Morphology Of Flowering Plants Questions

We provide morphology of flowering plants practice exercises, instructions, and a learning material that allows learners to study outside of the classroom. We focus on morphology of flowering plants skills mastery so, below you will get all questions that are also asking in the competition exam beside that classroom.

List of morphology of flowering plants Questions

Question No Questions Class
1 Which one of the following inflorescences is found in a sunflower?
A. Capitulum
B. Cyathium
c. Panicle
D. spadix
2 Aestivation found in pea flowers is
A. Twisted
B. Valvate
c. Imbricate
D. Vexillary
3 Plants store waste materials in
A. Old leaves
B. Vacuoles
c. Both A and B
D. None of the above
4 Lateral style is found in
A. Petunia
B. Mango
c. Sunflower
D. calotropis
5 Radish is an example of
A. Fusiform root
B. Napiform root
c. conical root
D. Tuberous root
6 The leaf in which the stomata remains
confined to lower surface of the leaf is
known as
A. Amphistomatic
B. Hypostomatic
c. Epistomatic
D. All of the above
7 Shoot-apex protected by
A. Root cap
B. Shoot cap
c. Calyptra
D. Primordial leaves
8 Passiflora is the examples of
A. Stem tendril
B. Phylloclade
c. Thorn
D. Cladode
9 Name two plants which have fibrous
10 Which is not a product of root?
A. Sugarbeet
B. Carrot
c. Radish
D. Potato
11 Reticulate venation is found in the
plants with
A. Tap root system
B. Fibrous root system
c. Branched root system
D. Both A and C
12 Assertion
In imbricate aestivation, out of five
petals, one is completely internal, one is completely external and in each of the
remaining three petals, one margin is
internal and the other is external.

Ascending imbricate aestivation is found in Cassia and Gulmohur.
A. Both Assertion and Reason are correct and Reason is the correct explanation for Assertion
B. Both Assertion and Reason are correct but Reason is not the correct explanation for Assertion
C. Assertion is correct but Reason is incorrect
D. Both Assertion and Reason are incorrect

13 The inflorescence found in coconut
plant is
A. Compound spadix
B. Hypanthodium
c. Cyathium
D. Vesti cillaster
14 The association of Nitrogen fixing bacteria (nodule bacteria) with
leguminous roots is known as
A. Saprophytism
B. Symbiosis
c. Epiphytism
D. Parasitism
15 Cuticle is made up of
A. Glycerol and hydrocarbon polymers impregnated with wax
B. Lipid and hydrocarbon polymers impregnated with wax
C. Fatty acid and hydrocarbon polymers impregnated with wax
D. None of the above
16 33. The male sex hormone is
(1) Progesterone
(2) Estrogen
(3) Testosterone
(4) Insulin
17 In the leaves of which of the following are bulliform cells found?
A. Sunflower
B. Wheat
c. Tinospora
D. Potato
18 A beautiful whorl, which encloses whole of the inflorescence is
A. Bract
B. Spadix
c. spathe
D. Involucre
19 Aestivation of petals in the flower of
cotton is correctly shown in
( A )
( (a) )
( c )
( (c) )
( D )
( (d) )
20 Which among the following properties are not shown by the roots?
A. Distinction of primary and secondary roots
B. Distinction of nodes and internodes
c. Tertiary roots and rootlets
D. Endogenous branches
21 Hypanthodium inflorescence is found
A. Coriander
B. Sunflower
c. Cauliflower
D. Figg
22 In Erythrina indica and Dolichos lablab, the leaves are
A. Unipinnate
B. Bipinnate
c. Tripinnate
D. Trifoliate
23 Histogens capping root apical meristem is
A. Dermatogen
B. Calyptrogen
c. Periblem
D. Plerome
24 The function of root cap is
A. Protection of root tip and control of geotropic movement
B. Storage of food products
C. Absorption of nutrients
D. None of the above
25 The placenta is swollen and fleshy in
A. Solanaceae
B. Cucurbitaceae
c. compositae
D. Liliaceae
26 Give an example of a parasitic plant with yellow, slender and tubular stem 11
27 In Funaria, archegonia attracts antherozoids by
A. Sucrose / Sugar
B. Malic acid
c. Maleic acid
D. Citric acid
28 Scientific names of potato and tomato plants are
A. Potato- Solanum tuberosum- Solanaceae
B. Tomato- Lycopersicum esculentum- – Solanaceae
c. Potato- Ocimum sanctum- Lamiaceae
D. Both A and B
29 Which of following the plant has reticulate venation?
A. Musa
B. Mangifera
c. oryza
D. canna
30 Familiar examples of family Liliaceae
A. Allium cepa, Aloe vera and Tamarindus indica
B. Saraca indica, Allium cepa and Aloe Vera
C. Allium sativum, Allium cepa and Aloe Vera
D. Tamarindus indica, Allium cepa and Allium sativum
31 What is hydathode? 11
32 49. Of the following Rapeseed
belongs to
(1) Linseed (2) Coffee
(3) Mustard (4) Pepper
33 Which of the following is/are the characteristics of the family whose floral diagram is given?
(i) Aloe, Asparagus and Colchicum belong to this family
(ii) Flower is zygomorphic.
(iii) Floral formula is ( 0+P 3+3 A 3+3 G 3 )
(Fruits are berry or capsule.
A . (i),(ii) and (iii)
B. (iii) only
c. (i) only
D. (i), (iii) and (iv)
34 Identify the correct statements from the
(I) A single male and a few female flowers are present in a flowers like inflorescence in poinsettia.
(II) Sessile or subsessile flowers formed
in the axils of leaves are crowded at the
nodes in Leonotis.
(III) In Ficus, a fruit like inflorescence is
present with all fertile flowers.
(IV) The floral axis is sympoidal in
( A cdot(11),(1 vee) )
B. (1), (IV)
c. (॥), (॥I)
D. (I), (III)
35 Three types of flowers occur in the inflorescence of
A. Raceme
B. Hypanthodium
c. Cyathium
D. Umbel
36 Assertion
Antheridia of Funaria are sunk in pit.
