Plant Kingdom Questions

We provide plant kingdom practice exercises, instructions, and a learning material that allows learners to study outside of the classroom. We focus on plant kingdom skills mastery so, below you will get all questions that are also asking in the competition exam beside that classroom.

Plant Kingdom Questions

List of plant kingdom Questions

Question NoQuestionsClass
1Sterile portions of sporophylls of Cycas and Pinus are
A. Paraphyses
B. Apophysis
c. Hypophysis
D. Epiphyses
11
2Gymnosperms were placed between dicot and monocot by
A. De candolle
B. Bentham and Hooker
c. Engler and Pranti
D. Hutchinson
11
3Which one of the following is categorised under living fossils?
A. Moss
B. Cycas
c. saccharomyces
D. Spirogyra
11
4Podocarpus, Ginkgo and Cycas share which one of the following character?
A. All show polyembryony
B. All have multiflagellated antherozooids.
c. All have coralloid roots
D. Both A and c
11
5Very short answer type. In what form Is the food stored in green
algae?
11
6Assertion
Fertilization of bryophytes require water for antherozoids.
Reason
They are amphibians of plant kingdom.
A. Both Assertion and Reason are correct and Reason is the correct explanation for Assertion
B. Both Assertion and Reason are correct but Reason is not the correct explanation for Assertion
c. Assertion is correct but Reason is incorrect
D. Assertion is incorrect but Reason is correct
11
7Q Type your question_
organs and select the right option.
Name of Organism Class
Rhodoplayceae ( begin{array}{ll}(1) & text { Acetabularia } \
(2) & text { Chlamydomonas } \
(3) & text { Chara } \
(4) & text { Chara }end{array} ) as Chlorophyceae
Chlorophyceae
( mathrm{F} ) Phaeophyceae
( mathbf{A} )
( B cdot 2 )
( c cdot 3 )
( D )
11
8Branch dealing with study of algae is
A. Phycology
B. Mycology
c. Microbiology
D. onchology
11
9Colchicum plant which gives colchicine alkaloid belongs to which family?
A. Leguminosae
B. Malvaceae
c. Liliaceae
D. cruciferae
11
10Which of the following is not a part of
moss capsule?
A. Operculum
B. Peristome
c. Annulus
D. Protonema
11
11Assertion
All pteridophytes have originated from
Rhynia.
Reason
It is a living fossil fern.
A. Both Assertion and Reason are correct and Reason is the correct explanation for Assertion
B. Both Assertion and Reason are correct but Reason is not the correct explanation for Assertion
c. Assertion is correct but Reason is incorrect
D. Assertion is incorrect but Reason is correct.
11
12Coralloid roots are found in
A. Pea
B. Fern
c. cycas
D. Pinus
11
13Which of the following statements is true for Algae?
A. Algae have root, stem and leaves.
B. Algae have true roots but lack leaves.
c. Algae have rhizoids and leaves.
D. Body of Algae is thallus.
11
14Jacket less archegonia occur in
A . Riccia
B. Funaria
c. Sphagnum
D. Anthoceros
11
15The drug ‘Belladonna’ is obtained from
A. Atropa
B. Rauwolfia
c. Solanum
D. capsicum
11
16Which of the following is not the feature of gymnosperms?
A. Parallel venation
B. Perennial plants
c. Distinct branches (long and short branches)
D. xylem with vessels
11
17Multicellular jacketed female sex organ of bryophytes is
A. Archegonium
c. Ascogonium
D. Trichogyne
11
18The model organism that has largely been responsible for making rapid advances in research on photosynthesis is
A. Chlamydomonas
B. Spinach leaf
c. chlorella
D. Hydrilla
11
19Which of the following is not the characteristic feature of flowering plants?
A. They include non-woody trees and shrubs.
B. They have stems, leaves and roots
c. They produce seeds
D. They have finely divided leaves called fronds.
11
20is the red colour pigment found in algae.11
21Which among the following is the smallest gymnosperm?
A. Cycas
B. Pinus
c. zamia
D. Gnetum
11
22Botanical snakes are
A . Algae
B. Fungi
c. Bryophytes
D. Pteridophytes
11
23Seeds of gymnosperms have three
generations, that is
A. Two sporophytic and one gametophytic generation
B. Two gametophytic and one sporophytic
C. All three sporophytic generations
D. All three gametophytic generations
11
24Which of the following plants has high water retention capacity and is used to provide moisture to plants?
A. Sphagnum
B. Botrychium
c. Marsilea
D. Marchantia
11
25An aquatic quadrifoliate pteridophyte is
A. Isoetes
B. Marsilea
c. Equisetum
D. ophioglossum
11
26Who among the following was a paleobotanist?
A. P. Maheshwari
B. S.R. Kashyap
c. Birbal Sahni
D. v. Purir
11
27Leptoids and hydroids are the vascular
supply of
A. Pteridophytes
B. Irish mosses
c. Liverworts
D. All of the above
11
28Read the given statements about algae and select the correct option.
(i) Plant body is thalloid.
(ii) They are largely aquatic.
(iii) Reproduction occurs by vegetative, asexual and sexual methods.
(iv) Chlamydomonas, Volvox and Ulothrix are the multicellular algae.
A. Statements (i) and (ii) are true
B. Statements (ii) and (iii) are true
c. Statements (i), (ii) and (iii) are true
D. All statements are true
11
29Observe the relationship between the
first two words and then fill in the fourth
place
(a) Angiosperms: roots :: Rhodophyta
(b) Fern: prothallus :: moss:
(c) Moss : capsule :: fern:
(d) Angiosperms: flowers :: conifers
11
30Compared with the gametophytes of the bryophytes, the gametophytes of vascular plants tend to be
A. Smaller but to have larger sex organs
B. Larger but to have smaller sex organs
c. Larger and to have larger sex organs
D. Smaller and to have smaller sex orqans
11
31The first true angiosperm evolved from
an ancestor is
A. Arceuthobium
B. Gnetum
c. cycas
D. Taxus
11
32Life cycle of Saccharomyces cerevisiae is
A. Haplontic
B. Diplontic
C . Haplodiplontic
D. None of the above
11
33Dendrochronology is
the
A. Histological analysis of the annual rings signifying the age of tree.
B. Chemical analysis of the chlorophyll content in a plant.
C. Statistical analysis of the amount of food prepared by the plant, the amount is used, and the quantity stored.
D. Study of the light and the dark reactions of photosynthesis.
11
34Which of the following statements is
not true about fertilization in a fern
plant?
A. An egg is produced in an archegonium
B. A sperm is produced in an antheridium
c. sperm is carried by the wind to the egg
D. Eggs and sperm are produced on the same plan
11
35Typical embryosac of Angiosperms is
A. Tetranucleated
B. Eight nucleated and seven celled
C. Tetranucleated and seven celled
D. Tetranucleated and tetra celled
11
36Study the following lists:
List-I
(A) Anucleate
(1) Spirogyra gamciangium
(B) Uninucleate
(2) Rhizopus chlamydospore
(C) Multinucleate
(3) Pteris
neck canal cell
(D) Binucleate
(4) Vitis
matured sieve element
(5) Akinite of
Spirogyra
( A cdot A-(1 V), B-(1), C-(11), D-(1) )
B. A-(I), B-(III), C-(II),D-(IV)
( c cdot A-(1 V), B-(1), C-(11), D-(11) )
D. A-(1), B-(IV), C-(V), D-(II)
11
37Change in colour of algae, according to depth in sea is called as
A. Bohr’s effect
B. Gaudikov’s effect
c. Fogg’s effect
D. Pasteur’s effect
11
38In gymnosperms, pollen drop is the
A. Red drop
B. Pollens dropped by wind
c. Secretion of nucellus
D. water drops
11
39Study the given statement about gymosperms and select the correct option
¡) Siphonogamous oogamy
(ii) Male and female cone are borne on
same tree in Pinus
iii) Endosperm represents female gametophyte
A. Statement (i) and (ii) are correct
B. Statement (ii) and (iii) are correct
C. Statement (i) and (iii) are correct
D. Statement (i),(ii) and (iii) are correct
11
40The surface fibres of commercial use
are obtained from
A. Gossypium
B. Agave
c. Helianthus
D. Solanum
11
41A member of Class Chlorophyceae is
A. Chlamydomonas
B. Volvox
c. Ulothrix
D. all of these
11
42Number of meiosis for formation of 80
zygotes in the angiosperms will be
A . 40
B. 100
( c cdot 160 )
D. 90
11
43Find odd one w.r.t.ploidy in bryophytes
A. NCC
B. VcC
c. Spore
D. Foot
11
44Reserve food material of algae is
A. Starch
B. Glycogen
( c . ) Fat
D. sugar
11
45A collection of sporangia attached to placenta and covered over by indusium is known as
A. Sporophyll
B. Sorus
c. cone
D. Ramenta
11
46Which among the following is not a true
tree?
A. coconut (cocus nucifera)
B. Peepal (Ficus religiosa)
c. Mango (Mangifera indica)
D. Banyan (Ficus benghalensis)
11
47In which of the families, the stamens are in two whorls and epiphyllous?
A. Malvaceae
B. Solanaceae
c. Liliaceae
D. Caesalpinoideae
11
48Name any two seeds of plant which are used as a source of biodiesel.11
49Select the correct match of algal class and its characteristic flagellation.
A. Chlorophyceae – 2-8 equal, apical
B. Phaeophyceae – 2, unequal, latera
c. Rhodophyceae- Absent
D. All of these
11
50Chl a, Chl d and phycoerythrin occur in
A. Chlorophyceae
B. Bacillariophyceae
c. cyanophyceae
D. Rhodophyceae
11
51Gametes formed by meiosis are called
as
A. coenogametes
B. Meiogametes
c. Mitogametes
D. None of the above
11
52Cones in Gymnosperm plants are
( mathbf{A} cdot ) Bisexual
B. Unisexual
c. Sterile
D. All of the above.
11
53Laminaria and Fucus belongs to
A. Chlorophyceae
B. Rhodophyceae
c. Phaeophyceae
D. Cyanophyceae
11
54Oil yielding plants are abundant in the family
A. Solanaceae
B. Ranunculaceae
c. cruciferae
D. Curcurbitaceae
11
55In pteridophytes, main plant body is a
(i) which is
(ii)
into true roots, stem and leaves.
Fill the blanks in above statement and
select the correct option.
A. (i) – sporophyte, (ii) – differentiated
B. (i) – sporophyte, (ii) – not differentiated
c. (i) – gametophyte,
(ii) – differentiated
D. (i) – gametophyte, (ii) – not differentiated
11
56The term Bryophyta was given by
A. Darwin
B. Braun
C. Aristotle
D. Galen
11
57All of these are the characters of
angiosperms except they
A. Are most advanced
B. Bear true fruits
c. Bear covered seeds
D. Are cryptogams
E. Show double fertilization
11
58Shell fish taken from water during a red tide would be
A. Rich in proteins
B. Poisoned with neurotoxin
c. Dead
D. Rich in fats
11
59Ficus benghalensis is the common name
of
A. Orchid
B. 4 o’clock plant
c. Banyan tree
D. Mango tree
11
60Match the following with correct
combination
begin{tabular}{lll|l}
& Column-I & & Column-II \
a. & Anthoceros & 1. & Walkin fern \
b. & Asplenium & 2. & Alga \
c. & Sargassum & 3. & Inferae \
d. & Prothallus & 4. & Gametophyte \
e. & Asterales & 5. & Hornwort \
& 6. & Livewort
end{tabular}
( A )
( a-6, b-5, c-1, d-3, e-4 )
( B cdot a-5, b-4, c-3, d-2, e-1 )
( C cdot a-5, b-1, c-2, d-4, e-3 )
D. ( a-3, b-2, c-1, d-5, e-4 )
( E cdot a-1, b-4, c-3, d-5, e-2 )
11
61Which of the following is a character of
gymnospermous wood?
A. Porous
B. Ring porous
c. Diffused porous
D. Non-porous
11
62State whether the following statements
are true or false.
Motile reproductive bodies are completely absent in Rhodophyta.
A. True
B. False
11
63Select the correct pattern of
arrangement of reproductive structures
for gymnosperms.
A. Spores ( rightarrow ) Sporophylls ( rightarrow ) Sporangia ( rightarrow ) Strobill
B. Spores ( rightarrow ) Sporangia ( rightarrow ) Sporophylls ( rightarrow ) Strobili
c. sporangia ( rightarrow ) Sporophylls ( rightarrow ) Spores ( rightarrow ) Strobili
D. Spores ( rightarrow ) Sporangia ( rightarrow ) Strobili ( rightarrow ) Sporophylls
11
64During unfavourable conditions
Chlamydomonas forms a colonial aggregate called
A. Palmitate stage
B. Palmella stage
c. Endospore stage
D. cyst stage
11
65Algae are not associated with diseases
unlike many fungi and bacteria. What is
the reason for this?
