213 If ( ^{prime} 1^{prime} ) represents the extracellular
digestion, ‘2’ represent the intracellular
digestion and ( ^{prime} 3^{prime} ) represent both type
then for coelentrata, ctenophore and
porifera, select the correct option.
A. 1,2,3 respectively
B. 3,3,2 respectively
c. 3,2,1 respectively
D. 3,2,2 respectively
10
214 What is heterotrophic nutrition?
Describe its types.
10
215 Why are hormones released into venous
blood and not to arteial blood?
10
216 Which of the following is the correct representation of organisation levels in living beings?
A. Subcellular ( rightarrow ) Cellular ( rightarrow ) Individual ( rightarrow ) Community Population
B. Atomic ( rightarrow ) Molecular ( rightarrow ) Subcellular ( rightarrow ) Cellular ( rightarrow ) Tissue ( rightarrow ) Organ system ( rightarrow ) Individual
c. Individual ( rightarrow ) Population ( rightarrow ) organ system ( rightarrow ) Tissue ( rightarrow ) Cellular ( rightarrow ) Molecular ( rightarrow ) Atomic
D. Atomic ( rightarrow ) Molecular ( rightarrow ) Tissue ( rightarrow ) Individual ( rightarrow ) Ecosystem ( rightarrow ) Community
10
217 Do plants breathe? 10
218 The incorrect statement is
A. Calcium oxalate crystals in leaves are raphides.
B. Calcium carbonate crystals are cystoliths.
C . Hydrilla is an amphistomatic.
D. Gossypium has commercially important trichomes.
10
219 Plants exchange water with environment through structures by two cells
A . Lenticles
B. Hydathodes
c. Stomata
D. All the above
10
220 Assertion
Earthworms enhance porosity as they
move through the soil and this enriches the growth of a plant.
Reason
Roots take up air from the air spaces present between the soil particles.
A. Both Assertion and Reason are correct and Reason is the correct explanation for Assertion
B. Both Assertion and Reason are correct but Reason is not the correct explanation for Assertion
c. Assertion is correct but Reason is incorrect
D. Both Assertion and Reason are incorrect
10
221 Describe the process of respiration in the following parts of a plant.
Leaves.
10
222 Most carbon dioxide in blood is in the
form of
A. carbon dioxide
B. carbonic acid
c. carbon monoxide
D. hydrogencarbonate
10
223 Ideal function of vermiform appendixin human body is
A. Digestion of cellulose
B. Decrease the digestion
c. Produce more energy
D. Increase the weight
10
224 Parrots are
A. Herbivores
B. Frugivores
c. sanguivores
D. Detritivores
10
225 Which of the following is NOT a physical process of digestion?
A. Deglutition
B. Churning
c. Peristalsis
D. Emulsification
10
226 Value based questions. When an animal is wounded, its overall blood pressure rises, but the area in
the vicinity of the wound swells as a result of local vasodilation. Why?
10
227 Stomata on the surface of the leaf open
by
A. Decreasing the solute concentration in the guard cells.
B. Increasing the solute concentration in the guard cells.
C. Increasing the water potential in the guard cells.
D. Both B and C.
10
228 The mode of nutrition in green plants is called
A. Heterotrophic
B. Holozoic
c. Autotrophic
D. Saprophytic
10
229 Photosynthesis is an oxidationreduction process, the material that gets oxidised is
( A cdot C O_{2} )
B. NADP
( c cdot H_{2} 0 )
D. PGAA
10
230 Stomata of a plant open due to
A. Influx of potassium ions
B. Efflux of potassium ions
c. Influx of hydrogen ions
D. Influx of calcium ions
10
231 The chemical digestion of food starts in the
A. Mouth
B. Stomach
c. Esophagus
D. Small intestine
E. Large intestine
10
232 The function of part labelled as ( C ) is
A. Storage of blood
B. Storage of urine
c. Storage of water
D. None of the above
10
233 Find the correct order of life process in
plants.
A. Pollination ( rightarrow ) Fertilisation ( rightarrow ) Plant ( rightarrow ) Embryo
B. Plant ( rightarrow ) Embryo ( rightarrow ) Fertilisation ( rightarrow ) Pollination
c. Pollination ( rightarrow ) Fertilisation ( rightarrow ) Embryo ( rightarrow ) Plant
D. Embryo ( rightarrow ) Pollination ( rightarrow ) Fertilisation ( rightarrow ) Plant
10
234 Choose the correct answers from the
alternatives given

Name the process by which the suns energy is trapped as the source of energy used by virtually all living organisms
A. Metabolism
B. Glycolysis
c. Homeostasis
D. Photosynthesis

10
235 To which organ does femoral artery supply blood
A. Dorsal part of thighh
B. All parts of hind limb
c. Ventral part of hind limb
D. Rectum
10
236 The greater the number of chloroplast greater is the turgidity of guard cell.
A. True
B. False
10
237 Which of the following is produced during the light phase of photosynthesis?
( mathbf{A} cdot A T P )
в. ( N A D P H_{2} )
c. Both ( A T P ) AND ( N A D P H_{2} )
D. Carbohydrates
10
238 Plants are autotrophic. Can you think of
some plants that are partially heterotrophic?
