Water: A Precious Resource Questions

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Water: A Precious Resource Questions

List of water: a precious resource Questions

Question NoQuestionsClass
1Groundwater table may go down if the water is not sufficiently replenished. This may happen due to which of the following reason/(s)?
A. Scanty rainfall
B. Deforestation
C. Decrease in the effective area for seepage of water
D. All of the above
7
2is a technique of watering plants by making use of narrow tubings which deliver
water directly at the base of the plant.
A. Sprinkler irrigation
B. Drip irrigation
c. center pivot irrigation
D. Localized irrigation
7
3Water harvesting is done by
processes.
A. rainwater
B. groundwater
c. both A and B
D. atmospheric water
7
4A majority of farmers in India depend
upon for irrigating their crops.
( A cdot ) rains
B. oceans
c. both of the above
D. none of the above
7
5Tubewell are used to pump out water
from :
This question has multiple correct options
A . tanks
B. ground
c. river
D. aquifer
7
6To clean their spectacles, people often
breathe out on glasses to make then wet. Explain why the glasses become
wet
7
7The main cause of water depletion is
A. Over-pumping groundwater
B. Water Pollution
C. Global warming
D. None of the above
7
8When water circulates through the water cycle it can be found in the
A. Solid form
B. Liquid form.
c. Gas form.
D. All of the above.
7
9Water in the aquifers can be usually pumped out with the help of:
A. handpumps
B. drilling
c. tubewell
D. both ( A ) and ( C )
7
10Liquid water is present in
A. oceans
B. lakes
C. rivers
D. oceans, lakes, rivers, and even underground.
7
11Which of the following is true regarding how increasing population helps in depletion of water table?
A. Increasing population creates demand for construction of houses, shops, offices, roads and pavements
B. This decreases the open areas like parks, and playgrounds.
c. This, in turn, decreases the seepage of rainwater into the ground
D. All of the above
7
12For most of the cities water is drawn
from
A. Rivers
B. Lakes
c. Ponds or wells
D. All of the above.
7
13Well water is an example of:
A. surface water
B. rain water
c. underground water
D. river water
7
14The water table is:
A. the upper level of an underground surface in which the soil or rocks are permanently saturated with water.
B. the upper level of an underground surface in which the soil or rocks are unsaturated with water.
C. the lower level of an underground surface in which the soil or rocks are permanently saturated with water.
D. the lower level of an underground surface in which the soil or rocks are unsaturated with water.
7
15Everyone has the right to live. Yet, is everybody getting enough water to live or even water to drink? Why is it that some people have to buy drinking water? Should it be like this? Water on
this earth is for one and all. Some
people draw out water from the ground by deep bore wells. How far is it correct? Have you ever seen this? Why do some people is pump directly in the Jal Board pipe line? What problems would other people face due to this? Do you have any such experience?
7
16What is ‘Rain Water Harvesting’? Write its main objectives.(Any two)7
17Which of the following is the greatest user of ground water?
A. Chemical purposes
B. Rural water supply
c. Agriculture
D. None of the above
7
18Ground water can be raised by
A. Harvesting water
B. Watershed management
c. Soil erosion
D. Both A and B
7
19Which type of floor does not allow rainwater to seep into the ground?
A. Cemented floor
B. Marble floor
c. limestone floor
D. None of the above
7
20Fill in the blank space shown in the
image of groundwater process.
A. Infiltration
B. Absorption
C. Diffusion
D. Sedimentation
7
21Study the given statements and select
the correct answer.
(I) Lipids are macromolecules but obtained under-macromolecular
fraction due to their insoluble nature in
the aqueous medium of a cell.
(II) Water is the most abundant
chemical in a living organism.
(III) The first respiratory substrate is lipid.
(IV) Dihydroxyacetone occurs in d and I form.
