Plant Kingdom Questions

We provide plant kingdom practice exercises, instructions, and a learning material that allows learners to study outside of the classroom. We focus on plant kingdom skills mastery so, below you will get all questions that are also asking in the competition exam beside that classroom.

Plant Kingdom Questions

List of plant kingdom Questions

Question No Questions Class
1 Sterile portions of sporophylls of Cycas and Pinus are
A. Paraphyses
B. Apophysis
c. Hypophysis
D. Epiphyses
11
2 Gymnosperms were placed between dicot and monocot by
A. De candolle
B. Bentham and Hooker
c. Engler and Pranti
D. Hutchinson
11
3 Which one of the following is categorised under living fossils?
A. Moss
B. Cycas
c. saccharomyces
D. Spirogyra
11
4 Podocarpus, Ginkgo and Cycas share which one of the following character?
A. All show polyembryony
B. All have multiflagellated antherozooids.
c. All have coralloid roots
D. Both A and c
11
5 Very short answer type. In what form Is the food stored in green
algae?
11
6 Assertion
Fertilization of bryophytes require water for antherozoids.
Reason
They are amphibians of plant kingdom.
A. Both Assertion and Reason are correct and Reason is the correct explanation for Assertion
B. Both Assertion and Reason are correct but Reason is not the correct explanation for Assertion
c. Assertion is correct but Reason is incorrect
D. Assertion is incorrect but Reason is correct
11
7 Q Type your question_
organs and select the right option.
Name of Organism Class
Rhodoplayceae ( begin{array}{ll}(1) & text { Acetabularia } \
(2) & text { Chlamydomonas } \
(3) & text { Chara } \
(4) & text { Chara }end{array} ) as Chlorophyceae
Chlorophyceae
( mathrm{F} ) Phaeophyceae
( mathbf{A} )
( B cdot 2 )
( c cdot 3 )
( D )
11
8 Branch dealing with study of algae is
A. Phycology
B. Mycology
c. Microbiology
D. onchology
11
9 Colchicum plant which gives colchicine alkaloid belongs to which family?
A. Leguminosae
B. Malvaceae
c. Liliaceae
D. cruciferae
11
10 Which of the following is not a part of
moss capsule?
A. Operculum
B. Peristome
c. Annulus
D. Protonema
11
11 Assertion
All pteridophytes have originated from
Rhynia.
Reason
It is a living fossil fern.
A. Both Assertion and Reason are correct and Reason is the correct explanation for Assertion
B. Both Assertion and Reason are correct but Reason is not the correct explanation for Assertion
c. Assertion is correct but Reason is incorrect
D. Assertion is incorrect but Reason is correct.
11
12 Coralloid roots are found in
A. Pea
B. Fern
c. cycas
D. Pinus
11
13 Which of the following statements is true for Algae?
A. Algae have root, stem and leaves.
B. Algae have true roots but lack leaves.
c. Algae have rhizoids and leaves.
D. Body of Algae is thallus.
11
14 Jacket less archegonia occur in
A . Riccia
B. Funaria
c. Sphagnum
D. Anthoceros
11
15 The drug ‘Belladonna’ is obtained from
A. Atropa
B. Rauwolfia
c. Solanum
D. capsicum
11
16 Which of the following is not the feature of gymnosperms?
A. Parallel venation
B. Perennial plants
c. Distinct branches (long and short branches)
D. xylem with vessels
11
17 Multicellular jacketed female sex organ of bryophytes is
A. Archegonium
c. Ascogonium
D. Trichogyne
11
18 The model organism that has largely been responsible for making rapid advances in research on photosynthesis is
A. Chlamydomonas
B. Spinach leaf
c. chlorella
D. Hydrilla
11
19 Which of the following is not the characteristic feature of flowering plants?
A. They include non-woody trees and shrubs.
B. They have stems, leaves and roots
c. They produce seeds
D. They have finely divided leaves called fronds.
11
20 is the red colour pigment found in algae. 11
21 Which among the following is the smallest gymnosperm?
A. Cycas
B. Pinus
c. zamia
D. Gnetum
11
22 Botanical snakes are
A . Algae
B. Fungi
c. Bryophytes
D. Pteridophytes
11
23 Seeds of gymnosperms have three
generations, that is
A. Two sporophytic and one gametophytic generation
B. Two gametophytic and one sporophytic
C. All three sporophytic generations
D. All three gametophytic generations
11
24 Which of the following plants has high water retention capacity and is used to provide moisture to plants?
A. Sphagnum
B. Botrychium
c. Marsilea
D. Marchantia
11
25 An aquatic quadrifoliate pteridophyte is
A. Isoetes
B. Marsilea
c. Equisetum
D. ophioglossum
11
26 Who among the following was a paleobotanist?
A. P. Maheshwari
B. S.R. Kashyap
c. Birbal Sahni
D. v. Purir
11
27 Leptoids and hydroids are the vascular
supply of
A. Pteridophytes
B. Irish mosses
c. Liverworts
D. All of the above
11
28 Read the given statements about algae and select the correct option.
(i) Plant body is thalloid.
(ii) They are largely aquatic.
(iii) Reproduction occurs by vegetative, asexual and sexual methods.
(iv) Chlamydomonas, Volvox and Ulothrix are the multicellular algae.
A. Statements (i) and (ii) are true
B. Statements (ii) and (iii) are true
c. Statements (i), (ii) and (iii) are true
D. All statements are true
11
29 Observe the relationship between the
first two words and then fill in the fourth
place
(a) Angiosperms: roots :: Rhodophyta
(b) Fern: prothallus :: moss:
(c) Moss : capsule :: fern:
(d) Angiosperms: flowers :: conifers
11
30 Compared with the gametophytes of the bryophytes, the gametophytes of vascular plants tend to be
A. Smaller but to have larger sex organs
B. Larger but to have smaller sex organs
c. Larger and to have larger sex organs
D. Smaller and to have smaller sex orqans
11
31 The first true angiosperm evolved from
an ancestor is
A. Arceuthobium
B. Gnetum
c. cycas
D. Taxus
11
32 Life cycle of Saccharomyces cerevisiae is
A. Haplontic
B. Diplontic
C . Haplodiplontic
D. None of the above
11
33 Dendrochronology is
the
A. Histological analysis of the annual rings signifying the age of tree.
B. Chemical analysis of the chlorophyll content in a plant.
C. Statistical analysis of the amount of food prepared by the plant, the amount is used, and the quantity stored.
D. Study of the light and the dark reactions of photosynthesis.
11
34 Which of the following statements is
not true about fertilization in a fern
plant?
A. An egg is produced in an archegonium
B. A sperm is produced in an antheridium
c. sperm is carried by the wind to the egg
D. Eggs and sperm are produced on the same plan
11
35 Typical embryosac of Angiosperms is
A. Tetranucleated
B. Eight nucleated and seven celled
C. Tetranucleated and seven celled
D. Tetranucleated and tetra celled
11
36 Study the following lists:
List-I
(A) Anucleate
(1) Spirogyra gamciangium
(B) Uninucleate
(2) Rhizopus chlamydospore
(C) Multinucleate
(3) Pteris
neck canal cell
(D) Binucleate
(4) Vitis
matured sieve element
(5) Akinite of
Spirogyra
( A cdot A-(1 V), B-(1), C-(11), D-(1) )
B. A-(I), B-(III), C-(II),D-(IV)
( c cdot A-(1 V), B-(1), C-(11), D-(11) )
D. A-(1), B-(IV), C-(V), D-(II)
11
37 Change in colour of algae, according to depth in sea is called as
A. Bohr’s effect
B. Gaudikov’s effect
c. Fogg’s effect
D. Pasteur’s effect
11
38 In gymnosperms, pollen drop is the
A. Red drop
B. Pollens dropped by wind
c. Secretion of nucellus
D. water drops
11
39 Study the given statement about gymosperms and select the correct option
¡) Siphonogamous oogamy
(ii) Male and female cone are borne on
same tree in Pinus
iii) Endosperm represents female gametophyte
A. Statement (i) and (ii) are correct
B. Statement (ii) and (iii) are correct
C. Statement (i) and (iii) are correct
D. Statement (i),(ii) and (iii) are correct
11
40 The surface fibres of commercial use
are obtained from
A. Gossypium
B. Agave
c. Helianthus
D. Solanum
11
41 A member of Class Chlorophyceae is
A. Chlamydomonas
B. Volvox
c. Ulothrix
D. all of these
11
42 Number of meiosis for formation of 80
zygotes in the angiosperms will be
A . 40
B. 100
( c cdot 160 )
D. 90
11
43 Find odd one w.r.t.ploidy in bryophytes
A. NCC
B. VcC
c. Spore
D. Foot
11
44 Reserve food material of algae is
A. Starch
B. Glycogen
( c . ) Fat
D. sugar
11
45 A collection of sporangia attached to placenta and covered over by indusium is known as
A. Sporophyll
B. Sorus
c. cone
D. Ramenta
11
46 Which among the following is not a true
tree?
A. coconut (cocus nucifera)
B. Peepal (Ficus religiosa)
c. Mango (Mangifera indica)
D. Banyan (Ficus benghalensis)
11
47 In which of the families, the stamens are in two whorls and epiphyllous?
A. Malvaceae
B. Solanaceae
c. Liliaceae
D. Caesalpinoideae
11
48 Name any two seeds of plant which are used as a source of biodiesel. 11
49 Select the correct match of algal class and its characteristic flagellation.
A. Chlorophyceae – 2-8 equal, apical
B. Phaeophyceae – 2, unequal, latera
c. Rhodophyceae- Absent
D. All of these
11
50 Chl a, Chl d and phycoerythrin occur in
A. Chlorophyceae
B. Bacillariophyceae
c. cyanophyceae
D. Rhodophyceae
11
51 Gametes formed by meiosis are called
as
A. coenogametes
B. Meiogametes
c. Mitogametes
D. None of the above
11
52 Cones in Gymnosperm plants are
( mathbf{A} cdot ) Bisexual
B. Unisexual
c. Sterile
D. All of the above.
11
53 Laminaria and Fucus belongs to
A. Chlorophyceae
B. Rhodophyceae
c. Phaeophyceae
D. Cyanophyceae
11
54 Oil yielding plants are abundant in the family
A. Solanaceae
B. Ranunculaceae
c. cruciferae
D. Curcurbitaceae
11
55 In pteridophytes, main plant body is a
(i) which is
(ii)
into true roots, stem and leaves.
Fill the blanks in above statement and
select the correct option.
A. (i) – sporophyte, (ii) – differentiated
B. (i) – sporophyte, (ii) – not differentiated
c. (i) – gametophyte,
(ii) – differentiated
D. (i) – gametophyte, (ii) – not differentiated
11
56 The term Bryophyta was given by
A. Darwin
B. Braun
C. Aristotle
D. Galen
11
57 All of these are the characters of
angiosperms except they
A. Are most advanced
B. Bear true fruits
c. Bear covered seeds
D. Are cryptogams
E. Show double fertilization
11
58 Shell fish taken from water during a red tide would be
A. Rich in proteins
B. Poisoned with neurotoxin
c. Dead
D. Rich in fats
11
59 Ficus benghalensis is the common name
of
A. Orchid
B. 4 o’clock plant
c. Banyan tree
D. Mango tree
11
60 Match the following with correct
combination
begin{tabular}{lll|l}
& Column-I & & Column-II \
a. & Anthoceros & 1. & Walkin fern \
b. & Asplenium & 2. & Alga \
c. & Sargassum & 3. & Inferae \
d. & Prothallus & 4. & Gametophyte \
e. & Asterales & 5. & Hornwort \
& 6. & Livewort
end{tabular}
( A )
( a-6, b-5, c-1, d-3, e-4 )
( B cdot a-5, b-4, c-3, d-2, e-1 )
( C cdot a-5, b-1, c-2, d-4, e-3 )
D. ( a-3, b-2, c-1, d-5, e-4 )
( E cdot a-1, b-4, c-3, d-5, e-2 )
11
61 Which of the following is a character of
gymnospermous wood?
A. Porous
B. Ring porous
c. Diffused porous
D. Non-porous
11
62 State whether the following statements
are true or false.
Motile reproductive bodies are completely absent in Rhodophyta.
A. True
B. False
11
63 Select the correct pattern of
arrangement of reproductive structures
for gymnosperms.
A. Spores ( rightarrow ) Sporophylls ( rightarrow ) Sporangia ( rightarrow ) Strobill
B. Spores ( rightarrow ) Sporangia ( rightarrow ) Sporophylls ( rightarrow ) Strobili
c. sporangia ( rightarrow ) Sporophylls ( rightarrow ) Spores ( rightarrow ) Strobili
D. Spores ( rightarrow ) Sporangia ( rightarrow ) Strobili ( rightarrow ) Sporophylls
11
64 During unfavourable conditions
Chlamydomonas forms a colonial aggregate called
A. Palmitate stage
B. Palmella stage
c. Endospore stage
D. cyst stage
11
65 Algae are not associated with diseases
unlike many fungi and bacteria. What is
the reason for this?