10
239 Largest flower belongs to
A. An epiphyte Vanda
B. A parasite Rafflesia
C . A saprophyte Neottia
D. Tree Alnus with symbiotic bacteria
10
240 Man is ………… in nutrition.
A. Chemotrophic
B. Phototropic
c. Heterotrophic
D. All of the above
10
241 In which organ the digestion of protein starts in the human digestive tract?
A. Mouth
B. Oesophagus
c. Stomach
D. Small intestine
10
242 In a normal man to help the transport of
( O_{2} ) and ( C O_{2} ) properly, the blood is
A. Slightly alkaline
B. Slightly acidic
c. strongly alkaline
D. Strongly acidic
10
243 What is autotrophic nutrition? Give one example of autotrophs. 10
244 Which of the following processes carries food through the digestive
tract?
A. Peristalsis
B. Resorption
c. Pinocytosis
D. Neurotransmitters
10
245 In normal blood pressure ( 120 / 80 ) the denominator indicates ( ldots ldots . . . . . ) pressure.
A. Systolic
B. Diastolic
c. Both A and B
D. None of the above
10
246 Read the following four statements
carefully.
(i) Ventral respiratory group of neurons of medulla oblongata can cause both inspiration and expiration.
(ii) The part of the respiratory system starting with the external nostrils up to the terminal bronchioles constitutes
the respiratory or exchange part of the respiratory system.
(iii) During swallowing epiglottis can be covered by a thin elastic cartilaginous flap called glottis to prevent the entry of food into the larynx.
(iv) Binding of oxygen with haemoglobin is primarily related to
partial pressure of ( boldsymbol{O}_{2} ) Which of the above two statements are
correct?
A. (ii) and (iii)
B. (iii) and (iv)
c. (i)and(ii)
D. (i) and (iv)
10
247 The figure given below
represents experimental set up with a
weighing machine to demonstrate a
particular process in plants. The experimental set up was placed in
bright sunlight. Study the diagram and
answer the following questions:

What is the purpose of keeping the test
tube ( mathrm{B} ) in the experimental set up?

10
248 The gas absorbed during photosynthesis is
A. oxygen
B. Nitrogen
c. Ammonia
D. carbon dioxide
10
249 The droplets of water arranged at the
edges of leaves of roses in the morning
are
A. Water drops condensed from the atmosphere during night at low temperatures
B. Water transpired from the stomata and lenticels
C. Water produced on the leaves from the reaction of hydrogen and atmospheric oxygen
D. None of the above
10
250 Match the items of Column I with
suitable items in Column II
10
251 How all life processes contribute to growth and development of body? 10
252 Which one of the following is a partial heterotroph?
A . Rafflesia
B. Eucalyptus
c. Drosera
D. Hydrilla
10
253 A person meets with an accident and
great loss of blood has occurred. There is no time to analyse his blood group. It is safe to transfer blood of group
A. AB.Rht
B. AB,Rh-
( c cdot O, R h- )
D. O,Rht
10
254 Select the incorrect option regarding digestion and absorption of substances in different parts of digestive system.
A. In large intestine, absorption of water, some minerals and drugs take place
B. Absorption of water, simple sugars and alcohol takes place in stomach
c. Small intestine is the principal organ for absorption of nutrients
D. The digestion is completed in large intestine
10
255 Oxygen is transported through blood mainly by
A. Leucocytes.
B. Erythrocytes.
c. Thromobocytes.
D. Blood plasma.
10
256 Closing cells are found in
A. Stomata
B. Sieve
C. Lenticels
D. wounded areas
10
257 Stomata is grass leaf are
A. Rectangular
B. Dumb-bell shapedd
C. Barrel shaped
D. Kidney shaped
10
258 Describe the process of respiration in the following part of a plant.
Root.
10
259 In land plants, the guard cells differ from other epidermal cells in having
A. Chloroplasts
B. cytoskeleton
c. Mitochondria
D. Endoplasmic reticulum
10
260 Oxygen is considered as the waste
product of
A. Regulation.
B. Respiration.
c. Reproduction.
D. Photosynthesis
10
261 Stomatal frequency indicates
A. Number of stomata per unit area
B. Rate of water loss
C . Rate of gaseous exchange
D. Width of stomatal aperture
10
262 Stomata in grass leaf are
A. Rectangular
B. Kidney shaped
c. Dumb-bell shaped
D. Barre shaped
10
263 Distinguish between : Autotrophic nutrition and heterotrophic nutrition. 10
264 Opening on the leaf through which transpiration occurs is called 10
265 State whether the following statements
are true or false.

