The Living World Questions

We provide the living world practice exercises, instructions, and a learning material that allows learners to study outside of the classroom. We focus on the living world skills mastery so, below you will get all questions that are also asking in the competition exam beside that classroom.

List of the living world Questions

Question No Questions Class
1 Botanical name of tomato is
A . Allium cepa
B. Solanum tuberosum
c. saccharum officinarum
D. Lycopersicon esculentum
11
2 An organism is in the same class but not in the same family. It may belong to
same
A. Genus
B. species
c. variety
D. Order
11
3 Binomial nomenclature means writing
the name of plant / animal in two words,
which designate
A. Genus and species
B. Species and variety
c. order and family
D. Family and genus
11
4 Which of the following is represented by perfect identity?
( mathbf{A} cdot mathbf{1} )
B.
( c cdot-1 )
D. None of the above
11
5 Assertion
Phylogeny is the developmental history
of a species.
Reason
Species is the basic unit of taxonomy.
A. Both Assertion and Reason are true and the Reason is a correct explanation of the assertion
B. Both Assertion and Reason are true but the Reason is
not a correct explanation of the Assertion.
C. Assertion is true but the Reason is false.
D. Both the Assertion and Reason are false.
11
6 Aloe barbadensis belongs to family of
A. xanthorrhoeaceae
B. Apocynaceae
C. Gramineae
D. None of the above
11
7 Which of the following is scientific name of peacock?
A. Passer domesticus
B. Pavo cristatus
c. Archaeopterx lithographica
D. Psittacula eupatrica
11
8 Write any five salient features of ICBN 11
9 Which name is invalid?
A. Name not published in Species Plantarum.
B. Name proposed prior to 1961
C. Name which is not in Latin.
D. Name for which holotype is not designated.
11
10 Binomial system of nomenclature for plants is effective from
A. 5.8.1771
в. 1.5.1753
c. 1.8 .1758
D. 6.7.1736
11
11 Systema Naturae is written
by
11
12 Oryza sativa is the binomial name of the rice plant, the sativa stands for
A. Specific name
B. Specific epithet
c. Genus name
D. Specific nomenclature
11
13 State whether the following statements
are true or false

Taxonomic group belonging to any one
of the taxonomic categories is known
as a taxon.
A. True
B. False

11
14 What are the advantage of classifying organisms? 11
15 Assertion
Ernst Haeckal developed binomial system of nomenclature
Reason
Vernacular names are chosen for
nomenclature.
A. Both Assertion and Reason are correct and Reason is the correct explanation for Assertion
B. Both Assertion and Reason are correct but Reason is not the correct explanation for Assertion
c. Assertion is correct but Reason is incorrect
D. Both Assertion and Reason are incorrect
11
16 Which group shares most common characters with each other?
A. Members of the same kingdom
B. Members of the same genus
c. Members of the same phylum
D. Members of the same class
E. Members of the same family
11
17 Sugarcane is
A. Saccharum arundinaceum
B. Saccharum officinarum
c. saccharum spontaneum
D. Saccharum procerum
11
18 Linnaeus is credited with
A. Binomial nomenclature
B. Theory of biogenesis
c. Discovery of microscope
D. Discovery of blood circulation
11
19 Biosystematics aims at
A. Identification and arrangement of organisms on the basic of their cytological characteristics.
B. The classification of organisms based on broad morphological characteristics.
C. Delimiting various taxa of organisms and establishing their relationships.
D. The classification of organisms based on their evolutionary history and establishing their phylogeny on the totality of various parameters from all fields of study
11
20 What does taxonomic hierarchy refer
to?
A. Step-wise arrangement and naming of the organisms
B. Classification of a species based on fossil record
C. Naming the organisms based on their morphology
D. Sequential arrangement of all categories for classification of organisms
11
21 The term species was coined by
A. Aristotle
B. Engler
c. John Ray
D. Linnaeus
11
22 The name of genus begins with a and the name of species begins with
letter.
A. Capital letter, small letter
B. Small letter, capital Ietter
c. Capital letter, italics letter
D. Small letter, italics letter
11
23 All humans on earth today may differ widely in their facial features, colour,
height, etc. Yet, they belong to a single species Homo sapiens. Give one reason why they are not considered belonging
to different species.
11
24 Number of species growing in botanical gardens world wide is
A. 7500
B. 25,000
c. 57,000
D. 80,000
11
25 Which one of the following sequences shows the correct hierarchy of
classification, going from the most inclusive to the least inclusive?
A. Kingdom, Domain, Phylum, Order, Class, Family Genus, Species
B. Domain, Kingdom, Phylum, Class, order, Family Genus, Species
c. Genus, species, Kingdom, Phylum, order, Class, Family
D. species, Genus, Family, Class, order, Phylum, Kingdon
E. Domain, Phylum, Kingdom, Genus, Species, Family, Order, Class
11
26 The common characters between
tomato and potato will be maximum at the level of their
A. Order
B. Division
c. Genus
D. Family
11
27 Q Type your question
sheets:
I. Plants should be collected in the
flowering stage.
II. Every detail regarding the plant such as locality, ecological conditions, plants vegetative and floral characters,
etc should be noted.
III. Plants are evenly pressed by unfolding a plant part between blotting papers (or newspapers) with the help of
plant presser.
IV. Blotting paper need not be changed
until plants get dried.
V. After drying, the plant’s specimen is carefully mounted/pasted on the herbarium sheets.
VI. The herbarium sheet is labeled on
the lower right hand corner representing the number of plant specimen, date of collection, etc.

Which of the above statement(s) is/are
incorrect?
A. Only I
B. Only IV
c. I and IV
D. III and IV