Its antheridial cluster is surrounded by
perigoniai leaves
A. If both the assertion and the reason are true and the
reason is a correct explanation of the assertion
B. If both the assertion and reason are true but the
reason is not a correct explanation of the assertion
C. If the assertion is true but the reason is false
D. If both the assertion and reason are false
37 A sessile plant is a plant
A. Which has modified leaves
B. Which has petioles
C. Which does not possess petioles
D. Which cannot synthesise its own food
38 An underground specialised shoot with reduced disc like stem covered by
fleshy leaves is
A. Bulb
B. Bulbil
C. Rhizome
D. Rhizophore
39 Corolla is papilionaceous in
A. Fabaceae
B. Asteraceae
c. Poaceae
D. Solanaceae
40 Which one of the following is of related type?
A. Catkin and Hypanthodium
B. Raceme and Cyathium
c. corymb and umbel
D. Verticillaster and spike
41 Largest number of chloroplasts in the leaf is in.
A. Spongy tissue
B. Palisade tissue
c. Guard cells
D. Bundle sheath
42 Indian rose wood tree is common name
A. Acacia
B. Shorea
c. Dalbergia
D. Eucalyptus
43 toppr OG
Q Type your question
these alphabets have been correctly
matched with the parts which they
A. A- Root hair, B- Epiblema, C- Cortex, D- Endodermis, EPassage cell, F- Pericycle, G- Pith, H- Phloem, IMetaxylem, J- Protoxylem
B. A- Root hair, B- Epiblema, C- Cortex, D- Endodermis, EPassage cell, F- Pith, G- Pericycle, H- Metaxylem, IPhloem, J- Protoxylem
C. A- Root hair, B- Epiblema, C- Cortex, D- Endodormis, EPericycle, F- Passage cell, G- Phloem, H- Pith, IProtoxylem, J- Metaxylem
D. A- Root hair, B- Cortex, C- Epiblema, D- Pericycle, EEndodermis, F- Pith, G- Passage cell, H- Phloem, Protoxylem, J- Metaxylem
44 The type of corolla aestivation in pea flower is
A. valvate
B. Twisted
c. Imbricate
D. Vexillary
45 Which of the following is a dicotyledonous family?
A . Liliaceae
B. Solanaceae
c. Pappilionaceae
D. Both B and C
46 Very short answer type. Name a symbiotic bacterium. 11
47 Inflorescence of sunflower is
A. Umbel
B. Cyathium
c. Hypanthodium
D. Capitulum
48 What do you mean by Aestivation? Explain types of aestivation. 11
49 Which of the following floral parts forms pericarp after fertilization?
A. Nucellus
B. Outer integument
c. ovary wall
D. Inner integument
50 Diplostemonous androecium occurs in
A. silene
B. Murraya
c. Asparagus
D. Brassica
51 Economically important edible part of Ipomoea batatas is?
A. Rhizome
B. Stem tuber
c. Underground fruit
D. Underground root tuber
52 What are tap roots? 11
53 Differentiate between.
Sporangiospores and conidiospores
54 First few leaves on a stem which are
different from other leaves are called as
A. Prophylls
B. Sporophylls
c. cataphylls
D. Hypsophylls
55 Prickles of rose are
A. Modified leaves
B. Modified stipules
C. Exogenous in origin
D. Endogenous in origin
56 Primary roots and its branches constitutes to
B. Tap root system
c. Fibrous roots
D. Seminal roots
57 Quiescent centre is found on
A. Root tip
B. Shoot tip
C. Floral tip
D. Leaf tip
58 What type of leaf margin is found in
A. Crenate
B. Dentate
c. Entire
D. serrate
59 Nodulated roots occur in
A. Pea
B. Wheat
C. Mustard
D. Rice
60 Parallel venation is a characteristic
feature of
A. Monocotyledon
B. Dicotyledon
c. Pteridophytes
D. Bryophytes
61 Phyllotaxy is the arrangement of
A. Leaflets
B. Leaves
c. stipules
D. Branches
62 Common examples of family Liliaceae
A. Allium cepa, Aloe vera and Tamarindus indica
B. Saraca indica, Allium cepa and Aloe vera
C. Allium sativum, Allium cepa and Aloe vera
63 Axillary buds are used to raise crop of
A. Wheat
B. Rice
c. Groundnut
D. Sugarcane
64 Match the items in Column I with
Column II and choose the correct
( begin{array}{ll}text { Column I } & text { Column II } \ text { A. Tubercular storage roots } & text { 1. Tinospora } \ text { B. Pneumatophores } & text { 2. Heritiera } \ text { C. Haustoria } & text { 3. Asparagus } \ text { D. Prop-roots } & text { 4. Viscum } \ text { E Assimilatory roots } & text { 5. Screwpine }end{array} )
A . A- 2, B- 3, C- 4, D- 5, E- –
B. A- ( 3, ) B-4, C- 5, D-1, E-2
c. ( A-3, ) В- ( 1, ) С- ( 2, ) D- ( 5, ) Е- 4
D. A- 5, B- 4, C- 3, D- 2, E- –
E. ( A-3, B-2, C-4, D-5 )
65 A plant which does not have roots is?
A . Utricularia
B. Nelumbo
c. Trapa
D. Avicennia
66 Lateral root in higher plants arise from
A. Cortex
B. Pericycle
c. Epidermis
D. Endodermis
67 Main root of tap root system represents
A. Plumule axis of the seed
B. Embryo axis of the seed
C. Radicle axis of the seed
D. Hypocotyl part of the seed
68 Roots are absent in
A. Wolffia
B. Utricularia
c. Nymphaea
D. Both A and B
69 In Brassica oleracea var. capitata
(cabbage), the edible part is
A. Infloresence
B. Flower budd
c. vegetative bud
D. Stem
70 Clinging and epiphytic roots are found
A. Orchid
B. Tinospora
c. Rhizophora
D. Pothos
71 Assertion
Phyllotaxy deals with morphology of
Foliage denotes all leaves of a plant.
A. If both the assertion and the reason are true and the
reason is a correct explanation of the assertion
B. If both the assertion and reason are true but the
reason is not a correct explanation of the assertion
C. If the assertion is true but the reason is false
D. If both the assertion and reason are false
72 Heads of Lettuce are
A. Undeveloped inflorescence
B. Unopened flowers
c. Buds
D. Modified stems
73 What are the different types of adventitious root modifications? 11
74 Brownish branches coming down from
crown of Banyan tree and reaching the soil are
A. Prop roots
B. Stilt roots
c. Additional trunks
D. Pillar branches
75 Bulb is a modified
A . Leaf
B. Shoot
( c . ) Root
D. Flower
76 Write a note on phyllotaxy. 11
77 In which of the following aestivation of sepals ( & ) petals one margin covers the other ( & ) its margin is covered by previous one
A. valvate
B. Twisted
c. Imbricate
D. Quincuncial
78 Petiole part of the leaf is also known as
A. Epipodium
B. Mesopodium
c. Hypopodium
D. None of the above
79 Branched leaf spines occur in
A. Acacia
B. opuntia
c. Berberis vulgaris
D. Asparagus
80 Oil found in groundnut accumulates in
A. Embryo
B. cotyledons
c. Endosperm
D. None of the above
81 Among the following, which plant is completely devoid of roots?
A. ceratophyllum
B. Hydrilla
c. vallisneria
D. Azolla
82 The inflorescence in cauliflower is
A. Compound corymb
B. Corymb
c. Umbel
D. catkin
83 In sweet pea, the tendrils are
modification of
A. Stem branches
B. Leaflets
c. stipules
D. None of the above
84 Match the following
( mathbf{A} )
(i) ( -a,(i i)-b,(i i i)-c,(i v) d )
B. (i) ( -b,(i i)-c,(i i i)-a,(i v)-d )
C. (i) – b, (ii) – a, (iii) – d, (iv) c
D. (i) – d, (ii) – c, (iii) – b, (iv) – a
85 What do you understand by special types of inflorescence? Describe them
with diagrams and examples.