In atherosclerosis, deposition of lipids such as cholesterol, followed by precipitation of alcium salts, hastens hardening of a vessel
A. True
B. False

10
266 Find the correct match
( A )
( A-3, B-6, C-2, D-5, E-4 )
, E –
B. ( A-5, B-2, C-3, D-6 )
( C cdot A-3, B-1, C-2, D-5, E-4 )
D. ( A-4, B-6, C-5, D-2 )
10
267 The source of energy for carbon assimilation is
A. sunlight
B. water
c. chlorophyll
D. ( C O_{2} )
10
268 Assertion
There is a decrease in photosynthesis if the photosynthetic cells are illuminated
by light of ( P_{680} ) nm or more wavelength
Reason
In red drop phenomenon the rate of photosynthesis decrease
A. Both Assertion and Reason are correct and Reason is the correct explanation for Assertion
B. Both Assertion and Reason are correct but Reason is not the correct explanation for Assertion
c. Assertion is correct but Reason is incorrect
D. Both Assertion and Reason are incorrect
10
269 The false foot in amoeba is known as
A. Pseudopodia
B. Food vacuole
c. water vacuole
D. None of the above
10
270 Each stomata is surrounded by
A. Passage cells
B. Guard cells
C. Parenchyma cells
D. Lenticels
10
271 What are the main steps in aerobic
respiration? Where do they take place?
10
272 You soak seeds of bean and observe
them after ( 2-3 ) days. what will be your observations?
10
273 The artery which supplies blood to the diaphragm is known as
A. Cardiac artery
B. Phrenic artery
c. Lingual artery
D. Lumbar artery
10
274 What is the length of the alimentary canal in human beings? List out the
parts of the gastro-intestinal tract in the correct sequential order based on the passage of food.
10
275 Write the chemical reaction of the
photosynthesis and events occured during the process.
10
276 The stored waste product in plants can be in the form of
A . Latex
B. Resins
c. Gums
D. All of the above
10
277 Assertion. Stomata remain open during
the day time.
Reason. Stomata help in exchange of
gases.
10
278 Given is an animal followed by three terms or features. Choose the term
which does not match with the animal.
Amoeba.
A. Nucleus
B. Tentacle
c. Food vacuole
D. None of the above
10
279 Where is bile produced? Which component of the food does it help to
digest?
10
280 Very short answer type.
Name major forms in which ( C O_{2} ) is
transported by blood.
10
281 What are stomata? Give two functions
of stomata.
10
282 Leaves of the plant have tiny pores for exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide. These small pores are known as
A. Nodule
B. Stomata
c. Radicle
D. None of the above
10
283 Fill in the blanks with appropriate
words.
Digestive system consists of Gl tract,
10
284 Green plants are called ( _{—} ) since they
synthesise their own food
10
285 Vasoconstriction causes
A. Increase in heart beat
B. Decrease in heart beat
C. Increase in blood pressure
D. Decrease in blood pressure
10
286 Select in incorrect statement:
a) alimentary canal begins with an anterior cavity called buccal cavity.
b) tooth is embedded in a socket of
mandible bone only
c) human shows strict diphyodont type of dentition.
d) oesophagus and the trachea open into the phatynx
( A cdot a, b, c & d )
B. a, b &
( c cdot a, c & d )
D. ( a, b & d )
10
287 a Q Type your question 3
( A )
C- ( 4, B-1, A-2 ) ( mathrm{H}-7, mathrm{G}-8, mathrm{F}-6, mathrm{E}-5, mathrm{D}-3 )
B. ( mathrm{H}-6, mathrm{G}-8, mathrm{F}-7, mathrm{E}-5, mathrm{D}-3, mathrm{C}-4, mathrm{B}-1, mathrm{A}-2 )
( c )
( mathrm{H}-6 ) , ( mathrm{G}-8, mathrm{F}-7, mathrm{E}-4, mathrm{D}-3, mathrm{C}-2, mathrm{B}-1, mathrm{A}-5 )
D. ( mathrm{G}-8, mathrm{F}-7, mathrm{E}-4, mathrm{D}-2, mathrm{C}-2, mathrm{B}-1, mathrm{A}-5 ) ( mathrm{H}-6 )
10
288 Which blood vessels carry blood from different parts of your body to the heart?
A. Capillaries
B. Arteries
c. veins
D. All of the above
10
289 Enzyme present on cristae are related
with
A. Anaerobic respiration
B. Aerobic respiration
( c cdot c O_{2} ) formation
D. Reduction of pyruvic acid
10
290 What are the factors that are essential
for photosynthesis?