11
28 Explain in brief criteria for animal classification. 11
29 “Methodus plantarum nova” is a famous publication of which one of the following taxonomists?
A. Engler and Prantl
B. Carolus Linnaeus
c. Bentham and Hooker
D. John Ray
11
30 Select the group of taxons representing same category of taxonomic hierarchy.
A. sativum, tuberosum, indica
B. Solanum, nilotica, Brassica
c. Potato, tomato, Legumes
D. Petunia, Datura, Solanaceae
11
31 Which of the following categories possesses the maximum number of related characters?
A. Order
B. Phylum
c. class
D. species
11
32 Which of the following is not a category?
A. species
B. Class
c. Phylum
D. Glumaceae
11
33 Match the following columns. 11
34 Name various units of classification in
their hierarchical levels and explain these with examples.
11
35 Scientific study of diversity of organisms and their evolutionary relationshipd is called
A. systematics
B. Anatomy
c. Morphology
D. Taxonomy
11
36 The system of giving one name to the individual is
A. Quasibinomial system
B. Semibinomial system
c. Mononomial system
D. Uninomial system
11
37 The drug plant Aconitum napellus belongs to the family
A. Ranunculaceae
B. Apocynaceae
c. Papaveraceae
D. Solanaceae
11
38 Fill in the blanks with appropriate
words.
A ( dots dots dots ) a systematic enumeration of plant species occurring is a given region.
11
39 Binomial system of nomenclature
means that every organism
has
A. Two names, one scientific and the other popular
B. One name given by two scientists
C. One scientific name consisting of a generic and specific name
D. A number in an international catalogue by which it can be identified
11
40 For the identification of the name of
species found in an area, one would use:
A. Manuals
B. Catalogues
c. Monographs
D. Museum
11
41 How many obligate categories constitute hierarchy of categories? 11
42 What is the scientific name of Asian
tiger mosquito?
A. Aedes aegypti
B. Aedes albopictus
c. Aedes taeniorhynchus
D. Aedes albolineatus
11
43 Mayr’s biological concept of species is mainly based on
A. Morphological traits
B. Reproductive isolation
c. Modes of reproduction
D. Morphology and reproduction
11
44 Binomial Nomenclature means
A. A scientific name comprising of a generic and specific epithet
B. One name given by two different botanists
C. A latinised name
D. Scientific name given to a piece of vegetation
11
45 How many obligate taxonomic categories are common between man
and housefly?
A ( . ) A) One
B. B) Two
c. c) Three
D. D) Four
11
46 ICZN was adopted in
A . 1960
B . 1970
( c cdot 1964 )
D. 1974
11
47 ICBN was adopted in
A . 1951
B. 1971
c. 196
D. 1981
11
48 Holotype is the specimen
A. Synonym of paratype
B. Synonym for neotype
c. synonym for lectotype
D. Used by author of the name designated by him as the nomenclature type
11
49 Taxon is
A. Species
B. Unit of classification
C. Highest rank in classification
D. None of these
11
50 Biospecies concept was propounded by
A. Ernst Mayr
B. Darwin
c. simpson
D. Aristole
11
51 The standard size of herabrium sheet is
( mathbf{A} cdot 29 times 41.5 mathrm{cm} )
B. ( 15 times 30 c m )
c. ( 21 times 36 mathrm{cm} )
( mathbf{D} cdot 25 times 38 c m )
11
52 Which of the following biologists is responsible for the binomial system for naming organisms that we use today?
A. Carolus Linnaeus
B. Whittaker
c. Theophrastus
D. Aristotle
11
53 Match the following.
A. Gave the concept of
1. John Ray ( quad ) Systematics
B. First described species as a
2. C. Linnaeus ( quad ) unit of classification
3. Augustin Pyrame de
C. Coined the term, taxonomy candolle
D. Introduced binomial
4. Julian Huxley ( quad ) nomenclature
A. ( 1-B, 2-C, 3-D, 4-A )
B. ( 1-A, 2-C, 3-D, 4-B )
( c cdot 1-c, 2-B, 3-D, 4-A )
D. ( 1-B, 2-D, 3-C, 4-A )
11
54 Number of obligatory categories in taxonomy are
A. 7
B. 8
( c cdot 9 )
D.
11
55 Which of the following gives vital information about the plants?
A. Binomial nomenclature
B. Vernacular names
c. synonyms
D. Trinomial nomenclature
11
56 Identify the correct sequence of taxonomical categories?
(a) Species – Order – Phylum – Kingdom
(b) Genus – Species – Order – Kingdom
(c) Species – Genus – Order- Phylum
11
57 Choose the correct answers from the
alternatives given

The term taxon refers to a taxonomic
group of:
A. family rank
B. order rank
c. class rank
D. any rank

11
58 39. Taxonomy is a science that deals
with
(1) Morphology
(2) Anatomy
(3) Classification
(4) Economic uses
11
59 Group of two or more than two plant species is called as
A. Plant community
B. Animal ecosystem
c. Plant ecosystem
D. Ecological niche
11
60 The correct sequence of taxa in the animal kingdom is
A. Kingdom, phylum, class, order, family, species and genus
B. Kingdom, phylum, class, order, family, genus and species
C. Kingdom, phylum, class, family, order, species and genus
D. Phylum, kingdom, class, family, order, genus and species
11
61 Which of the following taxonomic ranks
contains organisms most similar to one
another?
A. Class
B. Genus
c. Family
D. species
11
62 In which book Bentham and Hooker
proposed their classification?
A. Genera Plantarum
B. Species Plantarum
c. Historia Plantarum
D. Historia Nature
11
63 Which of the following is called the “Father of Taxonomy”?
A . Aristotle
B. Carolus Linnaeus
c. John Ray
D. Theophrastus
11
64 Study the four statements, a-d, given
below and select the two correct ones
out of them.
(a) Definition of biological species was
given by Ernst Mayr.
(b) Photoperiod does not affect reproduction in plants.
(c) Binomial nomenclature system was
given by R.H. Whittaker.
(d) In unicellular organisms
reproduction is synonymous with growth.
( A cdot ) a and ( b )
B. b and c
c. ( c ) and ( d )
D. a and d
11
65 Scientific name of plants are mostly derived from which of the following language?
A. Greek
B. French
c. sanskrit
D. Latin
11
66 Who proposed the ‘Binomial
Nomenclature System’?
A. Whittaker
B. Mendel
c. carl Linnaeus
D. Tippo
11
67 The science of diversity of organisms
is
A. Taxonomy
B. Systematics
c. Evolution
D. Paleontology
11
68 Nomenclature is governed by certain universal rules.Which one of the
following is contrary to the rules of
nomenclature?
A. Biological names can be written in any language.
B. The first word in a biological name represents the genus name and the second is a specific epithet
C. The names are written in Latin and are italicised.
D. When written by hand, the names are to be underlined.
11
69 Taxonomically, what is species?
A. A group of evolutionary related populations
B. A group of organism which can interbreed
C. Category to which most taxonomic information is attached
D. Fundamental unit of phylogenetic history oforganisms
11
70 Sir Julian Huxley (1940) proposed the
term
A. New systematics
B. Natural selection
c. Phylogeny
D. Taxonomy
11
71 In the following table the ecological
units are mentioned in the first column
vertically and their attributes are
mentioned horizontally Which of the following options is correct for
ecological units with their respective attributed indicated by ( A ) to ( P )
Attributes Age of Age of Ecological ( quad ) Age
Individual ( B ) Organism
Population ( E )
I
Community
( V )
( M ) Ecosystem
A . I-C II-B III-K IV-P
B. I-A II-G III-LIV-N
c. I-C II-A III-K IV-L
D. I-A II-B III-C IV-D
11
72 Identify the incorrect statement.
A. Key is a taxonomic aid for identification of specimens
B. Herbarium houses dried, pressed and preserved plant specimens
C. Botanical gardens have collection of living plants for reference
D. A museum has collection of photographs of plants and animals
11
73 The botanical name for onion and garlic can be written as
A. Allium cepa and Asphodelus tenuifolius
B. Allium sativum and Allium cepa
C. Asphodelus tenuifolius and Allium sativum
D. Allium cepa and Allium sativum
11
74 In the book ‘Historia Naturalis’ about
1000 medicinal plants were described, which was written by
A. Pliny
B. Linnaeus
c. cesalpino
D. Tippo
11
75 State whether the following statements
are true or false.