11
66Ptyxis in Cycasis
A. Simple
B. Circular
c. circinate
D. None of the above
11
67Sporophyte with indefinite growth occurs in
A . Liver worts
B. Horn worts
c. Mosses
D. Fern
11
68Walking fern belongs to the genus
A. Asplenium
B. Dryopteris
c. Pteris
D. Marsilea
11
69Dispersal of spores in fern takes place through
A. Annulus
B. Stomium
c. Both A and B
D. Indusium
11
70An angiosperm is different from a gymnosperm in the absence of
A. Vascular tissue
B. Ovary
( c . ) seed
D. Naked ovule
11
71Which one of the following statements about Cycas is incorrect?
A. It has circinate vernation
B. Its xylem is mainly composed of xylem vessel
c. Its roots contain BGA
D. It does not have a well organized female flower
11
72Assertion
Origin of seed habit begins in Pteridophyta.
Reason
It is suggested by heterosporous Selaginella.
A. Both Assertion and Reason are correct and Reason is the correct explanation for Assertion
B. Both Assertion and Reason are correct but Reason is not the correct explanation for Assertion
c. Assertion is correct but Reason is incorrect
D. Assertion is incorrect but Reason is correct.
11
73Which of the following helps in coal formation?
A. Bacteria
B. Gymnosperm
c. Pteridophytes
D. Archaebacteria
11
74Read the following five statements to ( mathrm{E} ) ) and select the option with all
correct statements.
(A) Mosses and Lichens are the first
organisms to colonize bare rock.
(B) Selaginella is a homosporous
pteridophyte.
(C) Coralloid roots in Cycas have VAM.
(D) The main plant body in bryophytes is gametophytic whereas in pteridophytes it is sporophytic.
(E) In gymnosperms, male and female gametophytes are present within
sporangia located on sporophyte.
( A cdot(A),(D) ) and ( (E) )
B. ( (B),(C) ) and ( (D) )
c. ( (A),(C) ) and ( (D) )
D. None of these
11
75Plants having vascular tissues but lacking seeds are
A. Bryophyta
B. Pteridophyta
c. Gymnosperms
D. Angiosperms
11
76If the chromosome number in the
somatic cell of gymnosperm is 8. Then the number of chromosomes in the
nucellus of ( C y c a s ) is
A. 08
B. 04
( c cdot 16 )
D. 32
11
77Identify the given figures of algae and
select the correct option.
A. (A) – Fucus, (B) – Polysiphonia
B. (A) – Dictyota, (B) – Polysiphonia
C. (A) – Dictyota,(B) – Porphyra
D. (A) – Porphyra, (B) – Polysiphonia
11
78Food reserve of phaeophyceae is
A. Laminarin and floridean starch
B. Laminarin and mannitol
c. Fat
D. starch
11
79In Cycas, pollination is by
A. Wind
B. Insect
C. Water
D. Both A and B
11
80According to Bentham and Hooker’s classification which family/order was considered most primitive?
A. Ranunculaceae / Ranales
B. orchidaceae / orchidales
c. Malvaceae / Malvales
D. Brassicaceae / Parietales
11
81Name the largest kelp?11
82Plants with no roots, but have stems
and leaves are known as
11
83‘Botanical snakes’ are
A. Fungi
B. Bryophytes
c. Pteridophytes
D. Lichens
11
84Consider the following statements regarding gymnosperms and choose the
correct option.
(A) In gymnosperms, the male and female gametophytes have an independent existence.
(B) The multicellular female
gametophyte is retained within the
megasporangium.
(C) The gymnosperms are heterosporous.
( A cdot(A) ) and
(B) are true but (C) is false.
B. (A) and
(C) are true but (B) is false.
c. (B) and
(C) are false but (A) is true
D. (A) and
(C) are false but (B) is true.
E. (B) and
(C) are true but (A) is false.
11
8540. Which of the following elements
is obtained from sea weeds ?
(1) Iodine (2) Vanadium
(3) Argon (4) Sulphur
11
86The algae which decomposes human urine is
A. Spirullina
B. Chlorella
c. volvox
D. chlamydomonas
11
87Which of the following is commonly present in fresh water?
(A)- Ulothrix
(B)- Spirogyra
(C)- Ectocarpus
(D)- Batrachospermum
A. A and B
B. A,B and D
c. ( A, B, C ) and ( D )
D. A,B and C
11
88Independent alternation of generation is
found in
B. Spermatophyta
c. Thallophyta
D. Bryophyta
11
89What type of sorus is present in Nephrolepis?
A. coenosorus
B. simple
c. Mixed
D. None of the above
11
90The reserve food of brown algae is
A. Fucoxanthin
B. Volutin
c. Laminarin
D. Paramylum
11
91The seeds in gymnosperms are
A. Naked
B. Enclosed within the ovule
C. Present in fruits
D. Partly naked and partly enclosed within the ovules
11
92Which of the following remained unchanged for last many million years?
A . Pinus
B. Rice
c. Acacia
D. Ginkgo
11
93Moss sporophyte is diffentiated in
A. Stem and leaves
B. Root, stem and leaves
c. Rhizoids, stem and leaves
D. None of the above
11
94Universal zygomorphy occurs in
A. Malvaceae
B. Mimosoideae
c. Papilionaceae
D. Solanaceae
11
95The part labelled as ‘A’ represents the
A. Root
B. Epicotyl
c. Hypocotyl
D. cotyledon
E. Hilum
11
96Which Bryophyte indicates algal ancestory of Bryophytes?
A . Riccio
B. Riella
c. Anthoceros
D. Marchantia
11
97Deepest algae in sea are
A. Red algae
B. Brown algae
c. Green algae
D. Golden algae
11
98Life cycle of gymnosperm is
A. Haplontic
B. Haplodiplontic
c. Diplontic
D. Diplohaplontic
11
99Plants which are shorter than trees and
have a bushy appearance, called as
A. Short trees
B. Shrubs
c. Bushes
D. sporophytes
11
100Name the three main classes of
Bryophyta
11
101Fill in the blanks with suitable word:
All green plants are
11
102Phloem of gymnosperms differs from that of angiosperms in having
A. Parenchyma
B. No companion cells
c. No sieve cells
D. No sclerenchyma fibres
11
103Monoecious plant of Chara shows
OCCUrrence of
A. Stamen and carpel on the same plant
B. Upper antheridium and lower oogonium on the same plant
C. Upper oogonium and lower antheridium on the same plant
D. Antheridiophore and archegoniophore on the same plant
11
104Largest ovule is present in
A . Cycas
B. Pinus
c. wolffia
D. Rafflesia
11
105Spore dissemination in some liverworts
is aided by
A. Elaters
B. Indusium
c. calyptra
D. Peristome teeth
11
106Identify the alga known for a biological activity called bioluminescenence.
A. Cyclotella
B. Noctiluca
c. Spirogyra
D. chlorella
11
107Shepherd’s purse plant belong to family of
A. Cruciferae
B. Malvaceae
c. Solanaceae
D. Leguminosae
11
108Which type of relation does a fungus has with alga in lichens?
A. Epiphytic
B. Parasitic
c. symbiotic
D. Saprophytic
11
109Which component present in blue-green
algae?
This question has multiple correct options
A. Cyanocobalamin
B. Phycocyanin
c. chlorophyll
D. Cartenoids
11
110The megaspore of a conifer, which is never released from the sporangium, divides by mitosis to produce a:
A. Male gametophyte
B. Female gametophyte
c. Multicellular embryo
D. Pollen grain
11
111A plant that possess vascular tissues
is
A. Funaria
B. Equisetum
c. Polytrichum
D. Sphagnum
11
112Which of the following is true regarding homospory and heterospory?
A. Homospory: one kind of spore is produced, typically resulting in a bisexual gametophyte.
B. Heterospory: two types of spores develop into separate male and female gametophytes
c. Both A and B are correct
D. Both A and B are incorrect
11
113Stellate chloroplast is found in
A. Spirogyra
B. Coleochaete
c. oedogonium
D. Zygnema
11
114Diatoms do not decay easily because
A. They have siliceous walls
B. Their body is impervious to water
c. They are chitinous
D. They are abundant in saline soil
11
115Which one of the following is heterosporous?
A. Adiantum
B. Equisetum
c. Dryopteris
D. Salvinia
11
116Protonema state occurs in which of the
following Bryophytes?
A. Anthoceros
B. Rica
c. Funaria
D. Porella
11
117Which of the following is true about
Bryophytes?
A. They possess archegonia
B. They contain chloroplast
c. They are thalloid
D. All of the above
11
118Assertion
The main plant body of bryophytes is gametophyte.
Reason
Alternation of generation is absent in bryophytes
A. Both Assertion and Reason are correct and Reason is the correct explanation for Assertion
B. Both Assertion and Reason are correct but Reason is not the correct explanation for Assertion
c. Assertion is correct but Reason is incorrect
D. Assertion is incorrect but Reason is correct
11
119Succession in a 6 metre deep pond
exhibits a sequence of
A. Submerged Plants – Reeds – Herbs – Floating Plants Shrubs – Trees
B. Floating Plants – Submerged Plants – Reeds – Herbs Shrub – Trees
C. Shrubs – Trees – Submerged Plants – Floating Plants Reeds – Herbs
D. Submerged Plants – Floating Plants – Reeds – Herbs Shrubs – Trees
11
120Out of the three characteristics,
monocots show
A. I only
B. II only
c. I and ॥
D. I and III
E . II and III
11
121(A) The sporophyte in liverworts is more elaborate than that in mosses.
(B) Salvinia is heterosporous.
(C) In Pinus, male and female cones are
borne on different trees.
(D) The life-cycle in all seed bearing plants is diplontic. The two wrongly matched statements
together are
A. Statement B and C
B. Statement A and B
c. Statement A and C
D. Statement A and D
11
122Which of the following trees/plants have seeds enclosed in the fruit?
A. Angiosperms
B. Gymnosperms
c. cryptogams
D. All of the above
11
123The only family showing resupination is
A. Leguminosae
B. Compositae
c. orchidaceae
D. Malvaceae
11
124Most primitive living vascular plants
are
A. Sphagnum
B. cycads
c. Brown algae
D. Ferns
11
125Wood commonly used for making cricket bat is
A. Cedrus
B. Salix
c. Tectona
D. Morus
11
126Few algae show
A. External fertilisation
B. Heterogametes
C . Internal fertilisation
D. Zygotic mitosis to develop embryo
11
127Of the following, the most recent ancestors of vascular plants were probably
A. Mosses
B. Red algae
c. Horsetails
D. Green algae
11
128Female gametophyte of angiosperm is
A . 7 celled
B. 8 celled
c. 11 celled
D. 5 celled
11
129A Bryophyte suddenly started reproducing parthenogenetically. Then the number of chromosomes of the
second generation compared to parent
plant will be
A. Same
B. One-half
c. Double
D. Triple
11
130In which of the following groups, the majority of plant orders contain the vascular tissue wherein the vessels and
companion cells are absent in the xylem and phloem?
A. Angiosperms
B. Thallophytes
c. Bryophytes
D. Gymnosperms
11
131Sea lettuce is the common name for
A. Laminaria
B. Fucus
c. Sargassum
D. Ulva
11
132Fruit lomentum is characteristic
feature of the sub family
A. Papilionatae
B. Caesalpinoideae
c. Mimosoideae
D. Leguminosae
11
133Which of the following is found in Ulva but not in lower plants?
A. Alternation of generation
B. Generations look alike
c. sperms and eggs are produced
D. Both B and C
11
134The total number of species belonging to present day gymnosperms is about
A. 2000
B. 850
c. 2500
D. 4000
11
135Which one is a wrong statement?
A. Brown algae have chlorophyll a and c and fucoxanthin.
B. Archegonia are found in Bryophyta, Pteridophyta and Gymnosperms.
C. Mucor has biflagellate zoospores.
D. Haploid endosperm is typical feature of gymnosperms.
11
136Bryophyta like to grow in moist places because
A. Roots are absent, they has to absorb the moisture from ground
B. Male gametes require water for swimming
C. They do not have water proof coating of cutin on their aerial surface to prevent the loss of water
D. All of the above
11
137What correctly defines mycorrhiza?
A. Plants that have no vascular tissue.
B. Nitrogen fixing bacteria that live in nodules on the roots of legumes.
C. Primitive plants like mosses, which show a dominant gametophyte stage.
D. Vascular bundles in the stems of tracheophytes.
E. Symbiotic structures living in the roots of plants that increase uptake of nutrients from the soil.
11
138Laminaria (kelp) and Fucus (rock weed) are the examples of
A. Green algae
B. Brown algae (Phaeophyceae)
c. Red algae (Rhodophyceae)
D. Golden brown algae
11
139During adverse season, therophytes survive as
A. Bulbs
B. Corms
c. Rhizomes
D. seed
11
140When a moss spore lands on an appropriate site, it germinates into the first stage of the gametophyte called as
A. Antheridium
B. Rhizoid
c. Protonema
D. Thallus
11
141Find out what do the terms algal bloom and red-tides signify.11
142How many terms in the column is
associated to stonewort?