A. I, II and IV are correct
B. I, II & III are correct
c. I, I lare correct
D. III and IV are correct
7
22Compare the traditional water harvesting system with portable system in hilly/mountains areas or plains or plateau regions.7
23Khadins, Bundhis, Ahars and Kattas are
ancient structures that are examples
for
A. Grain storage
B. Wood storage
c. water harvesting
D. Soil conservation
7
24Mention the benefits of rain water
harvesting at coastal cities.
7
25If the irrigation water contains dissolved salts, is
particularly suitable.
A. surface irrigation
B. drip irrigation
c. sprinkler irrigation
D. localized irrigation
7
26Which of the following does not show water shortage?
A. Taps running dry
B. Long queues for getting water
c. A family getting 3 buckets of water per person per day
D. None of these
7
27Cloud seeding is a technique used, to
induce rain that was first used by the
USA in ( 1946 . ) It has also been done in
Karnataka and other places in India.
What is it?
A. An agricultural practice that depends on clouds
B. Introduction of particles in clouds to increase condensation
C. Making clouds and placing them in the sky.
D. Trimming the clouds into seed like structures
7
28How increasing population is
responsible for water crises?
A. Increasing population creates demand for construction of houses this, in turn, decreases the seepage of rainwater into the ground.
B. Increasing population creates demand for construction of houses this, in turn, increases the seepage of rainwater into the ground.
C. both ( A ) and ( B )
D. none of these
7
29Indira Gandhi canal brought water to large areas of
A. Himachal Pradesh
B. Bihar
c. Kerala
D. Rajasthan
7
30Have you ever face shortage of water in
your area? If yes, then what was the
reason for it?
7
31The water table fluctuates:
A. by climatic variations
B. by the amount of precipitation used by vegetation
C. by withdrawing excessive amounts of water from wells
D. all of them
7
32Which of the following is true?
A. The gaseous form is the water vapour present in the air around us.
B. The liquid form is the water vapour present in the air around us.
C. The gaseous form is the water vapour present in the river.
D. The gaseous form is the water vapour present at the poles of the earth.
7
33The process of seeping out water into the ground is called:
A. evaporation
B. infiltration
c. transpiration
D. None of these
7
34Which of the following processes is unsuitable for softening water possessing temporary hardness?
A. Adding calcium hydroxide
B. Filtration
c. Boiling
D. Distillation
7
35Ahars, Kattas, Bhundhis and Khadins are the modes of
A. afforestation
B. deforestation
c. soil conservation
D. water harvesting
7
36The efficiency of drip irrigation is around:
A . ( 40 % )
B. 85%
c. 20%
D. 100%
7
37Water vapor is present in air only during
the monsoon.
A . True
B. False
7
38The advantage/s associated with water harvesting at the community level is/are
A. The ground water level increases due to recharging of wells
B. Ground water keeps the layers of soil above it moist and prevents loss of water by evaporation.
c. Ground water keeps the layers of soil above it dry and prevents loss of water by evaporation
D. Both A and B
7
39The ground water level increases due to
(recharging/discharging) of
wells.
7
40Cloud seeding is a technique used to
induce rain that was first used by USA
in ( 1946 . ) It has also been done in
Karnataka and other places in India.
What is it?
A. An agricultural practice that depends on clouds
B. Introduction of particles in clouds to decrease condensation
C. Making clouds and placing them in the sky
D. Trimming the clouds into seed like structures
E. An process of spreading dry ice on upper part of cloud to simulate precipitation process and cause rain
7
41A depletion in the water table of a place is caused by which of the following?
A. Constructing factories and houses
B. Making concrete roads and floors
c. Deforestation
D. All of these
7
42The component of rainwater harvesting
system is
A. Conduits
B. Damm
c. Lake
D. None of the above
7
43The name of the water reservoirs in the
figure is
A. Pond
B. Dam
C. Ocean
D. None of the above
7
44Which of the following uses the most
water?
A. Industrial use
B. Agricultural use
c. Domestic use
D. Electronics
7
453.
Justify that water is a limitless resource.
