Locomotion And Movement Questions

We provide locomotion and movement practice exercises, instructions, and a learning material that allows learners to study outside of the classroom. We focus on locomotion and movement skills mastery so, below you will get all questions that are also asking in the competition exam beside that classroom.

List of locomotion and movement Questions

Question No Questions Class
1 Socket in pelvic girdle in which head of femur articulates is formed by fusion of
A. Ischium and pubis
B. Ilium and pubis
c. llium, and ischium
D. Ileum, ischium and pubis
11
2 In which of the following animals are bones not present?
A. Earthworm
B. Snail
c. cockroach
D. All of the above
11
3 Very short answer type. Give one example each of fibrous joint
and cartilaginous joint.
11
4 The proteins found in the filaments of muscle fibres are
A. Actin and myosin
B. Myosin and elastin
c. Actin only
D. Myelin and tubulin
11
5 A snake moves
A. In a straight line
B. By making loops
C. By its scales
D. By its hollow bones
11
6 Digestive system has muscles.
A. Voluntary
B. Involuntary
( c . ) cardiac
D. All of the above
11
7 Which of the following joints would
allow no movement?
A. Ball and socket joint
B. Fibrous joint
c. cartilaginous joint
D. synovial joint
11
8 Myasthenia gravis is caused due to
A. Interferon
B. Autoantibody
c. Antigen
D. Toxins
11
9 Axis vertebrae is identified by
A. olecranon process
B. odontoblast
c. odontoid process
D. None of the above
11
10 Tetany is sustained contraction of muscle is due to
A. Parathyroid deficiency
B. ( C a^{++} ) deficiency
c. Both A and B
D. Autoimmune disease
11
11 Which of the following is an autoimmune disorder?
A. Myasthenia graviss
B. osteoporosis
c. Muscular dystrophy
D. Gout
11
12 ATP binding site is located
on/associated with
A. Troponin
B. Tropomyosin
c. Head part of meromyosin
D. Tail part of myosin
11
13 Mention any one skeletal difference
between ape and man.
11
14 At which parts of our body can we bend?
A. Knee
B. Elbow
c. Neck
D. All of the above
11
15 Obturator foramen occurs in
A. Pelvic girdle
B. Pectoral girdle
c. Cranium
D. vertebrae
11
16 Bones become fragile due to
A. Arthritis
B. osteoporosis
( c . ) Gout
D. None of the above
11
17 A cockroach has …………… pairs of legs.
( A cdot 2 )
B. 3
( c cdot 4 )
D.
11
18 Pectoral girdle, pelvic girdle and limb
bones are constituted with
A. Visceral skeleton
B. Outer skeleton
C. Axial skeleton
D. Appendicular skeleton
11
19 Describe any two types of cartilaginous joints giving examples. 11
20 The linear protein that has catalytic
function is
A. actin
B. collaagen
c. mysoin
D. trypsin
11
21 Choose the correctly paired sets from
the following
( begin{array}{lll}text { SET I } & text { SET II } & text { SET III } \ begin{array}{l}text { (A) Sphenoid } \ text { bone }end{array} & begin{array}{l}text { Keystone } \ text { bone }end{array} & text { Cranium } \ begin{array}{l}text { (B) Acromion } \ text { process }end{array} & text { Collar bone } & text { Scapula } \ begin{array}{l}text { (C) Xipioid } \ text { process }end{array} & text { Breastbone } & text { Thorax } \ begin{array}{l}text { (D) Odontoid } \ text { process }end{array} & text { Atlas } & begin{array}{l}text { Cervical } \ text { vertebra }end{array}end{array} )
( A cdot A, D )
B. B, D
( c cdot B, c )
D. A.
11
22 ATPase enzyme needed for muscle
contraction is located in
A. Actinin
B. Troponin
c. Myosin
D. Actin
11
23 Synovial fluid is present in
A. spinal canal
B. Cranial cavity
C. Freely movable joints
D. All of the above
11
24 Presence of furcula is a characteristic
feature ‘of
A . Frogs
B. Reptiles
c. Birds
D. Mammals
11
25 Which of the following bones helps to
hold the muscles of flight in birds?