Protandrous, Gynandrous, shield cells, coronary cells, Tube cells, Archegoniophore, Globule, Monoecious
A. 5
B. 6
( c cdot 7 )
( D )
11
143In which one of the following, the male and female gametophytes don’t have free-living independent existence?
A. Pteris
B. Funaria
c. Polytrichum
D. cedrus
11
144Which of the following is not a product of fertilization.
A. Zygote in algae
B. Seeds of cycas
c. Fruits of mango
D. Endosperm of cotton
11
145Mosses and ferns are found in moist
and shady places because both
A. Depend for their nutrition on microorganisms which can survive only at low temperature
B. Do not need sunlight for photosynthesis
c. Require presence of water for fertilisation
D. Cannot compete with sun-loving plants
11
146Which of the following is a living fossil?
A . Pinus
B. Ginkgo biloba
c. Thuja
D. Deodar
11
147Which type of sexual reproduction is found in volvox?
A. Isogamous
B. Anisogamous
c. oogamous
D. All of these
11
148Which family is represented by the largest number of species in Indian
flora?
A. Gramineae
B. Leguminosae
c. orchidaceae
D. Solanaceae
11
149Eusporangiate fern is produced from
A. Group of sporangial initial cell
B. single initial cell
c. Epidermal cells
D. Hypodermal cells
11
150Stone wort is common name of
A. Chara
B. Chlorella
c. Laminaria
D. Polysiphonia
11
151Gemmae are asexual reproductive
bodies of
A. Algae
B. Liverworts
c. Mosses
D. Both B and C
11
152Parkinsonia and Australian Acacia
contains
A. Phylloclade
B. Winged fruitt
c. Parachute mechanism
D. Phyllode
11
153The first terrestrial plants, to possess vascular tissues, among the following
are
A. Sphagnum & Selaginella
B. Marchantia & Funaria
c. selaginella & Salviniá
D. Funaria & Equisetum
11
154Which family plants are rich source of proteins?
A. Cruciferae
B. Leguminosae
c. Liliaceae
D. compositae
11
155Under what conditions algae enter the
palmella stage?
11
156Read the given statements and select
the correct option.
Statement 1: Bryophytes are amphibians of plant kingdom. Statement 2 : They live in soil but
depend on water for sexual
reproduction.
A. Both statements 1 and 2 are correct
B. Statement 1 is correct but statement 2 is incorrect
c. statement 1 is incorrect but statement 2 is correct.
D. Both statements 1 and 2 are incorrect.
11
157The protostele in which xylem core is Smooth and rounded is
A. Haplostele
B. Actinostlele
c. Plectostele
D. siphonostele
11
158is known as incomplete because, in this subclass, sepals and petals are not distinct. Flowers usually possess only one whorl of perianth which is sepaloid.
A. Polypetalae
B. Gamopetalae
c. Monochlamydeae
D. Both A and B
11
159The largest alga is
A. Microcystic
B. Macrocystis
c. Red alga
D. Blue-green alga
11
160Colour of Bougainvillea is due to
A. Coloured sepals
B. Coloured bracts
c. Coloured petals
D. None of the above
11
161At present about animal
phyla have been recognized.
A . 10
B. 20
c. 30
D. 40
11
162Draw a diagram to describe the life cycle of the moss, pointing out significant features11
163Most advanced gymnosperm belongs to
A . Cycadales
B. Coniferales
c. Gnetales
D. cycadofillicales
11
164Algae growing on animal bodies and shells are called
A. Epizoic
B. Epiphytic
c. sea Lettuce
D. Parasitic
E. Coenobia
11
165Define Pteridophyta11
166Which plant group is exclusively
perennial?
A. Dicots
B. Ferns
c. Gymnosperms
D. Monocots
11
167Lady’s finger belongs to family of
A. Malvaceae
B. Cruciferae
c. compositae
D. None of the above
11
168Here is the diagram of prothallus. Identify ( A, B ) and ( C )
A. A – archegonia, B – antheridia, C – rhizoids
B. A – antheridia, B – archegonia, C – rhizoids
c. A – archegonia, B – antheridia, C- roots
D. A – antheridia, B – archegonia, C – roots
11
169Bentham and Hooker classified dicots
into
A. Polypetalae, gamopetalae and glumiflorae
B. Polypetalae, gamopetalae and monochlamydae
C. Achlamydae, diclamydeae and metachlamydae
D. Archichlamydae, sympetalae and apetalae
11
170Polyuronic acid and polysulphate esters are characteristic in cell wall of
A. Brown algae
B. Red algae
c. Dinoflagellates
D. Diatoms
11
171Vessels are found in
A. Ephedra
B. All gymnosperms
c. Funaria
D. None of the above
11
172The characters of gymnosperms are
A. Seeds are naked
B. Fruits are absent
c. True carpel absent
D. All of the above
11
173Which one of the following is called as horsetail?
A. Lycopodium
B. Marsilea
c. Equisetum
D. Selaginella
11
174Formation of a gametophyte (i.e. embryo sac or pollen) on a sporophyte without any reduction division is known
as
A. Apospory
B. Parthenogenesis
c. Apogamy
D. Amphimixis
11
175All gymnosperms are
A. Heterosporous
B. Arborescent
C . Seed plants
D. All of the above
11
176Botanical name of peat moss is
A. Sphagnum
B. Funaria
c. Anthoceros
D. Polytrichum
11
177In angiosperms various stages of
reductional division can best be
studied in
A. Young anthers
B. Mature anthers
c. Mature ovules
D. Endosperm cells
11
178Endosperm in Gymnosperm is
A. Haploid
B. Diploid
c. Triploid
D. All of the above
11
179Trumpet hyphae in certain brown algae resemble
A. Trachea
B. Sieve tubes
c. Sclerenchymatous fibres
D. Tracheids
11
180Walking fern name is due to
A. Dispersal by animals
B. Reproduction by spores
c. vegetative reproduction
D. Power of locomotion
11
181Eggs do not occur in archegonia in
A. Bryophyta
B. Pteridophyta
c. Angiosperms
D. spermatophyta
11
182Algae are in the same major group of plants, so are the
A. Mosses
B. Liverworts
c. Fungi
D. Ferns
11
183The stipules are modified into tendrils
in
A. Smilax
B. Asphodelus
c. Gloriosa
D. Asparagus
11
184Marchantia is Bryophyte because it lacks
A . Roots
B. Independent sporophyte
c. seeds
D. Vascular tissue
11
185“Golden algae” is the common name of algae belonging to
A. Chrysophyta
B. Pyrrophyta
c. Euglenophyta
D. cyanophyta
11
186Pteridophytes are advanced than bryophytes in having
A. Swimming antherozoids
B. Sporophyte as dominant phase
c. Archegonia
D. Gametophyte as dominant phase
11
187Inflorescence in Solanaceae is
A. Racemose
B. Cymose
c. Hypanthodium
D. verticillaster
11
188Filicales are classified on the basis of
A. Sori
B. Nature of spores
c. Nature of sporophyll and sporangia
D. Nature of annulus
11
189toppr
Q Type your que
Autotrophic Yes
res
Presence o vascu ss
Flow
roduce
Shirin had been on a holiday to Ooty. In
her school, she has studied about the
interesting world of plants. On the day of her return she collected four groups of
plants I, II, III and IV. She carefully noted some of their details and arranged the information in the form of a table as
given below. Her teacher agreed to tell her descriptions about all plants if she could by looking at the information in the table say which of the groups of plants she collected represented pteridophytes. Take a look at the data and suggest which of the groups could be of pteridophytes.
A. Plantgroup!
B. Plant group I I
c. Plantgroup III
D. Plant group IV
11
190In Pteridophytes, phloem is without
A. Sieve cells
B. Sieve tubes
c. companion cells
D. Bast fibres
11
191How can we consider green algae similar to plant world?11
192Why do moss plants produce very large number of male gametes? Provide one reason. What are these gametes called?11
193Conifers differ from grasses, in the
A. Formation of endosperm before fertilization
B. Production of seeds from ovules
C. Lack of xylem tracheids
D. Absence of pollen tubes
11
194In which of the following groups, would you place a plant which produces seeds but lacks flower and fruits?
A. Fungi
B. Bryophytes
c. Pteridophytes
D. Gymnosperms
11
195Major source of protein among the following is
A. Oryza sativa
B. Cicer arietinum
c. Beta vulgaris
D. Rhizobium leguminosarum
11
196Match the columns.
( begin{array}{llll}text { A. } & begin{array}{l}text { Obligate stem } \ text { parasite }end{array} & text { 1. } & begin{array}{l}text { Ochroma } \ text { lagopus }end{array} \ text { B. } & text { Erythrina } & text { 2. } & text { Coral tree } \ text { C. } & text { Butea } & text { 3. } & text { Cuscuta } \ text { D. } & text { Lightest wood } & text { 4. } & begin{array}{l}text { Flame of } \ text { the forest }end{array} \ & text { 5. } & text { Guiacum }end{array} )
A. ( A-5, B-4, C-2, D-3 )
B. ( A-3, B-4, C-3, D-2 )
C. ( A-3, B-2, C-4, D-1 )
D. ( A-3, B-2, C-4, D-5 )
11
197In Cycas, fertilisation occurs through.
A. Isogamy
B. Siphonogamy
c. zoidiogamy
D. Both B and C
11
198Angiosperms have dominated the land flora primarily because of their
A. Domestication by man
B. Power of adaptability in diverse habitat
c. Property of producing large number of seeds
D. Nature of self pollination
11
199Chief anatomical feature of
Cucurbitaceae family is
A. Bicollateral vascular bundles
B. Conjoint vascular bundle
c. radial vascular bundle
D. None of the above
11
200Conifer gymnosperm, amongst the following is
A. Gnetum
B. Sequoia
c. cycas
D. Ginko
11
201Rhizoids of hepaticopsida and anthocerotopsida are
A. Multicellular and branched
B. Unicellular and unbranched
c. Unicellular and branched
D. Multicellular and unbranched
11
202The correct floral formula of soyabean is
( A )
( % oplus mathbf{K}_{5} mathbf{C}_{mathbf{1}+(2)+2} mathbf{A}_{(9)+mathbf{1}} mathbf{G}_{underline{mathbf{1}}} )
B. ( % oplus mathbf{K}_{(5)} mathbf{C}_{1+2+(2)} mathbf{A}_{(9)+1} mathbf{G}_{underline{1}} )
c. ( % oplus mathbf{K}_{(5)} mathbf{C}_{mathbf{1}+2+(mathbf{2})} mathbf{A}_{mathbf{1}+(mathbf{9})} mathbf{G}_{underline{mathbf{l}}} )
D. ( % oplus mathbf{K}_{(5)} mathbf{C}_{mathbf{1}+(2)+2} mathbf{A}_{(9)+mathbf{1}} mathbf{G}_{mathbf{1}} )
11
203A heterosporous plant is one that
A. Produces a gametophyte that bears both sex organs
B. Produces microspores and megaspores giving rise to separate male and female gametophytes
C. Is a seedless vascular plant
D. Produces two kinds of spores, one asexually by mitosis and one by meiosis
11
204The main plant body of Pteridophytes is
A. Sporophyte
B. Gametophyte
c. Haploid
D. None of the above
11
205In bryophytes, which part of archegonium encloses egg?
A. Neck
B. Cover cell
c. venter
D. Neck canal cell
11
206Of all land plants, bryophytes alone have independent and attached, dependent
A. Sporophytes, gametophytes
B. Rhizoids, zygotes
c. Gametophytes, sporophytes
D. Rhizoids, stalked sporangia
11
207Bryophytes differ from thallophytes in having
A. Embryo
B. Rhizoids
c. Sterile jacket around sex organs
D. All of the above
11
208Epipetalous stamen, obliquely placed placenta and fruit berry or capsule are diagnostic feature of family
A . Cruciferae
B. Solanceae
c. Malvaceae
D. Labiatae
11
209Which one of the following is a unicellular, non-motile desmid?
A. Chromatium
B. cosmarium
c. chlorobium
D. clostridium
11
210National tree of India is
A. Mangifera indica
B. Azadirachta indica
C. Ficus bengalensis
D. Ficus religiosa
11
211Cedarwood oil is obtained from the
heartwood of
A. Cedrus
B. Thuja occidentalis
c. Tagetes
D. Juniperus
11
212Compositae is also known as
A. Asteraceae
B. Fabaceae
c. Liliaceae
D. Poaceae
11
213ChoosChoose the correct answers from
the alternatives given A fern differs from a moss in having:
A. ciliated antherozoids
B. an independent sporophyte
c. a dependent gametophyte
D. heteromorphic alternation of generations
11
214Agar is obtained from
A. Red algae
B. Brown algae
c. Blue green algae
D. Green algae
11
215In algae, the bacteriological filter is
A. oscillatoria
B. Batrachospermum
c. Nostoc
D. cosmarium
11
216Prothallial cells in pollen of Cycas are
found to be
A. one
B. Two
c. Three
D. Four
11
217Which of the following sets belongs to the same class of algae?
