Natural Resources Questions

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Natural Resources Questions

List of natural resources Questions

Question No Questions Class
1 In the troposphere, the temperature
decreases at the rate of ( 1^{circ} ) Celsius for
A. 100 meters
B. 135 meters
c. 150 meters
D. 165 meters
2 In the lower parts of the stratosphere, there is no change in temperature with altitude. This zone is called
A. Thermosphere
B. Isothermal Zone
c. Ozone layer
D. Ionosphere
3 Answer the following questions briefly. Name the different layers of atmosphere. 9
4 How soil testing helps the farmer? Write your opinion. 9
5 The water vapour which enters into air to form clouds in the sky are obtained by which of the following process?
A. Condensation
B. Evaporation
c. Precipitation
D. None of the above
6 Percentage of fresh water in the
hydrosphere is
A . 2.5%
B. 30%
c. ( 13 % )
D. 33%
7 Which of the following gas is present in large quantity in atmosphere?
A. oxygen
B. Hydrogen
c. Nitrogen
D. Methane
8 Short Answer Type Questions:
Give an account of the composition of atmosphere. Also discuss the importance of the components.
9 Out of total water content, sea
A . 97.5%
B. 71%
c. 81%
D. 91.2%
10 Soil is a mixture of
A. Sand and clay
B. Sand and humus
C. Clay and humus
D. Sand,clay and humus
11 Water cycle refers to
A. Scientific management of water in areas excessively plagued with water logging.
B. Constant movement of water from ocean to land and
back to ocean again
C. An integrated attempt to recycle water in relatively arid regions
D. Planning of water distribution in relatively dry areas.
12 Water occurs in frozen state over the
land is
A . 0.75%
B . 1.97%
c. 2.1%
D. 2.5%
13 Reservoirs, lakes, ponds, rivers and
canals contains how much percentage of fresh water?
A . 77.2 %
B. 22.4 %
c. ( 0.36 % )
D. 30.3 %
14 Which of the following layers of atmosphere absorb UV light radiations?
A. lonosphere
B. Ozonosphere
c. Troposphere
D. None of these
15 Which of the following is a community of plants and animals which occupies a large geographical area within a particular climate zone?
A. Biodiversity
B. Biome
c. Habituate
D. Bogg
16 Largest amount of fresh water occurs
A. As under ground water
B. In lakes and streams
c. As polar ice and glaciers
D. In rivers
17 Water shortage is a problem faced only by people living in rural ares.
A. True
B. False
18 Percentage of total water found as fresh
water is
A . 46%
B. 32%
c. ( 16 % )
D. 2.5%
19 The part of atmosphere which is consists of variable gasses with unknown composition is called
A. Stratosphere
B. Hetrosphere
c. Homosphere
D. None of these
20 Animal that can change its colour is
A. Planaria
B. Octopus
c. Leech
D. Hydra
21 Consider the following statements-
(a) Alluvial soil are formed by sediments deposited by rivers.
(b) Black soil is found in the dry and Semi-dry areas of Rajasthan and
(c) Red soil cannnot retain much
(d) Laterite soil is found over lava
deposits in the Deccan.

