Natural Resources Questions

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Natural Resources Questions

List of natural resources Questions

Question NoQuestionsClass
1In the troposphere, the temperature
decreases at the rate of ( 1^{circ} ) Celsius for
A. 100 meters
B. 135 meters
c. 150 meters
D. 165 meters
2In the lower parts of the stratosphere, there is no change in temperature with altitude. This zone is called
A. Thermosphere
B. Isothermal Zone
c. Ozone layer
D. Ionosphere
3Answer the following questions briefly. Name the different layers of atmosphere.9
4How soil testing helps the farmer? Write your opinion.9
5The water vapour which enters into air to form clouds in the sky are obtained by which of the following process?
A. Condensation
B. Evaporation
c. Precipitation
D. None of the above
6Percentage of fresh water in the
hydrosphere is
A . 2.5%
B. 30%
c. ( 13 % )
D. 33%
7Which of the following gas is present in large quantity in atmosphere?
A. oxygen
B. Hydrogen
c. Nitrogen
D. Methane
8Short Answer Type Questions:
Give an account of the composition of atmosphere. Also discuss the importance of the components.
9Out of total water content, sea
A . 97.5%
B. 71%
c. 81%
D. 91.2%
10Soil is a mixture of
A. Sand and clay
B. Sand and humus
C. Clay and humus
D. Sand,clay and humus
11Water cycle refers to
A. Scientific management of water in areas excessively plagued with water logging.
B. Constant movement of water from ocean to land and
back to ocean again
C. An integrated attempt to recycle water in relatively arid regions
D. Planning of water distribution in relatively dry areas.
12Water occurs in frozen state over the
land is
A . 0.75%
B . 1.97%
c. 2.1%
D. 2.5%
13Reservoirs, lakes, ponds, rivers and
canals contains how much percentage of fresh water?
A . 77.2 %
B. 22.4 %
c. ( 0.36 % )
D. 30.3 %
14Which of the following layers of atmosphere absorb UV light radiations?
A. lonosphere
B. Ozonosphere
c. Troposphere
D. None of these
15Which of the following is a community of plants and animals which occupies a large geographical area within a particular climate zone?
A. Biodiversity
B. Biome
c. Habituate
D. Bogg
16Largest amount of fresh water occurs
A. As under ground water
B. In lakes and streams
c. As polar ice and glaciers
D. In rivers
17Water shortage is a problem faced only by people living in rural ares.
A. True
B. False
18Percentage of total water found as fresh
water is
A . 46%
B. 32%
c. ( 16 % )
D. 2.5%
19The part of atmosphere which is consists of variable gasses with unknown composition is called
A. Stratosphere
B. Hetrosphere
c. Homosphere
D. None of these
20Animal that can change its colour is
A. Planaria
B. Octopus
c. Leech
D. Hydra
21Consider the following statements-
(a) Alluvial soil are formed by sediments deposited by rivers.
(b) Black soil is found in the dry and Semi-dry areas of Rajasthan and
(c) Red soil cannnot retain much
(d) Laterite soil is found over lava
deposits in the Deccan.