7
46Which sector is the single-largest
consumer of fresh water in India?
A. Agriculture
B. Industry
c. Domestic
D. Power
7
47Explain the factors responsible for the depletion of water table :7
48The diagram shows how some land near
a lake is used. Which of the following is most likely to cause the lake to flood?
A. Cutting down the forest
B. Removing the cattle
c. Taking the silt out of the lake
D. Using pesticides on the crops
7
49If we dig a hole in the ground near a water body we may find that the soil is
A. oily
B. moist
( c cdot ) red
D. both ( A ) and ( B )
7
50Water consumption in a city depends on
A. Size of the city.
B. Population of the city.
c. Demand of water.
D. All of the above.
7
51Find out about the traditional systems of water harvesting/management in your region.
A. tanks
B. Rainwater
c. Sea
D. Holes
7
52Mullets, bhetki, pearl spots, prawns, mussels are the examples of
A. marine fish
B. fresh water fish
c. finned fish
D. shell fish.
7
53Which of the following types of plant grow in water scarcity?
A. Xerophytes
B. Hydrophytes
c. Both A and B
D. None
7
54The irrigation system shown is:
A. Localized irrigation
B. Surface irrigation
C. Drip irrigation
D. Lateral move irrigation
7
55Which of the following are reasons for depletion of underground water of a particular place?
A. Population explosion
B. Extensive urbanization
c. Building concrete structures
D. All of the above
7
56Rain water harvesting is:
A. storing ground water by not using water from the well
B. stop growing crops to save water
C. allowing water to go into rivers and lakes
D. collecting rainwater and storing it for later use
7
57What happens to the water table of a place having droughts for a long period
of time?
A. It gets higher because of continuous evaporation and flow
B. It gets lower because of continuous evaporation and flow
c. It gets replenished continuously
D. can’t say anything
7
58What are the basic components of a rainwater harvesting and conservation
system? This question has multiple correct options
A. Catchment areas
B. Storage units
c. Conveyance mechanism which transports the water falling
D. Sloping roof
7
59Rainfall patterns depend on
A. The underground water table
B. The number of water bodies in an area
C. The density pattern of human population in an area
D. The prevailing season in an area.
7
60Farmers utilized large amount of groundwater by:
A. wells
B. over pumping of groundwater
c. both A and B
D. none of the above
7
61In a small town, the number of water pumps, concrete houses and roads increased. The water table of that
place will:
A. get lower
B. get higher
c. remain unaffected
D. none of these
7
62Water used by most of the industries is drawn from
A. the ground
B. the ocean
c. ice caps
D. All of the above
7
63Briefly describe rain water harvesting.7
64Identify the types of rainwater harvesting method.
A. Roof top
B. Run off
c. Dam
D. Both A and B
7
65What are the meanings of following symbols? Write your role accordingly?7
66Which of the following can be the
solution for water scarcity caused by
agriculture?
A. Knowledge and resources for producing more and better crops with less water.
B. Drip water irrigation.
C. More efficient water management systems adapted to climate variability.
D. All of the above.
7
67Groundwater accumulates between the
layer of hard rocks. It is known as:
A. pond
B. water table
c. surface water
D. aquifer
7
68Which of the following will be an advantage of inter-linking the rivers in
India?
A. Lot of people will be displaced
B. Floods will take place uniformly throughout the country
c. Surplus water will be distributed uniformly
D. The cost of implementain will be very high
7
69Which of the following is away to use water economically?
A. construction of bawris
B. Rain water harvesting
c. Drip irrigation
D. Infiltration
7
70Khadins, Ahars and Kattas are ancient
structures that are example of water harvesting.
A. True
B. False
7
71Have you ever read this kind of news in
any newspaper? How did people solve their problem of water? Did they repair and reuse any old lake or stepwell?
7
72The solid form, snow and ice, is present
as
A. Ice caps at the poles of the earth.
B. Snow-covered mountains
c. Glaciers.