The knowledge of systematics helps in various branches of basic and applied biology
A. True
B. False

11
76 Lectotype is
A. Duplicate of holotype.
B. Specimen described along with holotype.
C. Specimen cited by author without making one hlotype.
D. Specimen cited by author from original material for nomenclature type when there is no holotype.
11
77 How many obligate categories or ranks
are found in a hierarchical level
of classification?
11
78 Which of the following taxonomic rank
contain organisms most similar to one
another?
A. Genus
B. species
c. Family
D. class
11
79 Which covers the largest number of
organisms?
A. Genus
B. Family
c. Phylum
D. class
E. order
11
80 Which nomenclature system is employed for naming plants?
A. Vernacular
B. Binomial
c. Mononomial
D. Polynimial
11
81 “Thêorie élémentaire de la botanique” is
the book of
A. Takhtajan
B. Augustin Pyramus de Candolle
c. Eichler
D. Linnaeus
11
82 A group of plants or animals with
similar characters of any rank is
A. species
B. Genus
c. Order
D. taxon
11
83 A group of population, which are
capable of is called as species.
A. Interbreeding
B. Linkingg
c. Both A and B
D. None of the above
11
84 Give scientific names of man, domestic
cat, peepal tree, frog, honey bee, china
rose
11
85 Systema Naturae’ was written by
A. Lamarck
B. Cuvier
C. Aristotle
D. Linnaeus
11
86 Oswald Tippo included how many divisions in sub-kingdom thallophyta?
A. 20 divisions
B. 10 divisions
c. 7 divisions
D. 2 divisions
11
87 Which of the following book most impressed the opinion of taxonomists?
A. Enquiry into plants
B. Origin of life
c. Genera plantarum
D. origin of species
11
88 Botanical name of Radish is
B. Brassica oleracea
c. Raphanus sativa
D. None of the above
11
89 Which of the following sequences of taxa and the animal kingdom is
correct?
A. Kingdom, Phylum, Class, Order, Family, Species and Genus
B. Kingdom, Phylum, Class, Order, Family, Genus and Species
C. Kingdom, Phylum, Class, Family, Order, Species and Genus
D. Phylum, Kingdom, Class, Family, Order, Genus and Species
11
90 “Law of Priority” is applicable after the
yearr
A . 1720
B. 1753
( c cdot 1853 )
D. 1845
11
91 International Code of Botanical
Nomenclature is applicable to
A. Plants
B. Animals
c. species
D. All of the above
11
92 What are the measures used to record
description of organisms?
11
93 Which one of the following is not a
correct statement?
A. Herbarium houses dried, pressed and preserved plant specimens.
B. Botanical gardens have collection of living plants for reference.
C. A museum has collection of photographs of plants and animals.
D. Key is a taxonomic aid for identification of specimens.
11
94 State whether the following statements
are true or false.

A species may be defined as a group of closely resembling organisms that are sexually reproducing and freely interbreed in nature
A. True
B. False

11
95 Two similar holotypes are called
A. Mesotypes
B. Meotypes
c. syntypes
D. Isotypes
11
96 Which of these terms is used in the
classification of species?
A. Division
B. Phylumm
c. class
D. All of the above
11
97 John Ray introduced the term species.
A. True
B. False
11
98 Define and understand the following
terms:
(i) Phylum
(ii) Class
(iii) Family (iv) Order (v) Genus
11
99 Two organisms are present in the same class but not in the same family. They may belong to same.
A. Genus
B. species
c. Variety
D. Order
11
100 Botanical garden of the forest research
institute was established in
A. Darjeeling
B. Dehradun
c. Bangalore
D. Lucknow
11
101 Botanical gardens are living herbaria?
Comment.
11
102 Variations in organisms lead to diversity in living organisms. State
reasons.
11
103 The scientific name of snow leopard is
A. Panthera pardus
B. Panthera uncea
C. Panthera tigris
D. Hylobates hoolock
11
104 The correct lists of the phylogenic
hierarchy is
A. Domain, kingdom, phylum, family, class, order, genus, species
B. Phylum, family, order, domain, class, kingdom, species, genus
C. Kingdom, domain, family, order, class, phylum, genus, species
D. Domain, kingdom, phylum, class, order, family, genus, species
E. Family, kingdom, order, domain, phylum, genus, class, species
11
105 The common characteristics between
tomato and potato will be maximum at the level of their
A. Family
B. Order
c. Division
D. Genus
11
106 The botanical name of “Indian rai” is
A. Brassica campestris
B. Brassica juncea
c. Brassica nigraa
D. Brassica alba
11
107 Red pepper is
A. Capsicum annuum
B. Solanum nigrum
C . Lycopersicum esculentum
D. Physalis peruviana
11
108 “Systema Naturae” book was written by
A. Engler and Prant
B. Darwin
c. Linnaeus
D. oswald Tippo
11
109 Order is placed between
A. Kingdom and Phyla
B. Kingdom and Class
C . Class and Family
D. Genus and Species
11
110 The system of giving one name to the
individual is called
A. Quasibinomial system
B. Semibinomial system
c. Mononomial system
D. Uninomial system
11
111 The suffix- ‘oideae’ is used for
A. Tribe
B. Family
c. class
D. Subfamily
11
112 Tanvi bought ten food items from the supermarket, which are wheat, bananas, mushrooms, onions, Porphyra(Laver), Kelps, pine seeds, Sphagnum moss, lady’s fingers and potatoes. Based on hierarchical classification, how many different phyla/divisions do these items belong
to?
( A .3 )
B. 4
( c .5 )
D. 6
11
113 Which is not correct
A. A museum has collection of photographs of plants and animals
B. Botanical gardens have collection of living plants for reference
C. Herbarium houses dried, pressed and preserved plant specimens
D. Key is taxonomic aid for identification of specimens
11
114 A binomial nomenclature has how
many words/parts?
A . Five
B. Three
c. Two
D. one
11
115 In taxonomic hierarchy, various
categories are arranged in series.
11
116 Which one of the following name is correctly matched with its particular name taxonomic category?
A. Angiospermae- family
B. Homo- species
c. Bryophyta- order
D. Equus- genus
11
117 Which one of the following is an example of the binomial scientific
name?
A . Green algae
B. Snow leopard
c. Rana tigrina
D. China-rose
11
118 49. The study of Drugs and their
action is known as
(1) Pharmacy
(2) Palaeozoology
(3) Pharmacology
(4) Palaeontology
11
119 Name the basic unit of biological classification. 11
120 Taxon Eucalyptus denotes
A. species
B. Genus
c. class
D. Divisions
11
121 An animal with same generic, specific and subspecific name is
A. Man
B. Rabbitt
c. Gorilla
D. Elephant
11
122 Basic smallest unit of classification is
A. species
B. Family
c. class
D. Genus
11
123 Which of the following is a taxon?
A. species
B. Genus
c. Phylum
D. All of the above
11
124 Modern taxonomic studies do not deal
with
(a) External structure
(b) Structure of cell
(c) Internal structure
(d) Phylogeny
(e) Ontogeny
(f) Nutrition
( A cdot(d) ) and ( (f) )
B. (b) and (c)
( c cdot(a) ) and ( (c) )
D. (c) and (e)
11
125 Choose the correct answers from the
alternatives given The classification category below the level of family is:
A . class
B. genus
c. phylum
D. species
11
126 Assertion
Systematics is defined as the science of diversity of organisms in evolutionary
context
Reason
Systematics include interrelationship
between organisms
A. Both Assertion and Reason are correct and Reason is the correct explanation for Assertion
B. Both Assertion and Reason are correct but Reason is not the correct explanation for Assertion
c. Assertion is correct but Reason is incorrect
D. Both Assertion and Reason are incorrect
11
127 Holotype is
A. Specimen used by author as nomenclature type.
B. Specimen referred alog with original description.
C. Duplicate of nomenclature type.
D. Specimen selected from original, when nomeclature type is missing.
11
128 The taxonomic aid that provides information for the identification of
names of species found in an area is
A. Monograph
B. Manual
c. catalogue
D. Periodical
11
129 Which covers the largest number of organisms?
A. Genus
B. Family
c. Phylum
D. class
11
130 Botanical name of banana is
A . Musa paradisiaca
B. Calotropis procera
c. Mimosa pudica
D. Iberis amara
11
131 Match the column I with Column II:
( begin{array}{llll} & text { Column I } & & text { Column } \ & & & text { II } \ text { a. } & begin{array}{l}text { Royal Botanical } \ text { Garden }end{array} & text { 1. } & text { Howrah } \ text { b. } & begin{array}{l}text { Indian botanical } \ text { garden }end{array} & text { 2. } & text { Lucknow } \ text { c. } & begin{array}{l}text { National botanical } \ text { research institute }end{array} & text { 3. } & begin{array}{l}text { Kew } \ text { (England) }end{array}end{array} )
( mathbf{A} )
( a rightarrow 3 ; b rightarrow 2 ; c rightarrow 1 )
B ( . a rightarrow 3 ; b rightarrow 1 ; c rightarrow 2 )
( mathbf{c} cdot a rightarrow 1 ; b rightarrow 2 ; c rightarrow 3 )
( mathbf{D} cdot a rightarrow 1 ; b rightarrow 3 ; c rightarrow 2 )
11
132 In binomial nomenclature, the first
name refers to
A. Order
B. Class
c. Genus
D. Species
11
133 Explain the utility of systematic. 11
134 If a botanist want to study nomenclature of a similar species, the scientist will study
A. Syntype
B. Isotype
c. Neotype
D. Mesotype
11
135 Choose the correct answers from the
alternatives given Which one of the following is the basic unit of classification?
A. species
B. Genus
c. Family
D. Phylum
11
136 Linnaeus is associated with
A. Historia Plantarum
B. Origin of species
c. systema Naturae
D. origin of life
11
137 Which of the following statement is not in accordance with the International
Code of Botanical Nomenclature?
A. Colour of flower is a criteria for classification
B. Tautonyms can be used in nomenclature.
c. Two genera can have same name.
D. All of the above
11
138 A display garden that concentrates on herbs and lianas is often referred to as
an arboretum.
A. True
B. False
11
139 Which one has the highest number of species?
A. Birds
B. Angiosperms
c. Fungi
D. Insects
11
140 Assertion
Systematics is the branch of biology
that deals with classification of living organisms.
Reason
The aim of classification is to group the
organisms in an orderly manner
A. Both Assertion and Reason are correct and Reason is the correct explanation for Assertion
B. Both Assertion and Reason are correct but Reason is not the correct explanation for Assertion
c. Assertion is correct but Reason is incorrect
D. Both Assertion and Reason are incorrect
11
141 The word species was coined by
A. Aristotle
B. Linnaeus
c. John Ray
D. Engler
11
142 Choose the correct answers from the
alternatives given. Which of the following is the correct order of classification?
A. Domain – Kingdom – Phylum – Class – Order – FamilyGenus – Species
B. Kingdom – Domain – Class – Phylum – Order – Family Genus – Species
c. Kingdom – Domain – class – Phylum – Order – Genus Species – Family
D. Kingdom – class – Phylum – Domain – Genus – Order Family – species
11
143 Which of the following correctly defines a species?
A. species is the lowest category of taxonomic hierarchy
B. It is the basic unit of classification.
c. It is the largest unit of classification.
D. Both A and B
11
144 Botanical names of jowar and rice are respectively
A. Oryza sativa and Pennisetum typhoides
B. Sorghum vulgare and Oryza sativa
C. Triticum aesativum and Pennisetum typhoides
D. Oryza sativa and Sorghum vulgare
11
145 Assertion
The “biological species” concept helps us to ask how species are formed.
Reason

