Morphology Of Flowering Plants Questions

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Morphology Of Flowering Plants Questions

List of morphology of flowering plants Questions

Question NoQuestionsClass
1Which one of the following inflorescences is found in a sunflower?
A. Capitulum
B. Cyathium
c. Panicle
D. spadix
11
2Aestivation found in pea flowers is
A. Twisted
B. Valvate
c. Imbricate
D. Vexillary
11
3Plants store waste materials in
A. Old leaves
B. Vacuoles
c. Both A and B
D. None of the above
11
4Lateral style is found in
A. Petunia
B. Mango
c. Sunflower
D. calotropis
11
5Radish is an example of
A. Fusiform root
B. Napiform root
c. conical root
D. Tuberous root
11
6The leaf in which the stomata remains
confined to lower surface of the leaf is
known as
A. Amphistomatic
B. Hypostomatic
c. Epistomatic
D. All of the above
11
7Shoot-apex protected by
A. Root cap
B. Shoot cap
c. Calyptra
D. Primordial leaves
11
8Passiflora is the examples of
A. Stem tendril
B. Phylloclade
c. Thorn
D. Cladode
11
9Name two plants which have fibrous
root.
11
10Which is not a product of root?
A. Sugarbeet
B. Carrot
c. Radish
D. Potato
11
11Reticulate venation is found in the
plants with
A. Tap root system
B. Fibrous root system
c. Branched root system
D. Both A and C
11
12Assertion
In imbricate aestivation, out of five
petals, one is completely internal, one is completely external and in each of the
remaining three petals, one margin is
internal and the other is external.
Reason

Ascending imbricate aestivation is found in Cassia and Gulmohur.
A. Both Assertion and Reason are correct and Reason is the correct explanation for Assertion
B. Both Assertion and Reason are correct but Reason is not the correct explanation for Assertion
C. Assertion is correct but Reason is incorrect
D. Both Assertion and Reason are incorrect

11
13The inflorescence found in coconut
plant is
A. Compound spadix
B. Hypanthodium
c. Cyathium
D. Vesti cillaster
11
14The association of Nitrogen fixing bacteria (nodule bacteria) with
leguminous roots is known as
A. Saprophytism
B. Symbiosis
c. Epiphytism
D. Parasitism
11
15Cuticle is made up of
A. Glycerol and hydrocarbon polymers impregnated with wax
B. Lipid and hydrocarbon polymers impregnated with wax
C. Fatty acid and hydrocarbon polymers impregnated with wax
D. None of the above
11
1633. The male sex hormone is
(1) Progesterone
(2) Estrogen
(3) Testosterone
(4) Insulin
11
17In the leaves of which of the following are bulliform cells found?
A. Sunflower
B. Wheat
c. Tinospora
D. Potato
11
18A beautiful whorl, which encloses whole of the inflorescence is
A. Bract
B. Spadix
c. spathe
D. Involucre
11
19Aestivation of petals in the flower of
cotton is correctly shown in
( A )
( (a) )
в.
(b)
( c )
( (c) )
( D )
( (d) )
11
20Which among the following properties are not shown by the roots?
A. Distinction of primary and secondary roots
B. Distinction of nodes and internodes
c. Tertiary roots and rootlets
D. Endogenous branches
11
21Hypanthodium inflorescence is found
in?
A. Coriander
B. Sunflower
c. Cauliflower
D. Figg
11
22In Erythrina indica and Dolichos lablab, the leaves are
A. Unipinnate
B. Bipinnate
c. Tripinnate
D. Trifoliate
11
23Histogens capping root apical meristem is
A. Dermatogen
B. Calyptrogen
c. Periblem
D. Plerome
11
24The function of root cap is
A. Protection of root tip and control of geotropic movement
B. Storage of food products
C. Absorption of nutrients
D. None of the above
11
25The placenta is swollen and fleshy in
A. Solanaceae
B. Cucurbitaceae
c. compositae
D. Liliaceae
11
26Give an example of a parasitic plant with yellow, slender and tubular stem11
27In Funaria, archegonia attracts antherozoids by
A. Sucrose / Sugar
B. Malic acid
c. Maleic acid
D. Citric acid
11
28Scientific names of potato and tomato plants are
A. Potato- Solanum tuberosum- Solanaceae
B. Tomato- Lycopersicum esculentum- – Solanaceae
c. Potato- Ocimum sanctum- Lamiaceae
D. Both A and B
11
29Which of following the plant has reticulate venation?
A. Musa
B. Mangifera
c. oryza
D. canna
11
30Familiar examples of family Liliaceae
are
A. Allium cepa, Aloe vera and Tamarindus indica
B. Saraca indica, Allium cepa and Aloe Vera
C. Allium sativum, Allium cepa and Aloe Vera
D. Tamarindus indica, Allium cepa and Allium sativum
11
31What is hydathode?11
3249. Of the following Rapeseed
belongs to
(1) Linseed (2) Coffee
(3) Mustard (4) Pepper
11
33Which of the following is/are the characteristics of the family whose floral diagram is given?
(i) Aloe, Asparagus and Colchicum belong to this family
(ii) Flower is zygomorphic.
(iii) Floral formula is ( 0+P 3+3 A 3+3 G 3 )
(Fruits are berry or capsule.
A . (i),(ii) and (iii)
B. (iii) only
c. (i) only
D. (i), (iii) and (iv)
11
34Identify the correct statements from the
following.
(I) A single male and a few female flowers are present in a flowers like inflorescence in poinsettia.
(II) Sessile or subsessile flowers formed
in the axils of leaves are crowded at the
nodes in Leonotis.
(III) In Ficus, a fruit like inflorescence is
present with all fertile flowers.
(IV) The floral axis is sympoidal in
Hamelia.
( A cdot(11),(1 vee) )
B. (1), (IV)
c. (॥), (॥I)
D. (I), (III)
11
35Three types of flowers occur in the inflorescence of
A. Raceme
B. Hypanthodium
c. Cyathium
D. Umbel
11
36Assertion
Antheridia of Funaria are sunk in pit.
Reason
Its antheridial cluster is surrounded by
perigoniai leaves
A. If both the assertion and the reason are true and the
reason is a correct explanation of the assertion
B. If both the assertion and reason are true but the
reason is not a correct explanation of the assertion
C. If the assertion is true but the reason is false
D. If both the assertion and reason are false
11
37A sessile plant is a plant
A. Which has modified leaves
B. Which has petioles
C. Which does not possess petioles
D. Which cannot synthesise its own food
11
38An underground specialised shoot with reduced disc like stem covered by
fleshy leaves is
A. Bulb
B. Bulbil
C. Rhizome
D. Rhizophore
11
39Corolla is papilionaceous in
A. Fabaceae
B. Asteraceae
c. Poaceae
D. Solanaceae
11
40Which one of the following is of related type?
A. Catkin and Hypanthodium
B. Raceme and Cyathium
c. corymb and umbel
D. Verticillaster and spike
11
41Largest number of chloroplasts in the leaf is in.