10
291 Autoradiography technique was used
to
A. trace the path of carbon in photosynthesis
B. establish that the oxygen evolved during phtosynthesis is by photolysis of water molecule.
C. study photorespiration in certain plants.
D. find out the absorption maximum of chlorophyll pigments.
10
292 Linnaeus described 5900 species of
plants in his book
(1753) and 4326 species of animals in
his book
A. Philosophia Botanica, Genera Plantarum
c. systema Naturae, Species Plantarum
D. species Plantarum, systema Naturae
10
293 Choose the correct answer from the
alternatives given
What are the products of photosynthesis
A. Water and carbon dioxide
B. Water and oxygen
c. Oxygen and carbohydrate
D. Carbohydrate and water
10
294 Choose the correct answer out the given options. 10
295 Blood pressure is defined as the force with which blood
A. Comes out of the atrium
B. Is pushed to the legs
c. Pushes against wall of blood vessels
D. comes out of the ventricle
10
296 of green plants are called factories of food production.
A. Mitochondria
B. Chloroplasts
c. Endoplasmic- recticulum
D. Nucleus
10
297 2 NADH ( left(boldsymbol{H}^{+}right) ) produced during anaerobic glycolysis yield
A. 6 ATP molecules
B. 4 ATP molecules
c. 8 ATP molecules
D. None of the above
10
298 Present day view regarding
photosynthesis is
A. It converts light energy into chemical energy
B. It creates useful energy
( mathrm{C} cdot ) It fixes ( mathrm{CO}_{2} ) into carbohydrates
D. It reverses the action of respiration
10
299 What is nutrition? What type of
nutrition is seen in green plants and the majority of animals?
10
300 involves in the intake of complex material prepared by other organisms.
A. Heterotrophic nutrition
B. Autotrophic nutrition
c. chemotrophic nutrtion
D. Photototrophic nutrition
10
301 All animals and fungi are autotrophs.
A. True
B. False
10
302 The factor which is not limiting in normal conditions for photosynthesis is
A. water
B. chlorophyll
c. light
D. carbon dioxide
10
303 How many additional ATP are used during synthesis of two molecules of hexose sugar in maize than tomato?
A . 12
B . 36
c. 24
D. 8
10
304 The molecular weight of chlorophyll ( alpha ) is
A . 907
B. 893
c. 91
D. 712
10
305 During strenuous exercise, which of the following changes occur?
A. Glucose is converted into glycogen
B. Glucose is converted into pyruvic acid
c. starch is converted into glucose
D. Pyruvic acid is converted into lactic acid
10
306 Define autotrophs. 10
307 Look at the following figure of
chloroplast and choose the correct
combination of statements.
. Light reaction of photosynthesis
occurs in ( Y )
ii. Dark reaction of photosynthesis
occurs in ( x )
iii. ( X ) is known as thalakoid.
¡v. Y is known as granum.
v. ( Z ) is known as granum.
( A ). i, ii, and iv
B. ii, iii, and iv
c. iii, iv and ( v )
D. ii, iii, iv, and v
10
308 The normal systolic and diastolic
pressure in human beings is
A. ( 80 / 120 mathrm{mm} ) of ( mathrm{Hg} )
B. 130/90 mm of Hg
c. ( 120 / 80 mathrm{mm} ) of ( mathrm{Hg} )
D. 140/80 mm of Hg
10
309 Where did the grinding of food in
Grasshopper?
10
310 How do the following structures help in respiration in plants?
(a) Lenticels
(b) Stomata
(c) Root hairs
10
311 Which of the following statements is
true about the process shown in the given box?
[Food ( + ) Oxygen ( rightarrow ) Carbon dioxide ( + ) Water ( +text { Energy }] )
A. It is caused by the decay of organic substances.
B. It is an important process in the nitrogen cycle.
C. It is an essential process of aerobic respiration in living organisms.
D. It Is carried out only by green plants and certain type of bacteria.
10
312 Pitcher is found in
A. Dionaea
B. Drosera
c. Nepenthes
D. Viscum
10
313 Which of these is a part of your digestive system?
A. Stomach
B. Pancreas
c. Rectum
D. All of the above.
10
314 The digestion in amoeba can be defined
as
A. Intracellular
B. Extracellular
c. secretory
D. Both A and B
10
315 A leaf which possesses stomata exclusively on its upper surface is called as
A. Oat type
B. Mulberry type
c. Lotus type
D. cactus type
10
316 Select odd one(w.r.t. heterotrophic
bacteria)
A. Saprophytic bacteria
B. Chemosynthetic bacteria
c. Parasitic bacteria
D. symbiotic bacteria
10
317 Refer to the given figure. Select the
correct statement regarding the
labelled parts A-C.
A. The inner wall of B towards C is thick and elastic
B. The opening and closing of the stomata is due to change in the turgidity of B
C. The opening of the stoma is aided due to the orientation of A in the cell walls of B
D. All of these
10
318 Write the special characteristics/features of the human
digestive system
10
319 The organisms shown in figure can be
grouped into two separate groups
based on their mode of nutrition
Which of the following options is correct
regarding this?