The concept of biological species focusses our attention on the question
of how reproductive isolation comes about.
A. Both Assertion and Reason are correct and Reason is the correct explanation for Assertion
B. Both Assertion and Reason are correct but Reason is not the correct explanation for Assertion
c. Assertion is correct but Reason is incorrect
D. Both Assertion and Reason are incorrect

11
146 The year of publication of “Species Plantarum” is
A . 1853
в. 1857
( c cdot ) 1753
D. 1786
11
147 The ‘Indian Botanical Garden’ is
situated near
A. New Delhi
B. Kolkatata
c. Mumbai
D. Lucknow
11
148 Rice, Cereals, monocots and plants represent
A. Different taxa at different level.
B. Same taxa of different category
c. Different category of same taxa
D. Same category for different taxa
11
149 Living herbaria is
A. Museum
B. Botanical garden
c. Forest
D. Parks
11
150 A binomial scientific name contains
A. Names of genera and family
B. Names of genera and species
C. Names of species and class
D. Names of class and kingdom
11
151 ‘National Botanical Garden’ is lo-
cated at :
(1) Shimla
(2) Kolkata
(3) Lucknow (4) Bengaluru
11
152 Keystone species are
A. Species belonging to same period.
B. Species that determine structure of biotic community.
C . Species reproducing sexually.
D. Species recorded only in the fossil state.
11
153 Name the taxonomic term given to an organism which falls in the same class but not in the same family.
A. Family
B. Genus
c. species
D. Order
11
154 Write any five salient features of
International Code of Botanical
Nomenclature (ICBN)
11
155 Assertion
Plant taxonomy is known as systematic botany
Reason
Taxonomy involves only plant classification.
A. Both Assertion and Reason are correct and Reason is the correct explanation for Assertion
B. Both Assertion and Reason are correct but Reason is not the correct explanation for Assertion
c. Assertion is correct and Reason is incorrect
D. Assertion is incorrect and Reason is correct.
11
156 What is the correct way of writing a
scientific name ? Illustrate with
example.
11
157 The smallest unit of classification is
known as
A. species
B. De condole
c. Linnaeus
D. Mayr
11
158 In biological terminology, a group of similar organisms which are capable of interbreeding and producing fertile offspring’s is called.
A. species
B. Genus
c. Tribe
D. Family
11
159 Botanical names of plants are treated in
Latin because
A. Rules of nomenclature were framed by Italian botanists they were speaking Latin.
B. It is very difficult to pronounce Latin names and they convey multiple meanings.
C. Latin was the natural language of many European countries.
D. Latin was a dead language, its word would convey precise meaning. It was the mother of all European languages and all the early botanical literature was in Latin.
11
160 A taxon derived from a single ancestral population is a
A. Phenetic
c. Phylogenetic
D. Polyphyletic
11
161 Write the scientific name of human
being.
11
162 Which of the following statements is
incorrect?
A. Term ‘Nothospecies’ refers to the naturally occurring interspecific hybrids
B. As the species do not change with time, therefore they are considered as static groups
C. Metabolism and response to external stimuli are considered as the defining properties of living organisms
D. Hibiscus rosa-sinensis belongs to the same family to which Althaea rosea and Gossypium hirsutum belong to
11
163 A person skilled in taxidermy is called
as
A. Taxonomist
B. Taxidermist
c. Archeologist
D. Scientist
11
164 A species which is capable of showing subvarieties, race or demes is known
as
A. Monotypic
B. Allopatric
c. Polytypic
D. All of the above
11
165 The suffix “-oideae”‘ is used for
A. Tribe
B. Family
c. class
D. Subfamily
11
166 In hierarchical classification, class is
interpolated between
A. Family and genus
B. Phylum and order
c. order and family
D. Kingdom and phylum
11
167 What is Binomial Nomenclature?Who
proposed it?
11
168 The broadest category of organism in biological taxonomy is
A. Phylum
B. Class
c. kingdom
D. Family
11
169 Who introduced the term species? 11
170 Assertion
Taxon and category are same things.
Reason
Systematic shows hierarchical
classification.
A. Both Assertion and Reason are correct and Reason is
the correct explanation for Assertion.
B. Both Assertion and Reason are correct but Reason is
not the correct explanation for Assertion.
C. Assertion is correct but Reason is incorrect.
D. Both Assertion and Reason are incorrect
11
171 Cicer arietinum is
A. Bengal Gram
B. Black Gram
C. Green Gram
D. Dew Gram
11
172 Assertion : “The Biological Species” concept helps us to ask how species are formed.
Reason : The concept of biological species focuses our attention on the
question of how reproductive isolation
comes about.
A. If both the assertion and the reason are true and the reason is a correct explanation of the assertion
B. If both the assertion and reason are true but the reason is not a correct explanation of the assertion
c. If the assertion is true but the reason is false
D. If both the assertion and reason are false
E. If the assertion is false but reason is true
11
173 Where was the first museum built in
India?
A. Delhi
B. Mumbai
c. Kolkata
D. Hyderabadd
11
174 Duplicate of holotype from same collection of same locality, date and same branch of plant is called
A. Syntype
B. Paratype
c. Neotype
D. Isotype
11
175 Which of the following taxonomical ranks contain organisms least similar to the other similar taxon?
A. Class
B. Genus
c. Family
D. species
11
176 In plant taxonomy, a division is the equivalent to
A. Family
B. Order
c. class
D. Phylum
11
177 State whether the following statements
are true or false.
The term taxon is used to refer to the
concrete biological objects included in
a category
A. True
B. False
11
178 Which one of the following includes all the other lower taxa?
A . Class
B. Order
c. Genus
D. Species
11
179 A group of similar organisms, which freely breeds among themselves is 11
180 Polynomial classification has recently begun to replace the binomial system
A. True
B. False
11
181 Match the following books in column ( mathbf{A} )
with their authors in column B.
Column A