A. Chara, Fucus, Polysiphonia
B. Volvox, Spirogyra, Chlamydomonas
c. Porphyra, Ectocarpus, Ulothrix
D. Sargassum, Laminaria, Gracilaria
11
218The plant used as an alternative of
cotton is
A. Sphagnum
B. Funaria
c. Riccia
D. Andria
11
219Give examples of division pteridophyta
A. Adiantum and Lycopodiummm
B. Marsilea and Selaginella
c. Adiantum and Selaginella
D. All of above
11
220Grain of Maize is
( mathbf{A} cdot ) Seed
B. Fruit
C. Neither seed nor fruit
D. Bud of flower
11
221First true land plants are
A. Mosses
B. Ferns
c. Amphibians of plant kingdom
D. Produce flowers
11
222( boldsymbol{K}_{(boldsymbol{5})} boldsymbol{C}_{boldsymbol{5}} boldsymbol{A}_{(infty)} boldsymbol{G}_{(boldsymbol{5}-infty)} ) floral formula is
related is to which of the following
family?
A. Liliaceae
B. Malvaceae
c. cruciferae
D. Leguminosae
11
223Gymnosperms differ from pteridophytes in having
A. Presence of tracheids
B. Presence of embry
c. Presence of ovule
D. Companian cell
11
224Red algae is red due to the presence of
A. R-Phycocyanin
B. R-Phycoerythrin
c. c-Phycocyanin
D. c-Phycoerythrin
11
225Name the different pigments found in algae11
226Collect information about sea weeds,
sea kelp from your school library and write a note with examples.
11
227Nectaries are found in
A . Cruciferae
B. Compositae
c. Papilionatae
D. Ceasalpinoidae
11
228Wood of Gymnosperms is composed of
A. Only tracheids in the xylem
B. Only vessels and xylem parenchyma
C. Only fibres and xylem parenchyma
D. Only fibres and vessels
11
229Agar-agar is obtained from
A. Red algae
B. Brown algae
c. Green algae
D. Blue-green algae
11
230Explain briefly the following terms with suitable examples:
(i) Protonema
(ii) Antheridium
(iii) Archegonium
(iv) Diplontic
(v) Sporophyll
(vi) Isogamy
11
231The gametophytic generation in pteridophytes is commonly called
A. Thallus
B. Plant body
c. Prothallus
D. Protonema
11
232The peristome in Funaria consists of at maturity
A. One series of curved narrow triangular teeth, 16 in number
B. One series of curved narrow triangular teeth, 32 in number
C. Two series of curved narrow triangular teeth, 8 teeth in each
D. Two series of curved narrow triangular teeth, 16 teeth in each
11
233Which of the following is a fossil pteridophyte?
A. Lycopodium
B. Lygodium
c. Psilotum
D. Rhynia
11
234Assertion
In angiosperms, the ovule develops into
a seed after fertilization.
Reason
Fertilization is not essential for the
development of fruit.
A. Both Assertion and Reason are correct and Reason is
the correct explanation for Assertion
B. Both Assertion and Reason are correct but Reason is not the correct explanation for Assertion
C. Assertion is correct but Reason is incorrect
D. Both Assertion and Reason are incorrect
11
235Branchless angiosperm trees are called
as
A. Excurrent
B. caudex
c. shrub
D. Deliquscent
11
236In fern sex organ are found on :-
A. Protonema
B. Prothallus
c. Sporophyte
D. sporophyll
11
237Fruits are not found in gymnosperms
because
A. They are seedless plants.
B. They are not pollinatedd
c. They have no ovary.
D. Process of fertilization does not take place in them
11
238Triple fusion in Capsella bursa pastoris is
fusion of male gamete with.
A. Eggg
B. synergid
c. Secondary nucleus
D. Antipodal
11
239It is a copper moss
A. Bryum
B. Tortella
c. Merceya
D. All of these
11
240Name three groups of plants that bear archegonia. Briefly describe the life cycle of any one of them?11
241Incipient heterospory is shown by the pteridophyte
A. Selaginella
B. Dryopteris
c. Lycopodium
D. Equisetum
11
242Which of the following statement is incorrect?
A. All algae are microscopic
B. All algae are thalloid in nature.
C. Algae are most primitive plants
D. Algae possess both unicellular and multicellular eukaryotes
11
243Calyptra is derived from
A. Archegonia
B. capsule
c. Antheridia
D. Columella
11
244Which one of the following has haplontic life cycle?
A. Wheat
B. Funaria
c. Polytrichum
D. ustilago
11
245Alga rich in protein is
A. Chlorella
B. Spirogyra
c. oscillatoria
D. Ulothrix
11
246Gymnosperms do not have
A. Trees
B. Shrubs
c. Lianas
D. Herbs
11
247Sterile jacket cells around reproductive cells is characteristic of
A. Algae
B. Bryophyta
c. Fungi
D. Thallophyta
11
248Plant ‘P’ is different from Plant ‘Q’ in
having
A. Fruits and seeds
B. Conducting tissues
c. A well-defined nucleus
D. A rigid cell wall
11
24996. Which of the following is an ex-
ample of parasitic alga ?
(1) Ulothrix
(2) Cephaleuros
(3) Oedogonium
(4) Sargassum
11
250The thallus of Volvox is called as
( mathbf{A} ). Trichome
B. Coenobium
c. coenocyte
D. Parenchymatous
11
251Which of the following is a saprophytic angiosperm?
A. cuscuta
B. Neottia
c. Agaricus
D. Mango
11
252Which one has the maximum number
of chromosomes?
A. Marsilea
B. Equiserum
c. ophioglossum
D. Lycopodium
11
253Psilophytes, lycophytes, horsetails, and
ferns are plants
A. Multicellular aquatic
B. Seedless vascular
c. Diploid dominant
D. Seed bearing vascular
11
254Cycas and ferns resemble each other in
possessing
A. Seeds
B. Ovules
c. Pollen tube
D. Circinate ptyxis and ramentata
11
255Origin of gymnosperms occured in
era.
A. Coenozoic
B. Paeleozoic
c. Mesozoic
D. Precambrian
11
256Algae which form motile colony is
A. Volvox
B. Nostoc
c. spirogyra
D. chlamydomonas
11
257What is the number of neck canal cells
in the archegonium of Gnetales?
A. 0
B. 4
( c cdot 8 )
( D cdot 16 )
11
258Which of the following plant’s seeds are used as ‘Jeweller’s weight’?
A. Cajanus cajan
B. Lens culinariss
c. Glycine ( max )
D. Abrus precatorius
11
259Leptome is used for
A. Phloem
B. Xylem
c. Fibres
D. Parenchyma
11
260Xenia and metaxenia effects are shown
by
A. Gymnosperms
B. Angiosperms
c. Bryophytes and pteridophytes
D. All of the above
11
261Mannitol is stored food of
A. Rhodophyceae
B. xanthophyceae
c. Chlorophyceae
D. Phaeophyceae
11
262The Bryophytes are usually found in
A. Damp and Shaded areas
B. Marine habitat
c. sandy soils
D. xeric habitat
11
263Agar-agar is obtained from
A. Chlorella
B. Spirogyra
c. Ulothrix
D. Gelidium
11
264Anthers with only two microsporangia
are found in
A. Cucurbitaceae
B. Leguminosa
c. cruciferae
D. Malvaceae
11
265The only asexual algal spores formed during favourable conditions is
A. Akinete
B. Zoospore
c. zygospore
D. Aplanospore
11
266A plant that has well differentiated body, special tissues for transport of water and other substances, but does
not have seed or fruits is a
A. Bryophyte
B. Angiosperm
c. Gymnosperm
D. Pteridophyte
11
267Plant group with largest ovule, largest
tree and largest gametes is
A. Gymnosperm
B. Angiosperm
c. Bryophyta
D. Pteridophyta
11
268An angiosperm lacking vessels is
A. Trochodendron
B. Acacia
c. salix
D. Dendrocalamus
11
269Mannitol is the stored food in
A. Gracillaria
B. Chara
c. Porphyra
D. Fucus
11
270Commercial product “Agar” which is used in ” ice creams” and to grow microbes in the laboratory is extracted from
A. Laminaria and Ploysiphonia
B. Porphyra and Sargassumm
c. Gelidium and Gracilaria
D. Marchantia and Polytrichum
11
271The prothallus represents
A. Gametophyte of fern
B. Sporophyte of angiosperm
C. Sporophyte of gymnosperm
D. Sporophyte of fern
11
272Rhynia was discovered from
A. Rhynie chert valley
B. India
c. Pakistan
D. Bihar
11
273Assertion
Ramenta are scales which cover
young rhizome and leaves of Dryopteris
Reason
Pteridium lacks ramenta
A. If both the assertion and the reason are true and the reason is a correct explanation of the assertion
B. If both the assertion and reason are true but the reason is not a correct explanation of the assertion
c. If the assertion is true but the reason is false
D. If both the assertion and reason are false
11
274Differentiate between algae and fungi11
275Spike of spikelets inflorescence commonly occurs in
A. Cruciferae
B. Papilionaceae
c. Poaceae
D. Solanaceae
11
276Sporophyte in Nephrolepis is and
the spores are.
A. Diploid, haploid
B. Haploid, haploid
c. Haploid, diploid
D. Diploid, diploid
11
277Which one is partially submerged and fixed in mud
A. Marsilea
B. Cyperus
c. Eichhornia
D. Typha
11
278Explain alternation of generations in bryophytes.11
279The maidenhair tree is
A . Pinus
B. Adiantum
c. Ginkgo biloba
D. Gnetum ula
11
280Phycoerythrin, chlorophyll a and chlorophyll d are characteristics, of
A. Phaeophyceae
B. Xanthophyceae
c. chlorophyceae
D. Rhodophyceae
11
281Male and female gametophytes are independent and free-living in
A. Sphagnum
B. Mustard
c. castor
D. Pinus
11
282Atropa belladonna, an important medicinal plant is of the family
A . Liliaceae
B. Cucurbitaceae
c. cruciferae
D. Solanceae
11
283Seed habit first established in
A. Pteridophytes
B. Gymnosperms
c. Angiosperms
D. None of the above
11
284Roots first originated in
A . Algae
B. Fungi
c. Bryophyta
D. Pteridophyta
11
285Assertion
In angiosperms, the conduction of water is more efficient because their xylem
has vessel.
Reason
Conduction of water by vessel elements
is an active process with energy
supplied by xylem parenchyma rich in mitochondria.
A. Both Assertion and Reason are correct and Reason is the correct explanation for Assertion.
B. Both Assertion and Reason are correct but Reason is not correct explanation for Assertion.
C. Assertion is correct but Reason is incorrect.
D. Both Assertion and Reason are incorrect.
11
286Match the plants with their respective
rate of growth. Choose the answer which gives the correct combination of
alphabets of two columns.
Plants ( quad ) Rate of growth plants
( A ) cycas 40 centimeters
( p quad ) per day
в Gaint
bamboo 10 feet in
q ( quad ) hundred years
Cucumber
tendril 6 centimeters per hour
A ( cdot A-r, B-p, C-q )
B. A-p, B-r, C-q
c. A-q, B-p, C-r
D. A-p, B-q, C- –
11
287The evidence for aquatic origin of Bryophyte is This question has multiple correct options
A. Ciliated sperms
B. Green colour
c. Protonema thread
D. Some are still aquatic
11
288Which one of the following classes are included under gymnosperms?
A. Lycopsida
B. Bryopsida
c. cycadopsida
D. Pteropsida
E. sphenopsida
11
289Which of the following is not characteristic of all divisions of
vascular plants?
A. Development of seeds
B. An alternation of generations
c. Differentiation into roots, stems, and leaves
D. xylem and phloem for transporting materials between roots and leaves
11
290Point out the correct floral formula of
cruciferae
( mathbf{A} cdot K_{2+2} C_{4 x} A_{2+4} G_{(2)} )
B . ( K_{5} C_{6} A_{3} G_{(2)} )
C. ( K_{2+2} C_{4} A_{2+4} G_{(2)} )
D. ( K_{4} C_{4} A_{2} G_{(2)} )
11
291Sleeping movements commonly occur
in plants of family
A. Leguminosae
B. Liliaceae
c. Malvaceae
D. compositae
11
292Identify the wrong combination.