86 Define the term aestivation 11
87 Inflorescence consisting of sessile bisexual flowers arranged acropetally on an elongated axis is?
A. Spandix
B. Catkin
c. Raceme
D. Spike
88 Legume is the characteristic fruit of
89 Venation is monocots in
A. Pinnate reticulate
B. Palmate reticulate
C . Pinnate parallel
D. Parallel
90 Is it possible for you to recognize the leaves without seeing them? How? 11
91 Onions are modified
A. Stem
B. Leaves
( c . ) Root
D. All of the above
92 How is a pinnately compound leaf
different from a palmately compound
93 Coleorrhiza is a cap like covering over
A. Plumule in a dicot
B. The radical in a monocot
c. Radicle in dicot
D. Plumule in a monocot
94 Green leaf like one internode long stem branches/phylloclades are called
A. Phylloclades
B. Phyllodes
c. Bulbils
D. Cladodes
95 Zig-zag development of flower on
inflorescence axis is
A. Cyathium
B. Capitulum
C. Helicoid cyme
D. Scorpioid cyme
96 In which of the following, whole leaf is modified into tendril?
A. Pisum sativum
B. Lathyrus aphaca
c. Gloriosa superba
D. None of the above
97 Sweet potato is homologous to
A. Potato
B. colocasia.
c. Ginger.
D. Turnip
98 Bombax leaf is
A. Tripinnate
B. Unipinnate
C . Multifoliate
D. Quadrifoliate
99 Parkinsonia is good example of
A. Phylloclade
B. Parachute mechanism
c. Phyllode
D. winged fruit
100 Solanine is
A. Not known to be harmful to humans
B. A naturally occurring toxin found in green potatoes
C. A naturally occurring toxin found in shellfish
D. A toxin that grows on corn and peanut products
101 Immature gular fruit is
A. Berry
B. Samara fruit
c. Hypanthodium inflorescence
D. Swollen twig tip
102 Identify the correct order.
1. Mineral absorption zone.
2. Meristematic zone.
3. Maturation zone.
4. Water absorption zone.
в. 4,3,2,1
c. 2,4,1,3
D. 1,2,3,4
103 Rhizophora possesses
A. Pneumatophores
B. Prop roots
C . Stilt roots
D. Modified roots
104 Fruit in members of Solanaceae is
A . Drupe
B. Capsule or berry
c. siliqua
D. Pod or achene
105 Q Type your question
climbıng up. Identıty the type of tendrıl
that is seen in Clematis
( A )
( c )
106 Which one of the following organisms is
correctly matched with its three
A. Pea- ( C_{3} ) -pathway, endospermic seed, vexillary aestivation
B. Tomato- twisted aestivation, axile placentation, berry
C. Onion- Bulb, Imbricate aestivation, axile placentation
D. Maize- ( C_{3} ) -pathWay, closed vascular bundle, scutellum
107 Assertion
When the ambient temperature is high and soil contains excess of water, the plants tend to lose water in the form of
droplets from lenticels.
Root pressure regulates the rate of loss of water form lenticels.
A. Both Assertion and Reason are correct and Reason is the correct explanation for Assertion
B. Both Assertion and Reason are correct but Reason is not the correct explanation for Assertion
c. Assertion is correct but Reason is incorrect
D. Both Assertion and Reason are incorrect
108 Stem tendrils are found in
A. Cucurbita and Pisum
B. Pisum and Lathyrus
c. vitis and Passiflora
D. Smilax and Geranium
109 Eucalyptus plant possesses twiners.
A. True
B. False
110 Assertion
The two cotyledons in seed are
embryonic leaves.
The embryo contains radicle and
A. Both Assertion and Reason are correct and Reason is
the correct explanation for Assertion.
B. Both Assertion and Reason are correct but Reason is not the correct explanation for Assertion.
C. Assertion is correct but Reason is incorrect.
D. Both Assertion and Reason are incorrect.
111 Which amongst the following options
contains mismatched pair?
A. direct elongation of radical -primary roots
B. root system originating from the stem’s base – fibrous roots
C. roots not arising from the radical – stit roots
D. constitution of primary root and its branches – tap root system
E. All are correctly matched.
112 In a raceme, the flower arrangement is?
A. Basipetal
B. Centripetal
c. centrifugal
D. Acropetal
113 Which of the following are not
characteristic features of fabaceae?
A. The root system, compound leaves and raceme inflorescence
B. Flowers actinomorphic, twisted aestivation and gamopetalous
c. Stamens 10 , introrse, basifixed, dithecous
D. Monocarpellary, ovary superior and bent stigma
E. Fruit is legume
114 Which among the following is a rootless plant?
A. Nymphaea
B. Sagittaria
c. ceratophyllum
D. Vallisneria
115 Match the following columns.
( begin{array}{ll}text { Column I } & text { Column II } \ text { A. Opuntia } & text { 1. Stem thorns } \ text { B. Asparagus } & text { 2. Phylloclades } \ text { C. Citrus } & text { 3. Cladodes }end{array} )
( A cdot A-1, B-2, C-3 )
B. A- 2, B-3, C-1
C. ( A-3, B-2, C-1 )
D. A- 2, B-1, C-3
116 Root cap regenerated/dead torn cells of root cap are replaced by the activity of
A. Plerome
B. Dermatogen
c. Calyptrogen
D. Periblem
117 Which part of plant is modified into (i)
Pitcher in Pitcher Plant (ii) Tendril in Pumpkin (iii) Haustoria in Cuscuta (iv) Tendril in Pea.
118 Leaves are modified into spines in
A. Nepenthes
B. Australian Acacia
c. opuntia
D. Utricularia
E. Tamarix
119 Differentiate between corm and bulb. 11
120 Period between initiation of two
successive leaves or nodes is
A. Plastochron
B. Diurnal cyclicity
c. Internode
D. Allelopathy
121 Zygomorphic flower with vexillary aestivation, diadelphous androecium and marginal placentation occurs in
A. Pisum
B. Aloe
c. Brinjal
D. Belladona
E. Asparagus
122 A dicot leaf having parallel venation is
A. Eryngium
B. Zizyphus
c. Ricinus
D. cassia
123 Assertion
Subaerial stem modifications
participate in vegetative reproduction.
They store water and food.
A. Assertion and reason are true, reason is correct explanation of assertion.
B. Assertion and reason are true,reason is not the correct explanation of assertion.
c. Assertion is true reason is false
D. Assertion is false reason is true
124 Lianas are
A. Weak stemmed trailers
B. Woody stemmed climbers and twiners
C . Trees with twisted stems
D. Plants with woody stems and medium height
125 Match the column I with column II and
select the correct option from the gives
( begin{array}{llll} & text { Column } & & text { Column II } \ & text { I } & & \ text { A. } & text { Pedicel } & text { (i) } & text { Reduces leaf } \ text { B. } & text { peduncle } & text { (ii) } & begin{array}{l}text { Stalk of the } \ text { flower }end{array} \ text { C. } & text { Bract } & text { (iii) } & text { Stalk of the leaf } \ text { D. } & text { Petiole } & text { (iv) } & begin{array}{l}text { Inflorescence } \ text { axis }end{array}end{array} )
( mathbf{A} )
B. ( A-(text { iii) }, B-(i v), C-(i), D-(i i) )
C. A-(iii), B-(ii), C-(i), D-(iv)
D. A-(ii), B-(iii), C-(i), D-(iv)
126 A root swollen in the form of closely arranged rings is called
A. Annulated
B. Moniliform
c. Fasciculated
D. Beaded
127 In sugarcane, the adventitious roots are called as
A. Prop roots
B. Prop and tuberous roots
c. Pneumatophores
D. None of the above
128 Allium cepa belongs to the family
A. Solanaceae
B. Liliaceae
c. Cruciferae
D. compositae
129 The cuticle present above the epidermis is helpful in reducing
A. Transpiration
B. Respiration
c. Photosynthesis
D. None of the above
130 Modified stem present in Gladiolus is
A. Bulb
B. Rhizome
c. corm
D. Bulbils
131 43. Banan sa:
(1) Undershrub (2) Shrub
(3) Tree
(4) Herb
132 45. Where does the cabbage store
food ?