Column B
(A) Genera Plantarum
(1) Aristotle (3 volumes)
(B) Species Plantarum
(2) Linnaeus
(C) Historia Generalis
(3) Bentham and Plantarum Hooker
(D) Scala Naturae
(4) Plato
(5) John Ray
( A cdot A-4, B-2, C-5, D-3 )
B. A- 4, B- 2, C-1, D-3
c. ( A-4, B-2, C-3, D-1 )
D. ( A-3, B-2, C-5, D-1 )

11
182 ICBN is
A. International Code of Botanical Naming
B. International Code of Botanical Nomenclature
C. International Class of Botanical Nomenclature
D. International Classification of Botanical
Nomenclature
11
183 Q Type your question_
木政
,
Classification of representative
mammals.
( begin{array}{lll}text { Kingdom } & text { Animalia } & text { Animalia } \ text { Phylum } & text { Chordata } & text { Chordata } \ text { Class } & text { Mammalia } & text { Mammalia } \ text { Order } & text { Cetacea } & text { Carnivora } \ text { Family } & text { Mysticeti } & text { Felidae } \ text { Genus } & text { Balenopora } & text { Felis } \ text { Species } & text { B. physaius } & text { F. catus } \ text { Common name } & text { Blue Whale } & text { Cat }end{array} )
( A )
Family
B. Kingdom
c. Species
D. Order
E. Class
11
184 The largest collection of herbarium in
India is
A. Central National Herbarium, Kolkata
B. Southern Circle Herbarium, Coimbatore
c. Central Circle Herbarium, Allahabadd
D. Blatter Herbarium, Mumbai
11
185 The oldest museum in India is
A. Indian museum
c. National museum of India
D. Uffizi gallery
11
186 Assertion
The hierarchy includes seven obligate
categories.
Reason
Intermediate categories are used to make taxonomic position more informative.
A. Both Assertion and Reason are correct and Reason is the correct explanation for Assertion.
B. Both Assertion and Reason are correct but Reason is not the correct explanation for Assertion
c. Assertion is correct but Reason is incorrect
D. Both Assertion and Reason are incorrect
11
187 Assertion
Phylogeny is the developmental history
of a species.
Reason
Species is the basic unit of taxonomy.
A. Both Assertion and Reason are correct and Reason is the correct explanation for Assertion
B. Both Assertion and Reason are correct but Reason is not the correct explanation for Assertion
c. Assertion is correct but Reason is incorrect
D. Both Assertion and Reason are incorrect
11
188 Match column I with column II and
select the correct option from the given codes.
Column I Column
A. Royal Botanical Garden, Kew
B. Indian Botanical Garden
(ii) England
C. National Botanical Research Institute
(iii) Howrah
(iv)
D. Llyod Botanical Garden
A. A-(ii), B-(iii), C-(i), D-(iv)
B. A-(i), B-(iii), C-(ii), D-(iv)
C . A-(iv), B-(ii), C-(i), D-(iii)
D. A-(iv), B-(iii), C-(ii), D-(i)
11
189 Starting from species, phylum comes
before
A. Genus
B. Kingdom
c. order
D. None of these
11
190 How is systematics relevant to other branches of biology? 11
191 Several scientist gave different definition of species. One of those
definitions, a population or group of populations whose members have the potential in nature to interbreed and produce fertile offspring. Which of the statement is related to this definition?
A. Species that reproduce sexually
B. Species that reproduce asexually only
c. specie that form sterile hybrids upon mating
D. Extinct forms of life, based on fossil evidence
E. Species living on separate continents
11
192 An attribute found in plants but not
animals is
A. Metabolism
B. Sexual reproduction
c. Autotrophy
D. Asexual reproduction
11
193 Which of the following is not a scientific name of banana
A. Musa paradisiaca
B. Musa superba
c. Musa textilis
D. Hibiscus mutabilis
11
194 Chemotaxonomy does not deal with
A. Chemical nature of protiens
B. DNA sequences
c. Aromatic compounds found in plants
D. Chromosome number
11
195 Botanical name of potato is
A. Solanum tuberosum
B. Manihot esculenta
c. Malus pumila
11
196 Which of the following taxonomic group contains the greatest number of organisms?
A. Class
B. Order
c. Phylum
D. Family
11
197 Which of the following arrangement is correct in ascending order?
A. species < genus < order < family
B. Genus < species < family < order
c. order ( < ) family < genus ( < ) species
D. species < genus < family < order
11
198 Assertion
To give scientific name to a plant, there
is ICBN.
Reason
It uses articles, photographs and recommendations to name a plant.
A. Both Assertion and Reason are correct and Reason is the correct explanation for Assertion
B. Both Assertion and Reason are correct but Reason is not the correct explanation for Assertion
C. Assertion is correct but Reason is incorrect
D. Both Assertion and Reason are incorrect
11
199 A group of interbreeding organisms is
A. Genus
B. Family
c. Order
D. species
11
200 Two organisms with different corerelated morphological characters belongs to
A. One biological species
B. One taxonomic species
c. Two biological species
D. Two taxonomic species
11
201 What is the role of father in child
development?
11
202 The label of a herbarium sheet does not
carry information on
A. Local names
B. Height of the plant
c. Date of collection
D. Name of collector
11
203 The correct sequence of taxonomic
hierarchy is
A. Genus ( rightarrow ) Family ( rightarrow ) Class ( rightarrow ) Order ( rightarrow ) Phylum ( rightarrow ) Kingdom ( rightarrow ) Species
B. Species ( rightarrow ) Genus ( rightarrow ) Family ( rightarrow ) Order ( rightarrow ) Class ( rightarrow )
Phylum( rightarrow )Kingdom
c. Species ( rightarrow ) Family ( rightarrow ) Genus ( rightarrow ) Kingdom ( rightarrow ) Order( rightarrow )Class( rightarrow )Phylum
D. Species ( rightarrow ) Genus ( rightarrow ) Family ( rightarrow ) Class ( rightarrow ) Order ( rightarrow )
Phylum( rightarrow )Kingdom
11
204 Plant classification based on floral
characters are preferred because
A. The floral characters are less affected by environment than vegetative characters
B. flowers are coloured and more attractive
C. Flower can be preserved in herbaria than vegetative parts.
D. Linnaeus classified plants based on flower characters like the number of stamens
11
205 Consider the following statements:
(i) Genus comprises a group of related species.
(ii) A taxon represents a taxonomic group of individual organism.
(iii) The family comprises a group of related genera.
(iv) Taxonomic category class includes related order.
A. (i), (ii) and (iv) are correct
B. (ii) and (iv) are correct
c. (i), (iii) and (iv) are correct
D. (ii), (iii) and (iv) are correct
11
206 Match Column-I with Column-II for
housefly classification and select the
correct option using the codes given below
11
207 Which of the following is not true for a
species?
A. Variations occur among members of a species
B. Gene flow does not occur between the populations of a species
C. Members of a species can interbreed
D. None of the above
11
208 The father of botany is
A. Theophrastus
B. Brunfels
c. C. Linnaeus
D. O. Tippo
11
209 Which nomeclature system is employed for naming plants:
A. Vernacular
B. Binomial
c. Monomial
D. Polynomial
11