A. Spongy tissue
B. Palisade tissue
c. Guard cells
D. Bundle sheath
11
42Indian rose wood tree is common name
of
A. Acacia
B. Shorea
c. Dalbergia
D. Eucalyptus
11
43toppr OG
Q Type your question
these alphabets have been correctly
matched with the parts which they
indicate
A. A- Root hair, B- Epiblema, C- Cortex, D- Endodermis, EPassage cell, F- Pericycle, G- Pith, H- Phloem, IMetaxylem, J- Protoxylem
B. A- Root hair, B- Epiblema, C- Cortex, D- Endodermis, EPassage cell, F- Pith, G- Pericycle, H- Metaxylem, IPhloem, J- Protoxylem
C. A- Root hair, B- Epiblema, C- Cortex, D- Endodormis, EPericycle, F- Passage cell, G- Phloem, H- Pith, IProtoxylem, J- Metaxylem
D. A- Root hair, B- Cortex, C- Epiblema, D- Pericycle, EEndodermis, F- Pith, G- Passage cell, H- Phloem, Protoxylem, J- Metaxylem
11
44The type of corolla aestivation in pea flower is
A. valvate
B. Twisted
c. Imbricate
D. Vexillary
11
45Which of the following is a dicotyledonous family?
A . Liliaceae
B. Solanaceae
c. Pappilionaceae
D. Both B and C
11
46Very short answer type. Name a symbiotic bacterium.11
47Inflorescence of sunflower is
A. Umbel
B. Cyathium
c. Hypanthodium
D. Capitulum
11
48What do you mean by Aestivation? Explain types of aestivation.11
49Which of the following floral parts forms pericarp after fertilization?
A. Nucellus
B. Outer integument
c. ovary wall
D. Inner integument
11
50Diplostemonous androecium occurs in
A. silene
B. Murraya
c. Asparagus
D. Brassica
11
51Economically important edible part of Ipomoea batatas is?
A. Rhizome
B. Stem tuber
c. Underground fruit
D. Underground root tuber
11
52What are tap roots?11
53Differentiate between.
Sporangiospores and conidiospores
11
54First few leaves on a stem which are
different from other leaves are called as
A. Prophylls
B. Sporophylls
c. cataphylls
D. Hypsophylls
11
55Prickles of rose are
A. Modified leaves
B. Modified stipules
C. Exogenous in origin
D. Endogenous in origin
11
56Primary roots and its branches constitutes to
B. Tap root system
c. Fibrous roots
D. Seminal roots
11
57Quiescent centre is found on
A. Root tip
B. Shoot tip
C. Floral tip
D. Leaf tip
11
58What type of leaf margin is found in
grasses?
A. Crenate
B. Dentate
c. Entire
D. serrate
11
59Nodulated roots occur in
A. Pea
B. Wheat
C. Mustard
D. Rice
11
60Parallel venation is a characteristic
feature of
A. Monocotyledon
B. Dicotyledon
c. Pteridophytes
D. Bryophytes
11
61Phyllotaxy is the arrangement of
A. Leaflets
B. Leaves
c. stipules
D. Branches
11
62Common examples of family Liliaceae
are
A. Allium cepa, Aloe vera and Tamarindus indica
B. Saraca indica, Allium cepa and Aloe vera
C. Allium sativum, Allium cepa and Aloe vera
11
63Axillary buds are used to raise crop of
A. Wheat
B. Rice
c. Groundnut
D. Sugarcane
11
64Match the items in Column I with
Column II and choose the correct
alternative.
( begin{array}{ll}text { Column I } & text { Column II } \ text { A. Tubercular storage roots } & text { 1. Tinospora } \ text { B. Pneumatophores } & text { 2. Heritiera } \ text { C. Haustoria } & text { 3. Asparagus } \ text { D. Prop-roots } & text { 4. Viscum } \ text { E Assimilatory roots } & text { 5. Screwpine }end{array} )
A . A- 2, B- 3, C- 4, D- 5, E- –
B. A- ( 3, ) B-4, C- 5, D-1, E-2
c. ( A-3, ) В- ( 1, ) С- ( 2, ) D- ( 5, ) Е- 4
D. A- 5, B- 4, C- 3, D- 2, E- –
E. ( A-3, B-2, C-4, D-5 )
11
65A plant which does not have roots is?
A . Utricularia
B. Nelumbo
c. Trapa
D. Avicennia
11
66Lateral root in higher plants arise from
A. Cortex
B. Pericycle
c. Epidermis
D. Endodermis
11
67Main root of tap root system represents
A. Plumule axis of the seed
B. Embryo axis of the seed
C. Radicle axis of the seed
D. Hypocotyl part of the seed
11
68Roots are absent in
A. Wolffia
B. Utricularia
c. Nymphaea
D. Both A and B
11
69In Brassica oleracea var. capitata
(cabbage), the edible part is
A. Infloresence
B. Flower budd
c. vegetative bud
D. Stem
11
70Clinging and epiphytic roots are found
in
A. Orchid
B. Tinospora
c. Rhizophora
D. Pothos
11
71Assertion
Phyllotaxy deals with morphology of
Ieaves
Reason
Foliage denotes all leaves of a plant.
A. If both the assertion and the reason are true and the
reason is a correct explanation of the assertion
B. If both the assertion and reason are true but the
reason is not a correct explanation of the assertion
C. If the assertion is true but the reason is false
D. If both the assertion and reason are false
11
72Heads of Lettuce are
A. Undeveloped inflorescence
B. Unopened flowers
c. Buds
D. Modified stems
11
73What are the different types of adventitious root modifications?11
74Brownish branches coming down from
crown of Banyan tree and reaching the soil are
A. Prop roots
B. Stilt roots
c. Additional trunks
D. Pillar branches
11
75Bulb is a modified
A . Leaf
B. Shoot
( c . ) Root
D. Flower
11
76Write a note on phyllotaxy.11
77In which of the following aestivation of sepals ( & ) petals one margin covers the other ( & ) its margin is covered by previous one
A. valvate
B. Twisted
c. Imbricate
D. Quincuncial
11
78Petiole part of the leaf is also known as
A. Epipodium
B. Mesopodium
c. Hypopodium
D. None of the above
11
79Branched leaf spines occur in
A. Acacia
B. opuntia
c. Berberis vulgaris
D. Asparagus
11
80Oil found in groundnut accumulates in
A. Embryo
B. cotyledons
c. Endosperm
D. None of the above
11
81Among the following, which plant is completely devoid of roots?
A. ceratophyllum
B. Hydrilla
c. vallisneria
D. Azolla
11
82The inflorescence in cauliflower is
A. Compound corymb
B. Corymb
c. Umbel
D. catkin
11
83In sweet pea, the tendrils are
modification of
A. Stem branches
B. Leaflets
c. stipules
D. None of the above
11
84Match the following
( mathbf{A} )
(i) ( -a,(i i)-b,(i i i)-c,(i v) d )
B. (i) ( -b,(i i)-c,(i i i)-a,(i v)-d )
C. (i) – b, (ii) – a, (iii) – d, (iv) c
D. (i) – d, (ii) – c, (iii) – b, (iv) – a
11
85What do you understand by special types of inflorescence? Describe them
with diagrams and examples.
11
86Define the term aestivation11
87Inflorescence consisting of sessile bisexual flowers arranged acropetally on an elongated axis is?
A. Spandix
B. Catkin
c. Raceme
D. Spike
11
88Legume is the characteristic fruit of
family.
11
89Venation is monocots in
A. Pinnate reticulate
B. Palmate reticulate
C . Pinnate parallel
D. Parallel
11
90Is it possible for you to recognize the leaves without seeing them? How?11
91Onions are modified
A. Stem
B. Leaves
( c . ) Root
D. All of the above
11
92How is a pinnately compound leaf
different from a palmately compound
leaf?