(1) Leaves
(2) Stem
(3) Fruit (4) Root
133 Anthers dehisce by terminal pores in
A. Pea
B. Petunia
c. Datura
D. Solanum
134 ( begin{array}{ll}text { Types of roots } & text { Plants } \ text { A) Prop root } & text { 1) Radish } \ text { B) Epiphytic root } & text { 2) Turnip } \ text { C) Stilt root } & text { 3) Cassava } \ text { D) Tuberous root } & text { 4) Baniyan } \ text { E) Fusiform } & text { 5) Maize } \ text { F) Napiform } & text { 6) Orchid }end{array} )
( mathbf{A} )
( A-1, B-2, C-3, D-4, E-5, F-7 )
B. A-2, B-4, C-6, D-1, E-2, F- 5
C. ( A-4, B-6, C-5, D-3, E-1, F-2 )
D. A- 4, B-1, C- 2, D-3, E- 5, F- 6
135 Chilli is
A. Solanum melongena
B. Atropa acuminata
C . Capsicum annuum
D. Physalis peruviana
136 The floral formula belongs to the Family
( oplus bigoplus K_{(5)} C_{(5)} A_{5} underline{G}_{(2)} )
A. Fabaceae
B. Asteraceae
c. Solanceae
D. Liliaceae
137 What are the differences between a
thorn and prickle? Describe with
138 Define aestivation in flowers. 11
139 Angle between leaf and upper or younger part of stem is called as
A. node
B. internode
c. stem
D. axil
140 Leaf base is sheathing in
A. Wheat
B. Maize
c. Grass
D. All of the above
141 Floret is
A. Small fruit
B. Small flower
C. Small sessile flower
D. Small neuter flower
142 Cyathium and hypanthodium types of inflorescence are similar in having.
A. Nectarglands
B. Apical pore
c. Petaloid bracts
D. Unisexual flowers
143 The stem is modified to store the food in
A. Potato
B. Carrot
c. Turnip
D. Dahlia
144 In which of the following, the growing point ends in a flower?
A. Raceme
B. Verticillaster
c. catkin
D. Spike
145 To prevent the loss of water, the leaves
of cactus plants are modified into
A. Scaly leaves
B. Tendrils
c. spines
D. Prop roots
146 Consider the following statements:
(a) In leguminous plants, leaf base becomes swollen, called pulvinus.
(b) The fleshy leaves of onion and garlic
store food
(c) In Alstonia, leaves show alternate
(d) The lamina in Australian acacia
become green and synthesize food.
Of the above statements.
A ( cdot(b) ) and
(d) are correct
B. (a) and
(c) are correct
c. (a) and (b) are correct
D. (b) and
(c) are correct
E . (a) and
(d) are correct
147 Odd sepal is anterior in family
A. Solanaceae
B. Asteraceae
c. Brassicaceae
D. Fabaceae
148 A leaf is identified from
A. Flat green lamina
B. Presence of leaf blade and petiole
C . Presence of axillary bud
D. Occurrence of chlorophyll
149 Edible part of cabbage is
A. Flower
B. Inflorescence
c. Stem
D. Budd
150 What is leaf venation? 11
151 is not unisexual flower.
A. coconnut
в. Papaya a
c. Gulmohar
D. watermelon
152 Petiole is modified into tendril in
A. Gloriosa
B. Passiflora
c. Nepenthes
D. Luffa
153 Identify the correct aestivations.
A. a-valvate, b-Twisted, c-Vexillary, d-Imbricate
B. a-Valvate, b-Twisted, c-lmbricate, d-Vexillary
C. a-Valvate, b-Vexillary, c-Twisted, d-Imbricate
D. a-Vexillary, b-Imbricate, c-Twisted, d-Valvate
( mathrm{E} ). a-Valvate, b-lmbricate, c-Twisted, d-Vexillary
154 Which of the following kinds of venation is present in banana?
A . Reticulate unicostate
B. Reticulate multicostate
c. parallel unicostate
D. parallel multicostate
155 Velamen, the spongy tissue found in
A. Breathing roots of halophytes
B. Parasitic plants
C. All aerial roots
D. Aerial roots of epiphytic orchids
156 Bipinnate leaves and spiny stipules are the characteristics of family
A. Papilionaceae
B. Cesalpinoideae
c. Mimosoideae
D. Malvaceae
157 The leaves are modified into pitcher in
A. Drosera
B. Aldrovendra
c. sarracenia
D. Utricularia
158 Leguminous plants have their roots modified into
A. Fibrous roots
B. Stilt roots
c. Nodulated roots
D. Prop roots
159 Lycopersicon esculentum belongs to the family
A. Solanaceae
B. Malvaceae
c. cruciferae
D. Cucurbitaceae
160 are the green stems of limited growth which have taken over the function of photosynthesis fro leaves.
A. phylloclades
B. cladodes
c. phyllodes
D. Stem thorns
161 Lateral roots arise from primordia developed by division of
A. Pericycle cells in between two protoxylem points
B. Pericycle cells opposite protoxylem points
C. Endodermis cells in between two protoxylem points
D. Endodermis opposite protoxylem points
162 Protruded part of meristem flank bearing leaf primordium is called
A. Leaf base
B. Leaf buttress
c. Node
D. Plastochron
163 The largest leaf belongs to
A. Nerium
B. Nicotiana
c. victoria
D. Rafflesia
164 Casparian strips are present in
of the root.
A. Epiblema
B. cortex
c. Pericycle
D. Endodermis
165 Why is the upper slide of the leaf more
green than the lower slide?
166 Thorns with leaves and flowers are
found in
A. Bougainvillea
B. Carissa
c. Duranta
D. Artabotrys
167 Which roots amongst the following grow against gravitational force?
A. Prop roots
B. Stilt roots
c. Buttress roots
D. Pneumatophores
168 In a sweet pea, tendrils are modified
A. Stipule
B. Stem
c. Leaf
D. Leaflet
169 Assertion
Prickles of last have a single role of
protection of plant
They are superficial in origin.
A. If both the assertion and the reason are true and the
reason is a correct explanation of the assertion
B. If both the assertion and reason are true but the
reason is not a correct explanation of the assertion
C. If the assertion is true but the reason is false
D. If both the assertion and reason are false
170 Muehlenbeckia is a good example of
A. Phyllode
B. Phylloclade
c. winged fruit
D. Parachute mechanism
171 The lateral petals of vexillary corolla are called
A. Vexilla
B. Alae
c. Carina
D. Both B and C
172 Cork of commerce obtained from
Quercus is part of
A. Phellem
B. Phellogen
c. Phelloderm
D. All of the above
173 Thorns differ from prickles in having
A. Vascular supply
B. Endogenous origin
( c . ) Bark
D. All of the above
174 In Opuntia, the function of photosynthesis is carried out by
A. cladode
B. phyllode
c. phyllociade
D. stipules
175 What is the pattern of the veins in the leaves required for the conduction called ?
A. Vein distribution
B. Venation
c. vein morphology
D. Network system
176 Lycopersicum esculentum belongs to family
A. Brassicaceae
B. Solanaceae
c. Liliaceae
D. Poaceae
177 Identify the correct pair of characters with reference to Pteris.
(I) Neck canal cell is uninucleated.