210 Assertion
Claviceps produces lysergic acid.
Reason
It is carcinogenic.
A. If both the assertion and the reason are true and the
reason
is a correct explanation of the assertion
B. If both the assertion and reason are true but the
reason is
not a correct explanation of the assertion
C. If the assertion is true but the reason is false
D. If both the assertion and reason are false
11
211 Assertion
Complexity of classification increases from kingdom to species.
Reason
Common characters increase from
kingdom to species.
A. Both Assertion and Reason are correct and Reason is the correct explanation for Assertion
B. Both Assertion and Reason are correct but Reason is not the correct explanation for Assertion
c. Assertion is correct but Reason is incorrect
D. Both Assertion and Reason are incorrect
11
212 Distinction of prokaryota and eukaryota is mainly based on
A. Nucleus
B. Cell organelles
c. chromosomes
D. All of the above
11
213 Which of the following is correct match of genetic name with it’s common name?
A. Exocoetus – flying frog
B. Betta – Fighting fish
c. Toad – Tree frog
D. Pristis – Electric fish
11
214 Which is the order of tulsi?
A . Lamiaceae
B. Lamiales
c. Poales
D. Sapindales
11
215 Explain the term species and hierarchical classification 11
216 Scientific name of plant family ends in
A . -ales
B . -ata
c. – sida
D. -eae / aceae
11
217 In kingdom animalia according to the traditional school of systematic, birds are assigned to a different group from reptiles because
A. They evolved from reptiles
B. They are quite different from reptiles
c. Feathers evolved from scales
D. All of the above
11
218 A species is taxonomically
A. A group of evolutionary related populations
B. A population with common characteristics as evolutionary base of variation
C. A fundamental unit in the phylogenetic history of organisms
D. A group of individuals capable of reproducing and producing fertile offsprings
11
219 Which one of the following books was not contributed by Linnaeus?
A. systema Naturae
c. Philosophia Botanica
D. All of the above
11
220 Which of the following sequences is the correct order of naming the sub groups at various levels in the classification of
animal kingdom?
A. Kingdom, Phylum, Order, Family, class
B. Kingdom, Phylum, Class, Family, Order, Genus
c. Kingdom, Phylum, Class, Order, Genus, Family, species
D. Kingdom, Phylum, Class, Order, Family, Genus, Specie
11
221 Illustrate the taxonomical hierarchy with suitable examples of a plant and an animal. 11
222 Assertion
Systematics is the branch of biology
that deals with classification of living organisms.
Reason
The aim of classification is to group the
organisms.
A. Both Assertion and Reason are correct and Reason is the correct explanation for Assertion
B. Both Assertion and Reason are correct but Reason is not the correct explanation for Assertion
c. Assertion is correct but Reason is incorrect
D. Both Assertion and Reason are incorrect
11
223 Name the famous scientist who
described eight centres of the world showing maximum diversity in plants.
A. Borloug
B. Vavilov
c. Swaminathan
D. columbus
11
224 Areca catechu and supari belongs to the family of
A. Poaceae
B. Palmae
c. Asteraceae
D. Scitamineae
11
225 A species lacking sexual reproduction and delimited by asexual traits is called
A. Sibling species
B. Agamospecies
c. Biospecies
D. Allochronic species
11
226 The botanical name of Berseem
(Egyptian clover) is
A. Lens esculenta
B. Crotolaria juncea
c. cyamopsis tetragonoloba
D. Trifolium alexandrinum
11
227 In which of the following, scientific
name, family and common name are correctly mentioned?
A. Scientific name-Batrachospermum, FamilyRhodophyceae, Common name-Frog’s spawn algae
B. Scientific name-Spirogyra, Family-Chlorophyceae, Common name-Water net
c. Scientific name-Lycopodium, Family-Lycopodiaceae, Common name-sanjeevani
D. scientific name-Selaginella, Family-Lycopodiaceae, Common name-Little club moss
11
228 Basic unit or smallest taxon of
taxonomy/classification is
A. species
B. Kingdom
c. Family
D. Variety
11
229 Carl von Linne was involved with which
of the following branches of science?
A. Morphology
B. Taxonomy
c. Physiology
D. Medicine
11
230 Biosystematics aims at
A. The classification of organisms based on the morphological characters
B. Identification and arrangement of organisms on the basis of their cytological characteristics
C. Delimiting various taxa of organisms and establishing their relationship
D. The classification of organisms based on their evolutionary history and establishing their phylogeny on the totality of various parameters from all fields of studies
11
231 The scientific name of mango is written as Mangifera indica L. Pickup the correct statement about the
significance of letter ‘L’.
A. Letter’L’ singnifies Latin language.
B. The name is reverse with indica preceding Mangifera.
c. Letter ‘L’ signifies the taxonomist, Linnaeus
D. Letter ‘L’ is superfluous
11
232 Which one of the following is millet?
A. Triticum
B. Sorghum
c. oryza
D. None of the above
11
233 What does Paris code and Vienna code
refer to?
A. Nomenclature of plants
B. Nomenclature of animals
c. Both of the above
D. Anticode
11
234 In nomenclature
A. Both genus and species are printed italics
B. Genus and species are always of the same name
C. Both in genus and species the first letter is capital
D. Genus is written after the species
11
235 are useful in providing
information for identification of names
of species found in an area.
A. Flora
B. Manuals
c. Monographs
D. catalogues
11
236 The framework system of classification in which various taxonomic categories are arranged in order of logical sequence is called
A. Systematics
B. Classification
c. Hierarchy
D. taxon
11
237 Garlic is
A. Allium cepa
B. Allium sativum
C . Hyacinthus orientalis
D. Convallaria majalis
11
238 Hierarchical level below the category of family is
A. Phylum
B. Kingdom
c. Genus
D. class
11
239 Arrange the following according to proper sequence or hierarchical level Pisces, Chordata, Animalia
A. Pisces – chordata – Animalia
B. Chordata – Animalia – Pisces
c. Animalia – chordata – Pisces
D. None of the above
11
240 Differentiate between zoological parks
and botanical gardens.
11
241 According to binomial nomenclature system, scientific name includes two
terms. They are
A. Genus and species
B. Class and order
c. Genus and phylum
D. Species and order
11
242 Select correct statement
A. Tomato, dicots and plants represent same taxa at different levels
B. Species is genetically open system
C. A breed of tiger and lion is a fertile true species
D. Biological concept of species is based on reproductive isolation
11
243 The classification, category below the level of family is
A. Class
B. Species
c. Phylum
D. Genus
11
244 The system of giving one name to the
individual is called as
A. Quasibinomial system
B. Semibinomial system
c. Mononoial system
D. Uninomial system
11
245 Which of the following is a correct nomenclature?