11
93Coleorrhiza is a cap like covering over
A. Plumule in a dicot
B. The radical in a monocot
c. Radicle in dicot
D. Plumule in a monocot
11
94Green leaf like one internode long stem branches/phylloclades are called
A. Phylloclades
B. Phyllodes
c. Bulbils
D. Cladodes
11
95Zig-zag development of flower on
inflorescence axis is
A. Cyathium
B. Capitulum
C. Helicoid cyme
D. Scorpioid cyme
11
96In which of the following, whole leaf is modified into tendril?
A. Pisum sativum
B. Lathyrus aphaca
c. Gloriosa superba
D. None of the above
11
97Sweet potato is homologous to
A. Potato
B. colocasia.
c. Ginger.
D. Turnip
11
98Bombax leaf is
A. Tripinnate
B. Unipinnate
C . Multifoliate
D. Quadrifoliate
11
99Parkinsonia is good example of
A. Phylloclade
B. Parachute mechanism
c. Phyllode
D. winged fruit
11
100Solanine is
A. Not known to be harmful to humans
B. A naturally occurring toxin found in green potatoes
C. A naturally occurring toxin found in shellfish
D. A toxin that grows on corn and peanut products
11
101Immature gular fruit is
A. Berry
B. Samara fruit
c. Hypanthodium inflorescence
D. Swollen twig tip
11
102Identify the correct order.
1. Mineral absorption zone.
2. Meristematic zone.
3. Maturation zone.
4. Water absorption zone.
в. 4,3,2,1
c. 2,4,1,3
D. 1,2,3,4
11
103Rhizophora possesses
A. Pneumatophores
B. Prop roots
C . Stilt roots
D. Modified roots
11
104Fruit in members of Solanaceae is
A . Drupe
B. Capsule or berry
c. siliqua
D. Pod or achene
11
105Q Type your question
climbıng up. Identıty the type of tendrıl
that is seen in Clematis
( A )
в.
( c )
D.
11
106Which one of the following organisms is
correctly matched with its three
characteristics?
A. Pea- ( C_{3} ) -pathway, endospermic seed, vexillary aestivation
B. Tomato- twisted aestivation, axile placentation, berry
C. Onion- Bulb, Imbricate aestivation, axile placentation
D. Maize- ( C_{3} ) -pathWay, closed vascular bundle, scutellum
11
107Assertion
When the ambient temperature is high and soil contains excess of water, the plants tend to lose water in the form of
droplets from lenticels.
Reason
Root pressure regulates the rate of loss of water form lenticels.
A. Both Assertion and Reason are correct and Reason is the correct explanation for Assertion
B. Both Assertion and Reason are correct but Reason is not the correct explanation for Assertion
c. Assertion is correct but Reason is incorrect
D. Both Assertion and Reason are incorrect
11
108Stem tendrils are found in
A. Cucurbita and Pisum
B. Pisum and Lathyrus
c. vitis and Passiflora
D. Smilax and Geranium
11
109Eucalyptus plant possesses twiners.
A. True
B. False
11
110Assertion
The two cotyledons in seed are
embryonic leaves.
Reason
The embryo contains radicle and
plumule.
A. Both Assertion and Reason are correct and Reason is
the correct explanation for Assertion.
B. Both Assertion and Reason are correct but Reason is not the correct explanation for Assertion.
C. Assertion is correct but Reason is incorrect.
D. Both Assertion and Reason are incorrect.
11
111Which amongst the following options
contains mismatched pair?
A. direct elongation of radical -primary roots
B. root system originating from the stem’s base – fibrous roots
C. roots not arising from the radical – stit roots
D. constitution of primary root and its branches – tap root system
E. All are correctly matched.
11
112In a raceme, the flower arrangement is?
A. Basipetal
B. Centripetal
c. centrifugal
D. Acropetal
11
113Which of the following are not
characteristic features of fabaceae?
A. The root system, compound leaves and raceme inflorescence
B. Flowers actinomorphic, twisted aestivation and gamopetalous
c. Stamens 10 , introrse, basifixed, dithecous
D. Monocarpellary, ovary superior and bent stigma
E. Fruit is legume
11
114Which among the following is a rootless plant?
A. Nymphaea
B. Sagittaria
c. ceratophyllum
D. Vallisneria
11
115Match the following columns.
( begin{array}{ll}text { Column I } & text { Column II } \ text { A. Opuntia } & text { 1. Stem thorns } \ text { B. Asparagus } & text { 2. Phylloclades } \ text { C. Citrus } & text { 3. Cladodes }end{array} )
( A cdot A-1, B-2, C-3 )
B. A- 2, B-3, C-1
C. ( A-3, B-2, C-1 )
D. A- 2, B-1, C-3
11
116Root cap regenerated/dead torn cells of root cap are replaced by the activity of
A. Plerome
B. Dermatogen
c. Calyptrogen
D. Periblem
11
117Which part of plant is modified into (i)
Pitcher in Pitcher Plant (ii) Tendril in Pumpkin (iii) Haustoria in Cuscuta (iv) Tendril in Pea.
11
118Leaves are modified into spines in
A. Nepenthes
B. Australian Acacia
c. opuntia
D. Utricularia
E. Tamarix
11
119Differentiate between corm and bulb.11
120Period between initiation of two
successive leaves or nodes is
A. Plastochron
B. Diurnal cyclicity
c. Internode
D. Allelopathy
11
121Zygomorphic flower with vexillary aestivation, diadelphous androecium and marginal placentation occurs in
A. Pisum
B. Aloe
c. Brinjal
D. Belladona
E. Asparagus
11
122A dicot leaf having parallel venation is
A. Eryngium
B. Zizyphus
c. Ricinus
D. cassia
11
123Assertion
Subaerial stem modifications
participate in vegetative reproduction.
Reason
They store water and food.
A. Assertion and reason are true, reason is correct explanation of assertion.
B. Assertion and reason are true,reason is not the correct explanation of assertion.
c. Assertion is true reason is false
D. Assertion is false reason is true
11
124Lianas are
A. Weak stemmed trailers
B. Woody stemmed climbers and twiners
C . Trees with twisted stems
D. Plants with woody stems and medium height
11
125Match the column I with column II and
select the correct option from the gives
codes
( begin{array}{llll} & text { Column } & & text { Column II } \ & text { I } & & \ text { A. } & text { Pedicel } & text { (i) } & text { Reduces leaf } \ text { B. } & text { peduncle } & text { (ii) } & begin{array}{l}text { Stalk of the } \ text { flower }end{array} \ text { C. } & text { Bract } & text { (iii) } & text { Stalk of the leaf } \ text { D. } & text { Petiole } & text { (iv) } & begin{array}{l}text { Inflorescence } \ text { axis }end{array}end{array} )
( mathbf{A} )
B. ( A-(text { iii) }, B-(i v), C-(i), D-(i i) )
C. A-(iii), B-(ii), C-(i), D-(iv)
D. A-(ii), B-(iii), C-(i), D-(iv)
11
126A root swollen in the form of closely arranged rings is called
A. Annulated
B. Moniliform
c. Fasciculated
D. Beaded
11
127In sugarcane, the adventitious roots are called as
A. Prop roots
B. Prop and tuberous roots
c. Pneumatophores
D. None of the above
11
128Allium cepa belongs to the family
A. Solanaceae
B. Liliaceae
c. Cruciferae
D. compositae
11
129The cuticle present above the epidermis is helpful in reducing
A. Transpiration
B. Respiration
c. Photosynthesis
D. None of the above
11
130Modified stem present in Gladiolus is
A. Bulb
B. Rhizome
c. corm
D. Bulbils
11
13143. Banan sa:
(1) Undershrub (2) Shrub
(3) Tree
(4) Herb
11
13245. Where does the cabbage store
food ?