Which of the above statements are
B. (a) and (c)
c. (b) and (d)
D. None of them

22 Percentage of fresh water in
hydrosphere is
A. Less than 10%
B. Less than 25%
c. Less than ( 3 % )
D. Less than 17%
23 More than ( 70 % ) of worlds fresh water is
contained in
A. Polarice
B. Antarctica
c. Green land
D. Glaciers and mountains
24 What are the advantages of water stored in the ground than pond water?
A. It does not evaporate.
B. It spreads out to recharge wells
c. Provides moisture for vegetation over a wide area
D. All of the above.
25 State whether these sentences are true
(T) or false (F).
The atmosphere is composed mainly of nitrogen and oxygen.
A. True
B. False
26 Humification results in the formation of
A. Colloidal and Basic
B. Acidic and Dark colored
c. Amorphous and Light colored
D. Light coloured colloidal
27 Isopleth for depth is
A. Isobaths
B. Isohaline
c. Isohyet
D. None of these
28 Mineral nodules present in ocean which can meet shortage of important soil nutrient are
A. Manganese nodules
B. Phosphorite nodules
c. Magnesium nodules
D. All of the above
29 Long Answer
Give an account of the different layers of the atmosphere
30 Illustrate water cycle with diagram. 9
31 Pure clay is not suitable for plant growth because
A. It is chemically inert
B. It is chemically active
c. It forms a solid non penetrable mass
D. All of the above
32 What is the percentage of oxygen in the atmosphere?
A . 78%
B. 21%
c. 12%
D. 11%
33 Identify the constituents of soil
A. Gravel
B. Salt
c. мineral
D. All of the above
34 Short Answer
Give an account of the composition of
the atmosphere
35 As we go up the layer of the atmosphere,
the pressure
A. increases
B. decreases
c. remains same
D. none of these
36 is the major source of fresh
water and this water is neither used by animals and nor exposed to evaportion.
37 An anti-forest measure is
A. Afforestation
B. Selective grazing
C . Clearing forest
D. Selective felling
38 The altitudes/height of heavenly bodies appears to be greater than they actually are. This is due to
A. Vertical motion of these heavenly bodies
B. Motions of the earth
c. Atmospheric refraction
D. These are visible because of light of the sun reflected from their surface
39 Suppose you want to dry your school uniform quickly. Would spreading it near an anghiti or heater help you? If yes, how? 9
40 Atmosphere is classified into different
zones, which of the following is not among this classification?
A. lonosphere
B. Ozonosphere
c. Lithosphere
D. None of these
41 Sandeep has three soil samples ( X, Y ) and ( Z ), each with weight 50 g. 100 mL of water is poured drop by drop with the
help of a dropper on all the soil samples. The given graph shows weight of water
absorbed by each soil samples. Select the correct option regarding the soil samples.
A. ( x ) is a mixture of sand, silt and a good amount of clay.
B. ( Y ) is a mixture of sand, silt and appropriate amount of clay.
C. ( z ) is a sandy soil with very little clay.
D. ( z ) is a mixture of clay and slit with higher amount of sand
42 Very Short Answer Type Questions:
What is the function of carbon dioxide?
43 Which two gases makes the make the bulk of the atmosphere? 9
44 Goodsoil is
A. Which allows the limited amount of water into it
B. Which allows to percolate the water slowly from it
C. Which allows to pass water very quickly from it
D. Which holds whole of water into it
45 Percentage of water present in oceans
and seas is
A. ( 60 % )
B. 70%
( c cdot 80 % )
D. 95 %
46 Give Reason
Amount of insolation decreases from
equator towards poles?
47 Estuaries are
A. Freshwater wetlands
B. Salt water wetlands
C . Least productive ecosystem
D. None of the above
48 The amount of freshwater of the Earth
frozen as polar or glacial ice is
A . 0.5%
B. 0.02%
c. ( 0.01 % )
D . 1.97%
E. 2.5%
49 Humus is an example of
A. Crystalloids
B. Organic colloids
C. Soil structure
D. None of the above
50 List three ways how humans have
affected the water cycle.
Prepare slogans on green house effect to announce in assembly.
51 Part of earth covered by water is about :
A . 71%
B. 50%
c. 92%
D. 87%
52 Tick the correct answer.
The major constituent of atmosphere by percent is
A. Nitrogen
B. Oxygen
c. Carbon dioxide
D. None of these
53 Which of the following statements will not hold true if a plant is grown in only
sand ( (mathrm{S}), ) only clay (C) and only humus
( (H) ? )
A. Water availability to the roots will be more in (C) and
(H) as compared to (S)
B. Ability of roots to penetrate (S) and (H) will be low as compared to (C).
C. Nutrient availability to roots will be less in (S) as compared to (C) and (H).
D. Oxygen availability to roots will be low in (C) as compared to (S) and (H).
54 What is atmosphere? Write about its
different layers.