Which of the above statements are
B. (a) and (c)
c. (b) and (d)
D. None of them

22Percentage of fresh water in
hydrosphere is
A. Less than 10%
B. Less than 25%
c. Less than ( 3 % )
D. Less than 17%
23More than ( 70 % ) of worlds fresh water is
contained in
A. Polarice
B. Antarctica
c. Green land
D. Glaciers and mountains
24What are the advantages of water stored in the ground than pond water?
A. It does not evaporate.
B. It spreads out to recharge wells
c. Provides moisture for vegetation over a wide area
D. All of the above.
25State whether these sentences are true
(T) or false (F).
The atmosphere is composed mainly of nitrogen and oxygen.
A. True
B. False
26Humification results in the formation of
A. Colloidal and Basic
B. Acidic and Dark colored
c. Amorphous and Light colored
D. Light coloured colloidal
27Isopleth for depth is
A. Isobaths
B. Isohaline
c. Isohyet
D. None of these
28Mineral nodules present in ocean which can meet shortage of important soil nutrient are
A. Manganese nodules
B. Phosphorite nodules
c. Magnesium nodules
D. All of the above
29Long Answer
Give an account of the different layers of the atmosphere
30Illustrate water cycle with diagram.9
31Pure clay is not suitable for plant growth because
A. It is chemically inert
B. It is chemically active
c. It forms a solid non penetrable mass
D. All of the above
32What is the percentage of oxygen in the atmosphere?
A . 78%
B. 21%
c. 12%
D. 11%
33Identify the constituents of soil
A. Gravel
B. Salt
c. мineral
D. All of the above
34Short Answer
Give an account of the composition of
the atmosphere
35As we go up the layer of the atmosphere,
the pressure
A. increases
B. decreases
c. remains same
D. none of these
36is the major source of fresh
water and this water is neither used by animals and nor exposed to evaportion.
37An anti-forest measure is
A. Afforestation
B. Selective grazing
C . Clearing forest
D. Selective felling
38The altitudes/height of heavenly bodies appears to be greater than they actually are. This is due to
A. Vertical motion of these heavenly bodies
B. Motions of the earth
c. Atmospheric refraction
D. These are visible because of light of the sun reflected from their surface
39Suppose you want to dry your school uniform quickly. Would spreading it near an anghiti or heater help you? If yes, how?9
40Atmosphere is classified into different
zones, which of the following is not among this classification?
A. lonosphere
B. Ozonosphere
c. Lithosphere
D. None of these
41Sandeep has three soil samples ( X, Y ) and ( Z ), each with weight 50 g. 100 mL of water is poured drop by drop with the
help of a dropper on all the soil samples. The given graph shows weight of water
absorbed by each soil samples. Select the correct option regarding the soil samples.
A. ( x ) is a mixture of sand, silt and a good amount of clay.
B. ( Y ) is a mixture of sand, silt and appropriate amount of clay.
C. ( z ) is a sandy soil with very little clay.
D. ( z ) is a mixture of clay and slit with higher amount of sand
42Very Short Answer Type Questions:
What is the function of carbon dioxide?
43Which two gases makes the make the bulk of the atmosphere?9
44Goodsoil is
A. Which allows the limited amount of water into it
B. Which allows to percolate the water slowly from it
C. Which allows to pass water very quickly from it
D. Which holds whole of water into it
45Percentage of water present in oceans
and seas is
A. ( 60 % )
B. 70%
( c cdot 80 % )
D. 95 %
46Give Reason
Amount of insolation decreases from
equator towards poles?
47Estuaries are
A. Freshwater wetlands
B. Salt water wetlands
C . Least productive ecosystem
D. None of the above
48The amount of freshwater of the Earth
frozen as polar or glacial ice is
A . 0.5%
B. 0.02%
c. ( 0.01 % )
D . 1.97%
E. 2.5%
49Humus is an example of
A. Crystalloids
B. Organic colloids
C. Soil structure
D. None of the above
50List three ways how humans have
affected the water cycle.
Prepare slogans on green house effect to announce in assembly.
51Part of earth covered by water is about :
A . 71%
B. 50%
c. 92%
D. 87%
52Tick the correct answer.
The major constituent of atmosphere by percent is
A. Nitrogen
B. Oxygen
c. Carbon dioxide
D. None of these
53Which of the following statements will not hold true if a plant is grown in only
sand ( (mathrm{S}), ) only clay (C) and only humus
( (H) ? )
A. Water availability to the roots will be more in (C) and
(H) as compared to (S)
B. Ability of roots to penetrate (S) and (H) will be low as compared to (C).
C. Nutrient availability to roots will be less in (S) as compared to (C) and (H).
D. Oxygen availability to roots will be low in (C) as compared to (S) and (H).
54What is atmosphere? Write about its
different layers.