(1) Leaves
(2) Stem
(3) Fruit (4) Root
11
133Anthers dehisce by terminal pores in
A. Pea
B. Petunia
c. Datura
D. Solanum
11
134( begin{array}{ll}text { Types of roots } & text { Plants } \ text { A) Prop root } & text { 1) Radish } \ text { B) Epiphytic root } & text { 2) Turnip } \ text { C) Stilt root } & text { 3) Cassava } \ text { D) Tuberous root } & text { 4) Baniyan } \ text { E) Fusiform } & text { 5) Maize } \ text { F) Napiform } & text { 6) Orchid }end{array} )
( mathbf{A} )
( A-1, B-2, C-3, D-4, E-5, F-7 )
7
B. A-2, B-4, C-6, D-1, E-2, F- 5
C. ( A-4, B-6, C-5, D-3, E-1, F-2 )
D. A- 4, B-1, C- 2, D-3, E- 5, F- 6
11
135Chilli is
A. Solanum melongena
B. Atropa acuminata
C . Capsicum annuum
D. Physalis peruviana
11
136The floral formula belongs to the Family
( oplus bigoplus K_{(5)} C_{(5)} A_{5} underline{G}_{(2)} )
A. Fabaceae
B. Asteraceae
c. Solanceae
D. Liliaceae
11
137What are the differences between a
thorn and prickle? Describe with
examples.
11
138Define aestivation in flowers.11
139Angle between leaf and upper or younger part of stem is called as
A. node
B. internode
c. stem
D. axil
11
140Leaf base is sheathing in
A. Wheat
B. Maize
c. Grass
D. All of the above
11
141Floret is
A. Small fruit
B. Small flower
C. Small sessile flower
D. Small neuter flower
11
142Cyathium and hypanthodium types of inflorescence are similar in having.
A. Nectarglands
B. Apical pore
c. Petaloid bracts
D. Unisexual flowers
11
143The stem is modified to store the food in
A. Potato
B. Carrot
c. Turnip
D. Dahlia
11
144In which of the following, the growing point ends in a flower?
A. Raceme
B. Verticillaster
c. catkin
D. Spike
11
145To prevent the loss of water, the leaves
of cactus plants are modified into
A. Scaly leaves
B. Tendrils
c. spines
D. Prop roots
11
146Consider the following statements:
(a) In leguminous plants, leaf base becomes swollen, called pulvinus.
(b) The fleshy leaves of onion and garlic
store food
(c) In Alstonia, leaves show alternate
phyllotaxy.
(d) The lamina in Australian acacia
become green and synthesize food.
Of the above statements.
A ( cdot(b) ) and
(d) are correct
B. (a) and
(c) are correct
c. (a) and (b) are correct
D. (b) and
(c) are correct
E . (a) and
(d) are correct
11
147Odd sepal is anterior in family
A. Solanaceae
B. Asteraceae
c. Brassicaceae
D. Fabaceae
11
148A leaf is identified from
A. Flat green lamina
B. Presence of leaf blade and petiole
C . Presence of axillary bud
D. Occurrence of chlorophyll
11
149Edible part of cabbage is
A. Flower
B. Inflorescence
c. Stem
D. Budd
11
150What is leaf venation?11
151is not unisexual flower.
A. coconnut
в. Papaya a
c. Gulmohar
D. watermelon
11
152Petiole is modified into tendril in
A. Gloriosa
B. Passiflora
c. Nepenthes
D. Luffa
11
153Identify the correct aestivations.
A. a-valvate, b-Twisted, c-Vexillary, d-Imbricate
B. a-Valvate, b-Twisted, c-lmbricate, d-Vexillary
C. a-Valvate, b-Vexillary, c-Twisted, d-Imbricate
D. a-Vexillary, b-Imbricate, c-Twisted, d-Valvate
( mathrm{E} ). a-Valvate, b-lmbricate, c-Twisted, d-Vexillary
11
154Which of the following kinds of venation is present in banana?
A . Reticulate unicostate
B. Reticulate multicostate
c. parallel unicostate
D. parallel multicostate
11
155Velamen, the spongy tissue found in
A. Breathing roots of halophytes
B. Parasitic plants
C. All aerial roots
D. Aerial roots of epiphytic orchids
11
156Bipinnate leaves and spiny stipules are the characteristics of family
A. Papilionaceae
B. Cesalpinoideae
c. Mimosoideae
D. Malvaceae
11
157The leaves are modified into pitcher in
A. Drosera
B. Aldrovendra
c. sarracenia
D. Utricularia
11
158Leguminous plants have their roots modified into
A. Fibrous roots
B. Stilt roots
c. Nodulated roots
D. Prop roots
11
159Lycopersicon esculentum belongs to the family
A. Solanaceae
B. Malvaceae
c. cruciferae
D. Cucurbitaceae
11
160are the green stems of limited growth which have taken over the function of photosynthesis fro leaves.
A. phylloclades
B. cladodes
c. phyllodes
D. Stem thorns
11
161Lateral roots arise from primordia developed by division of
A. Pericycle cells in between two protoxylem points
B. Pericycle cells opposite protoxylem points
C. Endodermis cells in between two protoxylem points
D. Endodermis opposite protoxylem points
11
162Protruded part of meristem flank bearing leaf primordium is called
A. Leaf base
B. Leaf buttress
c. Node
D. Plastochron
11
163The largest leaf belongs to
A. Nerium
B. Nicotiana
c. victoria
D. Rafflesia
11
164Casparian strips are present in
of the root.
A. Epiblema
B. cortex
c. Pericycle
D. Endodermis
11
165Why is the upper slide of the leaf more
green than the lower slide?
11
166Thorns with leaves and flowers are
found in
A. Bougainvillea
B. Carissa
c. Duranta
D. Artabotrys
11
167Which roots amongst the following grow against gravitational force?
A. Prop roots
B. Stilt roots
c. Buttress roots
D. Pneumatophores
11
168In a sweet pea, tendrils are modified
A. Stipule
B. Stem
c. Leaf
D. Leaflet
11
169Assertion
Prickles of last have a single role of
protection of plant
Reason
They are superficial in origin.
A. If both the assertion and the reason are true and the
reason is a correct explanation of the assertion
B. If both the assertion and reason are true but the
reason is not a correct explanation of the assertion
C. If the assertion is true but the reason is false
D. If both the assertion and reason are false
11
170Muehlenbeckia is a good example of
A. Phyllode
B. Phylloclade
c. winged fruit
D. Parachute mechanism
11
171The lateral petals of vexillary corolla are called
A. Vexilla
B. Alae
c. Carina
D. Both B and C
11
172Cork of commerce obtained from
Quercus is part of
A. Phellem
B. Phellogen
c. Phelloderm
D. All of the above
11
173Thorns differ from prickles in having
A. Vascular supply
B. Endogenous origin
( c . ) Bark
D. All of the above
11
174In Opuntia, the function of photosynthesis is carried out by
A. cladode
B. phyllode
c. phyllociade
D. stipules
11
175What is the pattern of the veins in the leaves required for the conduction called ?