A. ( P ) is an autotroph whereas ( Q ), ( R ) and ( S ) are heterotrophs.
B. P show intracellular digestion while ( Q ), R and S show extracellular digestion.
C. ( P ) and ( Q ) are autotrophs while ( R ) and ( S ) are heterotrophs.
D. P shows intracellular digestion while ( Q ), R and S show extracellular digestion.
10
320 Sanguivores are
A. Animals which mainly depend on fruits
B. Animals which feed on the blood of other animals
C. Animals which feed on organic matter present in soil
D. Insect eating animals
10
321 Animals show locomotion but plants do
not.
“What is the reason for this?
A. Plants are autotrophs
B. Plants are heterotrophs
c. Plants have organs of defence
D. None of these
10
322 Glucose, synthesized in leaves are
transported in the form of
A. Starch
B. Sucrose
c. Fructose
D. carbon dioxide
10
323 List the steps of preparation of temporary mount of a leaf peel to observe stomata. 10
324 Photolithotrophs (photoautotrophs)
obtain energy from
A. Radiations and carbon from inorganic compounds
B. Radiations and carbon from organic compounds
C . Organic compounds
D. Inorganic compounds
10
325 Choose the correct answer from the
alternatives given.
In most plants carbohydrate is transported from leaves, where it is synthesized, to other parts, where it is
used, in the form of
A. sucrose
B. fructose
c. maltose
D. starch
10
326 Which one of the following are not essential for opening of stomata?
A. Cytokinin
B. Temperature
c. Mechanical shock
D. Rise in ( mathrm{pH} )
10
327 Very short answer type. How much blood is in each ventricle at
the end of ventricular diastole and what
is this volume called?
10
328 What are the characteristic features of
an artery?
A. Have thick elastic, muscular walls
B. Have thin, non-elastic walls
c. Carry blood from heart to all body parts
D. Both A and C
10
329 The process of taking in ( C O_{2} ) by plants
and releasing ( O_{2} ) is component of
A. Transpiration
B. Respiration
c. Endosmosis
D. Photosynthesis
10
330 Arteries of mummies were found to be
well preserved due to
A. Reticular fibres
B. Collagen fibres
c. Elastin fibres
D. Myofibrils
10
331 On an average, for every ( C O_{2} ) molecule
fixed by photosynthesis, how many molecules of oxygen are released?
A
B. 2
( c cdot 3 )
D. 6
10
332 Choose the correct combination of
labelling of stomatal apparatus of dicot
and monocot leaves.
A. A-epidermal cells, B-subsidiary cells, C-chloroplast, D-guard cells, E-stomatal aperture
B. A-epidermal cells, B-guard cells, C-chloroplast, Dsubsidiary cells, E-stomatal aperture
C. A-epidermal cells, B-subsidiary cells, C-chloroplast,
D-stomatal cells, E-guard cells
D. A-subsidiary cells, B-epidermal cells, C-chloroplast,
D-stomatal aperture, E-guard cells
E. A-guard cells, B-epidermal cells, C-stomatal aperture, D-subsidiary cells, E-chloroplast
10
333 What tube is used by both the digestive and respiratory systems?
A. Esophagus
B. Larynx
c. Pharynx
D. None of these.
10
334 Blood pressure is measured with an
instrument called as
A. Spirometer
B. Sphygmomanometer
c. Perometer
D. None of the above
10
335 An enzyme that converts disaccharides to monosaccharides is
A. Lactase
B. Kinase
c. zymogen
D. Lipase
E. Phosphatase
10
336 Very short answer type.
What is the volume of blood in the
human body?
10
337 Why is diffusion insufficient to meet
the oxygen requirements of multicellular organisms like humans?
10
338 What are the characteristics
of heterotrophic nutrition?
A. Organisms posses chlorophyll.
B. Organisms are able to build up their own organic food from raw materials.
C. Organisms can not make their own food.
D. None of the above.
10
339 Light energy is changed into chemical
energy during the process of
A. respiration
B. transpiration
c. photosynthesis
D. digestion
10
340 Plants take in ( ldots ) and give
out
A. Oxygen, Carbon dioxide
B. Carbon dioxide, Oxygen
c. Oxygen, Nitrogen
D. None of the above
10
341 Explain with the neat labelled diagram
of the structure of Stomata.
10
342 Choose the correct answer from the
alternatives given Blood pressure is high in and lowest in
A. Arteries; veins
B. Arteries; ventricles
C. Arteries; relaxed atria
D. Arterioles; veins
10
343 One gram mole of glucose on complete
oxidation to ( C O_{2} ) and ( H_{2} O ) produces
about
A .6,86,000 Cal
B. 6,860 Cal
c. 68,600 Cal
D. 68,60,000 Cal
10
344 The reabsorption of the sodium from glomerular filtrate is regulated by the hormone
A. Glucagon
B. Secretin
c. Aldosterone
D. Adrenaline
10
345 Usually the process of photosynthesis is
A. Slower than respiration
B. Faster than respiration
c. Equal to respiration
D. None of the above
10
346 f there was no photosynthesis what would happen? 10
347 Find out which one is not related to
leaves?