11
66 Ptyxis in Cycasis
A. Simple
B. Circular
c. circinate
D. None of the above
11
67 Sporophyte with indefinite growth occurs in
A . Liver worts
B. Horn worts
c. Mosses
D. Fern
11
68 Walking fern belongs to the genus
A. Asplenium
B. Dryopteris
c. Pteris
D. Marsilea
11
69 Dispersal of spores in fern takes place through
A. Annulus
B. Stomium
c. Both A and B
D. Indusium
11
70 An angiosperm is different from a gymnosperm in the absence of
A. Vascular tissue
B. Ovary
( c . ) seed
D. Naked ovule
11
71 Which one of the following statements about Cycas is incorrect?
A. It has circinate vernation
B. Its xylem is mainly composed of xylem vessel
c. Its roots contain BGA
D. It does not have a well organized female flower
11
72 Assertion
Origin of seed habit begins in Pteridophyta.
Reason
It is suggested by heterosporous Selaginella.
A. Both Assertion and Reason are correct and Reason is the correct explanation for Assertion
B. Both Assertion and Reason are correct but Reason is not the correct explanation for Assertion
c. Assertion is correct but Reason is incorrect
D. Assertion is incorrect but Reason is correct.
11
73 Which of the following helps in coal formation?
A. Bacteria
B. Gymnosperm
c. Pteridophytes
D. Archaebacteria
11
74 Read the following five statements to ( mathrm{E} ) ) and select the option with all
correct statements.
(A) Mosses and Lichens are the first
organisms to colonize bare rock.
(B) Selaginella is a homosporous
pteridophyte.
(C) Coralloid roots in Cycas have VAM.
(D) The main plant body in bryophytes is gametophytic whereas in pteridophytes it is sporophytic.
(E) In gymnosperms, male and female gametophytes are present within
sporangia located on sporophyte.
( A cdot(A),(D) ) and ( (E) )
B. ( (B),(C) ) and ( (D) )
c. ( (A),(C) ) and ( (D) )
D. None of these
11
75 Plants having vascular tissues but lacking seeds are
A. Bryophyta
B. Pteridophyta
c. Gymnosperms
D. Angiosperms
11
76 If the chromosome number in the
somatic cell of gymnosperm is 8. Then the number of chromosomes in the
nucellus of ( C y c a s ) is
A. 08
B. 04
( c cdot 16 )
D. 32
11
77 Identify the given figures of algae and
select the correct option.
A. (A) – Fucus, (B) – Polysiphonia
B. (A) – Dictyota, (B) – Polysiphonia
C. (A) – Dictyota,(B) – Porphyra
D. (A) – Porphyra, (B) – Polysiphonia
11
78 Food reserve of phaeophyceae is
A. Laminarin and floridean starch
B. Laminarin and mannitol
c. Fat
D. starch
11
79 In Cycas, pollination is by
A. Wind
B. Insect
C. Water
D. Both A and B
11
80 According to Bentham and Hooker’s classification which family/order was considered most primitive?
A. Ranunculaceae / Ranales
B. orchidaceae / orchidales
c. Malvaceae / Malvales
D. Brassicaceae / Parietales
11
81 Name the largest kelp? 11
82 Plants with no roots, but have stems
and leaves are known as
11
83 ‘Botanical snakes’ are
A. Fungi
B. Bryophytes
c. Pteridophytes
D. Lichens
11
84 Consider the following statements regarding gymnosperms and choose the
correct option.
(A) In gymnosperms, the male and female gametophytes have an independent existence.
(B) The multicellular female
gametophyte is retained within the
megasporangium.
(C) The gymnosperms are heterosporous.
( A cdot(A) ) and
(B) are true but (C) is false.
B. (A) and
(C) are true but (B) is false.
c. (B) and
(C) are false but (A) is true
D. (A) and
(C) are false but (B) is true.
E. (B) and
(C) are true but (A) is false.
11
85 40. Which of the following elements
is obtained from sea weeds ?
(1) Iodine (2) Vanadium
(3) Argon (4) Sulphur
11
86 The algae which decomposes human urine is
A. Spirullina
B. Chlorella
c. volvox
D. chlamydomonas
11
87 Which of the following is commonly present in fresh water?
(A)- Ulothrix
(B)- Spirogyra
(C)- Ectocarpus
(D)- Batrachospermum
A. A and B
B. A,B and D
c. ( A, B, C ) and ( D )
D. A,B and C
11
88 Independent alternation of generation is
found in
B. Spermatophyta
c. Thallophyta
D. Bryophyta
11
89 What type of sorus is present in Nephrolepis?
A. coenosorus
B. simple
c. Mixed
D. None of the above
11
90 The reserve food of brown algae is
A. Fucoxanthin
B. Volutin
c. Laminarin
D. Paramylum
11
91 The seeds in gymnosperms are
A. Naked
B. Enclosed within the ovule
C. Present in fruits
D. Partly naked and partly enclosed within the ovules
11
92 Which of the following remained unchanged for last many million years?
A . Pinus
B. Rice
c. Acacia
D. Ginkgo
11
93 Moss sporophyte is diffentiated in
A. Stem and leaves
B. Root, stem and leaves
c. Rhizoids, stem and leaves
D. None of the above
11
94 Universal zygomorphy occurs in
A. Malvaceae
B. Mimosoideae
c. Papilionaceae
D. Solanaceae
11
95 The part labelled as ‘A’ represents the
A. Root
B. Epicotyl
c. Hypocotyl
D. cotyledon
E. Hilum
11
96 Which Bryophyte indicates algal ancestory of Bryophytes?
A . Riccio
B. Riella
c. Anthoceros
D. Marchantia
11
97 Deepest algae in sea are
A. Red algae
B. Brown algae
c. Green algae
D. Golden algae
11
98 Life cycle of gymnosperm is
A. Haplontic
B. Haplodiplontic
c. Diplontic
D. Diplohaplontic
11
99 Plants which are shorter than trees and
have a bushy appearance, called as
A. Short trees
B. Shrubs
c. Bushes
D. sporophytes
11
100 Name the three main classes of
Bryophyta
11
101 Fill in the blanks with suitable word:
All green plants are
11
102 Phloem of gymnosperms differs from that of angiosperms in having
A. Parenchyma
B. No companion cells
c. No sieve cells
D. No sclerenchyma fibres
11
103 Monoecious plant of Chara shows
OCCUrrence of
A. Stamen and carpel on the same plant
B. Upper antheridium and lower oogonium on the same plant
C. Upper oogonium and lower antheridium on the same plant
D. Antheridiophore and archegoniophore on the same plant
11
104 Largest ovule is present in
A . Cycas
B. Pinus
c. wolffia
D. Rafflesia
11
105 Spore dissemination in some liverworts
is aided by
A. Elaters
B. Indusium
c. calyptra
D. Peristome teeth
11
106 Identify the alga known for a biological activity called bioluminescenence.
A. Cyclotella
B. Noctiluca
c. Spirogyra
D. chlorella
11
107 Shepherd’s purse plant belong to family of
A. Cruciferae
B. Malvaceae
c. Solanaceae
D. Leguminosae
11
108 Which type of relation does a fungus has with alga in lichens?
A. Epiphytic
B. Parasitic
c. symbiotic
D. Saprophytic
11
109 Which component present in blue-green
algae?
This question has multiple correct options
A. Cyanocobalamin
B. Phycocyanin
c. chlorophyll
D. Cartenoids
11
110 The megaspore of a conifer, which is never released from the sporangium, divides by mitosis to produce a:
A. Male gametophyte
B. Female gametophyte
c. Multicellular embryo
D. Pollen grain
11
111 A plant that possess vascular tissues
is
A. Funaria
B. Equisetum
c. Polytrichum
D. Sphagnum
11
112 Which of the following is true regarding homospory and heterospory?
A. Homospory: one kind of spore is produced, typically resulting in a bisexual gametophyte.
B. Heterospory: two types of spores develop into separate male and female gametophytes
c. Both A and B are correct
D. Both A and B are incorrect
11
113 Stellate chloroplast is found in
A. Spirogyra
B. Coleochaete
c. oedogonium
D. Zygnema
11
114 Diatoms do not decay easily because
A. They have siliceous walls
B. Their body is impervious to water
c. They are chitinous
D. They are abundant in saline soil
11
115 Which one of the following is heterosporous?
A. Adiantum
B. Equisetum
c. Dryopteris
D. Salvinia
11
116 Protonema state occurs in which of the
following Bryophytes?
A. Anthoceros
B. Rica
c. Funaria
D. Porella
11
117 Which of the following is true about
Bryophytes?
A. They possess archegonia
B. They contain chloroplast
c. They are thalloid
D. All of the above
11
118 Assertion
The main plant body of bryophytes is gametophyte.
Reason
Alternation of generation is absent in bryophytes
A. Both Assertion and Reason are correct and Reason is the correct explanation for Assertion
B. Both Assertion and Reason are correct but Reason is not the correct explanation for Assertion
c. Assertion is correct but Reason is incorrect
D. Assertion is incorrect but Reason is correct
11
119 Succession in a 6 metre deep pond
exhibits a sequence of
A. Submerged Plants – Reeds – Herbs – Floating Plants Shrubs – Trees
B. Floating Plants – Submerged Plants – Reeds – Herbs Shrub – Trees
C. Shrubs – Trees – Submerged Plants – Floating Plants Reeds – Herbs
D. Submerged Plants – Floating Plants – Reeds – Herbs Shrubs – Trees
11
120 Out of the three characteristics,
monocots show
A. I only
B. II only
c. I and ॥
D. I and III
E . II and III
11
121 (A) The sporophyte in liverworts is more elaborate than that in mosses.
(B) Salvinia is heterosporous.
(C) In Pinus, male and female cones are
borne on different trees.
(D) The life-cycle in all seed bearing plants is diplontic. The two wrongly matched statements
together are
A. Statement B and C
B. Statement A and B
c. Statement A and C
D. Statement A and D
11
122 Which of the following trees/plants have seeds enclosed in the fruit?
A. Angiosperms
B. Gymnosperms
c. cryptogams
D. All of the above
11
123 The only family showing resupination is
A. Leguminosae
B. Compositae
c. orchidaceae
D. Malvaceae
11
124 Most primitive living vascular plants
are
A. Sphagnum
B. cycads
c. Brown algae
D. Ferns
11
125 Wood commonly used for making cricket bat is
A. Cedrus
B. Salix
c. Tectona
D. Morus
11
126 Few algae show
A. External fertilisation
B. Heterogametes
C . Internal fertilisation
D. Zygotic mitosis to develop embryo
11
127 Of the following, the most recent ancestors of vascular plants were probably
A. Mosses
B. Red algae
c. Horsetails
D. Green algae
11
128 Female gametophyte of angiosperm is
A . 7 celled
B. 8 celled
c. 11 celled
D. 5 celled
11
129 A Bryophyte suddenly started reproducing parthenogenetically. Then the number of chromosomes of the
second generation compared to parent
plant will be
A. Same
B. One-half
c. Double
D. Triple
11
130 In which of the following groups, the majority of plant orders contain the vascular tissue wherein the vessels and
companion cells are absent in the xylem and phloem?
A. Angiosperms
B. Thallophytes
c. Bryophytes
D. Gymnosperms
11
131 Sea lettuce is the common name for
A. Laminaria
B. Fucus
c. Sargassum
D. Ulva
11
132 Fruit lomentum is characteristic
feature of the sub family
A. Papilionatae
B. Caesalpinoideae
c. Mimosoideae
D. Leguminosae
11
133 Which of the following is found in Ulva but not in lower plants?
A. Alternation of generation
B. Generations look alike
c. sperms and eggs are produced
D. Both B and C
11
134 The total number of species belonging to present day gymnosperms is about
A. 2000
B. 850
c. 2500
D. 4000
11
135 Which one is a wrong statement?
A. Brown algae have chlorophyll a and c and fucoxanthin.
B. Archegonia are found in Bryophyta, Pteridophyta and Gymnosperms.
C. Mucor has biflagellate zoospores.
D. Haploid endosperm is typical feature of gymnosperms.
11
136 Bryophyta like to grow in moist places because
A. Roots are absent, they has to absorb the moisture from ground
B. Male gametes require water for swimming
C. They do not have water proof coating of cutin on their aerial surface to prevent the loss of water
D. All of the above
11
137 What correctly defines mycorrhiza?
A. Plants that have no vascular tissue.
B. Nitrogen fixing bacteria that live in nodules on the roots of legumes.
C. Primitive plants like mosses, which show a dominant gametophyte stage.
D. Vascular bundles in the stems of tracheophytes.
E. Symbiotic structures living in the roots of plants that increase uptake of nutrients from the soil.
11
138 Laminaria (kelp) and Fucus (rock weed) are the examples of
A. Green algae
B. Brown algae (Phaeophyceae)
c. Red algae (Rhodophyceae)
D. Golden brown algae
11
139 During adverse season, therophytes survive as
A. Bulbs
B. Corms
c. Rhizomes
D. seed
11
140 When a moss spore lands on an appropriate site, it germinates into the first stage of the gametophyte called as
A. Antheridium
B. Rhizoid
c. Protonema
D. Thallus
11
141 Find out what do the terms algal bloom and red-tides signify. 11
142 How many terms in the column is
associated to stonewort?