(II) Stem grows vertically in the soil.
(III) Apogamously produced sporophytes are haploids.
(IV) Open dichotomous venation in
The correct answer is
( A cdot(11),(1 vee) )
в. (III), (IV)
c. (।), (॥)
D. (I), (III)
178 Heroin is obtained from the plant of the
A. Leguminosae
B. Papaveraceae
c. Liliaceae
D. Solanaceae
179 Velamen of orchids are formed from
A. Phelloderm
B. Phellogen
c. Dermatogen
D. cortex
180 Match the columns and choose the
correct option from the following.
Hair like
cells in roots
of Monstera A Macrosclereids
B & Osteosclereids & 2 & Bone like cells xerophytes \
C & Astrosclereids & 3 & Star shaped cells in hygrophytes \
D & Trichosclereids & 4 & Stone like cells in seed coat of Fabaceae \
end{tabular} 1.
( A cdot A-4, B-2, C-3, D-1 )
B. A- ( 4, B-3, C-2, D-1 )
c. ( A-4, B-2, C-1, D-3 )
D. ( A-2, B-4, C-3, D-1 )
181 Edible part of cauliflower is
A . cotyledons
B. Mesocarp
c. Endocarp
D. Inflorescence
182 Reproductive tap roots occur in
A. Dalbergia
B. Peepal
c. Acacia
D. Banyan
183 In Ruscus, the stem is a
A. Phyllode
B. Cladode
c. offset
D. sucker
184 Rearrange the following in a proper logical sequence.

Epidermis, Cortex, Root Hair, Xylem, Endodermis.

185 What is the relation between leaf
venation and the type of roots?
186 Identify the plant, if veins are appearing parallel on leaves.
A. The plant is a dicot
B. The plant is a monocot
c. The plant is a gymnosperm
D. The plant is an angiosperm
E. The plant is a bryophyte
187 Axis of Inflorescence is
A. Pedicle
B. Peduncle
c. Petiole
D. All of the above
188 Chloroplasts are found in the root cells
A. Vanda
B. Rhizophora
c. Tinospora
D. Clematis
189 Match entries of List I and List II 11
190 The stalk of leaf is called
A. Sessile
B. Plumule
c. stipule
D. Petiole
191 Stellate hairs are found in
A . Musa
B. Citrus
c. Styrax
D. Hydrilla
192 Inflorescence with unbranched axis is
A. Compound racemose
B. Compound corymb
c. simple racemose
D. Verticillaster
193 Pigeon Pea is
A. Cajanus cajan
B. Vigna unguiculata
C . Phaseolus vulgaris
D. Vigna radiata
194 Assertion
A simple has undivided. lamina
Leaves showing pinnate and palmate
venation have various type of incision.
A. If both the assertion and the reason are true and the
reason is a correct explanation of the assertion
B. If both the assertion and reason are true but the
reason is not a correct explanation of the assertion
C. If the assertion is true but the reason is false
D. If both the assertion and reason are false
195 Umbel inflorescence is found in
A . Musa
B. Colocasia
c. Coriandrum
D. Helianthus
196 Root cap has no role in water absorption because
A. It has no direct connection with the vascular system
B. It has no cells containing chloroplasts.
c. It has no root hairs
D. It has loosely arranged cells.
197 Identify the type of modified root and
select the correct statement regarding
A. It is the tuberous root of Dahlia that stores inulin as reserve food.
B. It is modified taproot that occurs in Dahlia.
C. It is a modified adventitious that stores reserve food
D. These roots are modified to provide mechanical support to the plant
198 Identify the given diagrams and mark
the correct option.
( A cdot A, D ) are compound while ( B, C ) are simple leaves
B. ( A, D ) are simple while ( B, C ) are compound leaves
( mathrm{C} cdot mathrm{A}, mathrm{B} ) are simple while ( mathrm{C}, mathrm{D} ) are compound leaves
D. ( A, B ) are compound while ( C, D ) are simple leaves
199 Match the columns
Column I & multicolumn{3}{c} { Column II } \
a & Arachis & 1. & Swollen placenta \
b & Cichorium & 2. & Epicalyx \
c & Lilium & 3. & Fasciculate tuberous root \
d & Physalia & 4. & Geocarpy \
& 5. & Bulbils
( mathbf{A} )
( a-4, b-3, c-2, d-5 )
B. ( a-4, b-1, c-2, d-3 )
( mathrm{C} cdot mathrm{a}-5, mathrm{b}-4, mathrm{c}-3, mathrm{d}- )
D. ( a-4, b-3, c-5 ) ( d- )
200 How many of the following statements
are correct?
(i) Axillary buds are present in axil of leaflets
(ii) In Salvia filaments of stamens are
same length.
(iii) Apocarpous condition can be seen in lotus and rose.
(iv)Endospermous seeds can be seen in solanaceae.
(v) Sterile stamens are called
A. Three
B. Four
c. Two
D. one
201 Which of the following statements are
(i) When a fruit develops from the inflorescence, it is composite.
(ii) Mesocarp is the edible part in apple.
(iii) Gynobasic style is seen in Ocimum.
(iv) Hypanthodium is a special type of inflorescence found in Euphorbia species.
A. (i) and (iv) are correct
B. (i) and (iii) are correct
C ( . ) (i) and (ii) are correct
D. (ii), (iii) and (iv) are correct
E. (ii) and (iv) are correct
202 It is commonly believed that only roots develop below the ground. How would you prove that potato tuber is a stem
and not a root?
203 How many of the given plants show phyllotaxy, where single leaf arises at each node?

Alstonia, Brassica, Calotropis, Chilli, Chinarose Guava, Datura, Sunflower
A. Three
B. Five
c. Four
D. Six

204 Identify the group of plants possessing leaf tendrils.
A. Pea, Glory lily
B. Cucumber, Pumpkin
c. watermelon, Grapevine
D. All of these
205 The air spaces in the leaf is created by
A. Chlorenchyma
B. Aerenchyma
c. Palisade parenchyma
D. None of the above
206 Colocasia also known as taro, is an
example of a modified
A. Corm which is a stem modification
B. Bulb which is a stem modification
c. Bulb which is a root modification
D. Corm which is a root modification
207 Plastochron is
A. Period between two successive leaf primordia
B. Distance between two successive leaf primordia
C. Region of origin of root branch
D. Region of origin of stem branch
208 Very short answer type:
Classify the following fruits into two categories, dehiscent and indehiscent fruits samara, nut, follicle pod,
caryopsis, achene, capsule
209 In helicoid cyme, the lateral flowers arise
A. on the same side
B. On alternate sides
c. In all the directions
D. From a common point
210 The fruit formed from the fusion of
inflorescence is called as
A. Simple fruit
B. Aggregate fruit
c. Pseudo fruit
D. composite fruit
211 Which of the following is a sessile?
A. Rice
B. Mango
c. Neem
D. Sunflower
212 Name the family to which each of the following belongs
(i) Pisum
(ii) Onion
(iii) Potato.