A. Photosynthesis
B. Respiration
c. Transpiration
D. Transportation
10
348 What will be the effect on phytochrome in a plant subjected to continuous red light
A . Level of phytochrome will decrease
B. Phytochrome will be destroyed
c. Phytochrome synthesis will increase
D. None of these
10
349 By which of the following processes ATP
is produced?
I. Photosynthesis
Il. Aerobic respiration
III. Anaerobic respiration
A. I only
B. II only
C. I and III only
D. II and III only
E . I, II, and III
10
350 Which of the following may show photosynthesis in moonlight
A. some thermal algae
B. some marine algae
c. some fresh water algae
D. None of the above
10
351 How is the food taken and digested in Amoeba and Paramecium? 10
352 An epistomatic leaf is?
A. Sunflower
B. Maize
c. Nymphaea
D. calotropis
10
353 Which one of the following is not a photosynthetic diazotroph.
A. Nostoc
B. Frankia
c. Anabaena
D. Rhodospirillum
10
354 ( (A) )
(i) Opening and closing of Scotoactive
stomata photoactive stomata
(B) Guttation
(ii) Transpiration
(C)Tensile
(iii) Water loss in liquid phase strength
(D) ( mathrm{K}^{+} ) pump
(iv) Night transpiration theory
Match the above columns and choose the
correct combination.
( A cdot A-(i v), B-(i i i), C-(i i), D-(i) )
B. ( A-(text { iv }), B-(i), C-(i i), D-(i i i) )
C ( . A- ) (iii), B- (iv), C- (i), D- (ii)
D. A- (iii), B- (i), C- (iv), D- (ii)
10
355 Organisms that cannot prepare their own food are called as
A. Autotrophs
B. Heterotrophs
c. Algae
D. None of the above
10
356 What processes would be considered essential for maintaining life?
A. Nutrition and metabolism
B. Respiration and exchange of materials
c. Transportation and excretion
D. All of the above
10
357 Consider the following pairs.
Intake and utilization of
A. Nutrition
– nutrients for energy requirements
Derives nutrition from
B. Saprophytes – dead organic
matters
Animals and
c. Heterotrophs
D. Chemotrophic ( mathrm{N}_{2} ) fixing bacteria
The correctly paired groups are given in
( A cdot A, B ) and ( C )
B. B, C and D
C. ( A, B, C ) and ( D )
D. ( A, C ) and ( D )
10
358 Which of the following structures helps in the release of excretory gases like carbon dioxide, in plants?
A. Root hair
B. Stomata
c. Lenticels
D. None of the above
10
359 Write the parts of human digestive
system?
10
360 Which of the following is the main purpose of respiration in plants?
A. Breaking of complex food into simple ones
B. Production of energy
c. Exchange of gases
D. Both A and B
10
361 Which of the following is not a characteristic of good respiratory
surface?
A. Thin and moist
B. Large surface area
c. close to oxygen and gas transporttt
D. Thick and dry surface
10
362 What role does light play in photosynthesis?
A. Provides heat energy for leaves to convert into light energy
B. Excites electron from carotene which is taken up for photophosphorylation
c. catalyse synthesis of ATP
D. Both A and B
10
363 Give two examples of root parasites of plants. Mention the special structures present in them to draw the nutrients
from the host plant.
10
364 In apple type of stomata
A. Stomata are present only on the upper surface of leaf
B. Stomata are present only on the lower surface of leaf
C. Stomata are present on both surface of leaf
D. Stomata are vestigial
10
365 Which of the following statements is
incorrect?
A. Mammals have the ability to produce concentrated urine
B. Counter current is due to the flow of filtrate in two limbs of Henle’s Loop in opposite direction.
C. Henle’s loop and vasa recta play a significant role in concentrating the urine.
D. Flow of fitrate through vasa recta also follow the counter current pattern.
10
366 Q Type your question
to determine the effect of each
substance on normal body variables. An
appropriate amount of time was allowed between injections and the
substances did not interfere with one
another
Values
Baseline after Variable ( quad ) injecting values ( quad ) substance
( mathbf{A} )
Serum
[
C a^{+}
]
( 2.3 mathrm{mmol} / mathrm{L} )
( 2.3 mathrm{mmol} / mathrm{L} )
Serum ( quad 135 mathrm{mmol} / mathrm{L} quad 135 mathrm{mmol} / mathrm{L} )
( N a^{+} )
Serum ( quad 5.6 mathrm{mmol} / mathrm{L} quad 3.3 mathrm{mmol} / mathrm{L} quad 5.6 mathrm{n} )
glucose
The normal release of substance D will
be
A. Soon after a meal.
B. When blood pressure is low.
C . Between meals.