Protandrous, Gynandrous, shield cells, coronary cells, Tube cells, Archegoniophore, Globule, Monoecious
A. 5
B. 6
( c cdot 7 )
( D )
11
143 In which one of the following, the male and female gametophytes don’t have free-living independent existence?
A. Pteris
B. Funaria
c. Polytrichum
D. cedrus
11
144 Which of the following is not a product of fertilization.
A. Zygote in algae
B. Seeds of cycas
c. Fruits of mango
D. Endosperm of cotton
11
145 Mosses and ferns are found in moist
and shady places because both
A. Depend for their nutrition on microorganisms which can survive only at low temperature
B. Do not need sunlight for photosynthesis
c. Require presence of water for fertilisation
D. Cannot compete with sun-loving plants
11
146 Which of the following is a living fossil?
A . Pinus
B. Ginkgo biloba
c. Thuja
D. Deodar
11
147 Which type of sexual reproduction is found in volvox?
A. Isogamous
B. Anisogamous
c. oogamous
D. All of these
11
148 Which family is represented by the largest number of species in Indian
flora?
A. Gramineae
B. Leguminosae
c. orchidaceae
D. Solanaceae
11
149 Eusporangiate fern is produced from
A. Group of sporangial initial cell
B. single initial cell
c. Epidermal cells
D. Hypodermal cells
11
150 Stone wort is common name of
A. Chara
B. Chlorella
c. Laminaria
D. Polysiphonia
11
151 Gemmae are asexual reproductive
bodies of
A. Algae
B. Liverworts
c. Mosses
D. Both B and C
11
152 Parkinsonia and Australian Acacia
contains
A. Phylloclade
B. Winged fruitt
c. Parachute mechanism
D. Phyllode
11
153 The first terrestrial plants, to possess vascular tissues, among the following
are
A. Sphagnum & Selaginella
B. Marchantia & Funaria
c. selaginella & Salviniá
D. Funaria & Equisetum
11
154 Which family plants are rich source of proteins?
A. Cruciferae
B. Leguminosae
c. Liliaceae
D. compositae
11
155 Under what conditions algae enter the
palmella stage?
11
156 Read the given statements and select
the correct option.
Statement 1: Bryophytes are amphibians of plant kingdom. Statement 2 : They live in soil but
depend on water for sexual
reproduction.
A. Both statements 1 and 2 are correct
B. Statement 1 is correct but statement 2 is incorrect
c. statement 1 is incorrect but statement 2 is correct.
D. Both statements 1 and 2 are incorrect.
11
157 The protostele in which xylem core is Smooth and rounded is
A. Haplostele
B. Actinostlele
c. Plectostele
D. siphonostele
11
158 is known as incomplete because, in this subclass, sepals and petals are not distinct. Flowers usually possess only one whorl of perianth which is sepaloid.
A. Polypetalae
B. Gamopetalae
c. Monochlamydeae
D. Both A and B
11
159 The largest alga is
A. Microcystic
B. Macrocystis
c. Red alga
D. Blue-green alga
11
160 Colour of Bougainvillea is due to
A. Coloured sepals
B. Coloured bracts
c. Coloured petals
D. None of the above
11
161 At present about animal
phyla have been recognized.
A . 10
B. 20
c. 30
D. 40
11
162 Draw a diagram to describe the life cycle of the moss, pointing out significant features 11
163 Most advanced gymnosperm belongs to
A . Cycadales
B. Coniferales
c. Gnetales
D. cycadofillicales
11
164 Algae growing on animal bodies and shells are called
A. Epizoic
B. Epiphytic
c. sea Lettuce
D. Parasitic
E. Coenobia
11
165 Define Pteridophyta 11
166 Which plant group is exclusively
perennial?
A. Dicots
B. Ferns
c. Gymnosperms
D. Monocots
11
167 Lady’s finger belongs to family of
A. Malvaceae
B. Cruciferae
c. compositae
D. None of the above
11
168 Here is the diagram of prothallus. Identify ( A, B ) and ( C )
A. A – archegonia, B – antheridia, C – rhizoids
B. A – antheridia, B – archegonia, C – rhizoids
c. A – archegonia, B – antheridia, C- roots
D. A – antheridia, B – archegonia, C – roots
11
169 Bentham and Hooker classified dicots
into
A. Polypetalae, gamopetalae and glumiflorae
B. Polypetalae, gamopetalae and monochlamydae
C. Achlamydae, diclamydeae and metachlamydae
D. Archichlamydae, sympetalae and apetalae
11
170 Polyuronic acid and polysulphate esters are characteristic in cell wall of
A. Brown algae
B. Red algae
c. Dinoflagellates
D. Diatoms
11
171 Vessels are found in
A. Ephedra
B. All gymnosperms
c. Funaria
D. None of the above
11
172 The characters of gymnosperms are
A. Seeds are naked
B. Fruits are absent
c. True carpel absent
D. All of the above
11
173 Which one of the following is called as horsetail?
A. Lycopodium
B. Marsilea
c. Equisetum
D. Selaginella
11
174 Formation of a gametophyte (i.e. embryo sac or pollen) on a sporophyte without any reduction division is known
as
A. Apospory
B. Parthenogenesis
c. Apogamy
D. Amphimixis
11
175 All gymnosperms are
A. Heterosporous
B. Arborescent
C . Seed plants
D. All of the above
11
176 Botanical name of peat moss is
A. Sphagnum
B. Funaria
c. Anthoceros
D. Polytrichum
11
177 In angiosperms various stages of
reductional division can best be
studied in
A. Young anthers
B. Mature anthers
c. Mature ovules
D. Endosperm cells
11
178 Endosperm in Gymnosperm is
A. Haploid
B. Diploid
c. Triploid
D. All of the above
11
179 Trumpet hyphae in certain brown algae resemble
A. Trachea
B. Sieve tubes
c. Sclerenchymatous fibres
D. Tracheids
11
180 Walking fern name is due to
A. Dispersal by animals
B. Reproduction by spores
c. vegetative reproduction
D. Power of locomotion
11
181 Eggs do not occur in archegonia in
A. Bryophyta
B. Pteridophyta
c. Angiosperms
D. spermatophyta
11
182 Algae are in the same major group of plants, so are the
A. Mosses
B. Liverworts
c. Fungi
D. Ferns
11
183 The stipules are modified into tendrils
in
A. Smilax
B. Asphodelus
c. Gloriosa
D. Asparagus
11
184 Marchantia is Bryophyte because it lacks
A . Roots
B. Independent sporophyte
c. seeds
D. Vascular tissue
11
185 “Golden algae” is the common name of algae belonging to
A. Chrysophyta
B. Pyrrophyta
c. Euglenophyta
D. cyanophyta
11
186 Pteridophytes are advanced than bryophytes in having
A. Swimming antherozoids
B. Sporophyte as dominant phase
c. Archegonia
D. Gametophyte as dominant phase
11
187 Inflorescence in Solanaceae is
A. Racemose
B. Cymose
c. Hypanthodium
D. verticillaster
11
188 Filicales are classified on the basis of
A. Sori
B. Nature of spores
c. Nature of sporophyll and sporangia
D. Nature of annulus
11
189 toppr
Q Type your que
Autotrophic Yes
res
Presence o vascu ss
Flow
roduce
Shirin had been on a holiday to Ooty. In
her school, she has studied about the
interesting world of plants. On the day of her return she collected four groups of
plants I, II, III and IV. She carefully noted some of their details and arranged the information in the form of a table as
given below. Her teacher agreed to tell her descriptions about all plants if she could by looking at the information in the table say which of the groups of plants she collected represented pteridophytes. Take a look at the data and suggest which of the groups could be of pteridophytes.
A. Plantgroup!
B. Plant group I I
c. Plantgroup III
D. Plant group IV
11
190 In Pteridophytes, phloem is without
A. Sieve cells
B. Sieve tubes
c. companion cells
D. Bast fibres
11
191 How can we consider green algae similar to plant world? 11
192 Why do moss plants produce very large number of male gametes? Provide one reason. What are these gametes called? 11
193 Conifers differ from grasses, in the
A. Formation of endosperm before fertilization
B. Production of seeds from ovules
C. Lack of xylem tracheids
D. Absence of pollen tubes
11
194 In which of the following groups, would you place a plant which produces seeds but lacks flower and fruits?
A. Fungi
B. Bryophytes
c. Pteridophytes
D. Gymnosperms
11
195 Major source of protein among the following is
A. Oryza sativa
B. Cicer arietinum
c. Beta vulgaris
D. Rhizobium leguminosarum
11
196 Match the columns.
( begin{array}{llll}text { A. } & begin{array}{l}text { Obligate stem } \ text { parasite }end{array} & text { 1. } & begin{array}{l}text { Ochroma } \ text { lagopus }end{array} \ text { B. } & text { Erythrina } & text { 2. } & text { Coral tree } \ text { C. } & text { Butea } & text { 3. } & text { Cuscuta } \ text { D. } & text { Lightest wood } & text { 4. } & begin{array}{l}text { Flame of } \ text { the forest }end{array} \ & text { 5. } & text { Guiacum }end{array} )
A. ( A-5, B-4, C-2, D-3 )
B. ( A-3, B-4, C-3, D-2 )
C. ( A-3, B-2, C-4, D-1 )
D. ( A-3, B-2, C-4, D-5 )
11
197 In Cycas, fertilisation occurs through.
A. Isogamy
B. Siphonogamy
c. zoidiogamy
D. Both B and C
11
198 Angiosperms have dominated the land flora primarily because of their
A. Domestication by man
B. Power of adaptability in diverse habitat
c. Property of producing large number of seeds
D. Nature of self pollination
11
199 Chief anatomical feature of
Cucurbitaceae family is
A. Bicollateral vascular bundles
B. Conjoint vascular bundle
c. radial vascular bundle
D. None of the above
11
200 Conifer gymnosperm, amongst the following is
A. Gnetum
B. Sequoia
c. cycas
D. Ginko
11
201 Rhizoids of hepaticopsida and anthocerotopsida are
A. Multicellular and branched
B. Unicellular and unbranched
c. Unicellular and branched
D. Multicellular and unbranched
11
202 The correct floral formula of soyabean is
( A )
( % oplus mathbf{K}_{5} mathbf{C}_{mathbf{1}+(2)+2} mathbf{A}_{(9)+mathbf{1}} mathbf{G}_{underline{mathbf{1}}} )
B. ( % oplus mathbf{K}_{(5)} mathbf{C}_{1+2+(2)} mathbf{A}_{(9)+1} mathbf{G}_{underline{1}} )
c. ( % oplus mathbf{K}_{(5)} mathbf{C}_{mathbf{1}+2+(mathbf{2})} mathbf{A}_{mathbf{1}+(mathbf{9})} mathbf{G}_{underline{mathbf{l}}} )
D. ( % oplus mathbf{K}_{(5)} mathbf{C}_{mathbf{1}+(2)+2} mathbf{A}_{(9)+mathbf{1}} mathbf{G}_{mathbf{1}} )
11
203 A heterosporous plant is one that
A. Produces a gametophyte that bears both sex organs
B. Produces microspores and megaspores giving rise to separate male and female gametophytes
C. Is a seedless vascular plant
D. Produces two kinds of spores, one asexually by mitosis and one by meiosis
11
204 The main plant body of Pteridophytes is
A. Sporophyte
B. Gametophyte
c. Haploid
D. None of the above
11
205 In bryophytes, which part of archegonium encloses egg?
A. Neck
B. Cover cell
c. venter
D. Neck canal cell
11
206 Of all land plants, bryophytes alone have independent and attached, dependent
A. Sporophytes, gametophytes
B. Rhizoids, zygotes
c. Gametophytes, sporophytes
D. Rhizoids, stalked sporangia
11
207 Bryophytes differ from thallophytes in having
A. Embryo
B. Rhizoids
c. Sterile jacket around sex organs
D. All of the above
11
208 Epipetalous stamen, obliquely placed placenta and fruit berry or capsule are diagnostic feature of family
A . Cruciferae
B. Solanceae
c. Malvaceae
D. Labiatae
11
209 Which one of the following is a unicellular, non-motile desmid?
A. Chromatium
B. cosmarium
c. chlorobium
D. clostridium
11
210 National tree of India is
A. Mangifera indica
B. Azadirachta indica
C. Ficus bengalensis
D. Ficus religiosa
11
211 Cedarwood oil is obtained from the
heartwood of
A. Cedrus
B. Thuja occidentalis
c. Tagetes
D. Juniperus
11
212 Compositae is also known as
A. Asteraceae
B. Fabaceae
c. Liliaceae
D. Poaceae
11
213 ChoosChoose the correct answers from
the alternatives given A fern differs from a moss in having:
A. ciliated antherozoids
B. an independent sporophyte
c. a dependent gametophyte
D. heteromorphic alternation of generations
11
214 Agar is obtained from
A. Red algae
B. Brown algae
c. Blue green algae
D. Green algae
11
215 In algae, the bacteriological filter is
A. oscillatoria
B. Batrachospermum
c. Nostoc
D. cosmarium
11
216 Prothallial cells in pollen of Cycas are
found to be
A. one
B. Two
c. Three
D. Four
11
217 Which of the following sets belongs to the same class of algae?
A. Chara, Fucus, Polysiphonia
B. Volvox, Spirogyra, Chlamydomonas
c. Porphyra, Ectocarpus, Ulothrix
D. Sargassum, Laminaria, Gracilaria
11
218 The plant used as an alternative of
cotton is
A. Sphagnum
B. Funaria
c. Riccia
D. Andria
11
219 Give examples of division pteridophyta
A. Adiantum and Lycopodiummm
B. Marsilea and Selaginella
c. Adiantum and Selaginella
D. All of above
11
220 Grain of Maize is
( mathbf{A} cdot ) Seed
B. Fruit
C. Neither seed nor fruit
D. Bud of flower
11
221 First true land plants are
A. Mosses
B. Ferns
c. Amphibians of plant kingdom
D. Produce flowers
11
222 ( boldsymbol{K}_{(boldsymbol{5})} boldsymbol{C}_{boldsymbol{5}} boldsymbol{A}_{(infty)} boldsymbol{G}_{(boldsymbol{5}-infty)} ) floral formula is
related is to which of the following
family?