213 In cyathium inflorescence
A. single male flower is surrounded by female flowers.
B. male and female flowers are borne in different plants
C. there is only one male and one female flower
D. single female flower is surrounded by many peripheral male flowers.
214 The palisade tissue occurs on the surface of the leaf.
A. Adaxial
B. Abaxial
c. Both A and B
D. None of the above
215 Verticillaster is a type of
A. Phyllotaxis
B. Inflorescence
C. Placentation
D. Venation
216 The plant of arid regions with flat green stem carrying out photosynthesis is
A. Euphorbia
B. opuntia
c. citrus
D. Bougainvillea
E . colocasia
217 From which of the following part of the turmeric plant (Curcuma longa), turmeric powder is obtained?
A. seed
B. Dried rhizome
c. Dried root
D. Dried fruit
218 shows compound inflorescence.
A. Sunflower
B. zinnia
c. Marigold
D. Neem
219 In Dahlia, the roots are
A. Fibrous
B. stilt
c. Moniliform
D. Fasciculated tuberous
220 Parallel venation occurs in dicot
A . corymbium
B. Ageratum
c. Carthamus
D. Centipeda
221 Define venation 11
222 Velamen tissue is found in
A. Mesophytes
B. Epiphytes
c. Hydrophytes
D. xerophytes
223 Vegetative organs of plants are:
A. leaves, stem, roots
B. flower, stem, leaves
c. flower, fruit, seeds
D. root, fruit, flower
224 Reticulate venation is a characteristic
of dicots. An exception to this generalisation?
A. Calophyllum
B. Ficus
c. Hibiscus
D. Zizyphus
225 Among the following which one is the richest source of proteins
A. Wheat (Triticum vulgare)
B. Rice (Oryza sativa)
c. Gram (Cicer arietinum)
D. Ground nut (Arachis hypogea)
226 Multicostate divergent reticulate venation is seen in ( ldots ). Ieaf.
A. Zizyphus
B. Bamboo
c. castor
D. Mango
227 In Lathyrus aphasic, the leaves are modified into
A. Spine
B. Tendril
c. Scale
D. Stern-like structure
228 A plant showing reticulate venation is
A . Ficus
B. Canna
c. Musa
D. zea
229 Select the group of plants that possess
stilt roots.
A. Zea mays, Rhizophora mangal
B. Pandanus odoratissimus, Ficus benghalensis
c. Rhizophora mangal, Hedera helix
D. Ficus benghalensis, Pisum sativum
230 Parkinsonia and Australian Acacia are
example of
A. Phylloclade
B. Winged fruit
c. Parachute mechanism
D. Phyllode
231 Reticulate venation is observed mostly
A. Monocot plants
B. Dicot plants
c. Thallophytes
D. Bryophytes
232 The main axis forms a cup-shaped receptacle with a narrow terminal opening. Flowers are arranged in cymose within the cup. The description refers to
A. Syconus
B. Cyathium
c. Hypanthodium
D. Verticillaster
233 Which two of these vegetables correctly represent the homologous structures? Potato, Tomato, Radish, Brinjal, Carrot,
A. Carrot and Tomato
B. Potato and Brinjal
c. Radish and Carrot
D. Radish and Bottle-ground
234 In the leaves, veins are useful for
A. Transport of water and minerals
B. Mechanical support
C. Transport of organic nutrients
D. All of the above
235 Roots developing from plant parts other than radicle are
A. Epiphyllous
B. Epicaulose
c. Adventitious
D. Fibrous
236 Assertion
Many plants are propagated vegetatively even though they bear
Potatoes multiply by tubers and apple by grafting etc.
A. Both Assertion and Reason are correct and Reason is the correct explanation for Assertion
B. Both Assertion and Reason are correct but Reason is not the correct explanation for Assertion
c. Assertion is correct but Reason is incorrect
D. Both Assertion and Reason are incorrect
237 How many histogen are present in a
monocot root apex?
( mathbf{A} cdot mathbf{1} )
B. 2
( c cdot 3 )
( D cdot 4 )
238 How is water absorbed by root hairs in
plants? Explain.
239 Number of female flowers found in
cyathium is
A .
B. 2
( c .3 )
D. several
240 The leaves are modified into tendrils,
hooks, pitcher and bladder in the following plants respectively.
A. Sweet pea, cat’s nail, Nepenthes, Utricularia
B. Sweet pea, cat’s nail, Utricularia, Nepenthes
c. Nepenthes, cat’s nail, sweet pea, Utricularia
D. Nepenthes, sweet pea, cat’s nail, Utricularia
E. Utricularia, Nepenthes, cat’s nail, sweet pea
241 Perianth occurs in family
A. Solanaceae
B. Fabaceae
c. Brassicaceae
D. Liliaceae
242 Write correct sequence of four steps of
method for the preperation of temparary mount of stained leaf peel.
243 In Sarracenia, the insect traping structure
is modified
A . Leaf
B. Leaf base
c. stipule
D. Axillary shoot
244 All given modifications belong to adventitious roots, except
A. Reproductive root of Asparagus
B. Storage roots of sweet potato
c. conical roots of carrot
D. Prop roots of banyan tree
245 Which of the following represents the
floral characters of Liliaceae?
A. Six sepals, zygomorphic, six stamens, bilocular ovary, axile placentation
B. Tetramerous, actinomorphic, polyphyllous, unilocular ovary, axile placentation
C. Trimerous, actinomorphic, polyandrous, superior ovary, axile placentation
D. Bisexual. zygomorphic, gamophyllous, inferior ovary, marginal placentation
E. Unisexual, actinomorphic, trilocular, inferior ovary, axile placentation
246 Vexillum is found in
A . Rosaceae
B. Papilionaceae
c. Cruciferae
D. Solanaceae
247 Plant that reserves its food in its roots
system is
A. Brinjal
B. Bean
c. carrot
D. Sugarcane
248 50. The type of root formed in Be-
tel vine is
(1) Stilt Root
(2) Clinging Root
(3) Climbing Root
(4) Prop Root
249 Name various parts of stamen 11
250 Bombaxleaf is
A. Tripinnate
B. Unipinnate
C. Multifoliate
D. Quadrifoliate
E. Trifoliate
251 Assertion
Small leaflets are present on the
phyllode of Parkinsonia aculeata

Phyllode does not bear leaves and
A. If both the assertion and the reason are true and the
reason is a correct explanation of the assertion
B. If both the assertion and reason are true but the
reason is
not a correct explanation of the assertion
C. If the assertion is true but the reason is false
D. If both the assertion and reason are false

252 In a leaf with parallel venation
A. Veins form a network on the leaf
B. Veins run parallel to the midrib
C. Veins run horizontal to the midrib
D. Veins crisscross each other to from an irregular
253 In a leaf with reticulate venation
A. Veins forms a network on the leaf
B. Veins run parallel to the midrib
C. Veins run horizontal to the midrib
D. Veins criss-cross each other in an irregular pattern
254 Potato is a modified
A. Petiole
B. Stem
( c . ) Root
D. Leaf
255 Storage roots found in clusters at base
of stem are
A. Nodulose roots
B. Annulated roots
c. Tuberous roots
D. Fasciculated roots
E. Moniliform roots
256 Which of the following is not a characteristic feature of Fabaceae
A. Descendingly. imbricate, ten stamens, diadelphous,
ovary superior
B. Sepals five, gamoseepalous, imbricate aestivation,
placentation marginal
c. Monocarpellary, ovary superior, style long, slightly bent
at the apex
D. zygomorphic flowers, diadelphous stamens, many
E. Corolla five petals, polypetalous, anterior one large and
257 Match the columns
A. A-2, B-5, C-4, D-3, E-1
B. ( A-1, B-2, C-3, D-4, E-5 )
c. ( A-3, B-4, C-5 ) ( D-1 ) ( E-2 )