A. Shoulder bone
B. Breast bone
c. Tail bone
D. None of the above
11
26 In the first two or three lumbar
vertebrae there is a small median
process below the centrum, called as
A. Pre-zygapophysis
B. Post-zygapophysis
C. Hypapophysis
D. Neural spine
11
27 In certain parts of India muscular distrophy is commonly found among the poor people because they eat cheap
pulses of
A. Phaseolus mungo
B. Pisum sativum
c. Lathyrus sativus
D. Cicer
11
28 Name the cavity in the pelvic girdle, into which the head of the femur fits. 11
29 If the skeletal muscle fibres are soaked
and treated with high concentration of salts, large quantities of proteins are removed. The fibres can no longer contract and the A-bands disappear This shows that
A. Myosin is essential for contraction of the fibres
B. Actin is essential for contraction
c. Both myosin and actin are essential for contraction
D. Proteins do not play any role in the contraction of fibres
11
30 Total number of vertebra in man is
A. 30
B. 33
( c cdot 40 )
D. 35
11
31 Select the correct statement about
muscular disorder.
A. Accumulation of urea and creatine in joints
B. An overdose of vitamin D causes osteoporosis
C. Rapid contraction of skeletal muscles causes dystrophy
D. Failure of neuromuscular transmission in myasthenia gravis can prevent normal swallowing
11
32 Differentiate between A-band and I-
band.
11
33 The rotational movement in humans is
brought about by
A. Slightly moveable joint
B. Ball and socket joint
c. Pivot joint
D. Plane joint
E. Both B and C
11
34 Which one is required for muscle contraction and nerve impulse transmission?
A ( cdot C a^{2} )
в. ( M g^{2+} )
( mathrm{c} cdot F e^{2} )
D. Both A and B
11
35 What lubricates the freely movable joint at the shoulder? 11
36 What helps the snakes to slither?
A. It’s streamlined body shape
B. Long backbone and many interconnected muscles
c. Presence of setae
D. None of the above
11
37 Astragalus and calcaneum are part of
A. Fore limb
B. Hind limb
c. scapula
D. Clavicle
11
38 Myoglobin is present in red muscle
fibres to
A. Store oxygen to be utilized during muscle contraction
B. Remove oxygen to help in anerobic respiration
C. Compensate for lack of haemoglobin during anemia
D. Remove pyruvic acid formed during respiration
11
39 The characteristics and an example of a
synovial joint in humans is:
A. Characteristics – Fluid cartilage between two bones, limited movements, Examples – Knee joint
B. Characteristics – Fluid filled between two joints, provides cushion, Examples – Skull bones
C. Characteristics – Fluid filled synovial cavity between two bones, Examples – Joint between atlas and axis
D. Characteristics – Lymph filled between two bones, limited movement, Examples – Gliding joint between carpals
11
40 Mark the odd one w.r.t girdle bones
A. Clavicle
B. Ischium
c. lleum
D. Pubis
11
41 Which of the following statements is
not true?
A. The cartilage is not as hard as bones.
B. A snake moves by making loops.
C. All animals show exactly similar movements.
D. Snails move with the help of their muscular feet.
11
42 Clavicle is a constituent of
A. Pectoral girdle
B. Fore limbs
C. Hind limbs
D. Pelvic girdle
11
43 Select the correct statement regarding the specific disorder of muscular or
skeletal system.