This question has multiple correct options
A. Felis domesticus
B. Felis domestica
c. Magnifera indicus
D. tamarindus indica

11
246 Identify the correct sequence of
taxonomic hierarchical arrangement in
ascending order.
A. Spermatophyta, Sapindales, Dicotyledons, Anacardiaceae, Mangifera
B. Mangifera, Dicotyledons, Anacardiaceae, Spermatophyta, Sapindales
C. Mangifera, Anacardiaceae, Sapindales, Dicotyledons, Spermatophyta
D. Dicotyledons, Anacardiaceae, Sapindales, Spermatophyta, Mangifera
11
247 The branch of biology dealing with classification is known as
A. Physiology
B. Taxonomy
c. Paleontology
D. Mycology
11
248 What different criteria would you
choose to classify people that you meet often?
11
249 The species name
A. Can be same as of genus
B. Cannot be used for another genus
C. Cannot be used for the same or another genus again
D. None of these
11
250 Classification
( mathbf{i} )
A. Only study about classes
B. Arrangement of organisms into groups or sets on the basis of similarities, differences and their relationship
C. Only study about species
D. Rearrangement of organisms into groups or sets on the basis of only their differences
11
251 Which of the following taxon includes more similar members than the
members of a class?
A. An order
B. A phylum
c. A genus
D. A species
E. A family
11
252 Which of the following is the hierarchy sequence?
A. Phylum, class, order, family
B. Phylum, division, family, class
c. Genus, species, order, family
D. Division, order, class, genus
11
253 A taxon is observed. Himgiri variety which is resistant to hill bunt disease
belongs to this taxon. In this taxon, pollen grains lose viability within 30 minutes of their release from anthers.
The taxon belongs to the order
A. Sapindales.
B. Polemoniales.
c. Rosales.
D. Poales
11
254 Which of the following is an example of taxon?
A. Genera
B. Family
c. class
D. All of the above
11
255 The binomial system of naming a species was first devised by
A . Aristotle
B. Hugo de Vries
c. carolus Linnaeus
D. Bentham and Hooker
11
256 Biological species are kept separate from closely related species inhabiting the same geographical region by reproductive isolating mechanism, which is called as
A. Phenetic concept
B. Phylogenetic concept
c. Biological species concept
D. None of these
11
257 Which taxonomic aid gives comprehensive account of complete compiled information of a genus or family at a particular time?
A. Taxonomic key
B. Herbarium
c. мonograph
D. Flora
11
258 The niche of a species is meant for
A. The specific place where an organism lives
B. The specific function of species and its competitive power
c. The habitat and specific functions of a species
D. None of these
11
259 Discuss the utility of systematics? 11
260 Species is a group of organisms that ( ldots )
A. cannot inter-breed
B. Live together
c. can inter-breed
D. None of these
11
261 Holotype is a specimen
A. Nomenclature type used by author
B. Nomenclature type when the original is missing
C. Nomenclature type when the lectotype is missing
D. Synonym of paratype
11
262 According to Oswald Tippo, Angiosperms are placed under
A. Atracheata
B. Thallophyta
c. Tracheophyta
D. spermatophyta
11
263 43. Linnalus is considered as the ‘Fa-
ther of Taxonomy’ because he :
(1) authored many books on Tax-
onomy
(2) was the First Person to clas-
sify plants
(3) coined the term Taxonomy
(4) proposed binomial nomencla-
ture
11
264 Define chemotaxonomy in a sentence. 11
265 Go through the following flow chart for
division of subphylum vertebrata. Fill
the gaps ( A, B, C ) and ( D ) and select the
correct option.
A. A-Ostracodermi, B-Cyclostomata, C-Pisces, DTetrapoda
B. A-Cyclostomata, B-Ostracodermi, C-Pisces, DTetrapoda
C. A-Ostracodermi, B-Tetrapoda, C-Cyclostomata, DPisces
D. A-Pisces, B-Ostracodermi, C-Tetrapoda, DCyclostomata
11
266 Why is it not advisable to separate
two species on the basis of
gross morphology alone? What other
criteria should be taken into
consideration?
11
267 Cohort is a group correlated with
A. species
B. Phylum
c. Families
D. Order
11
268 The repository of plant taxonomy and systematics is
A. Red data book
B. Herbarium
c. Botanical garden
D. Genomic library
11
269 Which of the following two morphologically similar population are intersterile?
A. One species
B. Two biospecies
c. Two sibling species
D. None of these
11
270 A group of closely related, structurally and functionally similar organism which interbreed with one another in
nature, but not with organisms of other groups is known as
A. Order
B. Genus
c. species
D. Family
11
271 Palmarosa is
A. Cymbopogon martinii
B. Cymbopogon nardus
C. Vetiveria zizanioides
D. Setaria italica
11
272 Arboretum is a botanical garden where
A. Bonsai are made
B. Beautification is done
C. Palms are grown
D. Big trees are cultivated in the form of forests
11
273 An arboretum is a place for growing flowers, fruits or vegetables.
A. True
B. False
11
274 What do you understand by the terms nomenclature and classification? 11
275 Identify the correct sequence of
taxonomical category
A. Species ( rightarrow ) order ( rightarrow ) phylum ( rightarrow ) kingdom
B. Genus ( rightarrow ) species ( rightarrow ) order ( rightarrow ) kingdom
C. Genus ( rightarrow ) species ( rightarrow ) phylum ( rightarrow ) order
D. Genus ( rightarrow ) species ( rightarrow ) kingdom ( rightarrow ) phylum
11
276 Number of professionally managed zoos/ zoological parks world wide is
A . 297
B. 400
( c cdot 650 )
D. 800
11
277 Specimen used for original publication by the author is
A. Holotype
B. Isotype
c. syntype
D. Lactotype
11
278 A group of interbreeding organisms is referred to be belonging to the same
A. species
B. Order
c. Genus
D. Family
11
279 Choose the correct answers from the
alternatives given. Binomial system of nomenclature means that every organism has
A. two names, one scientific and one popular
B. one name given by two scientists
C. one scientific name consisting of a generic and a specific epithet
D. two names, one denoting the .latinised name of the place and the other of the person, who determined it
11
280 Viruses are classified in which of the
following kingdom?
A. Plantae
B. Animalia
c. Monera
D. None of these
11
281 What is binomial nomenclature?
Explain it with a suitable example. Give
its advantages.
11
282 Q Type your question
opuion gıven below:
( mathbf{A} )
b-iv, c-iii, d( a-i i )
B. a-i, b-iv, c-iii, d-ii
c. a-iii, b-iv, c-i, d-ii
D. ( a-i i i ) b-ii, c-i, d-iv
11
283 Briefly explain any three types of taxonomical aids. 11
284 Scientific name of sunn hemp is
A. Crotalaria juncea
B. Erythrina indica
c. Arachis hypogea
D. Glycine max
E. Dalbergia sisso
11
285 Which of the following sequences of
taxa in the animal kingdom is correct?