D. Ice caps at the poles of the earth, snow-covered mountains and glaciers
7
73Rainwater harvesting can be done by:
This question has multiple correct options
A. collecting water by keeping a small container on the top of the building
B. collecting rainwater from the rooftop to a storage tank, through pipes
C. allowing water to go into the ground directly from the roadside drains that collect rainwater
D. none of the above
7
74What is rainwater harvesting? Describe the method of rainwater harvesting.7
75Three forms of water are solid,
and
7
76The freshwater stored in the ground is
much more than that present in the rivers and lakes of the world.
A. True
B. False
7
77Khadin is?
A. Earthen embankment down the slope
B. Check dam
C. Underground dam
D. Roof top water collecting system.
7
78List five things you have done over the last one week to-
(a) Conserve our natural resources.
(b) Increase the pressure on our natural
resources.
7
79Groundwater gets recharged by the
process of:
A. pumping
B. heavy rainfall
c. infiltration
D. None of the above
7
80Mention two main functions of water for
living organisms.
7
81Rainwater harvesting is collecting & storing rainwater, which includes activities aimed at:
A. harvesting surface water
B. groundwater
c. prevention of losses through evaporation and seepage
D. all of the above
7
82Which of the following is responsible for groundwater shortage?
A. Heavy rainfalı
B. Aforestation
c. Increasing population
D. None of the above
7
83Water table may go down if the water is not sufficiently replenished. This may happen due to which of the following reason/(s)?
A. Increasing population
B. Increasing industries
c. Agricultural activities
D. All of the above
7
84The minimum depth in the soil where all the spaces are filled with water is called:
A. saturation level
B. ground water table
c. ground water
D. water table
7
85The process of seeping of water into the ground is called:
A. transpiration
B. evaporation
c. infiltration
D. None of the above
7
86The continuous cycling of water among
its three forms keeps:
A. the total amount of water on the earth constant
B. the total amount of water on the earth decreasing continuously
C. water fresh
D. none of these
7
87Which of the following is true?
A. The continuous cycling of water among its three forms keeps the total amount of water on the earth constant even when the whole world is using it.
B. The continuous cycling of water among its three forms cannot keep the total amount of water on the earth constant even when the whole world is using it.
C. The continuous cycling of water among its three forms decreases the total amount of water on the earth when
the whole world is using it
D. The continuous cycling of water among its three forms keeps the total amount of water on the earth constant only if the whole world is not using it
7
88Which of the following does not cause a depletion in the water table of a place?
A. Constructing factories and houses
B. Making concrete roads and floors
c. Deforestation
D. None of these
7
89is the first and the only state in India, which has made roof top rain
water harvesting structure and is compulsory to all the houses across the
state
A. Tamil Nadu
B. Andhra Pradesh
c. Maharashtra
D. Madhya Pradesh
7
90More than ( 70 % ) of world’s fresh water
is contained in
A. Antarctica
B. Polar ice
c. Glaciers and Mountains
D. Greenland
7
91Define water harvesting.7
92Write about rain-water harvesting and its advantages.7
93Which one of the following is a sign of water scarcity?
A. Dried fields having cracks on them
B. Nutrient deficient plants
C. Struggle to obtain water from bore wells
D. All of the above
7
94Why is agriculture the cause of water
scarcity?
A. Because a large amount of crops require quality water in huge quantities.
B. Because agriculture is the largest user of water.
C. Both A and B.
D. None of these.
7
95Which of the following is not naturally occurring form of water?
A. Solid
B. Liquid
c. vapour
D. Semi-solid
7
96The water found below the water table is
called
A. rock water
B. groundwater
c. underwater
D. both ( C ) and ( D )
7
97The water table of a place:
A. changes from time to time
B. changes from palce to place
C . goes down when rains are less
D. all of these
7
98To prevent excess use of water from taps and tanks, we can collect water
from :
A . rain
B. streams
c. rivers
D. sea
7

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