D. ( A-4, B-5, C-2, D-1 )
258 Capitulum inflorescence is found in
A. Liliaceae
B. Papilionaceae
c. compositae
D. Rosaceae
259 Caulifiory is?
A. Production of new plants from cauline buds
B. Formation of flowers from old stem
C. Development of flowers on young branches
D. Clustering of flowers
260 Imparipinnate leaf is the one where
A. Leaflets are borne in pairs
B. Leaflets are small
c. Leaflets are large
D. Rachis is terminated by an odd leaflet
261 Q Type your question
the latter in the pair represents the set
of characters present in Casuarina.
Study the following table:
flowers Chala
( (i) )
aerial stem develop acropetally tube
(iii) begin{tabular}{l|l|l}
& Pedicels of & \
& the & Presen \
Flowers & all flowers & of \
achlamydeous & are of & false \
& same & whorl \
& length & \
Cohesion of & Centrifugal & Male \
bracts & opening of & flowers \
forming & flower & many \
a cup & & \
& & Termin \
Flower & & part \
formation on & Presence of & of the \
one side in a & rachilla & pedunc \
spiral manner & & is \
& & flower \
& &
end{tabular} ( v )
A. Both (ii) and (iii)
B. Both (i) and (ii)
C. Both (iv) and (iii)
D. Both (iii) and (i)
262 37. Solitary cymose inflorescence is
observed in
(1) Rose (2) Chinarose
(3) Tuberose (4) Gardenia
263 In barley stem vascular bundles are –
A. Closed and radial
B. Open and scattered
c. closed and scattered
D. open and in a ring
264 The most important function of inflorescence is to help in
A. Dispersal of seeds
B. Help in fertilization
c. Attracting insects for pollination
D. Forming large number of fruits
265 Which among the following is a climber?
A. Cabbage
B. Pea
c. Potato
D. Yam
266 When the stems have dense soft
coatings all over their surface, such surfaces are called as
A. Ribbed
B. Pubescent
c. succulent
D. Hairy
267 Potato tuber is a modified
Edible part of potato is
A. Stem
B. Bulb
c. Stolon
D. Root
268 Plants take in air through tiny openings called……….. which are present on
A . Leaves, stomata
B. Hydathodes, leaves
c. Stomata, stem
D. Stomata, leaves
269 Quiescent centre theory for demonstrating apical organisation in root was proposed by
A. Schuepp
B. Hanstein
c. clowes
D. Nageli
270 What is the arrangement of root zones
starting from root tip?
A. Root cap, cell division, cell enlargement and cell maturation
B. Root cap, cell division, cell maturation and cell enlargement
C. Cell division, cell maturation, cell enlargement and root cap
D. Cell division, cell enlargement, cell maturation and root cap
271 Which of the following is not correctly paired?
A. Fabaceae: Legume family
B. Solanaceae: Potato family
c. Liliaceae: Sunflower family
D. Brassicaceae: Mustard family
272 Study the following lists.
(A) A piece of underground
(I) Mentha food branches store
(B) Underground branches grow obliquely upward from
(II) Hydrocotyl the axillary buds of nodes of the stem below the soil.
(III) Agave and produce
(C) Aerial branches grow adventitious yownwards. ( quad ) roots after obliquely o touching the soil
(V) Stachys and
(D) Weak stemmed plants ( quad ) roots at every have a cluster of leaves.
(V) Jasminum
( A cdot A-(111), B-(1 V), C-(11), D-(1) )
B. A- (IV), B- (V), C- (III), D- (II)
C. ( A-(1 V), B-(1), C-(V), D-(11) )
D. ( A-(11), B-(V), C-(1), D-(1) )
273 Origin of lateral roots is
A. Endogenous
B. Axillary
c. Exogenous
D. Peripheral
274 Loranthus is a
A. Commensal
B. Epiphyte
C. Parasite
D. Symbiont
275 Botanical name of radish is
B. Brassica oleracea
c. Raphanus sativus
D. None of the above
276 Differentiate between tap root and
fibrous root
277 In floating leaved plants, stomata occur
A. Lower surface
B. Upper surface
c. Both surfaces
D. Absent
278 Velamen is a tissue found in
A. Parasites
B. All epiphytes
c. Aerial roots of some orchids/ vanda
D. Halophytes
279 If the stamens can swing freely on the filaments, the condition is called
A. Basifixed
B. Dorsifixed
c. versatile
D. Adnate
280 Name the plant having reticulate venation.
A. Musa
B. Mangifera
c. oryza
D. canna
281 Statement 1: The stem tubers are the
swollen ends of specialized underground stem branches, which help in vegetative propagation of the plant. Statement 2: Solanum tuberosum is an
example of a stem tuber which stores inulin as the main reserve food
A. Both statement 1 and 2 are correct
B. Statement 1 is correct but statement 2 is incorrect
c. statement 1 is incorrect but statement 2 is correct
D. Both statement 1 and 2 are incorrect
282 Leaves are modified into hygroscopic appendages in
A. Tamarix
B. Tamarindus
c. Albizzia
D. Butea
283 33. Which one of the following com.
binations is correct?
(1) Brassica – Liliaceae
(2) Allium cepa – Cruciferae
(3) Acacia – Caesalpiniaceae
(4) Pyrethrum – Compositae
284 Potato tuber is modified/edible part of
potato is
A. Stem
B. Bulb
c. stolon
D. Root
285 Aroids store food in
A. Inflorescence
B. Enlarged root
c. Leaf bases
D. Swollen stem
286 The number of whorls present in a bisexual flower is
A. one
B. Three
c. Two
D. Four
287 Justify the following statements on the basis of external features:
(i) Underground parts of a plant are not always roots.
(ii) Flower is a modified shoot
288 A distinct endodermis is a constant
feature of
A. Dicot leaves
B. Monocot stems
c. Monocot leaves
D. Dicot stema
289 Roots do not occur in
A. Wolffia
c. Utricularia
D. All the above
290 Velamen present in orchids help in
A. Support
B. Respiration
c. Absorption of moisture from air
D. synthesizing food
291 Main function of leaf is
A. Transpiration
B. Exchange of gases
C. Photosynthesis
D. Cooling
292 In which of the following plant axillary bud is modified into the tendril?
A. Pitcher plant
B. cactus
c. snake gourd
D. Pumpkin
293 Which of the following is a subaeria
stem modification with long internode?