55 The process of changing water vapour into water is called 9
56 Which of the following process is responsible for the smoke-like vapour which comes out of the mouth in
A. Precipitation
B. Evaporation
c. condensation
D. None of the above
57 Residence time of water in the
atmosphere is
A . 10 days
B. 20 days
c. 28 days
D. 35 days
58 How much percentage of fresh water is present in the world?
A . 97.
B. 2.5
( c .30 )
D. 40
59 When a small amount of garden soil is put into a glass jar containing water, stirred and allowed to stand for two
hours, the layers from top to bottom
would be
A. Debris, water, sand and clay
B. Humus, water, clay and sand
c. Debris, clay, gravel and sand
D. Humus, clay, gravel and sand
60 Assertion: Litter burning is not
suggested by ecologists.
Reason: Burning litter enhances ‘CO
content of the air.
A. Both the Assertion and the Reason are true and the Reason is a correct explanation of the Assertion.
B. Both the Assertion and Reason are true but the Reason
is not a correct explanation of the Assertion.
C. The Assertion is true but the Reason is false.
D. Both the Assertion and Reason are false.
E. The Assertion is false but Reason is true.
61 Estuaries are considered as nutrient
trap due to the mixing of
A. River and sea water
B. Pond and lake
c. A and B
D. None of the above
62 Continuous circulation of water from
the earth to the sky and back to the earth is called
A. Precipitation
B. Circulation
c. Water cycle
D. None of these
63 The Savanna type of climate is characterised by
A. Humid summers and humid winters
B. Humid summers and dry winters
c. Humid winters and dry summers
D. Humid throughout the year
64 The part of the atmosphere above the 90 km from the earth is called
A. homosphere
B. heterosphere
c. ozone layer
D. mesosphere
65 The largest brackish water lake in India
A. Wullar lake
B. Sambhar lake
c. Kabar lake
D. Chilka lake
66 Short Answer Type Question. Give an account of atmosphere. 9
67 Explain the various ways in which we
can conserve water at home and school
68 is the major source of
fresh water
A. Ground water
B. Sea water
c. Lake
D. None of the above
69 Which part of the atmosphere is called
A. Atmosphere up to ( 70 mathrm{km} ) from the surface of the earth
B. Atmosphere up to ( 80 mathrm{km} ) from the surface of the earth
C. Atmosphere up to ( 90 mathrm{km} ) from the surface of the earth
D. Atmosphere up to ( 110 mathrm{km} ) from the surface of the earth
70 Water is a resource
A. Degradable maintainable
B. Non-degradable maintainable
C. Renewable
D. Non-renewable
71 44. The concept of “Green House
Gases” was postulated by
(1) Joseph Furier
(2) Abdui Kalam
(3) M. S. Swaminathan
(4) Richael Carlson
72 Precious stones, such as gem stones,
are products of
A. Volcanic rocks
B. Sedimentary rocks
c. Metamorphic racks
D. Igneous rocks
73 Largest amount of fresh water is found
A. Lakes and streams
B. Underground
c. Polar ice and glaciers
D. Rivers
74 Out of the total at any time, water present in the atmosphere is
A . ( 0.01 % )
B. 0.02%
c. 0.001%
D. 0.005%
75 The correct sequence of different layers
of the atmosphere from the surface of
the Earth upwards is
A. Troposphere, Stratosphere, lonosphere, Mesosphere
B. Stratosphere, Troposphere, lonosphere, Mesosphere
C. Troposphere, Stratosphere, Mesosphere, lonosphere
D. Stratosphere, Troposphere, Mesosphere, lonosphere
76 In which state, terrace farming is
A. Punjab
B. Haryana
c. Plains of Uttar Pradesh
D. Jammu and Kashmir
77 Identify the correct sequence of stages
in the water cycle.
A. Evaporation, condensation, precipitation
B. Condensation, precipitation, evaporation
C. Evaporation, precipitation, condensation
D. Precipitation, evaporation, condensation
78 The salinity of sea water is
A . ( 2.5 % )
в. 3.5%
c. ( 4.5 % )
D. 5.5%
79 Very Short Answer Type Question. How is atmosphere important for us? 9
80 In addition to the rock particles, the soil contains
A. Air and water
B. Water and plants
c. Minerals, organic matter, air and water
D. Water, air and plants
81 All of the following activities affect the
quality and quantity of clean water except
A. Industrial waste disposal into waterways
B. Overgrazing of livestock
c. Oil spills
D. Excessive use of artificial fertilizers in agriculture
E. over fishing and hunting of marine organisms
82 Source of maximum sulphur is
A. Ocean
B. Land
c. Rocks
D. Lakes
83 The most important layer of atmosphere is
A. Troposphere
B. Thermosphere
c. Mesosphere
D. None of these
84 The amount of freshwater of the earth
frozen as polar or glacial ice is
A . 0.5%
B. 0.02%
c. ( 0.01 % )
D. 1.7%
E. 2.5%
85 Column I represent the size of the soil
particles and Column II represents type of solid components. Which of the following is correct match for the Column I and Column II.