A. Myastenia gravis – Auto immune disorder, which inhibits sliding of myosin filments
B. Osteoporosis – Decrease in bone mass and higher chances of fractures with advancing age
c. Gout- Inflammation of joints due to extra deposition of calcium
D. Muscular dystrophy – Age related shortening of muscles
11
44 Sprain is due to outstretching/pulling
of
A. Muscles
B. Tendons
c. Ligaments
D. Nerves
11
45 Sacroiliac joint is
A. Movable
B. Immovable
c. Imperfect
D. None of the above
11
46 Symptoms of Lathyrism is/are
A. Bone deformation
B. Muscular dystrophy and paralysis
C. Asphyxia
D. cardiac arrest
11
47 ( C a^{2+} ) and ( M g^{2+} ) ions
A. Reduce excitability of nerves and muscles.
B. Increase excitability of nerves and muscles.
C. Conduct nerve impulses.
D. Both B and C.
11
48 Birds can fly because of
A. Feathers
B. wings
c. Hollow bones
D. All of the above
11
49 In the pelvic girdle of man ( A, B, C, D ) and
E respectively represents
A. A-Pubis, B-Acetabulum, C-llium, D-Ischium, E-Pubic symphysis
B. A-llium, B-Acetabulum, C-Pubis, D-Ischium, E-Pubic
symphysis
C. A-lschium, B-Acetabulum, C-Pubis, D-llium, E-Pubic symphysis
D. A-llium, B-Pubis, C-Acetabulum, D-Pubic symphysis E-lschium
E. A-llium, B-Acetabulum, C-Pubic symphysis, D-Ischium, E-Pubis
11
50 Appendicular skeleton includes
A. Girdles and limbs
B. Vertebrae
c. Skull and vertebral column
D. Ribs and sternum
11
51 To treat myasthenia gravis,
A. Acetylcholine esterase activity is inhibited
B. Receptors on motor end plate are reduced
C. Secretion from nerve terminals is reduced
D. Secretion from nerve terminals is enhanced
11
52 Collar bone is known as:
A. scapulal
B. clavicle
c. pelvic girdle
D. chevron bone
11
53 Explain how the skeletal systems performs the following.
Support.
11
54 The important muscle proteins that help in movement are
A. Actin and myosin
B. Tropomyosin
c. Troponin
D. All of these
11
55 Sutural joints are present between
A. Thumb and metatarsal
B. Humerus and radio-ulna
C. Parietals of skull
D. Glenoid cavity and pectoral girdle
11
56 Which one of the following is the correct matching of three items and their grouping category?
A. Actin, myosin, rhodopsin : Muscle proteins
B. cytosine, uracil, thiamine : Pyrimidines
c. Malleus, incus, cochlea : Ear ossicles
D. None of these
11
57 Locomotion is possible due to skeleton.
A. Appendicular
B. Axial
c. skull
D. None of these
11
58 Which of the following pairs is correctly
matched?
A. Fibrous joint- Between phalanges
B. cartilaginous joint- Skull bones
c. Gliding joint- Between zygapophyses of the successive vertebrae
D. Hinge joint- Between vertebrae
11
59 Describe the structure of actin and
myosin filaments.
(The Length Sarcomere is 2.5 ( mu ) m (.Actin ( operatorname{rod}=1 mu m,) ) myosin ( =1.5 mu m ) 1Myosin
filament & 1 Actin filament is
surrounded by 3 Myosin filament.)
11
60 Which type of muscle is found in heart?
A. Cardiac
B. Skeletal
c. smooth
D. All of the above
11
61 How is tetany cousted? 11
62 The articulation of atlas, the first
vertebrae facilitates
A. Rotatory motion
B. Sliding motion
c. sideways motion
D. One way motion
11
63 Which is common to kidney and skeleton in mammals?
A. cortex
B. Medulla
c. Pelvis
D. Radius
11
64 Two halves of pelvic girdle are joined
together by
A. Pubic symphysis
B. Ischiac symphysis
c. Ischibpubic symphysis
D. By fusion
11
65 Myosin head separates from actin when?
A. ATP hydrolysis
B. When ATP attached to myosin headd
c. When ATP releases from myosin head
D. When ATP releases from Actin
11
66 The vertebral column is connected to
the pelvic girdle in the:
A. coccygeal region
B. sacral region
c. cervical region
D. lumbar region
11
67 Consider the diagram given below
Parts labelled as ( A, B, C, D, E ) and ( F )
respectively indicate
A. Sacrum, lilum, pubis, femur, tibia and fibula
3. Ilium, pubis, sacrum, femur, fibula and tibia
c. Sacrum, pubis, ilium, femur, tibia and fibula
2. llium sacrum oubis, femur. tibia and fibula
11
68 Assertion
Tetany is rapid spasm in muscle.
Reason
Tetany Is usually caused by an increase
in the blood calcium level.
A. If both assertion and reason are true and reason is the correct explanation of assertion.
B. If both assertion and reason are true but reason is not
the correct explanation of assertion.