A. Liliaceae
B. Malvaceae
c. cruciferae
D. Leguminosae
11
223 Gymnosperms differ from pteridophytes in having
A. Presence of tracheids
B. Presence of embry
c. Presence of ovule
D. Companian cell
11
224 Red algae is red due to the presence of
A. R-Phycocyanin
B. R-Phycoerythrin
c. c-Phycocyanin
D. c-Phycoerythrin
11
225 Name the different pigments found in algae 11
226 Collect information about sea weeds,
sea kelp from your school library and write a note with examples.
11
227 Nectaries are found in
A . Cruciferae
B. Compositae
c. Papilionatae
D. Ceasalpinoidae
11
228 Wood of Gymnosperms is composed of
A. Only tracheids in the xylem
B. Only vessels and xylem parenchyma
C. Only fibres and xylem parenchyma
D. Only fibres and vessels
11
229 Agar-agar is obtained from
A. Red algae
B. Brown algae
c. Green algae
D. Blue-green algae
11
230 Explain briefly the following terms with suitable examples:
(i) Protonema
(ii) Antheridium
(iii) Archegonium
(iv) Diplontic
(v) Sporophyll
(vi) Isogamy
11
231 The gametophytic generation in pteridophytes is commonly called
A. Thallus
B. Plant body
c. Prothallus
D. Protonema
11
232 The peristome in Funaria consists of at maturity
A. One series of curved narrow triangular teeth, 16 in number
B. One series of curved narrow triangular teeth, 32 in number
C. Two series of curved narrow triangular teeth, 8 teeth in each
D. Two series of curved narrow triangular teeth, 16 teeth in each
11
233 Which of the following is a fossil pteridophyte?
A. Lycopodium
B. Lygodium
c. Psilotum
D. Rhynia
11
234 Assertion
In angiosperms, the ovule develops into
a seed after fertilization.
Reason
Fertilization is not essential for the
development of fruit.
A. Both Assertion and Reason are correct and Reason is
the correct explanation for Assertion
B. Both Assertion and Reason are correct but Reason is not the correct explanation for Assertion
C. Assertion is correct but Reason is incorrect
D. Both Assertion and Reason are incorrect
11
235 Branchless angiosperm trees are called
as
A. Excurrent
B. caudex
c. shrub
D. Deliquscent
11
236 In fern sex organ are found on :-
A. Protonema
B. Prothallus
c. Sporophyte
D. sporophyll
11
237 Fruits are not found in gymnosperms
because
A. They are seedless plants.
B. They are not pollinatedd
c. They have no ovary.
D. Process of fertilization does not take place in them
11
238 Triple fusion in Capsella bursa pastoris is
fusion of male gamete with.
A. Eggg
B. synergid
c. Secondary nucleus
D. Antipodal
11
239 It is a copper moss
A. Bryum
B. Tortella
c. Merceya
D. All of these
11
240 Name three groups of plants that bear archegonia. Briefly describe the life cycle of any one of them? 11
241 Incipient heterospory is shown by the pteridophyte
A. Selaginella
B. Dryopteris
c. Lycopodium
D. Equisetum
11
242 Which of the following statement is incorrect?
A. All algae are microscopic
B. All algae are thalloid in nature.
C. Algae are most primitive plants
D. Algae possess both unicellular and multicellular eukaryotes
11
243 Calyptra is derived from
A. Archegonia
B. capsule
c. Antheridia
D. Columella
11
244 Which one of the following has haplontic life cycle?
A. Wheat
B. Funaria
c. Polytrichum
D. ustilago
11
245 Alga rich in protein is
A. Chlorella
B. Spirogyra
c. oscillatoria
D. Ulothrix
11
246 Gymnosperms do not have
A. Trees
B. Shrubs
c. Lianas
D. Herbs
11
247 Sterile jacket cells around reproductive cells is characteristic of
A. Algae
B. Bryophyta
c. Fungi
D. Thallophyta
11
248 Plant ‘P’ is different from Plant ‘Q’ in
having
A. Fruits and seeds
B. Conducting tissues
c. A well-defined nucleus
D. A rigid cell wall
11
249 96. Which of the following is an ex-
ample of parasitic alga ?
(1) Ulothrix
(2) Cephaleuros
(3) Oedogonium
(4) Sargassum
11
250 The thallus of Volvox is called as
( mathbf{A} ). Trichome
B. Coenobium
c. coenocyte
D. Parenchymatous
11
251 Which of the following is a saprophytic angiosperm?
A. cuscuta
B. Neottia
c. Agaricus
D. Mango
11
252 Which one has the maximum number
of chromosomes?
A. Marsilea
B. Equiserum
c. ophioglossum
D. Lycopodium
11
253 Psilophytes, lycophytes, horsetails, and
ferns are plants
A. Multicellular aquatic
B. Seedless vascular
c. Diploid dominant
D. Seed bearing vascular
11
254 Cycas and ferns resemble each other in
possessing
A. Seeds
B. Ovules
c. Pollen tube
D. Circinate ptyxis and ramentata
11
255 Origin of gymnosperms occured in
era.
A. Coenozoic
B. Paeleozoic
c. Mesozoic
D. Precambrian
11
256 Algae which form motile colony is
A. Volvox
B. Nostoc
c. spirogyra
D. chlamydomonas
11
257 What is the number of neck canal cells
in the archegonium of Gnetales?
A. 0
B. 4
( c cdot 8 )
( D cdot 16 )
11
258 Which of the following plant’s seeds are used as ‘Jeweller’s weight’?
A. Cajanus cajan
B. Lens culinariss
c. Glycine ( max )
D. Abrus precatorius
11
259 Leptome is used for
A. Phloem
B. Xylem
c. Fibres
D. Parenchyma
11
260 Xenia and metaxenia effects are shown
by
A. Gymnosperms
B. Angiosperms
c. Bryophytes and pteridophytes
D. All of the above
11
261 Mannitol is stored food of
A. Rhodophyceae
B. xanthophyceae
c. Chlorophyceae
D. Phaeophyceae
11
262 The Bryophytes are usually found in
A. Damp and Shaded areas
B. Marine habitat
c. sandy soils
D. xeric habitat
11
263 Agar-agar is obtained from
A. Chlorella
B. Spirogyra
c. Ulothrix
D. Gelidium
11
264 Anthers with only two microsporangia
are found in
A. Cucurbitaceae
B. Leguminosa
c. cruciferae
D. Malvaceae
11
265 The only asexual algal spores formed during favourable conditions is
A. Akinete
B. Zoospore
c. zygospore
D. Aplanospore
11
266 A plant that has well differentiated body, special tissues for transport of water and other substances, but does
not have seed or fruits is a
A. Bryophyte
B. Angiosperm
c. Gymnosperm
D. Pteridophyte
11
267 Plant group with largest ovule, largest
tree and largest gametes is
A. Gymnosperm
B. Angiosperm
c. Bryophyta
D. Pteridophyta
11
268 An angiosperm lacking vessels is
A. Trochodendron
B. Acacia
c. salix
D. Dendrocalamus
11
269 Mannitol is the stored food in
A. Gracillaria
B. Chara
c. Porphyra
D. Fucus
11
270 Commercial product “Agar” which is used in ” ice creams” and to grow microbes in the laboratory is extracted from
A. Laminaria and Ploysiphonia
B. Porphyra and Sargassumm
c. Gelidium and Gracilaria
D. Marchantia and Polytrichum
11
271 The prothallus represents
A. Gametophyte of fern
B. Sporophyte of angiosperm
C. Sporophyte of gymnosperm
D. Sporophyte of fern
11
272 Rhynia was discovered from
A. Rhynie chert valley
B. India
c. Pakistan
D. Bihar
11
273 Assertion
Ramenta are scales which cover
young rhizome and leaves of Dryopteris
Reason
Pteridium lacks ramenta
A. If both the assertion and the reason are true and the reason is a correct explanation of the assertion
B. If both the assertion and reason are true but the reason is not a correct explanation of the assertion
c. If the assertion is true but the reason is false
D. If both the assertion and reason are false
11
274 Differentiate between algae and fungi 11
275 Spike of spikelets inflorescence commonly occurs in
A. Cruciferae
B. Papilionaceae
c. Poaceae
D. Solanaceae
11
276 Sporophyte in Nephrolepis is and
the spores are.
A. Diploid, haploid
B. Haploid, haploid
c. Haploid, diploid
D. Diploid, diploid
11
277 Which one is partially submerged and fixed in mud
A. Marsilea
B. Cyperus
c. Eichhornia
D. Typha
11
278 Explain alternation of generations in bryophytes. 11
279 The maidenhair tree is
A . Pinus
B. Adiantum
c. Ginkgo biloba
D. Gnetum ula
11
280 Phycoerythrin, chlorophyll a and chlorophyll d are characteristics, of
A. Phaeophyceae
B. Xanthophyceae
c. chlorophyceae
D. Rhodophyceae
11
281 Male and female gametophytes are independent and free-living in
A. Sphagnum
B. Mustard
c. castor
D. Pinus
11
282 Atropa belladonna, an important medicinal plant is of the family
A . Liliaceae
B. Cucurbitaceae
c. cruciferae
D. Solanceae
11
283 Seed habit first established in
A. Pteridophytes
B. Gymnosperms
c. Angiosperms
D. None of the above
11
284 Roots first originated in
A . Algae
B. Fungi
c. Bryophyta
D. Pteridophyta
11
285 Assertion
In angiosperms, the conduction of water is more efficient because their xylem
has vessel.
Reason
Conduction of water by vessel elements
is an active process with energy
supplied by xylem parenchyma rich in mitochondria.
A. Both Assertion and Reason are correct and Reason is the correct explanation for Assertion.
B. Both Assertion and Reason are correct but Reason is not correct explanation for Assertion.
C. Assertion is correct but Reason is incorrect.
D. Both Assertion and Reason are incorrect.
11
286 Match the plants with their respective
rate of growth. Choose the answer which gives the correct combination of
alphabets of two columns.
Plants ( quad ) Rate of growth plants
( A ) cycas 40 centimeters
( p quad ) per day
в Gaint
bamboo 10 feet in
q ( quad ) hundred years
Cucumber
tendril 6 centimeters per hour
A ( cdot A-r, B-p, C-q )
B. A-p, B-r, C-q
c. A-q, B-p, C-r
D. A-p, B-q, C- –
11
287 The evidence for aquatic origin of Bryophyte is This question has multiple correct options
A. Ciliated sperms
B. Green colour
c. Protonema thread
D. Some are still aquatic
11
288 Which one of the following classes are included under gymnosperms?
A. Lycopsida
B. Bryopsida
c. cycadopsida
D. Pteropsida
E. sphenopsida
11
289 Which of the following is not characteristic of all divisions of
vascular plants?