A. Dryopteris – Rhizome
B. Cycas – Coralloid roots
c. Volvox – Colonial form
D. Marchantia – Pseudo elaters
11
293Rewrite the following scientific names correctly. Ficus religiousa(peepal), zea Mays(maize) and Bombyx Mori(silk moth)11
294Name the four classes of pteridophyta with one example?11
295Define angiosperms.11
296Brown algae is characterised by the presence of
A. Phycocyanin
B. Phycoerythrin
c. Fucoxanthin
D. Haematochrome
11
297Sterile part of Cycas microsporophyll is
A. Apophysis
B. Sporophore
C. Middle partt
D. Lower partt
11
298The pteridophyte, popularly known as ‘quillwort’ is
A. Lycopodium
B. Selaginella
c. Isoetes
D. Marselia
11
299Most primitive members in which roots
are not present is
A. Psilotum
B. Rhynia
c. Lycopodium
D. Selaginella
11
300Which of the following genera is characterised by the production of geocarpic fruits?
A. cucurbita
B. Pisum
c. Glycine
D. Arachis
11
301Archegoniatae include
A. Algae, Fungi, and Viruses
B. Algae, Lichens, and Bryophytes
C. Bryophytes, Pteridophytes, and Gymnosperms
D. Pteridophytes, Gymnosperms, and Angiosperms
11
302The Antherozoids of Bryophytes possess
A. 2 flagella
B. 1 flagella
c. Multiflagella
D. No flagella
11
303Maximum fats present in seeds of
A. Arachis hypogea
B. Oryza sativa
c. Cicer arietinum
D. Hibiscus esculentus
11
304There is symbiotic algae in the secretory cells of Hydra. It is
A. Nostoc
B. Anabaena
c. zoochlorellae
D. All of the above
11
305Which of the following is valid name for Gramineae family?
A. Poaceae
B. Malvaceae
c. Fabaceae
D. Papilionaceae
11
306In moss, spores on germination
A. Forms degenerating protonema
B. Directly forms a leafy gametophyte
C. Form a protonema on which moss plant comes out like a bud
D. Produces antheridia and archegonia
11
307Reproductive leaves are found in
A. Allium
B. Bryophyllum
c. saccharum
D. Argemone
11
308In pteridophytes, phloem is without
A. Bast fibers
B. Sieve tubes
c. companion cells
D. Both B and C
11
309Rhizoid containing sporophytic plants are characteristic of
A. Bryopsida
B. Spenopsida
c. cycadophyta
D. Psilopsida
11
310A saprophytic bryophyte found in the Himalayas is
A. Sphagnum
B. Marchantia
c. Parella
D. Buxbaumia
11
311Aquatic ancestry of bryophytes is evidenced by
A. Theirgreen colour
B. Algae like protonema
C. Many aquatic bryophytes
D. Flagellated male gametes
11
312Which of the following fruit developed from bicarpellary syncarpous ovary with false septum?
A. siliqua
B. Achene
c. capsule
D. All of the above
11
313A mature male gametophyte of
angiosperm is
A. Very developed structure
B. Develops completely in pollen sac
C. Consist of a tube nucleus and two non motile male
gametes
D. Develops on style
11
314Gymnosperms maintain their dominance over angiosperms in
A. Colder regions of world
B. Warmer regions of world
c. Antarctica
D. Oceans
11
315Transfusion tissue replaces the veins in
A. Cycas and Ferns
B. Cycas and Pinus
c. cycas
D. Selaginella
11
316To which plant division does the below
pictorial representation of life cycle belong?
A. Bryophyte
B. Algae
C. Pteridophyte
D. Gymnosperms
11
317Endosperm in gymnosperms is
A. Haploid and developed after fertilization
B. Haploid and developed before fertilization
C. Triploid and developed before fertilization
D. Triploid and developed after fertilization
11
318The smallest bryophyte of ( 0-5 mathrm{cm} ) in length is
A. cryptothallus
B. Radulla
c. zoopsis
D. Polytrichium
11
319Secondary growth occur in which Pteridophyte?
A . Azolla
B. Salvinia
c. Isoetes
D. Selaginella
11
320Fern gametophyte is
A. Homothallic
B. Monoecious
c. Heterothallic
D. Both A and B
11
321The development of a sporophyte from mass of gametophytic tissue without sexual reproduction it is
A. Parthenogenesis
B. Apogamy
c. Apospory
D. Amphimixis
11
322Study the given statements about gymnosperms and select the correct
option.
(i) Mode of fertilisation is siphonogamy.
(ii) Male and female cones are borne on same tree in Pinus
(iii) Endosperm represents female gametophyte.
A. Statements (i) and (ii) are correct
B. Statements (ii) and (iii) are correct
c. Statements (i) and (iii) are correct.
D. Statements (i), (ii) and (iii) are correct.
11
323The two extinct lines of the
gymnosperms which are regarded as an ancestral stock from which the modern
gymnosperms might have originated
are?
A. Cordaitales and Bennettitales
B. Cycadales and Coniferales
c. Ginkgoales and Cycadales
D. Gnetales and Coniferales
11
324Double fertilization takes place in
A. Angiosperms
B. Gymnosperms
c. Spermatophyta
11
325What is the similarity between gymnosperms and angiosperms?
A. Phloem of both have companion cells.
B. Endosperm is formed before fertilization in both
c. origin of ovule and seed is similarin both.
D. Both have leaves, stem and roots
11
326The above mentioned formal formula is
that of
[
oplus bigoplus_{(5)} widehat{C_{(5)}} A_{5} G(2)
]
A. Tobacco
B. Tulip
c. soybean
D. Sunhemp
11
327Bicarpellary, sycarpous gynoecium with bilocular ovary axile swollen placenta and oblique septum occurs in
A . Cruciferae
B. Solanaceae
c. cucurbitaceae
D. Liliaceae
11
328Nucellus of gymnosperms has 64 chromosomes and its endospermic cells will have
A . 64
B. 128
( c cdot 192 )
D. 32
11
329The number of sori on the sporophyll in Nephrolepis are
A . 20
B. 30
( c cdot 40 )
D. 50
11
330Which of the following is called as club
moss?
A. Pteris
B. Lycopodium
c. Equisetum
D. Marsilea
11
331Refer to the given figure and select the
correct option.
A. (A) – Stipe, (B) – Holdfast, (C) – Frond
B. (A) – Frond, (B) – Stipe, (C) – Holdfast
C. (A) – Holdfast, (B) – Frond, (C) – Stipe
D. (A) – stipe, (B) – Frond, (C) – Holdfast
11
332The ( ldots ldots . . . ) are root – like structures which
help in anchorage and absorption of water in the bryophytes.
11
333Pollen drop of gymnosperms is
( A cdot operatorname{Red} d r o p )
B. Pollen dropped by wind
C. Nucellus secretions
D. Malic acid drop
11
334Laminarin and mannitol, the reserve
food of brown algae, are
A. lipids
B. complex carbohydrates
C. proteins
D. lipoproteins
11
335Bipinnate leaves and spiny stipules is the characteristics of
A. Papilionatae
B. Cesalpinoideae
c. Mimosoideae
D. Malvaceae
11
336Indusium is found in
A . Algaa
B. Ferns
c. Moss
D. cycas
11
337Sex organ in bryophytes are
A. Unicellular and jacketedd
B. Unicellular and non-jacketed
c. Multicellular and jacketed
D. Multicellular and non jacketed
11
338Negatively geotrophic roots are found in
A. Colocasia
B. Cycas
c. cactus
D. coleus
11
339Narrow thin-walled cells with a large
nucleus and lying on the side of sieve tube are absent in
A. Angiosperms
B. Pteriodophytes
c. Gymnosperms
D. Both B and C
11
340Gametophytic generation is dominant
in
B. Bryophyta
c. Angiosperms
D. Gymnosperms
11
341In which of the following algae like characters are presents?
A . Riccia
B. Marchantia
c. Ricciocerpus
D. Anthoceros
11
342Solar energy transducer is
A. Agaricus
B. Rhizobium
c. Orobanche
D. chlorella
11
343Auxospore formation is seen in
A. Nostoc
B. Yeast
c. Diatoms
D. Agaricus
11
344Branching among angiosperms is due
to
A. Lateral buds
B. Apical buds
c. Deciduous buds
D. Dormant bud
11
345Most conspicuous alternation of generation occurs in
A. Thallophyta
B. Bryophyta
c. Pteridophyta
D. spermatophyta
11
346Number of chromosomes in an
angiospermic plant is ( 14 . ) Number of chromosomes in synergid cells will be
A . 28
B . 21
c. 14
D.
11
347According to Engler and Prantl, the angiosperms were directly derived from
A. Gymnosperms
B. Bryophytes
c. Pteridophytes
D. Proto-angiosperms (hypothetical)
11
348Enumerate the salient features of
bryophytes.
11
349Experiments demonstrating the importance of the nucleus in controlling the growth of the cell was performed in
A. Acetabularia
B. Neurospora
c. Fertilised egg of frog
D. star fish egg
E. Leucocytes
11
350The economically important plant of Malvaceae is
A. Gossypium hirsutum
B. Hibiscus cannabinus
c. Abelmoschus esculentus
D. All of the above
11
351A bryophyte which harbours a nitrogen fixing blue-green alga in its thallus is
A. Pogonatum
B. Riccia
c. Marchantia
D. Anthoceros
11
352Fossilised fuel obtained from bog is
A. Tar
B. Peat
c. Bio-gas
D. Petrol
11
353Which of the following is a rootless aquatic plant,in which, a portion of the leaf forms a tiny sac for trapping insects?
A. Nepenthes
B. Drosera
c. Utricularia
D. Dionaea
11
354The spreading of living pteridophytes is
limited and is restricted to narrow
geographical areas
A. Gametophytic growth needs cool, damp and shady places
B. Requirement of water for fertilization
c. Absence of stomata in leaf and absence of vascular tissue
D. a and
11
355Gametophytic plant body is nonvascular in
A. Algae and liverworts
B. Mosses and ferns
c. Gymnosperms and angiosperms
D. All of these
11
356Dehiscence of sporangia of fern occurs through
A. Annulus
B. Stomium
c. Elaters
D. sori
11
357Largest ovule in plant kingdom are found in
A . Pinus
B. Cycas
c. Thuja
D. Gnetum
11
358The exceptional character of angiosperms is
A. Presence of bitegmic ovules
B. Double fertilization
c. companion cells in phloem
D. All of the above
11
359Which of the following division of kingdom plantae and sub-kingdom cryptogamae can reproduce sexually by formation of gametes.
A. Thallophyta
B. Bryophyta
c. Pteridophyta
D. All of above
11
360Total number of meiosis that occur in
the sporangium of Nephrolepis is
( mathbf{A} cdot mathbf{1} )
B. 4
( c cdot 16 )
D. None of the above
11
361The total number of species in the
order Welwitchiales is
( A cdot 3 )
B. 5
( c )
( D )
11
362Both chlorophyll a and b are present in
A. Rhodophyceae
B. Phaeophyceae
c. chlorophyceae
D. None of the above
11
363The plant which reproduces by apical meristem is
A. Gymnosperm
B. Pteridophyte
c. Angiosperm
D. Algae
11
364The tallest inflorescence is shown by
which of the following angiosperm?
A. Wolffia microscopica
B. Amorphophallus
c. Puya raimondii
D. Rafflesia
11
365Fine the odd one.
A. Adiantum
B. Equisetum
c. Selaginella
D. Riccia
11
366In gymnosperms, how many male gametes are produced by each pollen grain?
( A cdot 4 )
B. 3
( c cdot 2 )
D.
11
367Japanese food ‘kombu’ is prepared from
A. Chlorella
B. Laminaria
c. Porphyra
D. All of the above
11
368If prothallus cell directly forms a fern plant it will be
A. Apospory
B. Apogamy
C. Parthenocarpy
D. Parthenogeneis
11
369Which of the following is considered most advanced amongst the
pteridophyte?
A . Quillworts
B. Scouring rushes
c. Ferns
D. club mosses
11
370Algae differ from Riccia and Marchantia
in having
A. Multicellular body
B. Pyrenoids in the cells
c. Multicellular sex organs
D. Thalloid body
11
371Fruits are not formed in gymnosperms,
because
A. Fertilization is absent
B. Pollination is absent
c. Seeds are not formed
D. Ovary is absent
11
372Myrosin in plant parts is characteristic
of
A. Cruciferae
B. Malvaceae
c. Solanaceae
D. Lilaceae
11
373Porphyra and Dictyota contain the following pigments respectively
A. Phycoerythrin and fucoxanthin
B. Xanthophyll and ( gamma ) -phycoerythrin
c. chlorophyll d and chlorophyll b
D. Fucoxanthin and phycoerythrin
11
374A plant that has well differentiated
body, special tissues for transport of water and other substances, but does
not have seed or fruits is a example of
A. Bryophyte
B. Angiosperm
c. Gymnosperm
D. Pteridophyte
11
375In branches, the leaves are
dimorphic.
A. Pinus
B. Gnetum
c. Both of the above
D. cycas
11
376Oryza sativa belongs to
A. Solanaceae
B. Lilaceae
c. Gramineae
D. Asteraceae
11
377Sea weeds are important source of
A. Chlorine
B. Fluorine
c. lodine
D. Bromine
11
378Which group of cone-bearing plants had a fern-like appearence but possessed the primitive type of seed and are fossil seed ferns?