55The process of changing water vapour into water is called9
56Which of the following process is responsible for the smoke-like vapour which comes out of the mouth in
A. Precipitation
B. Evaporation
c. condensation
D. None of the above
57Residence time of water in the
atmosphere is
A . 10 days
B. 20 days
c. 28 days
D. 35 days
58How much percentage of fresh water is present in the world?
A . 97.
B. 2.5
( c .30 )
D. 40
59When a small amount of garden soil is put into a glass jar containing water, stirred and allowed to stand for two
hours, the layers from top to bottom
would be
A. Debris, water, sand and clay
B. Humus, water, clay and sand
c. Debris, clay, gravel and sand
D. Humus, clay, gravel and sand
60Assertion: Litter burning is not
suggested by ecologists.
Reason: Burning litter enhances ‘CO
content of the air.
A. Both the Assertion and the Reason are true and the Reason is a correct explanation of the Assertion.
B. Both the Assertion and Reason are true but the Reason
is not a correct explanation of the Assertion.
C. The Assertion is true but the Reason is false.
D. Both the Assertion and Reason are false.
E. The Assertion is false but Reason is true.
61Estuaries are considered as nutrient
trap due to the mixing of
A. River and sea water
B. Pond and lake
c. A and B
D. None of the above
62Continuous circulation of water from
the earth to the sky and back to the earth is called
A. Precipitation
B. Circulation
c. Water cycle
D. None of these
63The Savanna type of climate is characterised by
A. Humid summers and humid winters
B. Humid summers and dry winters
c. Humid winters and dry summers
D. Humid throughout the year
64The part of the atmosphere above the 90 km from the earth is called
A. homosphere
B. heterosphere
c. ozone layer
D. mesosphere
65The largest brackish water lake in India
A. Wullar lake
B. Sambhar lake
c. Kabar lake
D. Chilka lake
66Short Answer Type Question. Give an account of atmosphere.9
67Explain the various ways in which we
can conserve water at home and school
68is the major source of
fresh water
A. Ground water
B. Sea water
c. Lake
D. None of the above
69Which part of the atmosphere is called
A. Atmosphere up to ( 70 mathrm{km} ) from the surface of the earth
B. Atmosphere up to ( 80 mathrm{km} ) from the surface of the earth
C. Atmosphere up to ( 90 mathrm{km} ) from the surface of the earth
D. Atmosphere up to ( 110 mathrm{km} ) from the surface of the earth
70Water is a resource
A. Degradable maintainable
B. Non-degradable maintainable
C. Renewable
D. Non-renewable
7144. The concept of “Green House
Gases” was postulated by
(1) Joseph Furier
(2) Abdui Kalam
(3) M. S. Swaminathan
(4) Richael Carlson
72Precious stones, such as gem stones,
are products of
A. Volcanic rocks
B. Sedimentary rocks
c. Metamorphic racks
D. Igneous rocks
73Largest amount of fresh water is found
A. Lakes and streams
B. Underground
c. Polar ice and glaciers
D. Rivers
74Out of the total at any time, water present in the atmosphere is
A . ( 0.01 % )
B. 0.02%
c. 0.001%
D. 0.005%
75The correct sequence of different layers
of the atmosphere from the surface of
the Earth upwards is
A. Troposphere, Stratosphere, lonosphere, Mesosphere
B. Stratosphere, Troposphere, lonosphere, Mesosphere
C. Troposphere, Stratosphere, Mesosphere, lonosphere
D. Stratosphere, Troposphere, Mesosphere, lonosphere
76In which state, terrace farming is
A. Punjab
B. Haryana
c. Plains of Uttar Pradesh
D. Jammu and Kashmir
77Identify the correct sequence of stages
in the water cycle.
A. Evaporation, condensation, precipitation
B. Condensation, precipitation, evaporation
C. Evaporation, precipitation, condensation
D. Precipitation, evaporation, condensation
78The salinity of sea water is
A . ( 2.5 % )
в. 3.5%
c. ( 4.5 % )
D. 5.5%
79Very Short Answer Type Question. How is atmosphere important for us?9
80In addition to the rock particles, the soil contains
A. Air and water
B. Water and plants
c. Minerals, organic matter, air and water
D. Water, air and plants
81All of the following activities affect the
quality and quantity of clean water except
A. Industrial waste disposal into waterways
B. Overgrazing of livestock
c. Oil spills
D. Excessive use of artificial fertilizers in agriculture
E. over fishing and hunting of marine organisms
82Source of maximum sulphur is
A. Ocean
B. Land
c. Rocks
D. Lakes
83The most important layer of atmosphere is
A. Troposphere
B. Thermosphere
c. Mesosphere
D. None of these
84The amount of freshwater of the earth
frozen as polar or glacial ice is
A . 0.5%
B. 0.02%
c. ( 0.01 % )
D. 1.7%
E. 2.5%
85Column I represent the size of the soil
particles and Column II represents type of solid components. Which of the following is correct match for the Column I and Column II.