A. Vein distribution
B. Venation
c. vein morphology
D. Network system
11
176Lycopersicum esculentum belongs to family
A. Brassicaceae
B. Solanaceae
c. Liliaceae
D. Poaceae
11
177Identify the correct pair of characters with reference to Pteris.
(I) Neck canal cell is uninucleated.
(II) Stem grows vertically in the soil.
(III) Apogamously produced sporophytes are haploids.
(IV) Open dichotomous venation in
leaflets.
The correct answer is
( A cdot(11),(1 vee) )
в. (III), (IV)
c. (।), (॥)
D. (I), (III)
11
178Heroin is obtained from the plant of the
family
A. Leguminosae
B. Papaveraceae
c. Liliaceae
D. Solanaceae
11
179Velamen of orchids are formed from
A. Phelloderm
B. Phellogen
c. Dermatogen
D. cortex
11
180Match the columns and choose the
correct option from the following.
Hair like
cells in roots
of Monstera A Macrosclereids
begin{tabular}{llc|l}
B & Osteosclereids & 2 & Bone like cells xerophytes \
C & Astrosclereids & 3 & Star shaped cells in hygrophytes \
D & Trichosclereids & 4 & Stone like cells in seed coat of Fabaceae \
hline
end{tabular} 1.
( A cdot A-4, B-2, C-3, D-1 )
B. A- ( 4, B-3, C-2, D-1 )
c. ( A-4, B-2, C-1, D-3 )
D. ( A-2, B-4, C-3, D-1 )
11
181Edible part of cauliflower is
A . cotyledons
B. Mesocarp
c. Endocarp
D. Inflorescence
11
182Reproductive tap roots occur in
A. Dalbergia
B. Peepal
c. Acacia
D. Banyan
11
183In Ruscus, the stem is a
A. Phyllode
B. Cladode
c. offset
D. sucker
11
184Rearrange the following in a proper logical sequence.

Epidermis, Cortex, Root Hair, Xylem, Endodermis.

11
185What is the relation between leaf
venation and the type of roots?
11
186Identify the plant, if veins are appearing parallel on leaves.
A. The plant is a dicot
B. The plant is a monocot
c. The plant is a gymnosperm
D. The plant is an angiosperm
E. The plant is a bryophyte
11
187Axis of Inflorescence is
A. Pedicle
B. Peduncle
c. Petiole
D. All of the above
11
188Chloroplasts are found in the root cells
of
A. Vanda
B. Rhizophora
c. Tinospora
D. Clematis
11
189Match entries of List I and List II11
190The stalk of leaf is called
A. Sessile
B. Plumule
c. stipule
D. Petiole
11
191Stellate hairs are found in
A . Musa
B. Citrus
c. Styrax
D. Hydrilla
11
192Inflorescence with unbranched axis is
called
A. Compound racemose
B. Compound corymb
c. simple racemose
D. Verticillaster
11
193Pigeon Pea is
A. Cajanus cajan
B. Vigna unguiculata
C . Phaseolus vulgaris
D. Vigna radiata
11
194Assertion
A simple has undivided. lamina
Reason
Leaves showing pinnate and palmate
venation have various type of incision.
A. If both the assertion and the reason are true and the
reason is a correct explanation of the assertion
B. If both the assertion and reason are true but the
reason is not a correct explanation of the assertion
C. If the assertion is true but the reason is false
D. If both the assertion and reason are false
11
195Umbel inflorescence is found in
A . Musa
B. Colocasia
c. Coriandrum
D. Helianthus
11
196Root cap has no role in water absorption because
A. It has no direct connection with the vascular system
B. It has no cells containing chloroplasts.
c. It has no root hairs
D. It has loosely arranged cells.
11
197Identify the type of modified root and
select the correct statement regarding
¡t.
A. It is the tuberous root of Dahlia that stores inulin as reserve food.
B. It is modified taproot that occurs in Dahlia.
C. It is a modified adventitious that stores reserve food
material
D. These roots are modified to provide mechanical support to the plant
11
198Identify the given diagrams and mark
the correct option.
( A cdot A, D ) are compound while ( B, C ) are simple leaves
B. ( A, D ) are simple while ( B, C ) are compound leaves
( mathrm{C} cdot mathrm{A}, mathrm{B} ) are simple while ( mathrm{C}, mathrm{D} ) are compound leaves
D. ( A, B ) are compound while ( C, D ) are simple leaves
11
199Match the columns
begin{tabular}{lll|l}
Column I & multicolumn{3}{c} { Column II } \
a & Arachis & 1. & Swollen placenta \
b & Cichorium & 2. & Epicalyx \
c & Lilium & 3. & Fasciculate tuberous root \
d & Physalia & 4. & Geocarpy \
& 5. & Bulbils
end{tabular}
( mathbf{A} )
( a-4, b-3, c-2, d-5 )
B. ( a-4, b-1, c-2, d-3 )
( mathrm{C} cdot mathrm{a}-5, mathrm{b}-4, mathrm{c}-3, mathrm{d}- )
D. ( a-4, b-3, c-5 ) ( d- )
11
200How many of the following statements
are correct?
(i) Axillary buds are present in axil of leaflets
(ii) In Salvia filaments of stamens are
same length.
(iii) Apocarpous condition can be seen in lotus and rose.
(iv)Endospermous seeds can be seen in solanaceae.
(v) Sterile stamens are called
staminodes.
A. Three
B. Four
c. Two
D. one
11
201Which of the following statements are
correct?
(i) When a fruit develops from the inflorescence, it is composite.
(ii) Mesocarp is the edible part in apple.
(iii) Gynobasic style is seen in Ocimum.
(iv) Hypanthodium is a special type of inflorescence found in Euphorbia species.
A. (i) and (iv) are correct
B. (i) and (iii) are correct
C ( . ) (i) and (ii) are correct
D. (ii), (iii) and (iv) are correct
E. (ii) and (iv) are correct
11
202It is commonly believed that only roots develop below the ground. How would you prove that potato tuber is a stem
and not a root?
11
203How many of the given plants show phyllotaxy, where single leaf arises at each node?

Alstonia, Brassica, Calotropis, Chilli, Chinarose Guava, Datura, Sunflower
A. Three
B. Five
c. Four
D. Six

11
204Identify the group of plants possessing leaf tendrils.
A. Pea, Glory lily
B. Cucumber, Pumpkin
c. watermelon, Grapevine
D. All of these
11
205The air spaces in the leaf is created by
A. Chlorenchyma
B. Aerenchyma
c. Palisade parenchyma
D. None of the above
11
206Colocasia also known as taro, is an
example of a modified
A. Corm which is a stem modification
B. Bulb which is a stem modification
c. Bulb which is a root modification
D. Corm which is a root modification
11
207Plastochron is
A. Period between two successive leaf primordia
B. Distance between two successive leaf primordia
C. Region of origin of root branch
D. Region of origin of stem branch
11
208Very short answer type:
Classify the following fruits into two categories, dehiscent and indehiscent fruits samara, nut, follicle pod,
caryopsis, achene, capsule
11
209In helicoid cyme, the lateral flowers arise
A. on the same side
B. On alternate sides
c. In all the directions
D. From a common point
11
210The fruit formed from the fusion of
inflorescence is called as
A. Simple fruit
B. Aggregate fruit
c. Pseudo fruit
D. composite fruit
11
211Which of the following is a sessile?