A. Gnetales
B. Coniferales
c. Ginkgoales
D. Cycadofilicales or Pteridospermales
11
379Which of the following is the tallest tree of the world?
A. Eucalyptus regnans
B. Sequoia sempervirens
c. Pinus logifolia
D. Pinus roxburgii
11
380Venter is the part of
A. Sporogonium
B. Sporangium
c. Antheridium
D. Archegonium
11
381Which group of plantae includes atracheophytic embryophytes?
A. Thallophyta
B. Bryophyta
c. Pteridophyta
D. More than one option is correct
11
382Which among the following genus of the bryophyte have ecological value?
A. Funaria
B. Riccia
c. sphagnum
D. Anthoceros
11
383In Bentham and Hookers classification,
the sub class Polypetalae and Gamopetalae have the cohorts in the ratio of
A . 1:
B. 2:1
( c cdot 2: 3 )
D. 3:2
11
384State whether the following statements
are true or false.
In pteridophytes, the gametophyte is dominant, while sporophyte is a dependent generation
A. True
B. False
11
385Cap cells occur in
A. Oedogonium
B. Diatoms
c. Dinoflagellates
D. Euglena
11
386In pteridophytes, xylem contains
A. vessels
B. Tracheids
c. xylem parenchyma
D. xylem sclrerenchyma
11
387Write the scientific name of ‘Peat moss’
and mention the division it belongs to
11
38840. Flowerless plants are termed as :
(1) Phanerogams
(2) Bryophytes
(3) Thallophytes
(4) Cryptogams
11
389The tallest moss in the world is
A. Funaria
B. Pogonatum
c. Buxbaumia
D. Dawsonia
11
390One of the following can flourish at high
temperature of ( 87^{circ} mathrm{C} )
A. Volvox
B. Spirogyra
c. Ulothrix
D. None of the above
11
391In gymnosperms, the pollen chamber
represents
A. A cell in the pollen grain in which the sperms are formed
B. A cavity in the ovule in which pollen grains are stored after pollination
C. An opening in the megagametophyte through which the pollen tube approaches the egg
D. The microsporangium in which pollen grains develop
11
392Which of the following is the incorrect character of brown algae?
A. Presence of chl a and b
B. It remain attached to substratum
c. Presence of chl a and c.
D. Presence of fucoxanthin
11
393Naked seeds of gymnosperms meant for absence of which of the following?
A. Seed coat
B. Integument
c. Embry
D. None of the above
11
394The main evolutionary feature of alternation of generations from algae to modern tracheophytes is
A. Elimination of sporophyte
B. Gradual elaboration of sporophyte
c. Gradual elaboration of gametophyte
D. Both B and C
11
395Protonema is
A. Haploid and is found in mosses
B. Diploid and is found in liverworts
C. Diploid and is found In pteridophytes
D. Haploid and is found in pteridophytes
11
396Monocots and dicots which are the two
subgroups of flowering plants cannot be differentiated significantly on the basis
of
A. Seed structure
B. Floral parts
c. Leaf venation
D. Stomata structure
E. Vascular organization
11
397Which of the following is commonly known as “chilgoza pine”?
A. Pinus roxburghii
B. Pinus strobus
c. Pinus gerardiana
D. Pinus sylvestris
11
398The most vast dicot family is
A. Fabaceae
B. Compositae
c. orchidaceae
D. Loranthaceae
11
399Which one of the following is the white silk cotton plant?
A. sida
B. Ceiba
c. Malvaviscus
D. Kydia
11
400Find out most correct statement.
A. In pteridophytes there is a connection between the main sporophytic plant and prothallus
B. In homosporous pteridophytes gametophyte is monoecious
C. Life cycle of pteridophyte is haplo-dilontic type
D. cones are formed in all pteridophytes
11
401Pick up the saprophyte angiosperm.
A . Urticularia
B. Dionaea
c. Monotropa
D. Nepenthes
11
402The largest algae is
A. Laminaria
B. Macrocystis
c. Nereocystis
D. Sargassum
11
403In Vanda, velamen helps in
A. Moisture absorption from air
B. Gaseous exchange
c. Give support
D. water absorption from soil
11
404Why do algae and fungi shift to sexual mode of reproduction just before the onset of adverse conditions?11
405Algae have great economic importance
to man because
A. They can be grown in tanks.
B. They help to restore the fertility of the soil.
C. Of their high protein content, some algae may be used as future food.
D. Both B and C.
11
406Spore producing plants are
A. I, II and III
B. II, III and IV
c. II and IV
D. III and IV
E. IV only
11
407Fucoxanthin occurs in
A. Cyanophyceae
B. Rhodophyceae
C. Chlorophyceae
D. Phaeophyceae
11
408Which one of the following is a vascular cryptogam?
A. Equisetum
B. Ginkgo
c. Marchantia
D. Cedrus
11
409The legume fruit develops from
A. Inferior ovary
B. Monocarpellary
C. Bicarpellary ovary
D. Multicarpellary ovary
11
410Which of the following organisms requires a medium through which male
gametes move?
A. Algae, Bryophyta and Gymnosperm
B. Pteridophyta, and Angiosperm
c. Bryophytea and Pteridophyta only
D. Algae, Bryophyta, and Pteridophyta
11
411Dominant generation in bryophyte is
A. Capsule
B. Sporophyte
c. Gametophyte
D. seta
11
412Which of the following plant form seed and have pollen tube?
A. Angiosperm
B. Pteridophytes
c. Gymnosperm
D. siphonogama
11
413Angiosperm flowers may be monoecious, cleistogamous or may show self-incompatibility. Describe the characteristic features of each one
of them and state which one of these
flowers promotes inbreeding and outbreeding respectively.
11
414Ephedrine is obtained by
A. Ephedra
c. Pinus
D. cycas
11
415Embryophyta includes
A . Algae
B. Fungi
c. Bryophyta
D. All of the above
11
416In which of following groups of plants, the life cycle includes the gametophytic phase which is dominant, photosynthetic, independent and sexually reproducing?
A. Angiosperms
B. Gymnosperms
c. Bryophyta
D. Pteridophyta
11
417Plants with woody trunks and branches
are called as
A. Trees
B. Creepers
c. Lianas
D. Mesophytes
11
418Elaters are present in sporogonium of
A . Riccia
B. Marchantia
c. selaginella
D. Sphagnum
11
419Read the following statement (A-E) and
answer the question which follows them.
(A) In liverworts, mosses, and ferns,
gametophytes are free-living
(B) Gymnosperms and some ferns are heterosporous.
(C) Sexual reproduction in Fucus, Volvox, and Albugo is oogamous.
(D) The sporophyte in liverworts is more elaborate than that in mosses.
(E) Both, Pinus and Marchantia are
dioecious.
How many of the above statements are
correct?
A. Two
B. Three
c. Four
D. one
11
420Conifers are related to
A. Match industry
B. Paper industry
C. Timber industry
D. All of the above
11
421Assertion
In leptosporangiate development sporangia are formed from a group of
initials
Reason
Eusporangiate development of sporangia starts from single initial
A. If both the assertion and the reason are true and the reason is a correct explanation of the assertion
B. If both the assertion and reason are true but the reason is not a correct explanation of the assertion
C. If the assertion is true but the reason is false
D. If both the assertion and reason are false
11
422Archegoniate plant belongs to
A. Bryophyta, pteridophyta, gymnosperms, angiosperms
B. Thallophyta, bryophyta, pteridophyta
C. Bryophyta, pteridophyta, angiosperm
D. Bryophyta, pteridophyta, gymnosperm
11
423The green scum seen in the freshwater
bodies is
A. Blue green algae
B. Red algae
c. Green algae
D. Both A and C
11
424Gametophyte and sporophyte are independent of each other in which of the following groups?
A. Pteridophytes
B. Angiosperms
c. Gymnosperms
D. Bryophytes
11
425Assertion
In Chlorophyceae, plant body is usually
grass green
Reason
Members of Chlorophyceae, possess chlorophyll a, c, carotenoids and
xanthophyll.
A. Both Assertion and Reason are correct and Reason is the correct explanation for Assertion
B. Both Assertion and Reason are correct but Reason is not the correct explanation for Assertion
c. Assertion is correct but Reason is incorrect
D. Both Assertion and Reason are incorrect
11
426Moss peat is used as a packing material for sending flowers and live plants to distant places because
A. It reduces transpiration.
B. It serves as a disinfectant
C. It is easily available.
D. It is hygroscopic
11
427Which of the following pigments is present in brown algae?
A. Anthocyanin
B. Fucoxanthin
c. Phycobilins
D. Biliverdin
11
428What is the use of needle line leaves
and sloped branches to Pinus?
11
429Match the following
Dominant
gametophytic
generation
a. Bog
moss
2
True moss
Riccia fluitans .
b. Moss
3. Aquatic
3. Riccia fluitans
4. Show heterospory
d. Aryophyte
A. ( 1-a, 2-c, 3-d, 4-b )
B. ( 1-d, 2-a, 3-c, 4-b )
C. ( 1-b, 2-c, 3-a, 4-d )
D. ( 1-a, 2-d, 3-c, 4-b )
11
430Which of the following is the largest family?
A. Leguminosae
B. Cucurbitaceae
c. Solanaceae
D. compositae
11
431The pteridophytes with high content of silica is
A. Club moss
B. Ferns
c. Horsetails
D. Lycopodium
11
432Moss protonema can be differentiated from filamentous alga in
A. Long rhizoids
B. Coenocytic nature
c. oblique septa
D. Absence of chloroplasts
11
433‘Rat-ki-Rani’ and tomato belongs to
family
A. Mimosoideae
B. Oleaceae
c. Solanaceae
D. Malvaceae
11
434Professor Birbal Sahani discovered 100
million years old fossil plant from fossi forest at Rajmahal Hills, Bihar. This
plant was
A. Rhynia
B. Horneophyton
c. williamsonia
D. Red alga
11
435The moss which form dense extensive
mats on the soil prevents
A. Uprooting of trees
B. Soil erosion
c. Evaporation of water from the soil
D. Both B and C
11
436Female reproductive part of Bryophyte
is
A. Antheridium
B. Oogonium
c. Archegonium
D. Sporangium
11
437Parachute mechanism of fruit and seed
dispersal is common in compositae due to the structure called
A. Bracts
B. Thorns
c. corolla
D. Pappus
11
438Vascular cryptogams or seed less vascular plants belongs to
A. Bryophyta
c. Thallophyta
D. spermatopoyta
11
439Which of the following pteridophytes belong to class Pteropsida?
A. Equisetum and Psilotum
B. Lycopodium and Adiantummmmm
c. Selaginella and Pteris
E. Dryopteris and Psilotum
11
440Stem and leaves of bryophyta plants are
A. Analogous to stem and leaves of higher plants
B. Homologous to stem and leaves of higher plants
C. Both analogous and homologus
D. None of the above
11
441Angiosperms and gymnosperms resemble in having
A. Vessels in wood
B. Mode of fertilization
c. siphonogamy
D. Nature of endosperm
11
442Number of pollen grains produced per pollen mother cell is gymnosperms is
A . 4
B. 2
( c cdot 6 )
D. 10
11
443A characteristic feature of ovary of Brassica campestris is
A. Presence of replum.
B. Axile placentation
c. Epigynous.
D. Multilocular nature
11
444Describe the important characteristics
of gymnosperms?
11
445Choose the correct answers from the
alternatives given
Pteridophytcs differ from bryophytes in having:
A. motile male gametes
B. alternation of generations
c. antheridia
D. vascular tissue
11
446Consider the following statements regarding the major pigments and stored food in the different groups of algae and select the correct options
given.
A. In chlorophyceae, the stored food
material is starch and the major pigments are chlorophyll a and d.
B. In phaeophyceae, laminaria is the
stored food and major pigments are
chlorophyll a and b.
C. In rhodophyceae, floridean starch is the stored food and the major pigments are chlorophyll a, d and phycoerythrin
A. A is correct, but B and C are wrong.
B. A and B are correct, but C is wrong.
C. A and C are correct, but B is wrong.
D. B is correct, but A and C are wrong.
E. ( C ) is correct, but ( A ) and ( B ) are wrong
11
447Correct choice for bryophytes covering
is
A. Capsule
B. Pellicle
c. calcareous shell
D. Suberin cell wall
11
448Zoodiogamy takes place in
A. Lower gymnosperms
B. Higher gymnosperms
c. Angiosperms
D. All of the above
11
449In scapigerous umbel the flowers are arranged in manner of
A. Corymb
B. Umbel
c. Panicle
D. Monochasial scorpioid cyme
11
450Match the following (column I with column II).
