Mineral Nutrition Questions

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Mineral Nutrition Questions

List of mineral nutrition Questions

Question No Questions Class
1 Cultivation of plants by placing the roots in the nutrient solution is called
as
A. Geoponics
B. Hydroponics
c. Aeroponics
D. None of the above
11
2 The term hydroponic was coined by
A. Sachs
B. Gericke
c. Pristely
D. None of the above
11
3 Critical elements are
A. Na, K and ca
B. N, P and Mg
c. ( N, ) P and ( kappa )
D. Mn, B and Mo
11
4 Explain with examples:
macronutrients, micronutrients,
beneficial nutrients, toxic elements and essential elements.
11
5 Hydroponics is
A. Nutrient less culture
B. Water less culture
C. Soilless culture
D. None of the above
11
6 Hydroponics is growing of plants
A. Without soil.
B. Without organic matter.
C. In water.
D. All of the above.
11
7 Which one of the following is not an essential micronutrient for plants?
A. Sodium
B. zinç
c. Boron
D. copper
11
8 A microelement is the one which is
A. more important than the macroelement
B. less important than the macroelement
C. present in very small quantities in the soil
D. needed in very small amounts but is as important as a macroelement
11
9 Why are the leaves attacked by aphids often feel sticky? 11
10 Hydroponics is growing plants
A. Without soil
B. Without organic matter
C. In water
D. All the above
11
11 Choose the correct answer from the
alternatives given Hydroponics is a technique of growing:
A. submerged Plants
B. free-floating aquatic plants
c. terrestrial plants in sand
D. plants in aqueous balanced nutrient medium
11
12 Why is that in certain plants deficiency
symptoms appear first in younger parts
of the plants while in others they do so in mature organ?
11
13 What are micronutrients? Write two
examples of it?
11
14 Knot like bodies known as ‘nodules’
found in the root of groundnut plant are produced by
A. Azospirillum
B. Azotobacter
c. Pseudomonas
D. Rhizobium
11
15 Hydroponic is a subset of what type of culture?
A. Hydroculture
B. Solid medium culture
c. xeroculture
D. Tissue culture
11
16 ‘Mycorrhizae’ are useful for the plants
mainly due to
A. Fixing atmospheric nitrogen
B. Enhanced absorption of nutrients from soil
c. killing insects and pathogens
D. Providing resistance against abiotic stresses
11
17 Choose the correct answer from the
alternatives given. In plants a common symptom caused by deficiencies of ( mathrm{Ca}, mathrm{K}, mathrm{Mg} ) and ( P ) is the:
A. appearance of a dead necrotic area
B. poor development of vasculature
c. bending of the leaf tip
D. formation of carotenes in plenty
11
18 Which is wrongly matched?
A. Rhizobium – Free living nitrogen fixer
B. Humus – Abiotic component
C. Phosphorous cycle – Sedimentary
D. Cedrus deodara – Coniferous forest
E. Shorea robusta – Tropical deciduous forest
11
19 Hydroponics is the
A. Growing of aquatic plants.
B. Growing of floating aquatic plants.
C. Growing of plants in sand.
D. Growing of plants in nutrient balanced aqueous medium.
11
20 What is the key principle of the EBB and flow system in hydroponics?
A. It floods and drains periodically
B. It makes a tide flowing over the roots
C. It sprays a mist of nutrients on the roots
D. None of the above
11
21 Assertion
Nitrogen-fixing enzyme in legume root nodules function at low oxygen
concentration.
Reason
Low oxygen concentration is provided by leghaemoglobin.
A. Both Assertion and Reason are correct and Reason is the correct explanation for Assertion
B. Both Assertion and Reason are correct but Reason is not the correct explanation for Assertion
c. Assertion is correct but Reason is incorrect
D. Both Assertion and Reason are incorrect
11
22 Which of the following is a free living nitrogen fixing bacteria?
A. Pseudomonas putida
B. Bacillus polymyxa
c. Rhizobium
D. xanthomonas
11
23 Root nodules are found in
A. Some leguminous plants only
B. In all plants
C. Some leguminous plants and some other plants also
D. All leguminous plants but never in other plants
11
24 The first stable product of fixation of atmospheric nitrogen in leguminous
plants is
( mathbf{A} cdot N O_{2}^{-} )
B. Ammonia
( mathbf{c} cdot N O_{3}^{-} )
D. Glutamate
11
25 Which of the following contains macronutrients only?
A. Calcium, sulphur and zinc
B. Nitrogen, potassium and phosphorus
c. Calcium, magnesium and copper
D. Nitrogen, Iron and chlorine
11
26 Micronutrients are needed in amounts
equivalent to
A. ( 8 mathrm{m} ) mole/kg of dry matter
B. 18m mole/kg of dry matter
c. 25m mole/kg of dry matter
D. 30m mole/kg of dry matter
11
27 What is labelled as A and what is the pH
of media A?