A. Kingdom ( rightarrow ) Phylum ( rightarrow ) Class ( rightarrow ) Order ( rightarrow ) Family ( rightarrow )
Species( rightarrow )Genus
B. Kingdom ( rightarrow ) Phylum ( rightarrow ) Class ( rightarrow ) Order ( rightarrow ) Family ( rightarrow ) Genus ( rightarrow ) Species
c. Kingdom( rightarrow )Phylum( rightarrow )Class( rightarrow )Family( rightarrow )Order( rightarrow )
Genus ( rightarrow ) Species
D. Phylum ( rightarrow ) Kingdom ( rightarrow ) Class ( rightarrow ) family ( rightarrow ) Order ( rightarrow ) Genus ( rightarrow ) Species
11
286 Significance of classification is
A. It makes the study of such a wide variety of organisms
easy
B. It projects before us a good picture of all life forms at a glance
C. It helps us understand the inter-relationship among different groups of organisms
D. All of the above
11
287 Two morphologically similar populations are intersterile. They belong
to
A. One species
B. Two biospecies
c. Two sibling species
D. None of the above
11
288 Sundew is the common name of an
insectivorous plant. Its botanical name
is
A. Drosera
B. Nepenthes
c. Dioenea
D. Utricularia
11
289 The term ‘biosystematics’ was coined by
A. Gaspard Bauhin
B. Camp and Gilly
c. Karl Prantl
D. Robert Brown
11
290 Name the family in which nodulated
roots occur
11
291 Mark the odd one in the series.
indica, Ficus, Mangifera, Tamarindus
11
292 Two snails in the same class can also
belong to which group?
A. Order
B. species
c. Genus
D. Family
E. Phylum
11
293 Choose the wrong statement about subspecies.
A. They do not interbreed with individual of other subspecies
B. They are new species in the making
c. Geographically isolated populations of a species
D. They show minor variations from parent population
11
294 Which one of the following group of taxa does not represent similar category in hierarchy?
A. Potato and tomato
c. Monocots and angiosperms
D. Wheat and mango
11
295 regarding biological museums.
(i) Biological museums are generally set up in educational institutes such as
schools and colleges.
(ii) Museums have collections of
preserved plant and animal specimens for study and reference.
(iii) Specimens are preserved in the containers or jars in preservative solutions.
(iv) Insects are preserved in insect boxes after collecting killing and
pinning.
(v) Larger animals like birds and mammals are usually stuffed and
preserved.
(vi Skeletons of mammals are not
allowed to be kept in museums. Which of the given statements is/are
not correct?
A . (ii) and (iii)
B. (i) and (vi)
( mathbf{C} cdot(v) ) only
D. (vi) only
11
296 What is binomial nomenclature?
Explain it with a suitable example. Give
its advantages.
11
297 In a hierarchial scheme of taxonomic
classification, the grouping just below order is
A. Family
B. Genes
c. Phylum
D. class
11
298 What is binomial system of nomenclature? Who proposed this
system?
11
299 How many of the following are taxa?
Dogs, Cats, Mammals, Wheat, Rice, Plants, Wood, Mango, Leaves, Jointed legs.
A. Eight
B. Six
c. Seven
D. one
11
300 Related species which are reproductively isolated but morphologically similar are called
A. Allopatric
B. Sympatric
c. sibling
D. Morphospecies
11
301 Biological names are regarded legitimate when
A. They are not illegitimate
B. They are very popular
c. They have their holotypes
D. All of the above
11
302 Which one of the following class of phylum mollusca is correctly matched with its general characteristics? Gastropoda – larvae are bilaterally symmetrical; but in adult, the twisting
of viscera makes them lose this
symmetry. some, like land snail and slug (a shell-less form), live on land. Bivalvia – They are sedentary filter feeders.
Cephalopoda – They are at the apex of invertebrate evolution in terms of
learned behaviour they exhibit. The eyes
are image forming, same what similar
to ours.
Pelecypoda – They have sensory tentacles and their foot is reduced into
a tongue – shaped structure which helps them to burrow into sea floor.
11
303 Rauvolfia serpentina belongs to family
A . Rubiaceae
B. Solanaceae
C. Malvaceae
D. Apocyanaceae
11
304 Nigrum of one of the species of genus
A. Mangifera
B. Solanum
c. Triricum
D. Pisum
11
305 Write scientific name of any two plant
and any two animals?
11
306 Two plants belong to same species if
they
A. Have more then ( 90 % ) similar genes.
B. Look similar and posses identical secondary metabolites
C. Have similar number of chromosomes.
D. Can reproduce freely with each other and form seeds.
11
307 In India, herbarium plant specimens are
arranged according to the system of classification of
A. Bentham and Hooker
B. R. H. Whittaker
c. carl woese
D. None of the above
11
308 Term Species, Division and Phylum were
coined by
A. Species by John Ray, Division by Eichler and Phylum by Cuvier
B. Species by Cuvier, Division by Eichler and Phylum by Ray
C. Species by Ray and Phylum and Division by Haeckel
D. Species and Division by Ray and Phylum by Linnaeus
11
309 Select the group which shares
maximum number of common
characters.
A. Two individuals of a species
B. Two species of a genus
c. Two genera of a family
D. Two genera of two families
11
310 Class is present between
A. Kingdom and phylum
B. Phylum and order
c. order and family
D. Family and genus
11
311 The naming of living organisms is called
A. Classification
B. Taxonomy
c. Nomenclature
D. systematics
11
312 Which of the following is correctly matched with no exception in regard to plant classification?
A. Family – Poaceae – ae
B. Division – Pteridophyta – phyta
c. Class – Bryopsida – sida
D. Genus – Solanum – um
11
313 Write a note on Botanical Garden? 11
314 Zoological name of common Indian
Krait is
A. Bungarus caeruleus
B. Naja naja
c. viper russelli
D. Ophiophagus hannah
11
315 Why family is important? 11
316 On the basis of the characteristics
given below, name the phylum or class:
Presence of vertibral column, hairy skin and oviparous in nature
11
317 Bull frog of India is
A. Rana tigrina
B. R. sylvatica
c. R. ecutesbeiana
D. R. esculenta
11
318 Characteristics which delimit a family are more general than those which delimit a
A. cohort
B. Phylum
c. class
D. Genus
11
319 Match the column I with column II and
select the correct option
colun column 1 1
(i)
Central National
Herbarium
(ii)
Royal Botanical
Garden ( quad(mathrm{q}) quad ) Delhi
(iii) National Museum
of National History (r) Kolkata
(iv) Rajiv Gandhi
Zoological Park (s) Pune
A. (a) (i)-(r), (ii)-(s), (iii)-(p), (iv)-(q)
B. (b) (i)-(r), (ii)-(p), (iii)-(q), (iv)-(s)
C. (c) (i)-(p), (ii)-(s), (iii)-(q), (iv)-(r)
D. (d) (i)-(q), (ii)-(r), (iii)-(p), (iv)-(s)
11
320 Museum is a centre of
A. Documentation
B. Experiments
c. Communication
D. None of the above
11

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