A. Rhizome
B. Offset
c. Runner
D. sucker
294 Mention the function of pneumatophore 11
295 Hygroscopic roots occur in
A. Vanda
B. Rhizophora
C . Bryophyllum
D. All the above
296 Select the characters which are not
applicable to the family Solanaceae.
(i) Epipetalous and syngenesious anthers
(ii) Bicarpellary and synchronous ovary
(iii) Superior ovary with axile placentation
(iv) Stamens six and are arranged in
two whorls
(v) Bicarpellary, synchronous and inferior ovary
A. (ii) and (iii) only
B. (i), (iv) and (v) only
c. (ii), (iv) and (v) only
D. (i) and (iii) only
E. (iii), (iv) and (v) only
297 Leaves of a healthy potted plant were coated with vaseline; will this plant remain healthy for long? 11
298 Explain the main functions of leaf. 11
299 If a plant has fibrous root, what type of venation are its leaves likely to have? 11
300 A modified aerial stem which performs function of photosynthesis, but the modification is actually to reduce the rate of transpiration is
A. Cladode
B. Phylloclade
c. Phyllode
D. Both A and B
301 Midrib is observed in which part of leaf?
A. Leaf base
B. Lamina
c. Petiole
D. stipule
302 What is aestivation ? Describe various
types of aestivation.
303 The arrangement of leaves on a branch
A. Phyllode
B. Phyllotaxy
c. Phylloclade
D. Phloem
304 Family Compositae can be distinguished from Solanaceae in
A. Capitulum inflorescence
B. Gamopetalous corolla
c. Epipetalous stamens
D. Bicarpellary gynoecium
305 Placentation is swollen and axile in
A . Asteraceae
B. Liliaceae
c. Fabaceae
D. Solanaceae
306 Approximate diameter of Victoria regia leaf is
( A cdot 1 m )
в. 1.3
( c cdot 4 m )
D. 3m
307 An example of Liliaceae family is
A. Lupin
B. Soyabean
c. Petunia
D. Tulip
308 Capitulum inflorescence is found in
A. Compositae (Asteraceae)
B. Cruciferae (Brassicaceae)
c. Solanaceae
D. Malvaceae
309 Major source of protein is
A . Oryza sativa
B. Cicer arietinum
c. Beta vulgaris
D. Rhizobium leguminosarum
310 Pick out the plant with unipinnate type of compound leaves from the plant names given: Trifolium, Neem, Moringa. 11
311 The type of inflorescence in Ocimum
sanctum is
A. Hypanthodium
B. Cyathium
c. verticillaster
D. Thyrse
312 In one plant, adventitious roots are
modified for storage and in the other plant a lateral branch with short
internodes and each node bearing a rosette of leaves and a tuft of roots. They
A. Sweet Potato and Pistia
B. Eichhornia and Jasmine
c. carrot and Mint
D. Turni and Chrysanthemum
E. Sweet potato and mint
313 Complex inflorescence of which plant is
used as food?
A. Rhaphanus sativus
B. Brassica rapa
c. Brassica oleracea
D. Mustard
314 The type of inflorescence in a plant showing polygamous condition and lateral styles is
A. Compound umbel
B. Compound headd
c. compound raceme
D. compound corymb
315 What are the differences between a
pinnately compound leaf and a branch bearing simple leaves?
316 Match list I with list II and select the
correct option.
( begin{array}{llll} & text { List I } & & text { List II } \ text { A. } & text { Gemmules } & text { 1. } & text { Agave } \ text { B. } & text { Leaf-buds } & text { 2. } & text { Penicillum } \ text { C. } & text { Bulbil } & text { 3. } & text { Water hyacinth } \ text { D. } & text { Offset } & text { 4. } & text { Sponges } \ text { E. } & text { Conidia } & text { 5. } & text { Bryophyllum }end{array} )
( mathbf{A} )
( A-4, B-5, C-1, D-3, E-2 )
B. A- ( 4, B-3, C-2, D-1, E-5 )
C. ( A-3, B-5, C-4, D-2, E-1 )
D. ( A-4, B-1, C-5, D-3, E-2 )
E. ( A-3, B-5, C-4, D-1, E-2 )
317 Lateral roots originate from
A. Cortex
B. Epidermis
c. Endodermis
D. Pericycle
318 Which of the following leaf fibres are considered hard because of high lignin content in their cell walls
A . Agave
B. Yucca
c. Musa textilis
D. All of the above
319 Plants with joined stem and hollow
internodes are known as
A. Culms
B. Scape
c. Ephemerals
D. Lianas
320 Pneumatophore is present in
A. Rhizophora
B. Nerium
c. Hibiscus
D. Acaccia
321 Match the item in column I with column
I and choose the correct answer.
( begin{array}{ll}text { Column } 1 & text { Column } 2 \ text { A. Microspermae } & text { 1. Alismaceae } \ text { B. Epigynae } & text { 2. Liliaceae } \ text { C. Calycinae } & text { 3. Iridaceae } \ text { D. Apocarpae } & text { 4. Orchidaceae } \ text { E. Coronarieae } & text { 5. Palmae }end{array} )
( mathbf{A} )
( A-3, B-2, C-1, D-5, E-4 )
B. ( A-2, B-4, C-3, D-5, E-1 )
( C cdot A-4, B-3, C-5, D-1, E-2 )
D. ( A-4, B-1, C-3, D-5, E-2 )
322 Veins are strands on the
A. conducting
B. Transpirational
c. Exceptional
D. Flattened
323 Explain with well labelled diagram different regions of root and also
explain structure of root hair?
324 Match ligule with one of the followings
A. Root
B . Leaf
c. stem
D. Rhizome
325 Petiole is modified into tendril in
A . Passiflora
B. Gloriosa
c. Pisum
D. Clematis
326 Which of the following is the subaerial stem modification with long internodes?
A. Rhizome
B. Offset
c. Runner
D. sucker
327 The axis of inflorescence is known as
A. Petiole
B. Pedicle
c. Peduncle
D. Pinna
328 Differentiate between rhizome and bulb 11
329 Write two examples of plants with tendrils. 11
330 33. The rootless plant is :
(1) ginger (2) lemon
(3) lemna (4) banana
331 Atropa belladona, an important medicinal plant is of the family
A . Liliaceae
B. Cucurbitaceae
c. cruciferae
D. Solanaceae
332 Which of the following function is not performed by underground stem?
A. Reproduction
B. Assimilation
c. Perennation
D. storage
333 In a longitudinal section of a root, starting from the tip and going upwards, the four zones occur in the following order
A. Root cap, cell division, cell maturation, cell enlargement
B. Cell division, cell enlargement, cell maturation, root cap
c. cell division, cell maturation, cell enlargement, root cap
D. Root cap, cell division, cell enlargement, cell maturation
334 Which of the following represents
( A )
( B )
( c )
( D )
335 A plant with epidermis specialised to absorb mositure from air is?
A. Avicennia
B. Vanda
c. Rhizophora
D. Jussiaea
336 Oblique ovary is found in
A. Liliaceae
B. Solanaceae
c. Asteraceae
D. Poaceae

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