C. If assertion Is true but reason is false.
D. If both assertion and reason are false.
11
69 Identify the incorrectly matched pair.
A. Pair of skeletal parts – Sternum and ribs
Category – Axial skeleton
B. Pair of skeletal parts – Clavicle and glenoid cavity
Category – Pelvic girdle
C. Pair of skeletal parts – Humerus and ulna
Category – Appendicular skeleton
D. Pair of skeletal parts – Malleus and stapes
Category – Ear ossicles
11
70 Read the statements regarding muscle proteins and identify the correct
statements
i. Actin is a thin filament and is made
up of two F-actins
ii. Complex protein, tropomyosin is distributed at regular intervals on the
troponin
iii. Myosin is a thick filament which is
also a polymerized protein
iv. Globular head of meromyosin consists of light meromyosin (LMN)
A. i, iii and iv are correct
B. i and iii are correct
c. i, ii and iii are correct
D. i, ii and iv are correct
E. ii and iv are correct
11
71 If two bones of shank region are broken,
they must be
A. Femur and humerus
B. Tibia and fibula
c. Radius and ulna
D. Metacarpals
11
72 Which of the following bones form a link between axial and appendicular skeleton?
A. First rib
B. Clavicle
c. Scapula
D. Both (a) and (b)
11
73 Name the type of joint between carpal/metacarpal of a thumb. 11
74 The immediate regeneration of ATP used up during muscle contraction is facilitated by
A. Glucose
B. Glycogen
c. Lactic acid
D. Creatine phosphate
11
75 Myosin filaments are localized in
A. z-Band
B. H-Band
c. A-Band
D. None of the above
11
76 Each pectoral girdle is made of
A. Two innominates
B. Two clavicles and two scapula
C. One clavicle and one scapula
D. Two clavicles and one scapula
11
77 Common to kidney and skeleton in mammals is
A. cortex
B. Medulla
c. Radius
D. Pelvis
11
78 Each half of pelvic girdle is made up of
A. Ischium
B. Illium
c. Pubis
D. All of the above
11
79 Distinguish between pectoral and pelvic girdle. 11
80 The cup-shaped structure of pelvic girdle, the acetabulum in man is formed by
A . llium, ischium and pubis
B. llium, ischium and cotyloid
c. llium and ischium
D. llium and cotyloid
11
81 The type of joint between the human skull bones is called:
A. cartilaginous joint
B. hinge joint
c. fibrous joint
D. synovial joint
11
82 Name the joint, label part ( A ) and ( B ) and write their functions. 11
83 Match the terms to these definitions
Abductor, adductor, false rib, joint, supinator, rigor mortis, motor, endplate, spasm, pronator, muscle twitch is an involuntary and abnormal
muscular contraction.
11
84 Strongest cartilage is
A. Hyaline cartilage
B. Fibrous cartilage
C . Elastic cartilage
D. None of the above
11
85 What is the importance of pectoral and pelvic girdle? 11
86 Deltoid ridge is found in which one of the following bones?
A. Radius
B. Ulna
c. Humerus
D. Femur
11
87 Assertion
Old ladies are prone to osteoporosis.
Reason
Oestrogen at menopause also maintains calcium balance in the
bones and blood.
A. Both Assertion and Reason are correct and Reason is
the correct explanation for Assertion.
B. Both Assertion and Reason are correct but Reason is not the correct explanation for Assertion.
C. Assertion is correct but Reason is incorrect.
D. Assertion is incorrect but Reason is correct
11
88 Chronic intake of steroid can cause
A. osteoporosis
B. cushing syndrome
c. Reye’s syndrome
D. Both A and B
11
89 Coracoid is component of
A. Fore limb
B. Skull
c. scapula
D. Pelvic girdle
11
90 At times ligaments and tendons are overstretched or torn. The phenomenon is
A. Sprain
B. Dislocation
c. Fracture
D. Tension
11
91 Assertion
Ball and socket joints are the most mobile joints.
Reason
Synovial fluid is, present here.