D. When there has been limited intake of dietary calcium.
E. When dietary calcium is in excess.
10
367 Assertion
Oxidation of one molecule of NADH
gives rise to 3 molecules of ATP and
that of one molecule of ( boldsymbol{F A D H}_{2} )
produces 2 molecules of ATP.
Reason

The number of ATP molecules
synthesised depends on the nature of the electron donor.
A. Both Assertion and Reason are correct and Reason is the correct explanation for Assertion
B. Both Assertion and Reason are correct but Reason is not the correct explanation for Assertion
C. Assertion is correct but Reason is incorrect
D. Both Assertion and Reason are incorrect

10
368 Which one of the following statement is
correct regarding blood pressure?
A. ( 190 / 110 mathrm{mm} ) Hg may harm vital organs like brain and kidney
B. ( 130 / 90 mathrm{mm} ) Hg is considered high and requires treatment
C. ( 100 / 55 mathrm{mm} ) Hg is considered and ideal blood pressure
D. ( 105 / 50 mathrm{mm} ) Hg makes one very active
10
369 Give the path of movement of ( C O_{2} ) from
air to a mesophyll cell of the leaf
10
370 The type of epithelium seen in the walls
of blood vessels is
A. Squamous epithelium
B. Columnar epithelium
c. ciliated epithelium
D. Cuboidal epithelium
E. Compound epithelium
10
371 The main waste products of plants are
( A cdot C O_{2} ) and ( N O_{2} )
B. ( mathrm{cO}_{2} ) and water vapour.
( mathrm{c} cdot mathrm{co}_{2}, mathrm{O}_{2} ) and water vapour
D. None of the above
10
372 What is the difference between
anaerobic & aerobic respiration? Name some organism that uses the aerobic mode of respiration?
10
373 Describe the process of respiration in the following part of a plant.
Stem.
10
374 The correct explanation of the
organisms is
( begin{array}{llll} & text { A } & text { B } & text { c } \ text { a) } & text { Saprophyte } & text { Heterotrophs } & text { Autotrop } \ text { b) } & text { Heterotrophs } & text { Autotrophs } & text { Saproph } \ text { c) } & text { Autotrophs } & text { Saprophyte } & text { Autotrop } \ text { d) } & text { Autotrophs } & text { Heterotrophs } & text { Heterotrc }end{array} )
10
375 Name any four life processes in living
things.
10
376 of green plants are called factories
of food production.
A. Mitochondria
B. Chloroplasts
c. Endoplasmic reticulum
D. Nucleus
10
377 Human organism is an internal
combustion machine because of
A. Assimilation of energy from food
B. Liberate ( C O_{2} ) during respiration
C. Expel waste food at the end state digestion
D. Secrete powerful digestive juices
10
378 Select the correct option:
Stomata are distributed more on the
lower surface than on the upper surface in
A. Equifacial leaf
B. Bifacial leaf
c. Unifacial leaf
D. Both A and B
10
379 Aphids with the help of
absorbs nutrients from the phloem of
the plants.
10
380 (a) What is the function of acid in
stomach?
(b) What is the difference between
autotrophic nutrition and heterotrophic nutrition?
10
381 Which of the following processes is responsible for the release of oxygen?
I. Lactic acid fermentation
II. Alcohol fermentation
III. Aerobic respiration
IV. Photosynthesis
A . I and II
B. I and III
c. ॥ only
D. IV only
E . III and IV
10
382 Saprophytic angiosperms are also
called
A. Mycorrhizal plants
B. Mesophytic plants
C. Humus plants
D. Myrmecophilous plants
10
383 How many organisms in the list given below are autotrophs? Lactobacillus, Nostoc, Chara, Nitrosomonas Nitrobacter, Streptomyces, Sacharomyces Trypanosoma, Porphyra, Wolfia
A . Five
B. Six
c. Three
D. Four
10
384 The reason of psuedopodium formation
is
A. Difference in the viscosity
B. change in the temprature
c. chemical changes
D. Difference in pressure
10
385 Abbreviation BMR in biology stands for
A. Birth mortality rate
B. Basal metabolic rate
C. Bone marrow regeneration
D. All of the above
10
386 Give reason –
a) Muscular floor of chest cavity
b) Tiny pores on the surface of leaf.
10
387 Explain the process of digestion in human beings. 10
388 Which of the following is a partial root parasite?
A. Sandal wood
B. Mistetone
c. orobanche
D. Ganodema
10
389 Match the names of the special cells
with the names of the organs / parts in which they occur. Choose the answer,
which gives the correct combinations of the alphabets of the two columns.
Cells
A. Cellsof Von ( quad ) p. Small intestine Kupffer
q. Proximal convolutec
в. ( beta ) cells ( quad ) tubules
Brush border cells
D. Paneth cells
t. Islets of Langerhans
A. ( A-r, B-p, C-t, D-q )
в. ( A-r, B-t, C-p, D-q )
c. ( A-r, B-s, C-q, D-p )
D. ( A-r, B-t, C-q, D-p )
10
390 37. Which one of the following is the
ideal food for newborn babies ?