A. Rice
B. Mango
c. Neem
D. Sunflower
11
212Name the family to which each of the following belongs
(i) Pisum
(ii) Onion
(iii) Potato.
11
213In cyathium inflorescence
A. single male flower is surrounded by female flowers.
B. male and female flowers are borne in different plants
C. there is only one male and one female flower
D. single female flower is surrounded by many peripheral male flowers.
11
214The palisade tissue occurs on the surface of the leaf.
A. Adaxial
B. Abaxial
c. Both A and B
D. None of the above
11
215Verticillaster is a type of
A. Phyllotaxis
B. Inflorescence
C. Placentation
D. Venation
11
216The plant of arid regions with flat green stem carrying out photosynthesis is
A. Euphorbia
B. opuntia
c. citrus
D. Bougainvillea
E . colocasia
11
217From which of the following part of the turmeric plant (Curcuma longa), turmeric powder is obtained?
A. seed
B. Dried rhizome
c. Dried root
D. Dried fruit
11
218shows compound inflorescence.
A. Sunflower
B. zinnia
c. Marigold
D. Neem
11
219In Dahlia, the roots are
A. Fibrous
B. stilt
c. Moniliform
D. Fasciculated tuberous
11
220Parallel venation occurs in dicot
A . corymbium
B. Ageratum
c. Carthamus
D. Centipeda
11
221Define venation11
222Velamen tissue is found in
A. Mesophytes
B. Epiphytes
c. Hydrophytes
D. xerophytes
11
223Vegetative organs of plants are:
A. leaves, stem, roots
B. flower, stem, leaves
c. flower, fruit, seeds
D. root, fruit, flower
11
224Reticulate venation is a characteristic
of dicots. An exception to this generalisation?
A. Calophyllum
B. Ficus
c. Hibiscus
D. Zizyphus
11
225Among the following which one is the richest source of proteins
A. Wheat (Triticum vulgare)
B. Rice (Oryza sativa)
c. Gram (Cicer arietinum)
D. Ground nut (Arachis hypogea)
11
226Multicostate divergent reticulate venation is seen in ( ldots ). Ieaf.
A. Zizyphus
B. Bamboo
c. castor
D. Mango
11
227In Lathyrus aphasic, the leaves are modified into
A. Spine
B. Tendril
c. Scale
D. Stern-like structure
11
228A plant showing reticulate venation is
A . Ficus
B. Canna
c. Musa
D. zea
11
229Select the group of plants that possess
stilt roots.
A. Zea mays, Rhizophora mangal
B. Pandanus odoratissimus, Ficus benghalensis
c. Rhizophora mangal, Hedera helix
D. Ficus benghalensis, Pisum sativum
11
230Parkinsonia and Australian Acacia are
example of
A. Phylloclade
B. Winged fruit
c. Parachute mechanism
D. Phyllode
11
231Reticulate venation is observed mostly
in
A. Monocot plants
B. Dicot plants
c. Thallophytes
D. Bryophytes
11
232The main axis forms a cup-shaped receptacle with a narrow terminal opening. Flowers are arranged in cymose within the cup. The description refers to
A. Syconus
B. Cyathium
c. Hypanthodium
D. Verticillaster
11
233Which two of these vegetables correctly represent the homologous structures? Potato, Tomato, Radish, Brinjal, Carrot,
Bottle-ground
A. Carrot and Tomato
B. Potato and Brinjal
c. Radish and Carrot
D. Radish and Bottle-ground
11
234In the leaves, veins are useful for
A. Transport of water and minerals
B. Mechanical support
C. Transport of organic nutrients
D. All of the above
11
235Roots developing from plant parts other than radicle are
A. Epiphyllous
B. Epicaulose
c. Adventitious
D. Fibrous
11
236Assertion
Many plants are propagated vegetatively even though they bear
seeds.
Reason
Potatoes multiply by tubers and apple by grafting etc.
A. Both Assertion and Reason are correct and Reason is the correct explanation for Assertion
B. Both Assertion and Reason are correct but Reason is not the correct explanation for Assertion
c. Assertion is correct but Reason is incorrect
D. Both Assertion and Reason are incorrect
11
237How many histogen are present in a
monocot root apex?
( mathbf{A} cdot mathbf{1} )
B. 2
( c cdot 3 )
( D cdot 4 )
11
238How is water absorbed by root hairs in
plants? Explain.
11
239Number of female flowers found in
cyathium is
A .
B. 2
( c .3 )
D. several
11
240The leaves are modified into tendrils,
hooks, pitcher and bladder in the following plants respectively.
A. Sweet pea, cat’s nail, Nepenthes, Utricularia
B. Sweet pea, cat’s nail, Utricularia, Nepenthes
c. Nepenthes, cat’s nail, sweet pea, Utricularia
D. Nepenthes, sweet pea, cat’s nail, Utricularia
E. Utricularia, Nepenthes, cat’s nail, sweet pea
11
241Perianth occurs in family
A. Solanaceae
B. Fabaceae
c. Brassicaceae
D. Liliaceae
11
242Write correct sequence of four steps of
method for the preperation of temparary mount of stained leaf peel.
11
243In Sarracenia, the insect traping structure
is modified
A . Leaf
B. Leaf base
c. stipule
D. Axillary shoot
11
244All given modifications belong to adventitious roots, except
A. Reproductive root of Asparagus
B. Storage roots of sweet potato
c. conical roots of carrot
D. Prop roots of banyan tree
11
245Which of the following represents the
floral characters of Liliaceae?
A. Six sepals, zygomorphic, six stamens, bilocular ovary, axile placentation
B. Tetramerous, actinomorphic, polyphyllous, unilocular ovary, axile placentation
C. Trimerous, actinomorphic, polyandrous, superior ovary, axile placentation
D. Bisexual. zygomorphic, gamophyllous, inferior ovary, marginal placentation
E. Unisexual, actinomorphic, trilocular, inferior ovary, axile placentation
11
246Vexillum is found in
A . Rosaceae
B. Papilionaceae
c. Cruciferae
D. Solanaceae
11
247Plant that reserves its food in its roots
system is
A. Brinjal
B. Bean
c. carrot
D. Sugarcane
11
24850. The type of root formed in Be-
tel vine is
(1) Stilt Root
(2) Clinging Root
(3) Climbing Root
(4) Prop Root
11
249Name various parts of stamen11
250Bombaxleaf is
A. Tripinnate
B. Unipinnate
C. Multifoliate
D. Quadrifoliate
E. Trifoliate
11
251Assertion
Small leaflets are present on the
phyllode of Parkinsonia aculeata
Reason

Phyllode does not bear leaves and
flowers
A. If both the assertion and the reason are true and the
reason is a correct explanation of the assertion
B. If both the assertion and reason are true but the
reason is
not a correct explanation of the assertion
C. If the assertion is true but the reason is false
D. If both the assertion and reason are false

11
252In a leaf with parallel venation
A. Veins form a network on the leaf
B. Veins run parallel to the midrib
C. Veins run horizontal to the midrib
D. Veins crisscross each other to from an irregular
pattern
11
253In a leaf with reticulate venation
A. Veins forms a network on the leaf
B. Veins run parallel to the midrib
C. Veins run horizontal to the midrib
D. Veins criss-cross each other in an irregular pattern
11
254Potato is a modified
A. Petiole
B. Stem
( c . ) Root
D. Leaf
11
255Storage roots found in clusters at base
of stem are
A. Nodulose roots
B. Annulated roots
c. Tuberous roots
D. Fasciculated roots
E. Moniliform roots
11
256Which of the following is not a characteristic feature of Fabaceae
A. Descendingly. imbricate, ten stamens, diadelphous,
ovary superior
B. Sepals five, gamoseepalous, imbricate aestivation,
placentation marginal
c. Monocarpellary, ovary superior, style long, slightly bent
at the apex
D. zygomorphic flowers, diadelphous stamens, many
ovules
E. Corolla five petals, polypetalous, anterior one large and
outermost
11
257Match the columns
A. A-2, B-5, C-4, D-3, E-1
B. ( A-1, B-2, C-3, D-4, E-5 )
c. ( A-3, B-4, C-5 ) ( D-1 ) ( E-2 )
D. ( A-4, B-5, C-2, D-1 )
1.E
11
258Capitulum inflorescence is found in
A. Liliaceae
B. Papilionaceae
c. compositae
D. Rosaceae
11
259Caulifiory is?