A. Both Assertion and Reason are correct and Reason is
the correct explanation for Assertion
B. Both Assertion and Reason are correct but Reason is not the correct explanation for Assertion
C. Assertion is correct but Reason is incorrect
D. Both Assertion and Reason are incorrect
11
92 What are pelvic bones? 11
93 Winch of the following components is a part of the pectoral girdle?
A. Sternum
B. Acetabulum
c. Glenoid cavity
D. Illium
11
94 Select the option where the property describing muscle fibres is not associated with wall of stomach.
A. Presence of actin and myosin fibrils
B. Branched, multinucleated appearance
c. Presence of cell junctions
D. Involuntary nature
11
95 In a resting muscle fibre, tropomyosin
partially covers
A. ca-binding sites on actin
B. Ca-binding sites on troponin
c. Actin binding sites on myosin
D. Myosin binding sites on actin
11
96 Which of the following are skeletal disorders?
A. osteoporosis
B. Arthritis
c. Diabetes
D. Both (B) and (A)
11
97 Which one of the following pairs of chemical substances, is correctly categorized?
A. Pepsin and prolactin – Two digestive enzymes secreted in stomach
B. Troponin and myosin – Complex proteins in striated muscles
c. secretin and rhodopsin – Polypeptide hormones
D. Calcitonin and thymosin – Thyroid hormones
11
98 Which of the following is the property of cardiac muscle?
A. It is involuntary muscles.
B. It is resistant to fatigue
c. It is striated muscle.
D. All of the above
11
99 Which of the following characteristics can be related to cartilaginous joints?
A. Permit slight movements
B. Are found between the bodies of vertebrae
c. Are found in symphysis
D. All of the above
11
100 Innominate is a
A. A nerve
B. An artery
C. A vein
D. Part of skeleton and an artery
11
101 Duchenne muscular dystrophy is
A. Autosomal disorder
B. Dominant autosomal disorder
c. Sex linked disorder
D. Recessive autosomal disorder
11
102 Which one of the following is a sesamoid bone?
A . Pelvis
B. Patella
c. Pterygoid
D. Pectoral girdle
11
103 Assertion
Non-striated muscles are said to be
voluntary in nature
Reason
Non-striated muscles can be moved
according to will
A. If both the assertion and the reson are true and the
reason
is correct explanation of the assertion.
B. If both the assertion and the reson are true but the reason
is not correct explanation of the assertion.
c. If the assertion is true but the reason is false
D. If both the assertion and reason are false
11
104 Coracoid is component of
( A ). Fore limb
B. Skull
C . Pectoral girdle
D. Pelvic girdle
11
105 The monomeric actin is called as
A. F- actin
B. M- actin
c. G- actin
D. N- actin
11
106 Which of the following is a locomotory organ in a snail?
A. Outer snail
B. Muscular foot
c. Muscular rings
D. All of the above
11
107 Give an example of fixed joint. 11
108 Short / Long answer type questions. Intramembranous ossification involves
the formation of bone directly on or within loose fibrous connective
tissue membranes.Which bones of the
body develop by intramembranous ossification?
11
109 Choose the word that is different from
the others in the following and give
reason.
A. Clavicle
B. Skull
c. Femur
D. Ball and socket
11
110 Which of the following is the regulatory protein of a muscle?
A. Tubulin
B. Myosin
c. Tropomyosin
D. All of the above
11
111 Name the fluid present in the joint capsule. What is its function? 11
112 Epiphyseal plates at the extremities of long bones help in
A. Bone moulding
B. Elongation of bone
c. Bone formation
D. Formation of Haversian canal
11
113 Phalangeal formula of hand of man is
A. 1,2,2,2,2
B. 2, 1,1,1,1
c. 2,3,3,3,3
D. 2, 3, 3, 2, 2
11
114 Match the followings and mark the
correct option.
Column I n Il
A. Sternum
(i) Synovial fluid ne
B. Glenoid d cavity
(ii) Vertebrae
(iii) Pectoral girdle
C. Freely movable joint
D. Cartilaginous joint
(iv) Flat bones ( t ) (i
( A cdot A-(i i), B-(i), C-(i i i), D-(i v) )
B. ( A-(text { iv }), B-(text { iii) }, C-(i), D-(i i) )
C ( cdot A-(text { ii) }, B-(i), C-(i v), D-(i i i) )
D. ( A-(text { iii) }, B-(i), C-(i i), D-(i v) )
11
115 Identify the joints, which are freely movable.
A. Fibrous joints
B. Symphyses
c. synovial joints
D. Cartilaginous joints
11
116 Which of these ions are involved in
muscle contraction?