A . Nutrient solutions with essential minerals with pH
B. Nutrient solutions with essential minerals with pH
c. Water with essential minerals with ( mathrm{pH} ) 7
D. water with pH7
11
28 Which one of the following can utilize
molecular nitrogen ( left(N_{2}right) ) as nutrient for
growth?
A. Rhizobium
B. Spirogyra
c. Mucor
D. Methancoccus
11
29 Short / Long answer type questions. Why is osmotic potential given a negative sign? 11
30 Very short answer type.
How does the segmentation of an annelid worm differ from the repeating units of the body of a tapeworm?
11
31 Match the columns
( begin{array}{llll} & text { । } & text { I } & \ text { a } & text { Aerobic } & text { I } & text { Frankia } \ text { b } & text { Cyanobacteria } & 2 . & text { Azospirilum } \ text { c. } & text { Casuarina } & 3 . & text { Clostridum } \ text { d. } & text { Tropical grasses } & 4 . & text { Aulosira } \ & & 5 . & text { Azotobacter }end{array} )
( mathbf{A} )
( a-4, b-3, c-2, d-1 )
B. ( a-5, b-3, c-4, d-1 )
c. ( a-5, b-4, c-1, d-2 )
D. ( a-3, b-5, c-4, d-2 )
E ( . a-2, b-1, c-3, d-5 )
11
32 Which of the following microbes produces nitrogen fixing nodules in non leguminous plants?
A. Rhizobium
B. Frankia
c. Azotobacter
D. Pseudomonas
11
33 Which group represent micronutrients?
A. Mn, Zn, Fe, B, CI, Ni
B. ( c, mathrm{S}, mathrm{O}, mathrm{N}, mathrm{K}, mathrm{Ca} )
( c cdot ) са, Мg, к, ऽ,
D. C, H, Fe, Mn, Си, Мо
11
34 Azotobacter and Bacillus polymyxa are
A. Decomposers
B. Non-symbiotic nitrogen fixers
C. Symbiotic nitrogen fixers
D. Pathogenic bacteria
11
35 Brown heart disease is due to the
deficiency of
A. Boron.
B. Iron
c. Molybdenum.
D. Phosphorus
11
36 The role of individual mineral element
in plant body has been determined by growing plants with their roots immersed in nutrient solution without
soil. This technique is called as
A. Hydroponics
B. Photolysis
c. Bulk method
D. Bagging
E. Hypostatic
11
37 Explain the formation of root nodules in legumes. 11
38 Technique of growing plants without soil in nutrient solution is called
A. Parthenogenesis
B. Hydroponics
c. Aquaculture
D. Tissue culture
11
39 In plant nutrition elements are classified as major or minor depending
on
A. Their availability in the soil.
B. Their relative production in the ash obtained after burning the plants.
c. Their relative amounts required by the plants.
D. Their relative importance in plant growth
11
40 Why is the purification of water and
nutrient salts so important in studies involving mineral nutrition using hydroponics?
11
41 Who recorded first mineral elements in
plant cell?
A. Liebig
B. Woodward
c. van Helmont
D. None of the above
11
42 Short / Long Answer Type Questions:
What are biofertilizers? What are their
main sources? What is biological nitrogen fixation? Name two organisms each which fix nitrogen asymbiotically and symbiotically.
11
43 32. Interferons are synthesized in
response to
(1) Bacteria (2) Fungi
(3) Mycoplasma (4) Virus
11
44 Which of the following is correct?
A. Legumes fix nitrogen through bacteria in their leaves.
B. Legumes fix nitrogen through bacteria in their roots.
C. Legumes fix nitrogen independent of bacteria.
D. Legumes do not fix nitrogen.
11
45 Select the incorrect statement.
A. Microelements involve ( mathrm{N}, mathrm{P}, mathrm{Mn}, mathrm{Cu}, mathrm{Mo} )
B. The concentration of microelements is ( 10 mathrm{m} ) mole/kg
C. If the concentration is more than ( 10 mathrm{m} ) mole/kg, they become toxic
D. The deficiency of microelements causes symptoms of disease
11
46 Which of these plants contains nitrogen-fixing bacteria?
( A cdot ) Gram
B. Wheat
c. Mustard
D. cotton
11
47 Which phenomenon is exhibited by the
figure above?