A. Development of seeds
B. An alternation of generations
c. Differentiation into roots, stems, and leaves
D. xylem and phloem for transporting materials between roots and leaves
11
290 Point out the correct floral formula of
cruciferae
( mathbf{A} cdot K_{2+2} C_{4 x} A_{2+4} G_{(2)} )
B . ( K_{5} C_{6} A_{3} G_{(2)} )
C. ( K_{2+2} C_{4} A_{2+4} G_{(2)} )
D. ( K_{4} C_{4} A_{2} G_{(2)} )
11
291 Sleeping movements commonly occur
in plants of family
A. Leguminosae
B. Liliaceae
c. Malvaceae
D. compositae
11
292 Identify the wrong combination.
A. Dryopteris – Rhizome
B. Cycas – Coralloid roots
c. Volvox – Colonial form
D. Marchantia – Pseudo elaters
11
293 Rewrite the following scientific names correctly. Ficus religiousa(peepal), zea Mays(maize) and Bombyx Mori(silk moth) 11
294 Name the four classes of pteridophyta with one example? 11
295 Define angiosperms. 11
296 Brown algae is characterised by the presence of
A. Phycocyanin
B. Phycoerythrin
c. Fucoxanthin
D. Haematochrome
11
297 Sterile part of Cycas microsporophyll is
A. Apophysis
B. Sporophore
C. Middle partt
D. Lower partt
11
298 The pteridophyte, popularly known as ‘quillwort’ is
A. Lycopodium
B. Selaginella
c. Isoetes
D. Marselia
11
299 Most primitive members in which roots
are not present is
A. Psilotum
B. Rhynia
c. Lycopodium
D. Selaginella
11
300 Which of the following genera is characterised by the production of geocarpic fruits?
A. cucurbita
B. Pisum
c. Glycine
D. Arachis
11
301 Archegoniatae include
A. Algae, Fungi, and Viruses
B. Algae, Lichens, and Bryophytes
C. Bryophytes, Pteridophytes, and Gymnosperms
D. Pteridophytes, Gymnosperms, and Angiosperms
11
302 The Antherozoids of Bryophytes possess
A. 2 flagella
B. 1 flagella
c. Multiflagella
D. No flagella
11
303 Maximum fats present in seeds of
A. Arachis hypogea
B. Oryza sativa
c. Cicer arietinum
D. Hibiscus esculentus
11
304 There is symbiotic algae in the secretory cells of Hydra. It is
A. Nostoc
B. Anabaena
c. zoochlorellae
D. All of the above
11
305 Which of the following is valid name for Gramineae family?
A. Poaceae
B. Malvaceae
c. Fabaceae
D. Papilionaceae
11
306 In moss, spores on germination
A. Forms degenerating protonema
B. Directly forms a leafy gametophyte
C. Form a protonema on which moss plant comes out like a bud
D. Produces antheridia and archegonia
11
307 Reproductive leaves are found in
A. Allium
B. Bryophyllum
c. saccharum
D. Argemone
11
308 In pteridophytes, phloem is without
A. Bast fibers
B. Sieve tubes
c. companion cells
D. Both B and C
11
309 Rhizoid containing sporophytic plants are characteristic of
A. Bryopsida
B. Spenopsida
c. cycadophyta
D. Psilopsida
11
310 A saprophytic bryophyte found in the Himalayas is
A. Sphagnum
B. Marchantia
c. Parella
D. Buxbaumia
11
311 Aquatic ancestry of bryophytes is evidenced by
A. Theirgreen colour
B. Algae like protonema
C. Many aquatic bryophytes
D. Flagellated male gametes
11
312 Which of the following fruit developed from bicarpellary syncarpous ovary with false septum?
A. siliqua
B. Achene
c. capsule
D. All of the above
11
313 A mature male gametophyte of
angiosperm is
A. Very developed structure
B. Develops completely in pollen sac
C. Consist of a tube nucleus and two non motile male
gametes
D. Develops on style
11
314 Gymnosperms maintain their dominance over angiosperms in
A. Colder regions of world
B. Warmer regions of world
c. Antarctica
D. Oceans
11
315 Transfusion tissue replaces the veins in
A. Cycas and Ferns
B. Cycas and Pinus
c. cycas
D. Selaginella
11
316 To which plant division does the below
pictorial representation of life cycle belong?
A. Bryophyte
B. Algae
C. Pteridophyte
D. Gymnosperms
11
317 Endosperm in gymnosperms is
A. Haploid and developed after fertilization
B. Haploid and developed before fertilization
C. Triploid and developed before fertilization
D. Triploid and developed after fertilization
11
318 The smallest bryophyte of ( 0-5 mathrm{cm} ) in length is
A. cryptothallus
B. Radulla
c. zoopsis
D. Polytrichium
11
319 Secondary growth occur in which Pteridophyte?
A . Azolla
B. Salvinia
c. Isoetes
D. Selaginella
11
320 Fern gametophyte is
A. Homothallic
B. Monoecious
c. Heterothallic
D. Both A and B
11
321 The development of a sporophyte from mass of gametophytic tissue without sexual reproduction it is
A. Parthenogenesis
B. Apogamy
c. Apospory
D. Amphimixis
11
322 Study the given statements about gymnosperms and select the correct
option.
(i) Mode of fertilisation is siphonogamy.
(ii) Male and female cones are borne on same tree in Pinus
(iii) Endosperm represents female gametophyte.
A. Statements (i) and (ii) are correct
B. Statements (ii) and (iii) are correct
c. Statements (i) and (iii) are correct.
D. Statements (i), (ii) and (iii) are correct.
11
323 The two extinct lines of the
gymnosperms which are regarded as an ancestral stock from which the modern
gymnosperms might have originated
are?
A. Cordaitales and Bennettitales
B. Cycadales and Coniferales
c. Ginkgoales and Cycadales
D. Gnetales and Coniferales
11
324 Double fertilization takes place in
A. Angiosperms
B. Gymnosperms
c. Spermatophyta
11
325 What is the similarity between gymnosperms and angiosperms?
A. Phloem of both have companion cells.
B. Endosperm is formed before fertilization in both
c. origin of ovule and seed is similarin both.
D. Both have leaves, stem and roots
11
326 The above mentioned formal formula is
that of
[
oplus bigoplus_{(5)} widehat{C_{(5)}} A_{5} G(2)
]
A. Tobacco
B. Tulip
c. soybean
D. Sunhemp
11
327 Bicarpellary, sycarpous gynoecium with bilocular ovary axile swollen placenta and oblique septum occurs in
A . Cruciferae
B. Solanaceae
c. cucurbitaceae
D. Liliaceae
11
328 Nucellus of gymnosperms has 64 chromosomes and its endospermic cells will have
A . 64
B. 128
( c cdot 192 )
D. 32
11
329 The number of sori on the sporophyll in Nephrolepis are
A . 20
B. 30
( c cdot 40 )
D. 50
11
330 Which of the following is called as club
moss?
A. Pteris
B. Lycopodium
c. Equisetum
D. Marsilea
11
331 Refer to the given figure and select the
correct option.
A. (A) – Stipe, (B) – Holdfast, (C) – Frond
B. (A) – Frond, (B) – Stipe, (C) – Holdfast
C. (A) – Holdfast, (B) – Frond, (C) – Stipe
D. (A) – stipe, (B) – Frond, (C) – Holdfast
11
332 The ( ldots ldots . . . ) are root – like structures which
help in anchorage and absorption of water in the bryophytes.
11
333 Pollen drop of gymnosperms is
( A cdot operatorname{Red} d r o p )
B. Pollen dropped by wind
C. Nucellus secretions
D. Malic acid drop
11
334 Laminarin and mannitol, the reserve
food of brown algae, are
A. lipids
B. complex carbohydrates
C. proteins
D. lipoproteins
11
335 Bipinnate leaves and spiny stipules is the characteristics of
A. Papilionatae
B. Cesalpinoideae
c. Mimosoideae
D. Malvaceae
11
336 Indusium is found in
A . Algaa
B. Ferns
c. Moss
D. cycas
11
337 Sex organ in bryophytes are
A. Unicellular and jacketedd
B. Unicellular and non-jacketed
c. Multicellular and jacketed
D. Multicellular and non jacketed
11
338 Negatively geotrophic roots are found in
A. Colocasia
B. Cycas
c. cactus
D. coleus
11
339 Narrow thin-walled cells with a large
nucleus and lying on the side of sieve tube are absent in
A. Angiosperms
B. Pteriodophytes
c. Gymnosperms
D. Both B and C
11
340 Gametophytic generation is dominant
in
B. Bryophyta
c. Angiosperms
D. Gymnosperms
11
341 In which of the following algae like characters are presents?
A . Riccia
B. Marchantia
c. Ricciocerpus
D. Anthoceros
11
342 Solar energy transducer is
A. Agaricus
B. Rhizobium
c. Orobanche
D. chlorella
11
343 Auxospore formation is seen in
A. Nostoc
B. Yeast
c. Diatoms
D. Agaricus
11
344 Branching among angiosperms is due
to
A. Lateral buds
B. Apical buds
c. Deciduous buds
D. Dormant bud
11
345 Most conspicuous alternation of generation occurs in
A. Thallophyta
B. Bryophyta
c. Pteridophyta
D. spermatophyta
11
346 Number of chromosomes in an
angiospermic plant is ( 14 . ) Number of chromosomes in synergid cells will be
A . 28
B . 21
c. 14
D.
11
347 According to Engler and Prantl, the angiosperms were directly derived from
A. Gymnosperms
B. Bryophytes
c. Pteridophytes
D. Proto-angiosperms (hypothetical)
11
348 Enumerate the salient features of
bryophytes.
11
349 Experiments demonstrating the importance of the nucleus in controlling the growth of the cell was performed in
A. Acetabularia
B. Neurospora
c. Fertilised egg of frog
D. star fish egg
E. Leucocytes
11
350 The economically important plant of Malvaceae is
A. Gossypium hirsutum
B. Hibiscus cannabinus
c. Abelmoschus esculentus
D. All of the above
11
351 A bryophyte which harbours a nitrogen fixing blue-green alga in its thallus is
A. Pogonatum
B. Riccia
c. Marchantia
D. Anthoceros
11
352 Fossilised fuel obtained from bog is
A. Tar
B. Peat
c. Bio-gas
D. Petrol
11
353 Which of the following is a rootless aquatic plant,in which, a portion of the leaf forms a tiny sac for trapping insects?
A. Nepenthes
B. Drosera
c. Utricularia
D. Dionaea
11
354 The spreading of living pteridophytes is
limited and is restricted to narrow
geographical areas
A. Gametophytic growth needs cool, damp and shady places
B. Requirement of water for fertilization
c. Absence of stomata in leaf and absence of vascular tissue
D. a and
11
355 Gametophytic plant body is nonvascular in
A. Algae and liverworts
B. Mosses and ferns
c. Gymnosperms and angiosperms
D. All of these
11
356 Dehiscence of sporangia of fern occurs through
A. Annulus
B. Stomium
c. Elaters
D. sori
11
357 Largest ovule in plant kingdom are found in
A . Pinus
B. Cycas
c. Thuja
D. Gnetum
11
358 The exceptional character of angiosperms is
A. Presence of bitegmic ovules
B. Double fertilization
c. companion cells in phloem
D. All of the above
11
359 Which of the following division of kingdom plantae and sub-kingdom cryptogamae can reproduce sexually by formation of gametes.
A. Thallophyta
B. Bryophyta
c. Pteridophyta
D. All of above
11
360 Total number of meiosis that occur in
the sporangium of Nephrolepis is
( mathbf{A} cdot mathbf{1} )
B. 4
( c cdot 16 )
D. None of the above
11
361 The total number of species in the
order Welwitchiales is
( A cdot 3 )
B. 5
( c )
( D )
11
362 Both chlorophyll a and b are present in
A. Rhodophyceae
B. Phaeophyceae
c. chlorophyceae
D. None of the above
11
363 The plant which reproduces by apical meristem is
A. Gymnosperm
B. Pteridophyte
c. Angiosperm
D. Algae
11
364 The tallest inflorescence is shown by
which of the following angiosperm?
A. Wolffia microscopica
B. Amorphophallus
c. Puya raimondii
D. Rafflesia
11
365 Fine the odd one.
A. Adiantum
B. Equisetum
c. Selaginella
D. Riccia
11
366 In gymnosperms, how many male gametes are produced by each pollen grain?
( A cdot 4 )
B. 3
( c cdot 2 )
D.
11
367 Japanese food ‘kombu’ is prepared from
A. Chlorella
B. Laminaria
c. Porphyra
D. All of the above
11
368 If prothallus cell directly forms a fern plant it will be
A. Apospory
B. Apogamy
C. Parthenocarpy
D. Parthenogeneis
11
369 Which of the following is considered most advanced amongst the
pteridophyte?
A . Quillworts
B. Scouring rushes
c. Ferns
D. club mosses
11
370 Algae differ from Riccia and Marchantia
in having
A. Multicellular body
B. Pyrenoids in the cells
c. Multicellular sex organs
D. Thalloid body
11
371 Fruits are not formed in gymnosperms,
because
A. Fertilization is absent
B. Pollination is absent
c. Seeds are not formed
D. Ovary is absent
11
372 Myrosin in plant parts is characteristic
of
A. Cruciferae
B. Malvaceae
c. Solanaceae
D. Lilaceae
11
373 Porphyra and Dictyota contain the following pigments respectively
A. Phycoerythrin and fucoxanthin
B. Xanthophyll and ( gamma ) -phycoerythrin
c. chlorophyll d and chlorophyll b
D. Fucoxanthin and phycoerythrin
11
374 A plant that has well differentiated
body, special tissues for transport of water and other substances, but does
not have seed or fruits is a example of
A. Bryophyte
B. Angiosperm
c. Gymnosperm
D. Pteridophyte
11
375 In branches, the leaves are
dimorphic.
A. Pinus
B. Gnetum
c. Both of the above
D. cycas
11
376 Oryza sativa belongs to
A. Solanaceae
B. Lilaceae
c. Gramineae
D. Asteraceae
11
377 Sea weeds are important source of
A. Chlorine
B. Fluorine
c. lodine
D. Bromine
11
378 Which group of cone-bearing plants had a fern-like appearence but possessed the primitive type of seed and are fossil seed ferns?