A. ( C a^{2+} ) and ( M g^{2+} )
B. ( C a^{2+} ) and ( N a^{+} )
c. ( N a^{+} ) and ( K^{+} )
D. ( M g^{2+} ) and ( K^{+} )
11
117 Which of the following is an example of appendicular skeleton?
A. Bones of skull
B. Bones of vertebral column
c. Ribs
D. Bones of fore and hind limb
11
118 Assertion
First seven pairs of ribs are called true
ribs.
Reason
These ribs are connected ventrally to
the sternum.
A. If both assertion and reason are true and reason is the
correct explanation of assertion.
B. If both assertion and reason are true but reason is not the correct explanation of assertion.
C. If assertion Is true but reason is false
D. If both assertion and reason are false.
11
119 Write a short note on the hip bone. 11
120 An acromion process is
characteristically found in the
A. Pectoral girdle of mammals
B. Sperm of mammals
c. Pelvic girdle of mammals
D. skull of frog
11
121 Joint between femur and acetabulum is
Known as
A. Hinge joint
B. Saddle joint
c. Gliding joint
D. Ball and socket joint
11
122 Which of the following part of the bird is modified as wings?
A. Breast bones
B. Forelimbs
c. Hindlimbs
D. All of the above
11
123 Three of the following pairs of the human skeletal parts are correctly matched with their respective inclusive skeletal category and one pair is not matched. Identify the non-matching pair.
A. Malleus and stapes ( rightarrow ) Ear ossicles
B. Sternum and ribs ( rightarrow ) Axial Skeleton
C. Clavicle and glenoid cavity ( rightarrow ) Pelvic girdle
D. Humerus and ulna ( rightarrow ) Appendicuar skeleton
11
124 Number of floating ribs in human are
A. 6 pairs
B. 5 pairs
c. 3 pairs
D. 2 pairs
11
125 Loss of calcium due to lack of
reabsorption causes
A. Arthritis
B. osteoporosis
c. Myasthenia graviss
D. Muscular dystrophy
11
126 Consider the diagram given above.
Parts labelled as ‘A’,’B’,’C’, ‘D’ and ‘E’
respectively indicate
A. Illium, femur, tibia, pubis and sacrum
B. Pubis, tibia, femur, ilium and sacrum
C. llium, tibia, femur, pubis and sacrum
D. Pubis, tibia, femur, ilium and ulna
E. Pubis, femur, tibia, ilium and sacrum
11
127 Q Type your question
( A cdot A cdot ) Cross arm
B. Actin binding site
C. Head
D. ATP binding site
B. A. Head
B. Cross arm
C. Actin binding site
D. ATP binding site
C . A. Actin binding site
B. Head
C. ATP binding site
D. Cross arm
D. A. ATP binding site
B. Actin binding site
C. Head
D. Cross arm
11
128 Which organ in our body is protected by the bones shown in the given picture?
A. Heart
B . Legg
C. Arm
D. Brain
11
129 Sprain involves
A. Overstretching of ligament
B. Overstretching of tendon
C. Dislodging of bone
D. Both A and B
11
130 The given figure shows an actin (thin) filament. Identify the labelled parts ( A, B ) and ( C . ) and select the correct option.
A. A – Tropomyosin B – Troponin C – F-actin
B. A – Troponin B – Myosin C – Tropomyosin
c. A – Troponin B – Tropomyosin C – Myosin
D. A – Troponin B – Tropomyosin C – F-actin
11
131 Two halves of pelvic girdle are joined by
A. A mere fissure
B. Ischiatic symphysis
c. Ischiopubic symphysis
D. Pubic symphysis
11
132 Which of the following components is a part of the pectoral girdle?
A. Acetabulum
B. Glenoid cavity
c. llium
D. Sternum
11
133 The joint between the human skull bones is
A. Hinge joint
B. Immovable joint
c. cartilaginous joint
D. synovial joint
11
134 The thin filaments of myofibril contain
(A) ( _{–} ) actin and two filaments of
(B) ( _{-} ) protein along with
(C) ( _{–} ) protein for masking binding site for myosin.
A. A – 1F B – troponin C – Tropomyosin
B. A – 1F B – tropomyosin C – troponin
c. A – 2F B – troponin C – tropomyosin
D. A – 2F B – tropomyosin C – troponin
11
135 Acromion process is characteristically found in the of
mammals.