Funnal
wate
A. A- Hydroponic
B. A- Hydrostatic
c. A- Just a plant in a tub
D. A- None of the above
11
48 An anaerobic bacterium capable of nitrogen fixation is
A. Chlorobium
B. Rhodospirillum
c. clostridium
D. All of the above
11
49 Tracer elements are
A. Micro elements
B. Macro-elements
C . Radio isotopes
D. Vitamins
11
50 Vein loading of sucrose into companion
cell is
A. Diffusion
B. Active process
c. Passive transport
D. Turgor
11
51 What will happen, if Rhizobium is
inoculated in wheat field?
A. No increase in production (nitrogen content of soil remains same
B. A lot of increase in production (nitrogen content of soil increase)
c. Fertility of soil decreases
D. Fertility of soil increases
11
52 Doctors recommend sunflower oil as it
is
A. Rich source of vitamins
B. Rich in energy and reduces weight
c. Rich in saturated fatty acids
D. Rich in unsaturated fatty acids
11
53 The haemoglobin like pigment is found
in
A. Seeds of legumes
B. Clostridium
c. Rhizobium
D. Leguminous root nodules
11
54 23. Select the principal nutrient(s) out of the following
(a) Hydrogen (b) Copper
(c) Nitrogen
(d) None of these
11
55 Premature leaf fall is caused due to the
deficiency of
11
56 Find the odd one out:
A. Nitrogen
B. Potassium
( c . ) zinc
D. Phosphorus
11
57 Nitrogenase enzyme is present in?
A. Prokaryotes
B. Eukaryotes
( c . ) Both
D. None
11
58 Name atleast five different deficiency symptoms in plants. Describe them and
correlate them with the concerned
mineral deficiency.
11
59 If by radiation all nitrogenase enzyme are inactivated, then there will be no
A. Conversion from ammonium to nitrate in soil
B. Fixation of nitrogen by legumes
c. conversion from nitrate to nitrite in legumes.
D. None of the above
11
60 Hydroponics is a technique in which plants are grown in
A. Green house
B. Water saturated sand
c. Balanced nutrient solution
D. Purified distilled water
11
61 Name a chelate. Why is iron added in
hydroponics along with chelating agent
( ? )
11
62 The ability of coralloid roots to fix atmospheric nitrogen is due to the
presence of
A. Blue-green algae
B. Mycorrhiza
c. Rhizobium
D. None of these
11
63 The plant ash is an indication of
A. organic matter of plant
B. Waste product
C. Mineral salts absorbed by plants
D. None of the above
11
64 Long answer type questions. Why were micronutrients discovered
later than macronutrients? With one
example each, mention the physiological role and deficiency disease caused by
(i) nitrogen, (ii)
phosphorus, (iii) copper, and (iv) iron.
11
65 Which one of the following is a free living nitrogen-fixing bacterium?
A. Rhizobium
B. Azotobacter
c. Nitrococcus
D. Both A and E
11
66 Nif gene is found in
A. Pseudomonas
B. Salmonella
C. Rhizobium
D. Mycobacterium
11
67 Scientist credited with development of
formula for balanced solution of
mineral elements is?
( A . quad ) Knop
B. went
c. нill
D. Emerson
11
68 The charcoal culture experiment is better than water culture experiment because
A. Plants get supporttt
B. Problem of aeration is removed
c. Charcoal is an inert substance
D. All of the above
11
69 Hydroponics is growing plants in
A. water
B. Soil culture
c. Solution of mineral nutrients
D. Tissue culture medium
11
70 Describe the nodule formation in
leguminous plants.
11
71 Which of the following is not included in micronutrients?
( A cdot Z n ) and ( M n )
B. B and Cu
c. ( mathrm{Cl} ) and ( mathrm{Ni} )
D. K and s
11
72 Which of the following can fix atmospheric nitrogen directly?
A . Pea
B. Brassica
c. castor
D. Petunia
11
73 The framework elements of the plants
are
A. Magnesium, copper and iron
B. Copper, carbon and oxygen
c. Manganese, calcium and nitrogen
D. Carbon, hydrogen and oxygen
11
74 What word describes the relationship between the plant and the nitrogen fixing bacteria?
A. Parasitic
B. Carnivorous
c. Infection
D. Mutualistic, saprophytes
11
75 Fill in the blanks with approriate words. Elements required by plants in relatively large amounts are ……….. and in very small amounts are 11
76 Which of the following is a free-living nitrogen fixing bacterium present in the soil?
A . Azotobacter
B. Nitrosomonas
c. Rhizobium
D. Pseudomonas
11
77 Which one of the following roles is not charcteristic of an essential element?
A. Being a component of biomolecules
B. Changing the chemistry of soil
c. Being a structural component of energy related chemical compounds.