( begin{array}{ll}text { Column I } & text { Column II } \ text { (a) Chlamydomonas } & text { (i) Moss } \ text { (b) cycas } & text { (ii) Pteridophyta } \ text { (c) Selaginella } & text { (iii) Algae } \ text { (d) Sphagnum } & text { (iv) Gymnosperm }end{array} )
11
451“Gulal” a coloured powdery thing, used in Holi festival is obtained from
A. Caesalpinioideae family
B. Mimosoideae family
c. Papilionatae family
D. Liliaceae
11
452The characteristic differentiation of
pteridophytes from bryophytes is
A. Well formed stelar system
B. Circinate venation
c. Independent sporophyte
D. All of the above
11
453Pyrenoids are commonly found in
A. Red algae
B. Green algae
c. Brown algae
D. Blue green algae
11
454Peat is formed form
A. Funaria
B. Sphagnum
c. Mosses
D. Liverworts
11
455These cells are absent in phloem of
gymnosperms
A. Albuminous cells
B. Companion cells
C. Phloem parenchyma
D. Phloem fibre
11
456Cycas stem has mucilagenous canals which are
A. Schizogenous
B. Schizolysigenous
c. Lysigenous
D. Both A and B
11
457The lateral conduction in gymnosperm leaf is by
A. Veins
B. xylem parenchyma
c. Transfusion tissue
D. Medullary rays
11
458Gymnosperm plants do not produce fruits because they do not have
A. Ovary
B. Gametes
c. Fertilization
D. None of the above
11
459Marsilea belongs
A . Lycopsida
B. Pteropsida
c. Psilopsida
D. sphenopsida
11
460In Dryopteris, the opening mechanism of sporangium is effectively operated by
A. Stalk
B. Stomium
c. Annulus
D. Peristome
11
461Radical leaves are found in
A. Radish
B. Wheat
c. Maize
D. Mustard
11
462In Riccia, apical growth occurs by
A. One apical cell
B. single pyramid like cells
C. A row of 3-5 apical cells
D. A row of 10 apical cells
11
463Food reserve in Rhodophyta is
A. Floridean starch
B. Mannitol
c. Leucosin
D. All of the above
11
464Floral formula of Cesalpinoideae is
( A )
( % bigoplus_{leftarrow} mathrm{K}_{(5)} mathrm{C}_{(5)} mathrm{A}_{1+(9)} mathrm{G} )
в. ( % G mathbf{K}_{(5)} mathbf{C}_{(5)} mathbf{A}_{5} underline{mathbf{G}}_{mathbf{1}} )
c. ( % oint_{mathrm{H}_{5}} mathrm{C}_{(5)} mathrm{A}_{mathrm{l} 0} mathrm{G}_{mathrm{l}} )
( % G mathbf{K}_{5} mathrm{C}_{5} mathbf{A}_{7+3} mathbf{G}_{mathbf{1}} )
11
465Which type of fertilization is found in
Bryophytes?
A. Siphonogamous
B. Zoidogamous
c. zoodio-siphonogamous
D. Fertilization is not found
11
466Write a note on economic importance of algae?11
467All cells of sex organs can form gametes in
A. Algae
B. Bryophyta
c. Pteridophyta
D. Gymnosperm
11
468Ovules are naked in gymnosperm,
because
A. Fertilisation is absent
B. True carpels are absent
c. Archegonia are absent
D. Endosperm is absent
11
469Which one of the following is called maidenhair fern?
A. Dryopteris
B. Pteris
c. Adiantum
D. Lycopodium
E. Selaginella
11
470The pteridophytes are mostly
A. Asporous
B. Homosporous as well as few heterosporous
C . Heterosporous
D. Homosporous in early stage and hetrosporous in the later stage of the life-cycle
11
471Pteridophytes differ from Bryophytes in having
A. Vascular tissues
B. Archegonia
c. Motile antherozoids
D. Alternation of generation
11
472In gymnosperms, pollination is exclusively by
A. Animals
B. Wind
c. water
D. Insects
11
473Seed habit, originated firstly in some
A. Pteridophytes
B. Pines
c. Monocots
D. Dicots
11
474In which one of the following, male and female gametophytes do not have free living independent existence?
A. Pteris
B. Funaria
c. Polytrichum
D. cedrus
11
475Male gametes are flagellated in
A. Ectocarpus.
B. Spirogyra.
c. Polysiphonia.
D. Anabaena.
11
476Algae attached to stone surfaces are
called
A. Epiploic
B. coenolithic
c. Epilithic
D. None of the above
11
477The system of classification of angiosperms which is based on a few number of characters is referred to as
A. Artificial system
B. Natural system
c. Phylogenetic system
D. All of the above
11
478Define Thallophyta11
479Pneumatophores are found in
A. Orchid
B. Piper
c. Ficus
D. Rhizophora
11
480Which is the predominant phase in the life-cycle of the Bryophyte?
A. Gametophyte
B. Capsule
c. seta
D. Sporophyte
11
481Common characteristic between
Bryophytes and pteridophytes is
A. Vascularization
B. Terrestrial habitat
c. water for fertilization
D. Independent sporophyte
11
482Selaginella and fern shares which of the following character?
A. Leptosporangiate sporangium
B. Heterospory
c. Absence of ovule
D. Protostele cell
11
483Which of the following statements
is/are incorrect regarding bryophytes?
A. Zygote undergoes meiosis to produce sporophyte.
B. Zygote undergoes mitosis to form embryo proper.
C. Fertilization takes place in presence of water.
D. Sporophyte is parasitic over gametophyte.
11
484Meiosis takes place in Chlamydomonas in
A. zygospore
B. Zoospore
c. Hypnospores
D. Aplanospores
11
485Phylloclade and cladodes commonly
occur in
A . Liliaceae
B. Solanaceae
c. Malvaceae
D. Papilionaceae
11
486A prokaryotic autotrophic nitrogen fixing symbiont roots are found in
A. Plsum
B. Alnus
c. cycas
D. cicer
11
487Which is the most important group on
earth?
A. Mosses
B. Tracheophyta a
c. Bryophyta
D. Liverworts
11
488Male gametophyte with least number of cells is present in
A. Pteris
B. Funaria
c. Lilium
D. Pinus
11
489The heterosporous species, the female gametophyte remains on the parent sporophytes for variable periods.11
490Angiosperms have dominates the land
flora, primarily because of their
A. Power of adaptability in diverse habitat
B. Property of producing large number of seeds
c. Nature of same pollination
D. Domestication by man
11
491Plants with inferior ovary belongs to
A. Malvaceae
B. Poaceae
c. Solanaceae
D. Rubiaceae
11
492In mosses, asexual reproduction is also known as
A. Alternation of generations
B. Sporophyte generation
c. Vegetative reproduction
D. Gametophyte reproduction
E. Binary fission
11
493Means of perennation in club mosses
are
A . Gemmae
B. Tubers
c. Bulbils
D. Both A and C
11
494Which of the following best explains the evolution of sexual reproduction?
A. Chlamydomonas
B. Ulothrix
c. Puccinia
D. Albugo
11
495Which among the following is called
woody grass?
A. Bamboos (Dendrocalamus)
B. Aloe
c. Date palm (Phoenix dactylifera)
D. Rice (Oryza sativa)
11
496Bryophytes are the first land plants but incompletely adapted to land conditions as
(i) Plant body is parenchymatous.
(ii) Protonema is present.
(iii) Male gametes are mobile.
(iv) Stomata are absent in liverworts.
Which of the above-mentioned
statement(s) is/are correct?
A. only (i)
B. Only (iii)
c. (i), (ii) and (iii)
D. (i), (ii), (iii) and (iv)
11
497Whcih of the following characteristics are related to group to which plant Marsilea belongs?(i) Plant body is not
differentiated into roots, stem and leaves.(ii) They have specialised tissue for the conduction of water and other
substances.(iii) They are predominanty aquatic in nature.(iv) They have naked embryos called spores.(v) They are called amphibians of plant kingdom.
A. (ii) and (iv) only
B. (iii), (iv) and (v)
( c . ) (ii), (iii) and (iv)
D. (i), (iv) and (v)
11
498Two mark Questions:
Differentiate between the two cells
enclosed in a mature male
gametophyte of an angiosperm.
11
499The pteridophyte, popularly known as ‘horsetail’ or a ‘scouring rush’ is
A. Equisetum
B. Fern
c. Lycopodium
D. Psilotum
11
500Which is the first group of vascular
plants?
A. Thallophyta
B. Bryophyta
c. Pteridophyta
D. spermatopohyta
11
501According to Bentham and Hooker, polypetalous and epigynous flowers should be placed under the
A. Thalamiflorae
B. Calyciflorae
c. Disciflorae
D. Heteromerae
11
502Examine the figures ( A, B, C ) and ( D . ) In
which one of the four options all the
items ( A, B, C ) and ( D ) are correct?
A. ( A ) – Selaginella, ( B ) – Equisetum, ( C ) – Salvinia, D – Ginkgo
B. A – Equisetum, B – Ginkgo, C – Selaginella, D Lycopodium
C. A – Chara, B – Marchantia, C – Fucus, D – Pinus
D. A – Funaria,B – Adiantum,
C – Salvinia
D – Riccia
11
503Motile sperms are absent in
A. Rhizopus
B. Funaria
c. Fern
D. cycas
11
504Agar-agar is produced by
A. Fungi
B. Algae
c. Bacteria
D. Blue-green algae
11
505Liana is a
A. Herb
B. Shrub
c. Tree
D. vine
11
506Fruit bearing plants are
A. Gymnosperms
B. Dicotyledons
c. Angiosperms
D. spermatophytes
11
507Persistent calyx is characteristics of
A. Allium / Liliaceae
B. Hibiscus / Malvaceae
C. Dalbergia / Papionatae
D. Solanum / Solanaceae
11
508Common example of red algae is
A. Porphyra
B. Batrachospermum
c. Ectocarpus
D. both (a) and (b)
11
509Marine algae flourished well during which of the following period?
A. Triassic
B. Devonian
c. Permian
D. Ordovician
11
510Bryophytes resemble algae in which of the following aspects?
A. Filamentous body, presence of vascular tissues and autotrophic nutrition
B. Differentiation of plant body into root, stem and leaves and autotrophic nutrition
c. Thallus like plant body, presence of root and autotrophic nutrition
D. Thallus-like plant body, lack of vascular tissues and autotrophic nutrition
11
511Green algae are considered as
ancestors of higher plants due to their resemblance with higher plants in
A. Pigments
B. Cell wall
c. Stored food
D. All of the above
11
512In Pteridophytes, prothallus shows
A. Lack of gametophyte
B. Spore production
c. The presence of tracheids
D. Root, stem and leaf
11
513Sphagnum is used as packing material for transporting living plants because of its
A. Acidic nature it does not undergo decay
B. Creeping capacity
c. water absorbing capacity
D. Both A and C
11
514Chlorophyll a, chlorophyll d and phycoerythrin pigments are found in
A. Cyanophyceae
B. Bacillariophyceae
c. Rhodophyceae
D. Chlorophyceae
11
515Cambium is absent in
A. Pteridophytes
B. Gymnosperms
c. Angiosperms
D. Pteridophytes and Gymnosperms
11
516Holdfast, stipe and frond constitute the plant body in case of
A. Rhodophyceae
B. Chlorophyceae
c. Phaeophyceae
D. all of these
11
517Which statement is correct regarding
mosses?
A. They have dominant and independent sporophyte.
B. Their antherozoids require water for fertilization.
C. Their archegonia produce many eggs.
D. Their antherozoids are multiflagellated.
11
518In gymnosperms, the pollen chamber
represents
A. The microsporangium in which pollen grains develop.
B. A cell in the pollen grain in which the sperms are formed.
C. A cavity in the ovule in which pollen grains are stored after pollination.
D. An opening in the megagametophyte, through which the pollen tube approaches the egg.
11
519How do gymnosperms and angioperms
differ from each other?
A. Gymnosperms have naked seed but angiosperms have seed coat
B. Gymnosperm have leaves but angiosperms do not have leaves
C. Gymnosperms are seed bearing plant but seed is absent in angiosperm
D. Both A and B
11
520Red wood tree is
A. Cedrus
B. Pinus
C . Dalbergia
D. Sequoia
11
521Two algae which produce agar-agar are
A. Nostoc and Anabaena
B. Volvox and Vaucheria
C. Gracilaria and Gelidium
D. Harveyella and Porphyra
11
522Vessels and companian cells are found
in
A. Pteridophyte
B. Gnetum
c. Ephedra
D. Angiosperm
11
523Resin and turpentine are products of
A. Teak
B. Oak
c. Eucalyptus
D. Pine
11
524In Cycas, fertilization is
A. Zooidogamy
B. Siphonogamy
C. Both A and B
D. Chalazogamy
11
525Along the sea-coast which of the
following is least likely to be found?
A. Brown algae
B. Red algae
c. Mosses
D. All of the above
11
526Coniferales and Cycadales have respectively.
A. Motile sperms
B. Motile and non motile sperms
c. Non motile and motile sperms
D. Non motile sperms
11
527Which place in India is called “The
Golden Mine of Liverworts”?