(1) Water (2) Sugar
(3) Honey (4) Milk
10
391 Which is true about Trypanosoma
A. Polymorphic
B. Monogenetic
C. Facultative parasite
D. Non-pathogenic
10
392 Plants are called
they fix carbon dioxide.
10
393 Photosynthesis in an aquatic plant was
measured by counting the number of
( O_{2} ) bubbles coming out of the cut end of
the plant. What will happen to ( boldsymbol{O}_{2} )
production if you use a pipe blow air
from your mouth into water in the beaker?
A. Air from mouth contains ( O_{2} ) which is being added to
the plant, hence increase in ( O_{2} ) production.
B. Air from mouth contains ( C O_{2} ) which is utilised in
photosynthesis, hence increase in ( O_{2} ) production.
C. Bacteria from mouth will infect plant, hence reduction ( operatorname{in} O_{2} ) production.
D. Water is already in contact with air, hence air from mouth will have no effect.
10
394 Vanda plant is a/an
A. Total parasite.
B. Partial parasite.
c. Epiphyte.
D. saprophyte.
10
395 State whether the following statements are True or False. Rewrite the false
statements correctly. Transpiration is the loss of water from the roots of the plant.
A. True
B. False
10
396 37. In the human body, which of the
following organs is responsible
for water balance ?
(1) Heart (2Liver
(3) Kidneys (4) Lungs
10
397 How plant respiration is different from animal respiration. Describe the process of respiration in
(a) root
(b) stem
(c) leaves with suitable diagram.
10
398 In Amoeba, cell membrane help in engulfing the food during the process called as endocytosis 10
399 What is Autotrophic nutrition? Give one example. 10
400 The metal ion involved in the stomatal
regulation is
A. Iron
B. Magnesium
c. zinc
D. Potassium
10
401 What is the characteristic of haustorial
roots of cuscuta?
A. Presence of both xylem and phloem
B. Presence of only xylem
c. Presence of phloem
D. Absence of both xylem and phloem
10
402 The instrument by which blood pressure of a man can be determined is
A. Ultrasound
B. Blood pressure meter
c. stethoscope
D. sphygmomanometer
10
403 Mention the respiratory quotient(RQ)
values for carbohydrates, fats and
proteins during aerobic respiration.
10
404 Blood pressure and heart beat is regulated by
A . Insulin
B. Adrenalin
c. optic nerve
D. Growth hormone
10
405 Anabaena azollae is present in the roots of Azolla. 10
406 The food we take in our body travels through a long and complex path. Which starts from mouth to anus. Which is the
correct sequence of process on food in the digestive system?
A. Digestion ( rightarrow ) Absorption ( rightarrow ) Egestion ( rightarrow ) Ingestion
B. Ingestion ( rightarrow ) Egestion ( rightarrow ) Digestion ( rightarrow ) Absorption
c. Digestion ( rightarrow ) Ingestion ( rightarrow ) Absorption ( rightarrow ) Egestion
D. Ingestion ( rightarrow ) Digestion ( rightarrow ) Absorption ( rightarrow ) Egestion
10
407 A ring of smooth muscles present
between the stomach and the
duodenum is
A. Cardiac Sphincter
B. Pyloric Sphincter
c. Ileocaecal valve
D. Anal Sphincter
10
408 Very Short Answer Type:
Define wall pressure.
10
409 Define autotrophic nutrition 10
410 Assertion
Saline water is not given to patients with hypertension.
Reason
Saline water can cause vomiting and may drop blood pressure suddenly causing cardiac arrest.
A. Both Assertion and Reason are correct and Reason is the correct explanation for Assertion
B. Both Assertion and Reason are correct but Reason is not the correct explanation for Assertion
c. Assertion is correct but Reason is incorrect
D. Both Assertion and Reason are incorrect
10
411 Function of torus is to
A. Regulate water conduction
B. Stop water conduction
C. Inhibit water conduction
D. Help in water absorption
10
412 What moves the food in the digestive organs? What is the other name for the
food pipe?
10
413 Primary process in photosynthesis leads to the conversion of light energy
into chemical energy. Discuss the statement.
10
414 Explain the process of digestion in
Amoeba.
10
415 Stomata of CAM plants
A. Are always open
B. Open during the day and close at night
C . Open during the night and close during the day
D. Never open
10
416 STRUCTURED/APPLICATION/SKILL TYPE
Given below are chemical reactions 11 to
5) involving glucose and five other chemical products. ( (A-E) )

Write the reaction number of the
following:
Anaerobic respiration in animals

10
417 Chemosynthesis and photosynthesis
are alike as they both
A. Are associated with heterotroph
B. Require sunlight as an energy source
c. Use method of autotrophic nutrition
D. Occurin tracheophytes
10

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