D. Activation or inhibition of enzymes.
11
78 Read the following statements and mark them as True (T) or False (F)
(a) Plants can assimilate ammonium
ions only
(c) Rhizobium is an obligation anaerobe
(c) In legumes, the nodule is formed by the inner cortex and pericycle cells.
11
79 Non-mineral essential elements are
A. Carbon, Hydrogen and Oxygen
B. Hydrogen, Nitrogen and Sulphur
C. Hydrogen, Nitrogen and Fluorine
D. Chlorine, Fluorine and Nitrogen
11
80 Why are root nodules useful for the
plants?
11
81 Which one of the following statements
can best explain the term critical
concentration of an essential element?
A. Essential element concentration below which plant growth is retarded
B. Essential element concentration below which plant growth becomes enhanced
C. Essential element concentration below which plant remains in the vegetative phase
D. None of the above
11
82 Select the correct statement regarding
“A trace element is an element which”.
( A cdot ) Is a radio active and can be traced by Geiger counter
B. Is required in very minute amounts.
C. Draws other element out of protoplasm.
D. Was one of the first to be discovered in protoplasm.
11
83 What are the indications for mineral
deficiency in plants?
11
84 Explain the steps involved in the formation of root nodule. 11
85 Nitrifying bacteria convert
A. Nitrate to nitrogen
B. Ammonia to nitrogen
C. Nitrogen into soluble form
D. Ammonia to nitrate
11
86 Which of the following is a macronutrient?
A. Mn
в. Мв
( c cdot c u )
D. zn
11
87 Micronutrients are needed in amounts
A. ( 8 mathrm{m} ) mole/kg dry matter
B. ( 18 mathrm{m} ) mole/kg dry matter
c. ( 25 mathrm{m} ) mole/kg dry matter
D. 30m mole/kg dry matter
11
88 In Aulosira, Tolypothrix and Nostoc, are the sites for nitrogen fixation
A. Vesicles
B. Arbuscles
c. Akinetes
D. Heterocysts
11
89 Explain the steps involved in the formation of root module. 11
90 Match the element with its associated
functions/roles and choose the correct
option given among below.
11
91 What do you understand by symbiotic nitrogen fixation? Describe the role of leghaemoglobin in nitrogen fixation. Outline the process of nitrogen fixation as it takes place in the
bacteroid inhabiting a legume nodule.
11
92 What is he agriculture done in fresh water is known as? 11
93 Mineral requirement is studied through hydroponics which is related to growing plants in
A. Soil
B. Air
c. solution
D. Ponds
11
94 The four elements called “big-four” which make up ( 95 % ) of all elements found in a living system are
A. ( mathrm{C}, mathrm{H}, mathrm{O}, mathrm{N} )
B. ( mathrm{C}, mathrm{H}, mathrm{O}, mathrm{P} )
c. ( mathrm{c}, ) н, ( 0, mathrm{s} )
D. ( mathrm{C}, mathrm{N}, mathrm{O}, mathrm{P} )
11
95 Choose the correct answer from the
alternatives given
Which of the following is not a macronutrient?
A . ca
B. P
( c . ) мn
D.
11
96 The symbiotic nitrogen fixing bacterium in root nodules of legumes is
A. Pseudomonas
B. Bacillus
c. Rhizobium
D. Nitrobacter
11
97 Select out the odd one with respect to relative amount?
A.
в. Мв
( c . ) мп
D.
11
98 The function of leghemoglobin in the root nodules of legumes is
A. Oxygen removal
B. Inhibition of nitrogenase activity
c. Expression of nif gene
D. Nodule differentiation
11
99 Hydroponic is a technique of growing
A. Submerged plants
B. Free floating aquatic plants
C . Terrestrial plants in sand
D. Terrestrial plants in water containing nutrients
11
100 When we boil tulsi leaves in water
water acquires a characteristic smell of leaves because
A. Smell of leaves diffuse in water
B. Leaves melt in water
c. Stored wastes in the leaves dissolve in water
D. Leaves pollute water
11
101 Enzyme pepsin acts upon food at a pH of about
A. 3 to split proteins
B. 2 to split carbohydrate
C. 7 to change protein into peptones
D. 2 to change protein in amino acids
11

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