A. Eastern Himalayas
B. Western Himalayas
c. western Ghats
D. Eastern Ghats
E. Sundarbans
11
528Taxol is obtained from
A. Taxus
B. Acetabularia
c. cycas
D. Pinus
11
529The order of Gymnosperm represented by a single living genera is
A. Gnetales
B. Coniferales
c. cycadales
D. Ginkgoales
11
530The bryophyte which can absorb water upto 18 times of its weight?
A. Anthoceros
B. Sphagnum
c. Davsonia
D. Marchantia
11
531Assertion
Angiosperms lack flagellate male
gametes.
Reason
Sperms are not dependent on water for
fertilization.
A. Both assertion and reason are correct and reason is
the correct explanation for assertion.
B. Both assertion and reason are correct but reason is not the correct explanation for assertion.
C. Assertion is correct but reason is incorrect.
D. Both assertion and reason are incorrect.
11
532Pteridophyte called as stag’s horn fern
is
A . Azolla
B. Platycerium
c. Botryopteris
D. Salvinia
11
533The botanical name for ‘Kattha’ is
A . Acacia concinna
B. Acacia catechu
c. Acacia senegal
D. Acacia nilotica
11
534Heterothallism refers to
A. Fusion is not accompanied with zygote formation
B. Fusion between morphologically similar strain
C. Fusion between the strains that are structurally similar but physiologically different
D. All of the above
11
535State whether the following statements
are true or false.

Heterospory refers to the production of two different kinds of spores, one of which gives rise to male gametophyte and the other-female gametophyte
A. True
B. False

11
536Cilia and flagella are absent in life cycle
of
A. Red algae
B. Brown algae
c. Green algae
D. Red algae and blue green algae
11
537In Cycas, the ovules are attached to
megasporophyll
A. Laterally
B. Dorsally
c. ventrally
D. Apically
11
538The family Fabaceae is alternatively known as
A. Leguminosae
B. Solanaceae
c. compositae
D. Malvaceae
11
539Which of the following is a vessel less angiosperm?
A. Tetracentron
B. Trochodendron
c. wintera
D. All of these
11
540In monocotyledons, the leaves
A. Arise at the tip of the stem only
B. Do not sheath the stem
C. Sheath the stem
D. Sheath the stem only in the lower portion
11
541Complete reduction of archegonium is observed in
A. Gnetum
B. Cycas
c. Ginkgo
D. Pinus
11
542Choose the correct scientific names of
the following. Bladderwort, sundew, venus flytrap
A. Nepenthes, Dionaea, Drosera
B. Nepenthes, Utricularia, vanda
c. Utricularia, Drosera, Dionaea
D. Dionaea, Trapa, vanda
11
543Which algal members reproduce exclusively by non-motile spores and non-motile sexual gametes?
A. Phaeophyceae
B. Rhoddophyceae
c. cyanophyceae
D. chrysophyceae
11
544Which one of the following is a correct statement?
A. Origin of seed habit can be traced in Pteridophytes
B. Pteridophyte gametophyte has a protonemal and leafy stage
c. In Gymnosperms, female gametophyte is free-living
D. Antheridiophores and Archegoniophores are present in Pteridophytes
11
545The female gametophytes are retained on the parent sporophyte in
A. Homosporous species of pteridophytes
B. Heterosporous species of pteridophytes
c. Both are correct
D. Both are incorrect
11
546“Heterosporous archegoniatae” is a
name for
A. Fern
B. Gymnosperms
c. Angiosperms
D. Both A and B
11
547Triphasic life cycle is present in
A. Red alga
B. Brown algae
c. Diatom
D. Dinoflagellate
11
548Which of the following plants was used as a wound dressing as late as World war I
A. copper moss
B. Sphagnum
c. Hornworts
D. Red algae
11
549Very short answer type. Observe the relationship between the first two words and then fill in the fourth
place
angiosperms : roots, rhodophyta:
11
550One of the following is true moss.
A. Irish moss
B. Bog moss
c. Club moss
D. Reindeer moss
11
551All statements are true about ferns
except
A. The gametophyte is larger than the sporophyte.
B. The sori give rise to the gametophytes.
C. Eggs are fertilized by sperm in the archeogonia.
D. Ferns possess vascular tissue for the transport of water and minerals.
E. Male gametes depend on water for fertilization.
11
552Which of the bryophyte has hyalline and chlorophyllose cells in its thallus (lacking rhizoids)?
A. Funaria
B. Sphagnum
c. Marchantia
D. Riccia
11
553Which of the followings is most primitive division?
A. Lycopsida
B. Pteropsida
c. Psilopsida
D. sphenopsida
11
554Which of the following is coenocytic?
A. Vaucheria
B. Pseudomonas
c. chlamydomonas
D. All of the above
11
555Club moss belongs to
A . Algae
c. Fungi
D. Bryophyta
11
556Which one of the following is not characteristic of Pteridophytes?
A. Dominant gametophytic plant body.
B. Dominant sporophytic plant body.
c. Pinna release spores.
D. Prothallus give rise to gametophytic body
11
557Chlorophyll ( a ), Chlorophyll ( d ) and
phycoerythrin occur in
A. Chlorophyceae
B. Bacillariophyceae
c. cyanophyceae
D. Rhodophyceae
11
558Spermatozoid of Cycas is
A. Biflagellate
B. Nonflagellate
C . Uniflagellate
D. Multiciliated
11
559The sporophyte of Bryophyte is
A. Parasitic
B. Autotrophic
c. Saprophytic
D. Semiparasitic or parasitic
11
560First land inhabiting plants are
A. Angiosperms
B. Gymnosperms
c. Bryophytes
D. Pteridophytes
11
561Which one of the following differentiates Pteridophytes from
Mosses?
A. Prothallus
B. Homosporous spores
c. Haplontic life cycle
D. All of the above
11
562Stomata having pores bounded by a single ring shaped guard cell are found in the
A. Leaf of ferns
B. Pinnule of Cycas.
c. capsule of Funaria
D. All of the above
11
563In the diagram given above some of algae have been labelled as ( A ),’ ( B ) ‘, ‘C’ D’, and ‘E’. These algae are respectively identified as
A. Dictyota, Polysiphonia, Porphyra, Fucus and Laminaria
B. Porphyra, Dictyota, Laminaria, Fucus and Polysiphonia
c. Dictyota, Polysiphonia, Porphyra, Laminaria and Fucus
D. Fucus, Porphyra, Dictyota, Polysiphonia and Laminaria
11
564Grouping of algae is based on
A. Food reserve
B. Colony formation
c. shape
D. Pigments.
11
565“Carrageenan” is obtained from
A. Chondrus crispus
B. Laminaria
c. Gelidium
D. Macrocystis
11
566Pollen tube of gymnosperms is
commonly
A. Unbranched and rich in starch
B. Branched and lack starch
C. Branched and rich in starch
D. Unbranched as well as lack starch
11
567Alginic acid is a product of
A. Red algae
B. Green algae
c. Blue green algae
D. Brown algae
11
568Both homosporous and heterosporous plants are found in the group.
A. Algae
B. Bryophytes
c. Pteridophytes
D. Gymnosperms
11
569Fill in the blanks with approprite words.
…involves the fusion of two naked
gametes, one of both of which are
motile
11
570Thallophyta, Bryophyta and Pteridophyta are called as
A. Phanerogams
B. Cryptogams
c. None of the above
D. All of the above
11
571A plant having vascular supply, producing spores but lacking seed is a
A. Bryophyte
B. Pteridophyte
c. Gymnosperm
D. Angiosperm
11
572Bentham and Hooker classified dicots
into
A. Polypetalae, gamopetale and glumiflorae
B. Polypetalae, gamopetalae and monochlamydae
C. Archichlamydae, monochalmydae and glumiflorae
D. Lignosae and herbaceae
11
573Biennials are
A. Plants, which remain vegetative in first growing season but produce flowers in the next season.
B. Plants producing flowers twice in their lifecycle.
C. Plants, which flower many times.
D. Plants finishing their lifecycle in one season only.
11
574Zygotic meiosis occurs in
A. Gymnosperms
B. Ferns
c. Moss
D. Algae
11
575The sieve tubes and companion cells are exceptional feature of
A. Gymnosperms
B. Angiosperms
c. Ferns
D. Pteridophytes
11
576In bryophytes and pteridophytes, transport of male gametes requires
A. wind
B. Insects
c. Birds
D. water
11
577In moss, antheridia and archegonia occur at the tips of two different branches of the same plant. The condition is called
A. Monoecious and autoicous
B. Monoecious and paroicous
c. Monoecious and synoicous
D. Dioecious
11
578Nicotiana and potato belongs to
A. Malvaceae
B. Liliaceae
c. Solanaceae
D. Cruciferae
11
579Bryophyta are not tall plants due to
A. Absence of meristem
B. Absence of vascular tissues
C. Presence of root system
D. All of the above
11
580Gymnosperms are naked seeded plants, because
A. There is no ovule.
B. There is no fruit.
c. There is no ovary and fruit.
D. There is no fertilization
11
581Which of the following fossil general stand midway between pteridophytes and gymnosperms?
A. Lycopodites
B. Selaginella
c. Matonidium
D. callixylon
11
582Algae are autotrophic. Which of the following statement can be related to
autotrophs?
A. Autotrophs prepares their own food
B. Autotrophs depends on others for their food
c. Autotrophs are insectivores
D. None of these
11
583In gymnosperms, the ovule is naked because
A. Ovary wall is absent
B. Integuments are absent
c. Perianth is absent
D. Nucellus is absent
11
584An algae which lives as parasite on
plants is
A. Porphyra
B. Cephaleuros
c. chromulina
D. Laminaria
11
585Which of the following plant structures evolved for the first terrestrial forests?
A. Flowers
B. Naked seeds
c. covered seeds
D. vascular tissue
E. Deciduous leaves
11
586Exine modified to wings thereby strongly suggesting anemophily is exceptional to
A. Cycas
B. Pinus
c. All gymnosperms
11
587Plants reproducing by spores such as mosses and ferns are grouped under the general term
A. Cryptogams
B. Bryophytes
c. sporophytes
D. Thallophytes
11
588Assertion
Red algae contribute in producing coral reef
Reason
Some red algae secrete and deposit calcium carbonate our their walls
A. If both the assertion and the reason are true and the reason is a correct explanation of the assertion
B. If both the assertion and reason are true but the reason is not a correct explanation of the assertion
c. If the assertion is true but the reason is false
D. If both the assertion and reason are false
11
589Both pteridophytes and gymnosperms
have
A. Seeds
B. Independent gametophytes
c. Archegonia
D. ovules
11
590When a flower can be cut in two equal
portion from only one plane it is called?
A. Actinomorphic
B. Zygomorphic
c. symmetrical
D. Bilateral
11
591In which of the following characters, the angiosperms resemble gymnosperms?
A. Presence of ovule
B. Absence of endosperm
c. Presence of vessels
D. Mode of fertilisation
11
592Alcea rosea (hollyhock) belongs to the family of
A. Cruciferae
B. Malvaceae
c. cucurbitaceae
D. Leguminosae
11
593Male gamete of Cycas, largest in plant kingdom, is
A. Non-motile
B. Biflagellate
c. Multiciliate
D. Uniflagellate
11
594Which character of pteridophytes is not similar to bryophytes?
A. Water requirement for fertilization
B. Dependence of sporophyte on gametophytee
c. Heterospory
D. None of these
11
595Most gymnosperms have
A. Both archegonia and antheridia
B. Antheridia but no archegonia
C. Archegonia but no antheridia
D. Neither antheridia nor archegonia
11
596Which of these is mismatched?
A. Phaneros -Visible
B. Kryptos -Concealed
c. Gymno – Naked
D. Bryon-Liverworts
E. Trachea – windpipe
11
597Druse is
A. Calcium-oxalate crystals
B. Bicarbonate crystals
( mathbf{c} cdot mathrm{CaCO}_{3} ) crystals
D. None of the above
11
598In Gymnosperms pollination occurs exclusively by
A. Anemophily
B. Hydrophily
c. zoophily
D. Malacophily
11
599Last stage of gametophytic generation
is
A . Gametes
B. Zygote
c. spore mother cells
D. spores
11
600Circinate vernation is seen in
A. Equisteum, Nephrolepis, Psilotum
B. Nephrolepis, Adiantum, Pteris
C . Lycopodium, Nephrolepis
D. Psilotum, Nephrolepis, Adiantum
11
601A plant shows rhizoids and is haploid. It needs water to complete its lifecycle because the male gametes are motile.
Identify the group to which it belongs.
A. Pteridophyte
B. Gymnosperm
c. Monocot
D. Bryophytes
11
602Assertion
Selaginella and Salvinia are homosporous
Reason
Similar kind of spores are produced in Selaginella and Salvinia.
A. Both Assertion and Reason are correct and Reason is
the correct explanation for Assertion
B. Both Assertion and Reason are correct but Reason is not the correct explanation for Assertion
C. Assertion is correct but Reason is incorrect
D. Both Assertion and Reason are incorrect
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