Column I
0.2 to 2.00
B. Less than
( 0.002 mathrm{mm} )
(ii) ( quad ) Clay
0.02 to 0.2
( mathrm{mm} ) coarse sanc
( begin{array}{ll}text { c. } & text { (iii) } \ text { menticle }end{array} )
D. 0.002 to 0.02
( mathrm{mm} )
(iv) fine sand
( A cdot A-(i i), B-(i i i), C-(i v), D-(i) )
B. A – (iv), B – (i), C – (iii), D – (ii)
c. ( A- ) (iii), ( B- ) (ii), ( C-(i v), D- ) (i)
D. None of the above

86Sugarcane crop needs
A. Hot climate
B. Cool climate
c. Humid climate
D. Moderate climate
87Match the following.
( begin{array}{ll}text { Column I } & text { Column II } \ begin{array}{l}text { I. Sandy } \ text { soil }end{array} & text { A. } 85 % text { sand }+15 % text { clay or silt } \ begin{array}{l}text { II. Loam } \ text { soil }end{array} & text { B. } 70 % text { sand }+30 % text { clay or silt } \ text { III. Silt } & begin{array}{l}text { C. } 50 % text { sand }+50 % text { clay or silt or } \ text { both }end{array}end{array} )
( mathbf{A} )
I-A, II-D, |II-C
B. ।- ( A,|-B,| I-D )
C . ( mid-A, ) II- ( D, | I-B )
D. I- A, II-B, III- C
( E cdot|-A,| I-C,|I|-D )
88State whether these sentences are true
(T) or false (F).
Carbon dioxide is an important
constituents of air.
A. True
B. False
89Soil contain rock particles
A. Water and plants
B. Minerals, organic matter, air and water
C. Air and plants
D. Air, water and plants
90Answer the following question very
What is weather?
91In an average soil, the percentage of organic matter is about
A . 20
B. 30
( c cdot 45 )
92Which of the following is one of the ten most endangered river in the world?
A. Ganga
B. Yamuna
c. Mahanadi
D. Krishna
93Estuaries are considered as nutrient
trap due to the mixing of
A. River and sea water
B. Pond and lake
c. Lake and river
D. Ocean and pond
94Why does all weather phenomena take place in the troposphere?9
95Gases which increase the temperature
of the atmosphere such as carbon dioxide, methane, chlorofluorocarbon, etc are known as ( _{–} ) -gases.
A. Green house
B. Blue house
c. white house
D. Red house
96Which of the following occurs as a deposit of river bed?
A. Sand
B. Clay
c. silt
D. Silica
97Match the List I with List 2.9
Temperature and soil moisture are the important climatic factors that
regulate the process of decomposition.

Warm and moist environment favours
decomposition whereas low temperature and anaerobiosis inhibit decomposition.
A. Both Assertion and Reason are correct and Reason is the correct explanation for Assertion
B. Both Assertion and Reason are correct but Reason is not the correct explanation for Assertion
C. Assertion is correct but Reason is incorrect
D. Both Assertion and Reason are incorrect

99The process of water seepage into the ground is called9
100consists of a large number of
A. Hydrosphere
B. Lithosphere
c. Atmosphere
D. Biosphere
101The lower layer of the atmosphere is known as
A. Mesosphere
B. Ionosphere
c. Troposphere
D. Stratosphere
102Out of the total percentage, of water present as ground water is
A . 0.1%
в. 0.3%
c. ( 0.5 % )
D . 0.75%

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