A. Gnetales
B. Coniferales
c. Ginkgoales
D. Cycadofilicales or Pteridospermales
11
379 Which of the following is the tallest tree of the world?
A. Eucalyptus regnans
B. Sequoia sempervirens
c. Pinus logifolia
D. Pinus roxburgii
11
380 Venter is the part of
A. Sporogonium
B. Sporangium
c. Antheridium
D. Archegonium
11
381 Which group of plantae includes atracheophytic embryophytes?
A. Thallophyta
B. Bryophyta
c. Pteridophyta
D. More than one option is correct
11
382 Which among the following genus of the bryophyte have ecological value?
A. Funaria
B. Riccia
c. sphagnum
D. Anthoceros
11
383 In Bentham and Hookers classification,
the sub class Polypetalae and Gamopetalae have the cohorts in the ratio of
A . 1:
B. 2:1
( c cdot 2: 3 )
D. 3:2
11
384 State whether the following statements
are true or false.
In pteridophytes, the gametophyte is dominant, while sporophyte is a dependent generation
A. True
B. False
11
385 Cap cells occur in
A. Oedogonium
B. Diatoms
c. Dinoflagellates
D. Euglena
11
386 In pteridophytes, xylem contains
A. vessels
B. Tracheids
c. xylem parenchyma
D. xylem sclrerenchyma
11
387 Write the scientific name of ‘Peat moss’
and mention the division it belongs to
11
388 40. Flowerless plants are termed as :
(1) Phanerogams
(2) Bryophytes
(3) Thallophytes
(4) Cryptogams
11
389 The tallest moss in the world is
A. Funaria
B. Pogonatum
c. Buxbaumia
D. Dawsonia
11
390 One of the following can flourish at high
temperature of ( 87^{circ} mathrm{C} )
A. Volvox
B. Spirogyra
c. Ulothrix
D. None of the above
11
391 In gymnosperms, the pollen chamber
represents
A. A cell in the pollen grain in which the sperms are formed
B. A cavity in the ovule in which pollen grains are stored after pollination
C. An opening in the megagametophyte through which the pollen tube approaches the egg
D. The microsporangium in which pollen grains develop
11
392 Which of the following is the incorrect character of brown algae?
A. Presence of chl a and b
B. It remain attached to substratum
c. Presence of chl a and c.
D. Presence of fucoxanthin
11
393 Naked seeds of gymnosperms meant for absence of which of the following?
A. Seed coat
B. Integument
c. Embry
D. None of the above
11
394 The main evolutionary feature of alternation of generations from algae to modern tracheophytes is
A. Elimination of sporophyte
B. Gradual elaboration of sporophyte
c. Gradual elaboration of gametophyte
D. Both B and C
11
395 Protonema is
A. Haploid and is found in mosses
B. Diploid and is found in liverworts
C. Diploid and is found In pteridophytes
D. Haploid and is found in pteridophytes
11
396 Monocots and dicots which are the two
subgroups of flowering plants cannot be differentiated significantly on the basis
of
A. Seed structure
B. Floral parts
c. Leaf venation
D. Stomata structure
E. Vascular organization
11
397 Which of the following is commonly known as “chilgoza pine”?
A. Pinus roxburghii
B. Pinus strobus
c. Pinus gerardiana
D. Pinus sylvestris
11
398 The most vast dicot family is
A. Fabaceae
B. Compositae
c. orchidaceae
D. Loranthaceae
11
399 Which one of the following is the white silk cotton plant?
A. sida
B. Ceiba
c. Malvaviscus
D. Kydia
11
400 Find out most correct statement.
A. In pteridophytes there is a connection between the main sporophytic plant and prothallus
B. In homosporous pteridophytes gametophyte is monoecious
C. Life cycle of pteridophyte is haplo-dilontic type
D. cones are formed in all pteridophytes
11
401 Pick up the saprophyte angiosperm.
A . Urticularia
B. Dionaea
c. Monotropa
D. Nepenthes
11
402 The largest algae is
A. Laminaria
B. Macrocystis
c. Nereocystis
D. Sargassum
11
403 In Vanda, velamen helps in
A. Moisture absorption from air
B. Gaseous exchange
c. Give support
D. water absorption from soil
11
404 Why do algae and fungi shift to sexual mode of reproduction just before the onset of adverse conditions? 11
405 Algae have great economic importance
to man because
A. They can be grown in tanks.
B. They help to restore the fertility of the soil.
C. Of their high protein content, some algae may be used as future food.
D. Both B and C.
11
406 Spore producing plants are
A. I, II and III
B. II, III and IV
c. II and IV
D. III and IV
E. IV only
11
407 Fucoxanthin occurs in
A. Cyanophyceae
B. Rhodophyceae
C. Chlorophyceae
D. Phaeophyceae
11
408 Which one of the following is a vascular cryptogam?
A. Equisetum
B. Ginkgo
c. Marchantia
D. Cedrus
11
409 The legume fruit develops from
A. Inferior ovary
B. Monocarpellary
C. Bicarpellary ovary
D. Multicarpellary ovary
11
410 Which of the following organisms requires a medium through which male
gametes move?
A. Algae, Bryophyta and Gymnosperm
B. Pteridophyta, and Angiosperm
c. Bryophytea and Pteridophyta only
D. Algae, Bryophyta, and Pteridophyta
11
411 Dominant generation in bryophyte is
A. Capsule
B. Sporophyte
c. Gametophyte
D. seta
11
412 Which of the following plant form seed and have pollen tube?
A. Angiosperm
B. Pteridophytes
c. Gymnosperm
D. siphonogama
11
413 Angiosperm flowers may be monoecious, cleistogamous or may show self-incompatibility. Describe the characteristic features of each one
of them and state which one of these
flowers promotes inbreeding and outbreeding respectively.
11
414 Ephedrine is obtained by
A. Ephedra
c. Pinus
D. cycas
11
415 Embryophyta includes
A . Algae
B. Fungi
c. Bryophyta
D. All of the above
11
416 In which of following groups of plants, the life cycle includes the gametophytic phase which is dominant, photosynthetic, independent and sexually reproducing?
A. Angiosperms
B. Gymnosperms
c. Bryophyta
D. Pteridophyta
11
417 Plants with woody trunks and branches
are called as
A. Trees
B. Creepers
c. Lianas
D. Mesophytes
11
418 Elaters are present in sporogonium of
A . Riccia
B. Marchantia
c. selaginella
D. Sphagnum
11
419 Read the following statement (A-E) and
answer the question which follows them.
(A) In liverworts, mosses, and ferns,
gametophytes are free-living
(B) Gymnosperms and some ferns are heterosporous.
(C) Sexual reproduction in Fucus, Volvox, and Albugo is oogamous.
(D) The sporophyte in liverworts is more elaborate than that in mosses.
(E) Both, Pinus and Marchantia are
dioecious.
How many of the above statements are
correct?
A. Two
B. Three
c. Four
D. one
11
420 Conifers are related to
A. Match industry
B. Paper industry
C. Timber industry
D. All of the above
11
421 Assertion
In leptosporangiate development sporangia are formed from a group of
initials
Reason
Eusporangiate development of sporangia starts from single initial
A. If both the assertion and the reason are true and the reason is a correct explanation of the assertion
B. If both the assertion and reason are true but the reason is not a correct explanation of the assertion
C. If the assertion is true but the reason is false
D. If both the assertion and reason are false
11
422 Archegoniate plant belongs to
A. Bryophyta, pteridophyta, gymnosperms, angiosperms
B. Thallophyta, bryophyta, pteridophyta
C. Bryophyta, pteridophyta, angiosperm
D. Bryophyta, pteridophyta, gymnosperm
11
423 The green scum seen in the freshwater
bodies is
A. Blue green algae
B. Red algae
c. Green algae
D. Both A and C
11
424 Gametophyte and sporophyte are independent of each other in which of the following groups?
A. Pteridophytes
B. Angiosperms
c. Gymnosperms
D. Bryophytes
11
425 Assertion
In Chlorophyceae, plant body is usually
grass green
Reason
Members of Chlorophyceae, possess chlorophyll a, c, carotenoids and
xanthophyll.
A. Both Assertion and Reason are correct and Reason is the correct explanation for Assertion
B. Both Assertion and Reason are correct but Reason is not the correct explanation for Assertion
c. Assertion is correct but Reason is incorrect
D. Both Assertion and Reason are incorrect
11
426 Moss peat is used as a packing material for sending flowers and live plants to distant places because
A. It reduces transpiration.
B. It serves as a disinfectant
C. It is easily available.
D. It is hygroscopic
11
427 Which of the following pigments is present in brown algae?
A. Anthocyanin
B. Fucoxanthin
c. Phycobilins
D. Biliverdin
11
428 What is the use of needle line leaves
and sloped branches to Pinus?
11
429 Match the following
Dominant
gametophytic
generation
a. Bog
moss
2
True moss
Riccia fluitans .
b. Moss
3. Aquatic
3. Riccia fluitans
4. Show heterospory
d. Aryophyte
A. ( 1-a, 2-c, 3-d, 4-b )
B. ( 1-d, 2-a, 3-c, 4-b )
C. ( 1-b, 2-c, 3-a, 4-d )
D. ( 1-a, 2-d, 3-c, 4-b )
11
430 Which of the following is the largest family?
A. Leguminosae
B. Cucurbitaceae
c. Solanaceae
D. compositae
11
431 The pteridophytes with high content of silica is
A. Club moss
B. Ferns
c. Horsetails
D. Lycopodium
11
432 Moss protonema can be differentiated from filamentous alga in
A. Long rhizoids
B. Coenocytic nature
c. oblique septa
D. Absence of chloroplasts
11
433 ‘Rat-ki-Rani’ and tomato belongs to
family
A. Mimosoideae
B. Oleaceae
c. Solanaceae
D. Malvaceae
11
434 Professor Birbal Sahani discovered 100
million years old fossil plant from fossi forest at Rajmahal Hills, Bihar. This
plant was
A. Rhynia
B. Horneophyton
c. williamsonia
D. Red alga
11
435 The moss which form dense extensive
mats on the soil prevents
A. Uprooting of trees
B. Soil erosion
c. Evaporation of water from the soil
D. Both B and C
11
436 Female reproductive part of Bryophyte
is
A. Antheridium
B. Oogonium
c. Archegonium
D. Sporangium
11
437 Parachute mechanism of fruit and seed
dispersal is common in compositae due to the structure called
A. Bracts
B. Thorns
c. corolla
D. Pappus
11
438 Vascular cryptogams or seed less vascular plants belongs to
A. Bryophyta
c. Thallophyta
D. spermatopoyta
11
439 Which of the following pteridophytes belong to class Pteropsida?
A. Equisetum and Psilotum
B. Lycopodium and Adiantummmmm
c. Selaginella and Pteris
E. Dryopteris and Psilotum
11
440 Stem and leaves of bryophyta plants are
A. Analogous to stem and leaves of higher plants
B. Homologous to stem and leaves of higher plants
C. Both analogous and homologus
D. None of the above
11
441 Angiosperms and gymnosperms resemble in having
A. Vessels in wood
B. Mode of fertilization
c. siphonogamy
D. Nature of endosperm
11
442 Number of pollen grains produced per pollen mother cell is gymnosperms is
A . 4
B. 2
( c cdot 6 )
D. 10
11
443 A characteristic feature of ovary of Brassica campestris is
A. Presence of replum.
B. Axile placentation
c. Epigynous.
D. Multilocular nature
11
444 Describe the important characteristics
of gymnosperms?
11
445 Choose the correct answers from the
alternatives given
Pteridophytcs differ from bryophytes in having:
A. motile male gametes
B. alternation of generations
c. antheridia
D. vascular tissue
11
446 Consider the following statements regarding the major pigments and stored food in the different groups of algae and select the correct options
given.
A. In chlorophyceae, the stored food
material is starch and the major pigments are chlorophyll a and d.
B. In phaeophyceae, laminaria is the
stored food and major pigments are
chlorophyll a and b.