A. pectoral girdle
B. sperm
c. pelvic girdle
D. skull
11
136 Acetabulum is located in:
A. collar bone
B. hip bone
c. shoulder bone
D. thigh bone
11
137 Select the correct statement regarding the specific disorder of muscular or
skeletal system.
A. osteoporosis – decrease in bone mass and higher chances of fractures with advancing age
B. Myasthenia gravis- auto immune disorder which inhibits sliding of myosin filaments
c. Gout-inflammation of joints due to extra deposition of calcium
D. Muscular dystrophy – age related shortening of muslces
11
138 How does fish move in water? 11
139 The term tetanus refers to
A. The partial sustained contraction of major supporting muscles
B. A stronger contraction resulting from multiple motor unit summation
C. The result of wave summation, which produces a smooth and sustained contraction of a muscle
D. The state of muscle fatigue caused by depletion of ATP and accumulation of lactic acid
11
140 The external or internal framework
which provides support to the body is called
A. Supportive chord
B. Tendons
c. skeleton
D. Muscles
11
141 Describe the structure of synovial joint with the help of a neat labelled diagram. 11
142 Globular protein which masks active sites on F-actin is
A. Troponin
B. Tropomyosin
c. Myosin
D. Light meromyosin
E. Heavy meromyosin
11
143 Os Innominatum consist of
A. Pubis
B. Ischium
c. llium
D. All of the above
11
144 Obturator foramen is found in
A. Frog’s pelvic girdlel
B. Frog’s pectoral girdle
c. Rabbit’s pelvic girdle
D. Rabbit’s pectoral girdle
11
145 Three of the following pairs of the human skeletal parts are correctly matched with their respective inclusive skeletal category and one pair is not matched. Identify the non-matching pair.
A. Sternum and ribs – Axial skeleton
B. Clavicle and glenoid cavity – Pelvic girdle
c. Humerus and ulna – Appendicular skeleton
D. Malleus and stapes – Ear ossicles
11
146 Which one of the following is the correct description of a certain part of a normal
human skeleton?
A. Parietal bone and the temporal bone and the skull are joined by fibrous joint
B. First vertebrae is axis, which articulates with the occipital condyles.
c. The sth and 10 th pairs of ribs are called the floating ribs
D. Glenoid cavity is a depression to which the thigh bone articulates
11
147 Pelvic girdle of rabbit consists of
A. llium, ischium and pubiss
B. llium, ischium and coracoid
c. coracoid, scapula and clavicle
D. Ilium, coracoid and scapula
11
148 What is a joint? Describe various kinds of
joint found in our body.
11
149 Osteoporosis, an age-related disease of
skeletal system, may occur due to the.
A. Immune disorder affecting neuromuscular junction leading to fatigue
B. High concentration of ( C a^{++} ) and ( N a^{+} )
C . Decreased level of oestrogen
D. Accumulation of uric acid leading to inflammation of joints
11
150 Water content of skeletal muscles is
( % )
A . 25
B. 50
c. 75
D. 90
11
151 The coxal of the pelvic girdle is formed
by the fusion by
A. llium, ischium and pubis
B. Scapula and clavicle
c. llium and scapula
D. Ilium, scapula and ischium
E. clavicle and pubis
11
152 Heaviest vertebra in man is
A. Atlas
B. Axis
c. Lumbar
D. Thoracic
11
153 Acetabulum is associated with
A. Pelvic girdle
B. Pectoral girdle
c. olfactory lobe
D. Rib cage
11
154 We move our hands while walking for
A. Fast movement
B. Balancing
c. Increasing blood circulation
D. Relieving tension
11
155 42. How many bones are there in a
newly born infant ?
(1) 206 (2) 230
(3) 280
(4) 300
11
156 Filum terminale is attached to
A. Epithalamus
B. First segment of coccyx
C. Cerebral ventricles
D. Medulla oblongata
11
157 Largest mammalian vertebra is
A. Thoracic
B. Sacral
c. Lumbar
D. Cervical
11
158 Which of the following indicates tetany?
A. spasm
B. Muscular cramps
c. Tremors
D. All of the above
11
159 The filaments of myofibril are made up of
A. Actin, troponin, tropomyosin
B. Actin, troponin
c. Myosin, troponin
D. Actin, tropomyosin
11
160 Assertion
Thigh muscles can get tired but not the muscles of ventricle of heart.