A. Production of new plants from cauline buds
B. Formation of flowers from old stem
C. Development of flowers on young branches
D. Clustering of flowers
11
260Imparipinnate leaf is the one where
A. Leaflets are borne in pairs
B. Leaflets are small
c. Leaflets are large
D. Rachis is terminated by an odd leaflet
11
261Q Type your question
11
the latter in the pair represents the set
of characters present in Casuarina.
Study the following table:
Unisexual
flowers Chala
entry
( (i) )
Modified
aerial stem develop acropetally tube
(ii)
(iii) begin{tabular}{l|l|l}
& Pedicels of & \
& the & Presen \
Flowers & all flowers & of \
achlamydeous & are of & false \
& same & whorl \
& length & \
Cohesion of & Centrifugal & Male \
bracts & opening of & flowers \
forming & flower & many \
a cup & & \
& & Termin \
Flower & & part \
formation on & Presence of & of the \
one side in a & rachilla & pedunc \
spiral manner & & is \
& & flower \
& &
end{tabular} ( v )
(iv
A. Both (ii) and (iii)
B. Both (i) and (ii)
C. Both (iv) and (iii)
D. Both (iii) and (i)
11
26237. Solitary cymose inflorescence is
observed in
(1) Rose (2) Chinarose
(3) Tuberose (4) Gardenia
11
263In barley stem vascular bundles are –
A. Closed and radial
B. Open and scattered
c. closed and scattered
D. open and in a ring
11
264The most important function of inflorescence is to help in
A. Dispersal of seeds
B. Help in fertilization
c. Attracting insects for pollination
D. Forming large number of fruits
11
265Which among the following is a climber?
A. Cabbage
B. Pea
c. Potato
D. Yam
11
266When the stems have dense soft
coatings all over their surface, such surfaces are called as
A. Ribbed
B. Pubescent
c. succulent
D. Hairy
11
267Potato tuber is a modified
or
Edible part of potato is
A. Stem
B. Bulb
c. Stolon
D. Root
11
268Plants take in air through tiny openings called……….. which are present on
A . Leaves, stomata
B. Hydathodes, leaves
c. Stomata, stem
D. Stomata, leaves
11
269Quiescent centre theory for demonstrating apical organisation in root was proposed by
A. Schuepp
B. Hanstein
c. clowes
D. Nageli
11
270What is the arrangement of root zones
starting from root tip?
A. Root cap, cell division, cell enlargement and cell maturation
B. Root cap, cell division, cell maturation and cell enlargement
C. Cell division, cell maturation, cell enlargement and root cap
D. Cell division, cell enlargement, cell maturation and root cap
11
271Which of the following is not correctly paired?
A. Fabaceae: Legume family
B. Solanaceae: Potato family
c. Liliaceae: Sunflower family
D. Brassicaceae: Mustard family
11
272Study the following lists.
ListList-II
(A) A piece of underground
(I) Mentha food branches store
(B) Underground branches grow obliquely upward from
(II) Hydrocotyl the axillary buds of nodes of the stem below the soil.
(III) Agave and produce
(C) Aerial branches grow adventitious yownwards. ( quad ) roots after obliquely o touching the soil
(V) Stachys and
(D) Weak stemmed plants ( quad ) roots at every have a cluster of leaves.
(V) Jasminum
( A cdot A-(111), B-(1 V), C-(11), D-(1) )
B. A- (IV), B- (V), C- (III), D- (II)
C. ( A-(1 V), B-(1), C-(V), D-(11) )
D. ( A-(11), B-(V), C-(1), D-(1) )
11
273Origin of lateral roots is
A. Endogenous
B. Axillary
c. Exogenous
D. Peripheral
11
274Loranthus is a
A. Commensal
B. Epiphyte
C. Parasite
D. Symbiont
11
275Botanical name of radish is
B. Brassica oleracea
c. Raphanus sativus
D. None of the above
11
276Differentiate between tap root and
fibrous root
11
277In floating leaved plants, stomata occur
on.
A. Lower surface
B. Upper surface
c. Both surfaces
D. Absent
11
278Velamen is a tissue found in
A. Parasites
B. All epiphytes
c. Aerial roots of some orchids/ vanda
D. Halophytes
11
279If the stamens can swing freely on the filaments, the condition is called
A. Basifixed
B. Dorsifixed
c. versatile
D. Adnate
11
280Name the plant having reticulate venation.
A. Musa
B. Mangifera
c. oryza
D. canna
11
281Statement 1: The stem tubers are the
swollen ends of specialized underground stem branches, which help in vegetative propagation of the plant. Statement 2: Solanum tuberosum is an
example of a stem tuber which stores inulin as the main reserve food
material.
A. Both statement 1 and 2 are correct
B. Statement 1 is correct but statement 2 is incorrect
c. statement 1 is incorrect but statement 2 is correct
D. Both statement 1 and 2 are incorrect
11
282Leaves are modified into hygroscopic appendages in
A. Tamarix
B. Tamarindus
c. Albizzia
D. Butea
11
28333. Which one of the following com.
binations is correct?
(1) Brassica – Liliaceae
(2) Allium cepa – Cruciferae
(3) Acacia – Caesalpiniaceae
(4) Pyrethrum – Compositae
11
284Potato tuber is modified/edible part of
potato is
A. Stem
B. Bulb
c. stolon
D. Root
11
285Aroids store food in
A. Inflorescence
B. Enlarged root
c. Leaf bases
D. Swollen stem
11
286The number of whorls present in a bisexual flower is
A. one
B. Three
c. Two
D. Four
11
287Justify the following statements on the basis of external features:
(i) Underground parts of a plant are not always roots.
(ii) Flower is a modified shoot
11
288A distinct endodermis is a constant
feature of
A. Dicot leaves
B. Monocot stems
c. Monocot leaves
D. Dicot stema
11
289Roots do not occur in
A. Wolffia
c. Utricularia
D. All the above
11
290Velamen present in orchids help in
A. Support
B. Respiration
c. Absorption of moisture from air
D. synthesizing food
11
291Main function of leaf is
A. Transpiration
B. Exchange of gases
C. Photosynthesis
D. Cooling
11
292In which of the following plant axillary bud is modified into the tendril?
A. Pitcher plant
B. cactus
c. snake gourd
D. Pumpkin
11
293Which of the following is a subaeria
stem modification with long internode?
A. Rhizome
B. Offset
c. Runner
D. sucker
11
294Mention the function of pneumatophore11
295Hygroscopic roots occur in
A. Vanda
B. Rhizophora
C . Bryophyllum
D. All the above
11
296Select the characters which are not
applicable to the family Solanaceae.
(i) Epipetalous and syngenesious anthers
(ii) Bicarpellary and synchronous ovary
(iii) Superior ovary with axile placentation
(iv) Stamens six and are arranged in
two whorls
(v) Bicarpellary, synchronous and inferior ovary
A. (ii) and (iii) only
B. (i), (iv) and (v) only
c. (ii), (iv) and (v) only
D. (i) and (iii) only
E. (iii), (iv) and (v) only
11
297Leaves of a healthy potted plant were coated with vaseline; will this plant remain healthy for long?11
298Explain the main functions of leaf.11
299If a plant has fibrous root, what type of venation are its leaves likely to have?11
300A modified aerial stem which performs function of photosynthesis, but the modification is actually to reduce the rate of transpiration is
A. Cladode
B. Phylloclade
c. Phyllode
D. Both A and B
11
301Midrib is observed in which part of leaf?
A. Leaf base
B. Lamina
c. Petiole
D. stipule
11
302What is aestivation ? Describe various
types of aestivation.
11
303The arrangement of leaves on a branch
is
A. Phyllode
B. Phyllotaxy
c. Phylloclade
D. Phloem
11
304Family Compositae can be distinguished from Solanaceae in
A. Capitulum inflorescence
B. Gamopetalous corolla
c. Epipetalous stamens
D. Bicarpellary gynoecium
11
305Placentation is swollen and axile in
family
A . Asteraceae
B. Liliaceae
c. Fabaceae
D. Solanaceae
11
306Approximate diameter of Victoria regia leaf is
( A cdot 1 m )
в. 1.3
( c cdot 4 m )
D. 3m
11
307An example of Liliaceae family is
A. Lupin
B. Soyabean
c. Petunia
D. Tulip
11
308Capitulum inflorescence is found in
A. Compositae (Asteraceae)
B. Cruciferae (Brassicaceae)
c. Solanaceae
D. Malvaceae
11
309Major source of protein is
A . Oryza sativa
B. Cicer arietinum
c. Beta vulgaris
D. Rhizobium leguminosarum
11
310Pick out the plant with unipinnate type of compound leaves from the plant names given: Trifolium, Neem, Moringa.11
311The type of inflorescence in Ocimum
sanctum is
A. Hypanthodium
B. Cyathium
c. verticillaster
D. Thyrse
11
312In one plant, adventitious roots are
modified for storage and in the other plant a lateral branch with short
internodes and each node bearing a rosette of leaves and a tuft of roots. They
are
A. Sweet Potato and Pistia
B. Eichhornia and Jasmine
c. carrot and Mint
D. Turni and Chrysanthemum
E. Sweet potato and mint
11
313Complex inflorescence of which plant is
used as food?
A. Rhaphanus sativus
B. Brassica rapa
c. Brassica oleracea
D. Mustard
11
314The type of inflorescence in a plant showing polygamous condition and lateral styles is
A. Compound umbel
B. Compound headd
c. compound raceme
D. compound corymb
11
315What are the differences between a
pinnately compound leaf and a branch bearing simple leaves?
11
316Match list I with list II and select the
correct option.
( begin{array}{llll} & text { List I } & & text { List II } \ text { A. } & text { Gemmules } & text { 1. } & text { Agave } \ text { B. } & text { Leaf-buds } & text { 2. } & text { Penicillum } \ text { C. } & text { Bulbil } & text { 3. } & text { Water hyacinth } \ text { D. } & text { Offset } & text { 4. } & text { Sponges } \ text { E. } & text { Conidia } & text { 5. } & text { Bryophyllum }end{array} )
( mathbf{A} )
( A-4, B-5, C-1, D-3, E-2 )
2
B. A- ( 4, B-3, C-2, D-1, E-5 )
C. ( A-3, B-5, C-4, D-2, E-1 )
D. ( A-4, B-1, C-5, D-3, E-2 )
E. ( A-3, B-5, C-4, D-1, E-2 )
11
317Lateral roots originate from
A. Cortex
B. Epidermis
c. Endodermis
D. Pericycle
11
318Which of the following leaf fibres are considered hard because of high lignin content in their cell walls
A . Agave
B. Yucca
c. Musa textilis
D. All of the above
11
319Plants with joined stem and hollow
internodes are known as
A. Culms
B. Scape
c. Ephemerals
D. Lianas
11
320Pneumatophore is present in
A. Rhizophora
B. Nerium
c. Hibiscus
D. Acaccia
11
321Match the item in column I with column
I and choose the correct answer.
( begin{array}{ll}text { Column } 1 & text { Column } 2 \ text { A. Microspermae } & text { 1. Alismaceae } \ text { B. Epigynae } & text { 2. Liliaceae } \ text { C. Calycinae } & text { 3. Iridaceae } \ text { D. Apocarpae } & text { 4. Orchidaceae } \ text { E. Coronarieae } & text { 5. Palmae }end{array} )
( mathbf{A} )
( A-3, B-2, C-1, D-5, E-4 )
B. ( A-2, B-4, C-3, D-5, E-1 )
( C cdot A-4, B-3, C-5, D-1, E-2 )
D. ( A-4, B-1, C-3, D-5, E-2 )
11
322Veins are strands on the
lamina.
A. conducting
B. Transpirational
c. Exceptional
D. Flattened
11
323Explain with well labelled diagram different regions of root and also
explain structure of root hair?
11
324Match ligule with one of the followings
A. Root
B . Leaf
c. stem
D. Rhizome
11
325Petiole is modified into tendril in
A . Passiflora
B. Gloriosa
c. Pisum
D. Clematis
11
326Which of the following is the subaerial stem modification with long internodes?
A. Rhizome
B. Offset
c. Runner
D. sucker
11
327The axis of inflorescence is known as
A. Petiole
B. Pedicle
c. Peduncle
D. Pinna
11
328Differentiate between rhizome and bulb11
329Write two examples of plants with tendrils.11
33033. The rootless plant is :
(1) ginger (2) lemon
(3) lemna (4) banana
11
331Atropa belladona, an important medicinal plant is of the family
A . Liliaceae
B. Cucurbitaceae
c. cruciferae
D. Solanaceae
11
332Which of the following function is not performed by underground stem?
A. Reproduction
B. Assimilation
c. Perennation
D. storage
11
333In a longitudinal section of a root, starting from the tip and going upwards, the four zones occur in the following order
A. Root cap, cell division, cell maturation, cell enlargement
B. Cell division, cell enlargement, cell maturation, root cap
c. cell division, cell maturation, cell enlargement, root cap
D. Root cap, cell division, cell enlargement, cell maturation
11
334Which of the following represents
petiole?
( A )
( B )
( c )
( D )
11
335A plant with epidermis specialised to absorb mositure from air is?
A. Avicennia
B. Vanda
c. Rhizophora
D. Jussiaea
11
336Oblique ovary is found in
A. Liliaceae
B. Solanaceae
c. Asteraceae
D. Poaceae
11

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