C. In rhodophyceae, floridean starch is the stored food and the major pigments are chlorophyll a, d and phycoerythrin
A. A is correct, but B and C are wrong.
B. A and B are correct, but C is wrong.
C. A and C are correct, but B is wrong.
D. B is correct, but A and C are wrong.
E. ( C ) is correct, but ( A ) and ( B ) are wrong
11
447 Correct choice for bryophytes covering
is
A. Capsule
B. Pellicle
c. calcareous shell
D. Suberin cell wall
11
448 Zoodiogamy takes place in
A. Lower gymnosperms
B. Higher gymnosperms
c. Angiosperms
D. All of the above
11
449 In scapigerous umbel the flowers are arranged in manner of
A. Corymb
B. Umbel
c. Panicle
D. Monochasial scorpioid cyme
11
450 Match the following (column I with column II).
( begin{array}{ll}text { Column I } & text { Column II } \ text { (a) Chlamydomonas } & text { (i) Moss } \ text { (b) cycas } & text { (ii) Pteridophyta } \ text { (c) Selaginella } & text { (iii) Algae } \ text { (d) Sphagnum } & text { (iv) Gymnosperm }end{array} )
11
451 “Gulal” a coloured powdery thing, used in Holi festival is obtained from
A. Caesalpinioideae family
B. Mimosoideae family
c. Papilionatae family
D. Liliaceae
11
452 The characteristic differentiation of
pteridophytes from bryophytes is
A. Well formed stelar system
B. Circinate venation
c. Independent sporophyte
D. All of the above
11
453 Pyrenoids are commonly found in
A. Red algae
B. Green algae
c. Brown algae
D. Blue green algae
11
454 Peat is formed form
A. Funaria
B. Sphagnum
c. Mosses
D. Liverworts
11
455 These cells are absent in phloem of
gymnosperms
A. Albuminous cells
B. Companion cells
C. Phloem parenchyma
D. Phloem fibre
11
456 Cycas stem has mucilagenous canals which are
A. Schizogenous
B. Schizolysigenous
c. Lysigenous
D. Both A and B
11
457 The lateral conduction in gymnosperm leaf is by
A. Veins
B. xylem parenchyma
c. Transfusion tissue
D. Medullary rays
11
458 Gymnosperm plants do not produce fruits because they do not have
A. Ovary
B. Gametes
c. Fertilization
D. None of the above
11
459 Marsilea belongs
A . Lycopsida
B. Pteropsida
c. Psilopsida
D. sphenopsida
11
460 In Dryopteris, the opening mechanism of sporangium is effectively operated by
A. Stalk
B. Stomium
c. Annulus
D. Peristome
11
461 Radical leaves are found in
A. Radish
B. Wheat
c. Maize
D. Mustard
11
462 In Riccia, apical growth occurs by
A. One apical cell
B. single pyramid like cells
C. A row of 3-5 apical cells
D. A row of 10 apical cells
11
463 Food reserve in Rhodophyta is
A. Floridean starch
B. Mannitol
c. Leucosin
D. All of the above
11
464 Floral formula of Cesalpinoideae is
( A )
( % bigoplus_{leftarrow} mathrm{K}_{(5)} mathrm{C}_{(5)} mathrm{A}_{1+(9)} mathrm{G} )
в. ( % G mathbf{K}_{(5)} mathbf{C}_{(5)} mathbf{A}_{5} underline{mathbf{G}}_{mathbf{1}} )
c. ( % oint_{mathrm{H}_{5}} mathrm{C}_{(5)} mathrm{A}_{mathrm{l} 0} mathrm{G}_{mathrm{l}} )
( % G mathbf{K}_{5} mathrm{C}_{5} mathbf{A}_{7+3} mathbf{G}_{mathbf{1}} )
11
465 Which type of fertilization is found in
Bryophytes?
A. Siphonogamous
B. Zoidogamous
c. zoodio-siphonogamous
D. Fertilization is not found
11
466 Write a note on economic importance of algae? 11
467 All cells of sex organs can form gametes in
A. Algae
B. Bryophyta
c. Pteridophyta
D. Gymnosperm
11
468 Ovules are naked in gymnosperm,
because
A. Fertilisation is absent
B. True carpels are absent
c. Archegonia are absent
D. Endosperm is absent
11
469 Which one of the following is called maidenhair fern?
A. Dryopteris
B. Pteris
c. Adiantum
D. Lycopodium
E. Selaginella
11
470 The pteridophytes are mostly
A. Asporous
B. Homosporous as well as few heterosporous
C . Heterosporous
D. Homosporous in early stage and hetrosporous in the later stage of the life-cycle
11
471 Pteridophytes differ from Bryophytes in having
A. Vascular tissues
B. Archegonia
c. Motile antherozoids
D. Alternation of generation
11
472 In gymnosperms, pollination is exclusively by
A. Animals
B. Wind
c. water
D. Insects
11
473 Seed habit, originated firstly in some
A. Pteridophytes
B. Pines
c. Monocots
D. Dicots
11
474 In which one of the following, male and female gametophytes do not have free living independent existence?
A. Pteris
B. Funaria
c. Polytrichum
D. cedrus
11
475 Male gametes are flagellated in
A. Ectocarpus.
B. Spirogyra.
c. Polysiphonia.
D. Anabaena.
11
476 Algae attached to stone surfaces are
called
A. Epiploic
B. coenolithic
c. Epilithic
D. None of the above
11
477 The system of classification of angiosperms which is based on a few number of characters is referred to as
A. Artificial system
B. Natural system
c. Phylogenetic system
D. All of the above
11
478 Define Thallophyta 11
479 Pneumatophores are found in
A. Orchid
B. Piper
c. Ficus
D. Rhizophora
11
480 Which is the predominant phase in the life-cycle of the Bryophyte?
A. Gametophyte
B. Capsule
c. seta
D. Sporophyte
11
481 Common characteristic between
Bryophytes and pteridophytes is
A. Vascularization
B. Terrestrial habitat
c. water for fertilization
D. Independent sporophyte
11
482 Selaginella and fern shares which of the following character?
A. Leptosporangiate sporangium
B. Heterospory
c. Absence of ovule
D. Protostele cell
11
483 Which of the following statements
is/are incorrect regarding bryophytes?
A. Zygote undergoes meiosis to produce sporophyte.
B. Zygote undergoes mitosis to form embryo proper.
C. Fertilization takes place in presence of water.
D. Sporophyte is parasitic over gametophyte.
11
484 Meiosis takes place in Chlamydomonas in
A. zygospore
B. Zoospore
c. Hypnospores
D. Aplanospores
11
485 Phylloclade and cladodes commonly
occur in
A . Liliaceae
B. Solanaceae
c. Malvaceae
D. Papilionaceae
11
486 A prokaryotic autotrophic nitrogen fixing symbiont roots are found in
A. Plsum
B. Alnus
c. cycas
D. cicer
11
487 Which is the most important group on
earth?
A. Mosses
B. Tracheophyta a
c. Bryophyta
D. Liverworts
11
488 Male gametophyte with least number of cells is present in
A. Pteris
B. Funaria
c. Lilium
D. Pinus
11
489 The heterosporous species, the female gametophyte remains on the parent sporophytes for variable periods. 11
490 Angiosperms have dominates the land
flora, primarily because of their
A. Power of adaptability in diverse habitat
B. Property of producing large number of seeds
c. Nature of same pollination
D. Domestication by man
11
491 Plants with inferior ovary belongs to
A. Malvaceae
B. Poaceae
c. Solanaceae
D. Rubiaceae
11
492 In mosses, asexual reproduction is also known as
A. Alternation of generations
B. Sporophyte generation
c. Vegetative reproduction
D. Gametophyte reproduction
E. Binary fission
11
493 Means of perennation in club mosses
are
A . Gemmae
B. Tubers
c. Bulbils
D. Both A and C
11
494 Which of the following best explains the evolution of sexual reproduction?
A. Chlamydomonas
B. Ulothrix
c. Puccinia
D. Albugo
11
495 Which among the following is called
woody grass?
A. Bamboos (Dendrocalamus)
B. Aloe
c. Date palm (Phoenix dactylifera)
D. Rice (Oryza sativa)
11
496 Bryophytes are the first land plants but incompletely adapted to land conditions as
(i) Plant body is parenchymatous.
(ii) Protonema is present.
(iii) Male gametes are mobile.
(iv) Stomata are absent in liverworts.
Which of the above-mentioned
statement(s) is/are correct?
A. only (i)
B. Only (iii)
c. (i), (ii) and (iii)
D. (i), (ii), (iii) and (iv)
11
497 Whcih of the following characteristics are related to group to which plant Marsilea belongs?(i) Plant body is not
differentiated into roots, stem and leaves.(ii) They have specialised tissue for the conduction of water and other
substances.(iii) They are predominanty aquatic in nature.(iv) They have naked embryos called spores.(v) They are called amphibians of plant kingdom.
A. (ii) and (iv) only
B. (iii), (iv) and (v)
( c . ) (ii), (iii) and (iv)
D. (i), (iv) and (v)
11
498 Two mark Questions:
Differentiate between the two cells
enclosed in a mature male
gametophyte of an angiosperm.
11
499 The pteridophyte, popularly known as ‘horsetail’ or a ‘scouring rush’ is
A. Equisetum
B. Fern
c. Lycopodium
D. Psilotum
11
500 Which is the first group of vascular
plants?
A. Thallophyta
B. Bryophyta
c. Pteridophyta
D. spermatopohyta
11
501 According to Bentham and Hooker, polypetalous and epigynous flowers should be placed under the
A. Thalamiflorae
B. Calyciflorae
c. Disciflorae
D. Heteromerae
11
502 Examine the figures ( A, B, C ) and ( D . ) In
which one of the four options all the
items ( A, B, C ) and ( D ) are correct?
A. ( A ) – Selaginella, ( B ) – Equisetum, ( C ) – Salvinia, D – Ginkgo
B. A – Equisetum, B – Ginkgo, C – Selaginella, D Lycopodium
C. A – Chara, B – Marchantia, C – Fucus, D – Pinus
D. A – Funaria,B – Adiantum,
C – Salvinia
D – Riccia
11
503 Motile sperms are absent in
A. Rhizopus
B. Funaria
c. Fern
D. cycas
11
504 Agar-agar is produced by
A. Fungi
B. Algae
c. Bacteria
D. Blue-green algae
11
505 Liana is a
A. Herb
B. Shrub
c. Tree
D. vine
11
506 Fruit bearing plants are
A. Gymnosperms
B. Dicotyledons
c. Angiosperms
D. spermatophytes
11
507 Persistent calyx is characteristics of
A. Allium / Liliaceae
B. Hibiscus / Malvaceae
C. Dalbergia / Papionatae
D. Solanum / Solanaceae
11
508 Common example of red algae is
A. Porphyra
B. Batrachospermum
c. Ectocarpus
D. both (a) and (b)
11
509 Marine algae flourished well during which of the following period?
A. Triassic
B. Devonian
c. Permian
D. Ordovician
11
510 Bryophytes resemble algae in which of the following aspects?
A. Filamentous body, presence of vascular tissues and autotrophic nutrition
B. Differentiation of plant body into root, stem and leaves and autotrophic nutrition
c. Thallus like plant body, presence of root and autotrophic nutrition
D. Thallus-like plant body, lack of vascular tissues and autotrophic nutrition
11
511 Green algae are considered as
ancestors of higher plants due to their resemblance with higher plants in
A. Pigments
B. Cell wall
c. Stored food
D. All of the above
11
512 In Pteridophytes, prothallus shows
A. Lack of gametophyte
B. Spore production
c. The presence of tracheids
D. Root, stem and leaf
11
513 Sphagnum is used as packing material for transporting living plants because of its
A. Acidic nature it does not undergo decay
B. Creeping capacity
c. water absorbing capacity
D. Both A and C
11
514 Chlorophyll a, chlorophyll d and phycoerythrin pigments are found in
A. Cyanophyceae
B. Bacillariophyceae
c. Rhodophyceae
D. Chlorophyceae
11
515 Cambium is absent in
A. Pteridophytes
B. Gymnosperms
c. Angiosperms
D. Pteridophytes and Gymnosperms
11
516 Holdfast, stipe and frond constitute the plant body in case of
A. Rhodophyceae
B. Chlorophyceae
c. Phaeophyceae
D. all of these
11
517 Which statement is correct regarding
mosses?
A. They have dominant and independent sporophyte.
B. Their antherozoids require water for fertilization.
C. Their archegonia produce many eggs.
D. Their antherozoids are multiflagellated.
11
518 In gymnosperms, the pollen chamber
represents
A. The microsporangium in which pollen grains develop.
B. A cell in the pollen grain in which the sperms are formed.
C. A cavity in the ovule in which pollen grains are stored after pollination.
D. An opening in the megagametophyte, through which the pollen tube approaches the egg.
11
519 How do gymnosperms and angioperms
differ from each other?
A. Gymnosperms have naked seed but angiosperms have seed coat
B. Gymnosperm have leaves but angiosperms do not have leaves
C. Gymnosperms are seed bearing plant but seed is absent in angiosperm
D. Both A and B
11
520 Red wood tree is
A. Cedrus
B. Pinus
C . Dalbergia
D. Sequoia
11
521 Two algae which produce agar-agar are
A. Nostoc and Anabaena
B. Volvox and Vaucheria
C. Gracilaria and Gelidium
D. Harveyella and Porphyra
11
522 Vessels and companian cells are found
in
A. Pteridophyte
B. Gnetum
c. Ephedra
D. Angiosperm
11
523 Resin and turpentine are products of
A. Teak
B. Oak
c. Eucalyptus
D. Pine
11
524 In Cycas, fertilization is
A. Zooidogamy
B. Siphonogamy
C. Both A and B
D. Chalazogamy
11
525 Along the sea-coast which of the
following is least likely to be found?
A. Brown algae
B. Red algae
c. Mosses
D. All of the above
11
526 Coniferales and Cycadales have respectively.
A. Motile sperms
B. Motile and non motile sperms
c. Non motile and motile sperms
D. Non motile sperms
11
527 Which place in India is called “The
Golden Mine of Liverworts”?
A. Eastern Himalayas
B. Western Himalayas
c. western Ghats
D. Eastern Ghats
E. Sundarbans
11
528 Taxol is obtained from
A. Taxus
B. Acetabularia
c. cycas
D. Pinus
11
529 The order of Gymnosperm represented by a single living genera is
A. Gnetales
B. Coniferales
c. cycadales
D. Ginkgoales
11
530 The bryophyte which can absorb water upto 18 times of its weight?
A. Anthoceros
B. Sphagnum
c. Davsonia
D. Marchantia
11
531 Assertion
Angiosperms lack flagellate male
gametes.