Reason
Muscles of thigh are voluntary whereas that of heart are involuntary muscles.
A. If both the assertion and the reason are true and the reason is correct explanation of the assertion.
B. If both the assertion and the reason are true but the reason is not correct explanation of the assertion
c. If the assertion is true but the reason is false
D. If both the assertion and reason are false
11
161 Total number of bones in appendicular skeleton of rabbit is
A . 128
B. 120
( c cdot 80 )
D. 37
11
162 Removal of parathyroids in human
beings result in
A. Tetany
B. Simmond’s disease
c. Myxoedema
D. Addison’s disease
11
163 Which of the following opening occurs
in pair?
A. obturator foramen
B. Foramen magnum
c. Foramen ovalis
D. Fenestra rotundus
11
164 Cross bridges between actin and myosin is broken up by
A. Hydrolysis of AP
B. Binding of ATP to the myosin head
c. Binding of calcium to the subunit of troponin
D. Exposure of tropomyosin
11
165 Osteoporosis, an age-related disease of
skeleton system, may occur due to
A. Decreased level of estrogen
B. Accumulation of uric acid leading to inflammation of joints
C. Immune disorder affecting neuro-muscular junction leading to fatigue
D. High concentration of ( mathrm{Ca}^{++} ) and ( mathrm{Na}^{+} )
11
166 The coxal bone of the-pelvic girdle Is formed by the fusion of
A. llium, ischium, and pubis
B. scapula and clavicle
c. ilium and scapula
D. ilium, scapula and ischium
11
167 Match the following with reference to
Taenia solium.
List-I List-II
(A) Mehlis
(I) Tegument formation glands
(B) Vitelline
(II) Osmoregulation and gland excretion
( (C) )
(III) Lubricate passage of Mesenchymal capsules into uterus cel
(D) Flame
(IV) Secretion of embryophore cells
(V) Capsule formation around zygote
( A cdot A-(111), B-(V), C-(11), D-(1 V) )
B. ( A-(V), B-(1), C-(11), D-(I V) )
C ( cdot A-(mid V), B-(|I|), C-(1), D-(mid I) )
D. ( A-(111), B-(V), C-(1), D-(11) )
11
168 In resting stage, binding sites for myosin on actin filaments are masked by
A. Troponin
B. Light meromyosin
c. Heavy meromyosin
D. Calcium ions
11
169 ATP-ase needed for muscle contraction
is present over
A. Aetinin
B. Troponin
c. Myosin
D. Actin
11
170 Write the difference between Pectoral
and Pelvic girdle.
11
171 The globular head of myosin contains
A. Calcium ions in large quantities
B. Troponin
c. ATPase enzyme
D. ATP
11
172 Thoracic chamber is formed dorsally by
the ( _{–}(mathrm{i})_{–}- ) ventrally by the
(ii) ( _{–rightarrow} ), laterally by the
(iii) ( _{—} ) and on lower side by the dome shaped (iv)
Select the correct option to complete
the above paragraph.
A. (i)vertebral column (ii)sternum (iii)ribs (iv)diaphragm
B. (i)sternum (ii)vertebral column (iii)diaphragm (iv)ribs
c. (i)diaphragm (ii)ribs (iii)vertebral column (iv)sternum
D. (i)ribs (ii)diaphragm (iii)vertebral column (iv)sternum
11
173 Total number of bones in a hindlimb of a
man is
A . 14
B. 21
( c cdot 24 )
D. 30
11
174 Low ( C a^{++} ) in the body fluid may be the
cause of
A. Gout
B. Tetany
c. Anaemia
D. Angina pectoris
11
175 Which joint is more flexible in males than females?
A. Public symphysis
B. Deltoid ridge
c. Deltoid tuberosity
D. sacroiliac joint
11
176 Pelvic girdle consists of
A. Ilium
B. Ilium and ischium
C. Ilium, ischium and pubis
D. Ischium and pubis
11
177 Myasthenia gravis is a/an
A. Autoimmune disease caused due to non-secretion of acetylcholine at neuromusclar junction.
B. Muscle related disease, caused by hormonal disorder.
C. Autoimmune disease, caused due to non-section of
( mathrm{CSF} )
D. Autommune disease, caused due to non-conduction of impulses at neural junction.
11

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