Column I
0.2 to 2.00
B. Less than
( 0.002 mathrm{mm} )
(ii) ( quad ) Clay
0.02 to 0.2
( mathrm{mm} ) coarse sanc
( begin{array}{ll}text { c. } & text { (iii) } \ text { menticle }end{array} )
D. 0.002 to 0.02
( mathrm{mm} )
(iv) fine sand
( A cdot A-(i i), B-(i i i), C-(i v), D-(i) )
B. A – (iv), B – (i), C – (iii), D – (ii)
c. ( A- ) (iii), ( B- ) (ii), ( C-(i v), D- ) (i)
D. None of the above

86 Sugarcane crop needs
A. Hot climate
B. Cool climate
c. Humid climate
D. Moderate climate
87 Match the following.
( begin{array}{ll}text { Column I } & text { Column II } \ begin{array}{l}text { I. Sandy } \ text { soil }end{array} & text { A. } 85 % text { sand }+15 % text { clay or silt } \ begin{array}{l}text { II. Loam } \ text { soil }end{array} & text { B. } 70 % text { sand }+30 % text { clay or silt } \ text { III. Silt } & begin{array}{l}text { C. } 50 % text { sand }+50 % text { clay or silt or } \ text { both }end{array}end{array} )
( mathbf{A} )
I-A, II-D, |II-C
B. ।- ( A,|-B,| I-D )
C . ( mid-A, ) II- ( D, | I-B )
D. I- A, II-B, III- C
( E cdot|-A,| I-C,|I|-D )
88 State whether these sentences are true
(T) or false (F).
Carbon dioxide is an important
constituents of air.
A. True
B. False
89 Soil contain rock particles
A. Water and plants
B. Minerals, organic matter, air and water
C. Air and plants
D. Air, water and plants
90 Answer the following question very
What is weather?
91 In an average soil, the percentage of organic matter is about
A . 20
B. 30
( c cdot 45 )
92 Which of the following is one of the ten most endangered river in the world?
A. Ganga
B. Yamuna
c. Mahanadi
D. Krishna
93 Estuaries are considered as nutrient
trap due to the mixing of
A. River and sea water
B. Pond and lake
c. Lake and river
D. Ocean and pond
94 Why does all weather phenomena take place in the troposphere? 9
95 Gases which increase the temperature
of the atmosphere such as carbon dioxide, methane, chlorofluorocarbon, etc are known as ( _{–} ) -gases.
A. Green house
B. Blue house
c. white house
D. Red house
96 Which of the following occurs as a deposit of river bed?
A. Sand
B. Clay
c. silt
D. Silica
97 Match the List I with List 2. 9
98 Assertion
Temperature and soil moisture are the important climatic factors that
regulate the process of decomposition.

Warm and moist environment favours
decomposition whereas low temperature and anaerobiosis inhibit decomposition.
A. Both Assertion and Reason are correct and Reason is the correct explanation for Assertion
B. Both Assertion and Reason are correct but Reason is not the correct explanation for Assertion
C. Assertion is correct but Reason is incorrect
D. Both Assertion and Reason are incorrect

99 The process of water seepage into the ground is called 9
100 consists of a large number of
A. Hydrosphere
B. Lithosphere
c. Atmosphere
D. Biosphere
101 The lower layer of the atmosphere is known as
A. Mesosphere
B. Ionosphere
c. Troposphere
D. Stratosphere
102 Out of the total percentage, of water present as ground water is
A . 0.1%
в. 0.3%
c. ( 0.5 % )
D . 0.75%

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