Reason
Sperms are not dependent on water for
fertilization.
A. Both assertion and reason are correct and reason is
the correct explanation for assertion.
B. Both assertion and reason are correct but reason is not the correct explanation for assertion.
C. Assertion is correct but reason is incorrect.
D. Both assertion and reason are incorrect.
11
532 Pteridophyte called as stag’s horn fern
is
A . Azolla
B. Platycerium
c. Botryopteris
D. Salvinia
11
533 The botanical name for ‘Kattha’ is
A . Acacia concinna
B. Acacia catechu
c. Acacia senegal
D. Acacia nilotica
11
534 Heterothallism refers to
A. Fusion is not accompanied with zygote formation
B. Fusion between morphologically similar strain
C. Fusion between the strains that are structurally similar but physiologically different
D. All of the above
11
535 State whether the following statements
are true or false.

Heterospory refers to the production of two different kinds of spores, one of which gives rise to male gametophyte and the other-female gametophyte
A. True
B. False

11
536 Cilia and flagella are absent in life cycle
of
A. Red algae
B. Brown algae
c. Green algae
D. Red algae and blue green algae
11
537 In Cycas, the ovules are attached to
megasporophyll
A. Laterally
B. Dorsally
c. ventrally
D. Apically
11
538 The family Fabaceae is alternatively known as
A. Leguminosae
B. Solanaceae
c. compositae
D. Malvaceae
11
539 Which of the following is a vessel less angiosperm?
A. Tetracentron
B. Trochodendron
c. wintera
D. All of these
11
540 In monocotyledons, the leaves
A. Arise at the tip of the stem only
B. Do not sheath the stem
C. Sheath the stem
D. Sheath the stem only in the lower portion
11
541 Complete reduction of archegonium is observed in
A. Gnetum
B. Cycas
c. Ginkgo
D. Pinus
11
542 Choose the correct scientific names of
the following. Bladderwort, sundew, venus flytrap
A. Nepenthes, Dionaea, Drosera
B. Nepenthes, Utricularia, vanda
c. Utricularia, Drosera, Dionaea
D. Dionaea, Trapa, vanda
11
543 Which algal members reproduce exclusively by non-motile spores and non-motile sexual gametes?
A. Phaeophyceae
B. Rhoddophyceae
c. cyanophyceae
D. chrysophyceae
11
544 Which one of the following is a correct statement?
A. Origin of seed habit can be traced in Pteridophytes
B. Pteridophyte gametophyte has a protonemal and leafy stage
c. In Gymnosperms, female gametophyte is free-living
D. Antheridiophores and Archegoniophores are present in Pteridophytes
11
545 The female gametophytes are retained on the parent sporophyte in
A. Homosporous species of pteridophytes
B. Heterosporous species of pteridophytes
c. Both are correct
D. Both are incorrect
11
546 “Heterosporous archegoniatae” is a
name for
A. Fern
B. Gymnosperms
c. Angiosperms
D. Both A and B
11
547 Triphasic life cycle is present in
A. Red alga
B. Brown algae
c. Diatom
D. Dinoflagellate
11
548 Which of the following plants was used as a wound dressing as late as World war I
A. copper moss
B. Sphagnum
c. Hornworts
D. Red algae
11
549 Very short answer type. Observe the relationship between the first two words and then fill in the fourth
place
angiosperms : roots, rhodophyta:
11
550 One of the following is true moss.
A. Irish moss
B. Bog moss
c. Club moss
D. Reindeer moss
11
551 All statements are true about ferns
except
A. The gametophyte is larger than the sporophyte.
B. The sori give rise to the gametophytes.
C. Eggs are fertilized by sperm in the archeogonia.
D. Ferns possess vascular tissue for the transport of water and minerals.
E. Male gametes depend on water for fertilization.
11
552 Which of the bryophyte has hyalline and chlorophyllose cells in its thallus (lacking rhizoids)?
A. Funaria
B. Sphagnum
c. Marchantia
D. Riccia
11
553 Which of the followings is most primitive division?
A. Lycopsida
B. Pteropsida
c. Psilopsida
D. sphenopsida
11
554 Which of the following is coenocytic?
A. Vaucheria
B. Pseudomonas
c. chlamydomonas
D. All of the above
11
555 Club moss belongs to
A . Algae
c. Fungi
D. Bryophyta
11
556 Which one of the following is not characteristic of Pteridophytes?
A. Dominant gametophytic plant body.
B. Dominant sporophytic plant body.
c. Pinna release spores.
D. Prothallus give rise to gametophytic body
11
557 Chlorophyll ( a ), Chlorophyll ( d ) and
phycoerythrin occur in
A. Chlorophyceae
B. Bacillariophyceae
c. cyanophyceae
D. Rhodophyceae
11
558 Spermatozoid of Cycas is
A. Biflagellate
B. Nonflagellate
C . Uniflagellate
D. Multiciliated
11
559 The sporophyte of Bryophyte is
A. Parasitic
B. Autotrophic
c. Saprophytic
D. Semiparasitic or parasitic
11
560 First land inhabiting plants are
A. Angiosperms
B. Gymnosperms
c. Bryophytes
D. Pteridophytes
11
561 Which one of the following differentiates Pteridophytes from
Mosses?
A. Prothallus
B. Homosporous spores
c. Haplontic life cycle
D. All of the above
11
562 Stomata having pores bounded by a single ring shaped guard cell are found in the
A. Leaf of ferns
B. Pinnule of Cycas.
c. capsule of Funaria
D. All of the above
11
563 In the diagram given above some of algae have been labelled as ( A ),’ ( B ) ‘, ‘C’ D’, and ‘E’. These algae are respectively identified as
A. Dictyota, Polysiphonia, Porphyra, Fucus and Laminaria
B. Porphyra, Dictyota, Laminaria, Fucus and Polysiphonia
c. Dictyota, Polysiphonia, Porphyra, Laminaria and Fucus
D. Fucus, Porphyra, Dictyota, Polysiphonia and Laminaria
11
564 Grouping of algae is based on
A. Food reserve
B. Colony formation
c. shape
D. Pigments.
11
565 “Carrageenan” is obtained from
A. Chondrus crispus
B. Laminaria
c. Gelidium
D. Macrocystis
11
566 Pollen tube of gymnosperms is
commonly
A. Unbranched and rich in starch
B. Branched and lack starch
C. Branched and rich in starch
D. Unbranched as well as lack starch
11
567 Alginic acid is a product of
A. Red algae
B. Green algae
c. Blue green algae
D. Brown algae
11
568 Both homosporous and heterosporous plants are found in the group.
A. Algae
B. Bryophytes
c. Pteridophytes
D. Gymnosperms
11
569 Fill in the blanks with approprite words.
…involves the fusion of two naked
gametes, one of both of which are
motile
11
570 Thallophyta, Bryophyta and Pteridophyta are called as
A. Phanerogams
B. Cryptogams
c. None of the above
D. All of the above
11
571 A plant having vascular supply, producing spores but lacking seed is a
A. Bryophyte
B. Pteridophyte
c. Gymnosperm
D. Angiosperm
11
572 Bentham and Hooker classified dicots
into
A. Polypetalae, gamopetale and glumiflorae
B. Polypetalae, gamopetalae and monochlamydae
C. Archichlamydae, monochalmydae and glumiflorae
D. Lignosae and herbaceae
11
573 Biennials are
A. Plants, which remain vegetative in first growing season but produce flowers in the next season.
B. Plants producing flowers twice in their lifecycle.
C. Plants, which flower many times.
D. Plants finishing their lifecycle in one season only.
11
574 Zygotic meiosis occurs in
A. Gymnosperms
B. Ferns
c. Moss
D. Algae
11
575 The sieve tubes and companion cells are exceptional feature of
A. Gymnosperms
B. Angiosperms
c. Ferns
D. Pteridophytes
11
576 In bryophytes and pteridophytes, transport of male gametes requires
A. wind
B. Insects
c. Birds
D. water
11
577 In moss, antheridia and archegonia occur at the tips of two different branches of the same plant. The condition is called
A. Monoecious and autoicous
B. Monoecious and paroicous
c. Monoecious and synoicous
D. Dioecious
11
578 Nicotiana and potato belongs to
A. Malvaceae
B. Liliaceae
c. Solanaceae
D. Cruciferae
11
579 Bryophyta are not tall plants due to
A. Absence of meristem
B. Absence of vascular tissues
C. Presence of root system
D. All of the above
11
580 Gymnosperms are naked seeded plants, because
A. There is no ovule.
B. There is no fruit.
c. There is no ovary and fruit.
D. There is no fertilization
11
581 Which of the following fossil general stand midway between pteridophytes and gymnosperms?
A. Lycopodites
B. Selaginella
c. Matonidium
D. callixylon
11
582 Algae are autotrophic. Which of the following statement can be related to
autotrophs?
A. Autotrophs prepares their own food
B. Autotrophs depends on others for their food
c. Autotrophs are insectivores
D. None of these
11
583 In gymnosperms, the ovule is naked because
A. Ovary wall is absent
B. Integuments are absent
c. Perianth is absent
D. Nucellus is absent
11
584 An algae which lives as parasite on
plants is
A. Porphyra
B. Cephaleuros
c. chromulina
D. Laminaria
11
585 Which of the following plant structures evolved for the first terrestrial forests?
A. Flowers
B. Naked seeds
c. covered seeds
D. vascular tissue
E. Deciduous leaves
11
586 Exine modified to wings thereby strongly suggesting anemophily is exceptional to
A. Cycas
B. Pinus
c. All gymnosperms
11
587 Plants reproducing by spores such as mosses and ferns are grouped under the general term
A. Cryptogams
B. Bryophytes
c. sporophytes
D. Thallophytes
11
588 Assertion
Red algae contribute in producing coral reef
Reason
Some red algae secrete and deposit calcium carbonate our their walls
A. If both the assertion and the reason are true and the reason is a correct explanation of the assertion
B. If both the assertion and reason are true but the reason is not a correct explanation of the assertion
c. If the assertion is true but the reason is false
D. If both the assertion and reason are false
11
589 Both pteridophytes and gymnosperms
have
A. Seeds
B. Independent gametophytes
c. Archegonia
D. ovules
11
590 When a flower can be cut in two equal
portion from only one plane it is called?
A. Actinomorphic
B. Zygomorphic
c. symmetrical
D. Bilateral
11
591 In which of the following characters, the angiosperms resemble gymnosperms?
A. Presence of ovule
B. Absence of endosperm
c. Presence of vessels
D. Mode of fertilisation
11
592 Alcea rosea (hollyhock) belongs to the family of
A. Cruciferae
B. Malvaceae
c. cucurbitaceae
D. Leguminosae
11
593 Male gamete of Cycas, largest in plant kingdom, is
A. Non-motile
B. Biflagellate
c. Multiciliate
D. Uniflagellate
11
594 Which character of pteridophytes is not similar to bryophytes?
A. Water requirement for fertilization
B. Dependence of sporophyte on gametophytee
c. Heterospory
D. None of these
11
595 Most gymnosperms have
A. Both archegonia and antheridia
B. Antheridia but no archegonia
C. Archegonia but no antheridia
D. Neither antheridia nor archegonia
11
596 Which of these is mismatched?
A. Phaneros -Visible
B. Kryptos -Concealed
c. Gymno – Naked
D. Bryon-Liverworts
E. Trachea – windpipe
11
597 Druse is
A. Calcium-oxalate crystals
B. Bicarbonate crystals
( mathbf{c} cdot mathrm{CaCO}_{3} ) crystals
D. None of the above
11
598 In Gymnosperms pollination occurs exclusively by
A. Anemophily
B. Hydrophily
c. zoophily
D. Malacophily
11
599 Last stage of gametophytic generation
is
A . Gametes
B. Zygote
c. spore mother cells
D. spores
11
600 Circinate vernation is seen in
A. Equisteum, Nephrolepis, Psilotum
B. Nephrolepis, Adiantum, Pteris
C . Lycopodium, Nephrolepis
D. Psilotum, Nephrolepis, Adiantum
11
601 A plant shows rhizoids and is haploid. It needs water to complete its lifecycle because the male gametes are motile.
Identify the group to which it belongs.
A. Pteridophyte
B. Gymnosperm
c. Monocot
D. Bryophytes
11
602 Assertion
Selaginella and Salvinia are homosporous
Reason
Similar kind of spores are produced in Selaginella and Salvinia.
A. Both Assertion and Reason are correct and Reason is
the correct explanation for Assertion
B. Both Assertion and Reason are correct but Reason is not the correct explanation for Assertion
C. Assertion is correct but Reason is incorrect
D. Both Assertion and Reason are incorrect
11

Hope you will like above questions on plant kingdom and follow us on social network to get more knowledge with us. If you have any question or answer on above plant kingdom questions, comments us in comment box.

Stay in touch. Ask Questions.
Lean on us for help, strategies and expertise.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *